Any buyer who, at least once, wanted to acquire a jewelry with pearls, faced with a large variation of prices. In fact, the difference is determined by the type of stone itself. The material of this article will introduce the reader with an artificial pearl, will tell what it is what its features, pros and cons.
What it is?
Natural pearls today is a big rarity, in view of which its artificial analogue is used in jewelry. In fact, this is a replica of natural stone, only in contrast to it an artificial pearl is not born inside the shell and does not grow for years, it does not lay a layer behind the layer. Artificial stone is created by human hands. It is a fake pearl that is different even from cultured stone.
Features of the manufacture of different types
Despite the beautiful name, artificial pearls made of plastic, glass, alabaster, rose coral and hematite. No mollusk sinks here are not ideas and speeches. Covered the resulting beads with a special motherboard, and multiple layers. The upper layer may consist of a real powdered pearl, mixed with a binder.
In production Shell Pearl As kernel, a part of the sink was used, covering it with pearl layers. Variety Majorica, Used today, it is distinguished by the fact that the core, which is covered by many pearl layers, is alabaster. As a pearl in production use extracts from mussels. Externally, such stones are difficult to distinguish from real pearls.
Ohrid pearls There is nothing but made by special technology Macedonian beads obtained from glass. Pearls Swarovski represent crystal beads covered with special composition. They are heavier than the usual grains of artificial mineral, and natural pearls are quite closely copied. Unlike him, they are not so capricious in sock and care.
Mairik is the most common way to obtain a synthetic mineral.
A different fake under natural stone is called orchid. It is made from porcelain, glass and plastic. Top covered with artificial pearl.
In addition, in the production of stones in order to strengthen the chemical treatment with a substance, which contains acetylcellulose or nitrocellulose. These minerals come to the Burmitsky cultivated grain. Venetian synthetic pearls Create from douty glass, the inner part of which is filled with wax. It is difficult to distinguish from this.
As for newer production, they include the so-called Shepherd mineral. Its grains in the course of production are coated with polyamide and special varnish, which includes mica and plastic. This mineral today is becoming more popular in jewelry.
Pros and cons of imitation
Unnatural stone a lot of advantages. For example, if the imitation is performed qualitatively, it looks expensive, gives high status to jewelry. At the same time, pearl decorations can be put on any celebration. They are suitable for women of different age categories and are appropriate in different situations. Imitation can decorate the hairpins, its grains during electrical lighting may differ in the effect of light refraction.
Synthetic mineral is used in decorations of different types: it can be part Bead, rings, earrings, bracelet. At the same time, in contrast to the real pearl, he is not afraid of the Sun, and therefore it is possible to wear it at any time of the year, but especially in the summer. It is resistant to sunlight, and therefore does not lose her gloss or beauty.
Artificial stone is obtained faster than natural, and its production is not so laborious. Significant plus imitation can be called acceptable value. This fact increases the circle of customers, but at the same time increases the circle of unscrupulous vendors offering for sale. Low quality.
Imitation is used not only in jewelry: these stones become accents of gold and silver jewelry. And the size of the pearls of synthetic origin may be large. For instance, In decorations there may be stones with a diameter of more than 1 cm. Another advantage of artificial pearls is The richest palette of shades.
Concerning shortcomings of synthetic stone, then not every similar pearl may have a shine like natural. She does not have so beautiful overflows and shines. In addition, artificial pearls give out the absence of a natural (porous) structure.
Imitation is afraid of reagents, as well as contact with cosmetics.
In comparison with natural mineral in imitation not so long life resource. As a rule, he does not exceed the fifth years. At the same time, the replica must be protected due to its fragility. Besides a lot of her shades and are at all unusual to natural pearls, and some change the color during operation.
How to distinguish fake?
Despite the apparent similarity, the differences between the real and artificial stone still have. For example, when buying It is important to pay attention to the shape of the stone: imitation is almost perfect, which cannot be said about the present mineral. The surface of the fake is ideal: it is smooth, smooth. Its shape round, which does not have natural pearls, developing naturally and not differ surfaces.
Imitation is characterized by weight: it is always easier for a real pearl. If you carefully look at the decoration, you can see that pearls differ in size and shape. Fake all stones of the same size and flawless shape. At the same time, their shine is deprived of depth and natural overflows.
If you throw a real grain above the table surface, it will bounce, while imitation will not bounce and rolled on the table.
Unnatural pearls are distinguished by the same color of the stones, while the natural varies with shades of each grain in one decoration. With a detailed consideration of the pearl of synthetic origin in the place of the holes you can see the chips. At the same time inside the hole you can see the material from which the concrete grain was made.
Imitation can be determined by tactile sensations. Unlike the real mineral of the replica not so cool. Besides, The fascinating stone is too fast, if you take it in hand. Also quickly it acquires the room temperature in which.
With friction of pearls for each other, artificial minerals do not make a characteristic screen inherent in real pearl grains.
The difference is determined in the strength of the stone: the one that is created by the hands of a person is subject to scratches. At the same time, traces and other damage remain on it, and on the natural pearl – no. Also, the imitation is rapidly raised due to dust, high humidity and temperature drop. The history of one real decoration can be calculated by centuries.
Like any natural stone, artificial pearls also need timely leaving. For jewelry to look worthily, it is worth considering several recommendations.
- Decoration can be wiped exclusively with a napkin or a cloth.
- It is impossible to lower it into the water, try to clean, placing in a solution with a chemical preparation.
- Strong pollution is recommended to remove an exceptionally damp cloth.
- It is impossible to try to clean the decoration with unprofitable pearls using steam or ultrasound.
- Keep such products needed in special bags either in stains with a hurry from velvet.
- Invalid contacts of synthetic pearls with a solution of alcohol, vinegar, chlorks, perfume, deodorants and creams.
- To wear decorations without making hairstyle, it is undesirable. Artificial stone does not withstand contact with hair styling.
You can not swim without removing the decoration, take a bath with him, shower, not shoot in the sauna, bath, as well as the pool.
In the next video you can watch the process of creating artificial pearls.