All about silver alloys

All about silver alloys

Silver is one of the most favorite metals on the whole globe, in some countries it is honored even more than gold. Skillful masters make silver not only different kinds of decorations, but also cutlery, dishes, other useful things. Metal caskets from this metal enjoy more popular.

The most wide demand of silver uses the creators of a jewelry, they create earrings, rings and bracelets, complementing them with precious stones. Despite the fact that this metal is quite affordable, it was chosen and choose many royal people.

Peculiarities

Silver is quite plastic, heavy, but very soft metal. It has good electricity and thermal conductivity, so that it is very often used for industrial purposes.

Interesting fact: This metal does not dissolve from exposure to hydrochloric acid, but may be liquefied in chlorine gland.

Silver is not a bioelegen, but scientists have proven that the metal has antibacterial properties. Some believe that If you throw a clean silver coin into the water, then the latter will be cleared of microbes. But it does not mean that it is necessary to constantly use water and products, “purified” in this way. The accumulation of metal in the body is fraught with its negative consequences and serious diseases. Metal content in drinking water can be very dangerous.

It is advisable to keep silver objects and jewelry away from iodine, because if they enter the reaction with him, they will darken. Such “pollution” will not clearly clean.

It is believed that silver jewelry are expensive, and therefore buyers often prefer variants from silver alloys with other metals. But it is not so. Metal in pure form will not delight with its practical properties and softness, which is why experts are often mixed with copper, titanium or platinum.

Professionals noticed that in the world only 20% of silver goes to the creation of jewelry. Products made of pure metal are not only rapidly darkened, but also easily scratched, while different alloys have a greater hardness and less susceptible to mechanical damage. Master alloys also referred to ligatures.

Due to the existence of various ligatures, professional jewelers can create the most sophisticated products using complex techniques.

It should not be assumed that alloys should be cheaper metal, on the contrary, they make it more wear-resistant and attractive. But, of course, do not forget about the correct care, since even silver ligators are typical with time to darken and polluted.

Types and their properties

To liquid silver today, copper is most often added. Specialists are noticed that both metal interact perfectly with each other. But this does not end up – most often nickel, zinc, cadmium, as well as other elements that can be easily found in the periodic system (table) of Mendeleev also add to such a ligature with copper. Nickel is most often used to give extra brilliance.

Sterling silver is considered the most expensive and prestigious, in which there is a mix of copper. This alloy contains more than 92% of pure silver.

Potted silver, as well as sterling, is one of the most expensive and sought-after materials. Specialists belong to the group of platinum due to high wear resistance and improved external data.

One of the popular varieties is filigined silver, which is a metal in its pure form. It is often used for stainless notches.

Black silver It turns out by adding copper and lead. The variety of black is oxidized silver.

Gold plated silver is created by using gold, copper or brass in ligature. Such jewelry with time can darken and resemble the bronze.

If 1% nickel is present in the ligature, this means that the strength of the future product, as well as its wear resistance will be increased, but with greater nickel content the resulting alloy will become fragile. Must be golden middle.

Aluminum content in silver alloy more than 6% will also not lead to a high-quality mixture. The same applies to the large content of zinc, which can reduce to a minimum all the beneficial properties of metals.

Silver alloys with iron are not the most stable, and therefore extremely rarely created. The same applies to tin that makes the alloy more dull.

Silver-palladium alloys are actively used in dentistry for dental prosthetics.

Application

Scope of silver depends on its sample. Today in our country is 8 samples of this metal. Consider them in more detail.

  • 720. The lowest metal, in the ligature of which copper predominates, giving the metal yellow tint. Due to the most aesthetically attractive properties, the metal of this sample is not used in jewelry.
  • 800 and 830. Alloys data are also irrelevant for jewelry due to high copper content, but they are excellent with knife handles and other items for everyday use.
  • 875. Such a alloy is applied in jewelry, since pure silver is more than 87% in it, it has similar external data with white gold, which often enjoy fraudsters, issuing some products for other.
  • 916. Today, this material is practically not used in the production of decorations. In the days of the Soviet Union, the consumer plan was actively made from the metal of this sample: kettles, silver dining rooms, sugarians and t.D.
  • 925. This sample is one of the most sought-after, it meets all high-quality metal standards. Metal reveals all the beauty of jewelry silver products. It is known that English coins were minted from the metal of the 925th sample, as a result of which he was called “sterling silver”.
  • 960. In this alloy 96% of pure silver, it is relevant to use it to create products, which will then be covered with enamel. The products from almost pure silver are very tender, there must be special care for them, otherwise they can be easily damaged.
  • 999. Pure silver used to create collectible coins and to cast silver ingots.

There are also other alloys that do not have samples, as they contain a small amount of silver. From these alloys make inexpensive jewelry on the type of broox and ordinary rings.

There are also alloys that mimic silver, and not made on its basis, there are no silver in their composition at all. As a rule, nickel, iron and manganese are present in them. Imitation alloys are almost impossible to distinguish from the real naked eye. This kind of alloy is called Melchior, It is widely used in creating inexpensive jewelry and cutlery.

Recommendations for the care of silver decorations See in the video below.

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