History and features of gold Scythians

History and features of gold Scythians

Legends about gold Scythians do not give rest archaeologists for many years. Mention of them can be found yet at Herodot. At a certain period, the Scythians lived in Russia and Ukraine, so the main part of the treasure is in these countries.

History

The first gold products of Scythians appeared even at the end of the Bronze Age. During this period, the masters have already learned how to process metal. To understand the value of the gold of Scythians, it is necessary to initially understand who these people themselves were.

According to ancient sources, the main Scythian tribes lived in the territory of the North Black Sea region.

Their origin also causes disputes. It is believed that the first Scythians lived on the coast of the Dnipro River. Longer than the tribes of Scythians were on the territory of Crimea. However, in the third century III, they were practically destroyed by troops ready.

Scythians created a distinctive culture. The memory of themselves was left due to the fact that representatives of the nobility with big honors were buried. With them The most expensive gold items that had to help them live with the same luxury as in life were laid in the tombs.

It is because of this, many people are engaged in the search for tomb of Scythians and their study. However, some of them frighten myths about spells imposed on all decorations buried in the ground.

After all, some archaeologists who took part in excavations and took away expensive objects from there, died in such mounds.

Because of this Stories appeared that when a man found gold jewelry, he had a heart attack. Those of archaeologists who remained alive, hurt all life. This suggests that you should not disturb the dead Scythians during their eternal sleep.

However, it stopped not all. Therefore, a huge amount of gold and other expensive things managed to find and deposit immediately into several major world museums.

Common ornaments and images

There are a large number of jewelry that were found in Scythian Kurgan. All of them are not only beautiful, but also have a certain meaning. Among the finds exhibited in museums, several interesting exhibits are considered the most popular.

  1. In the Museum of Greece there are earrings made in the 4th century BC. Their magnificence just amazes with their beauty.
  2. In the collection located in the Hermitage, you can see a golden disk with jellyfish heads. Almost all visitors cannot take a look from these “beauties”.
  3. In the same museum there are many gold vases, which depict a variety of household scenes.
  4. Another Ermitage Exponate, which is simply impossible to pass, is a Golden Deer Figure.
  5. In the Hermitage collection there is also a hairpin made in the form of a griffin, which breaks the goat.
  6. In addition, it is possible to see the Golden Scallop in which the image of military battles.
  7. In the Crimean Collection, you can find an amazing golden diadem, which was created for another 150 years before our era.
  8. There is also a necklace on which there is an image of interesting household scenes.
  9. In this listing it is impossible to bypass the Amulet side, where you can see the image of the Scythian goddess Earth API, patronized fertility and sufficiency.
  10. In addition, there is also a figurine of the golden “winged bull”, which was sold at one of the auctions in Paris. Made it in the V century BC.

Worthy of special attention and tsarist pectoral. She was found in the past century, namely: June 21, 1971 in Kurgan’s fat grave. This burial Scythians did in the Dnieper River area. Led the expedition to all of the famous Mozolevsky.

Members of this expedition found a lot of gold jewelry of an unusual form, but the most valuable among them was precisely Pectoral. Its mass is 1 kilogram and 140 grams, and diameter is 30 centimeters. The form of this decoration resembles a crescent. The composition itself has 3 tiers, which are separated by tubes. In addition, they are decorated with pseudozer.

At the highest tier, household scenes with the participation of people and different animals are captured. So, in the center there are images of half-dressed men holding in her hands sheep the skin. With the right and left sides, you can see horses with foals, as well as cows with calves. Immediately behind them are Scythians, milking animals. All this makes it possible to understand how people lived in those days. Therefore, the pectoral has a greater value.

On the middle tier you can see images of flowers and shoots of plants, among which birds are located. At the lowest tier, the scenes of hunting are captured. Many experts believe that they created such a decoration as Pectoral, experienced Greek masters directly by order of the Scythians. Scientists are still arguing about the meaning of images.

Some of them claim that the legend is depicted about the golden rune, others say that it is a scene from the usual life of Scythians.

    There is a pectoral in the Kiev Museum of Historic Jewelry of Ukraine.

    Placeals

    Many gold jewelry was found directly in the fields of burials Scythian nobility, that is, in Kurgan. They all had a great value. The most valuable finds of the Kurgans were made in the Black Sea region – in Kul-both, throat and salt. All representatives of world museums are dreaming about them today.

    Kurgan Kul-Boe

    If we translate this name from the Tatar language, it means “the hill of ash”. The burial was on the mountain crack, which goes from Mount Mridat. In 1981, several archaeologists engaged in the study of this Kurgan. The tomb itself was found by chance when the collapse of the stone.

    It found a rather significant burial that was done on the Scythian rite. All fossil findings amounted to the main core in the collection of antiquities, which are stored in the Hermitage.

    Kurgan with “Issyki Letter”

    This discovery was made close to Alma-Ata in 1969. Kazakh scientists were very delighted to find. After all, Kurgan was completely untouched. Thanks to this, they received at their disposal a large number of artifacts.

    If you believe specialists, this burial belonged to the prince of Scythians. This was found to thanks to the robe found on a funeral person, which contained fragments of the Issyk Letter. I was able to read it only a specialist from the institute of archeology. In addition, more than 4 thousand gold items were found in Kurgan, among which there was a silver bowl.

    Kurgan Och-Both

    This is a female burial located under Kerch, found him in the past century – in 1965. Two women were buried in the tomb, the remains of which were discovered archaeologists. He headed the expedition Kirill D. WITH.

    Together with the remains there were a lot of gold jewelry. Let us list some of them:

    • Earrings made in the form of sphinx+
    • Diadem with patterns, as well as embossed images+
    • Skarabra’s ring+
    • Plaques on which various mythical animals were depicted, for example, Pegasus or Eagle, as well as lotus flowers+
    • Winged goddess+
    • Beads of incredible beauty+
    • unusual shape bells and many other.

    Kurgan Solok

    Excavations of this burial, located near the city of Nikopol, were produced back in 1913. The expedition was headed by Russian Archaeologist Veselovsky Nikolai Ivanovich. There were a lot of gold items found here.

    Among them is worth noting the golden blossom made in the form of a deer. In ancient times, she was on the shield of some Scythian warrior from a rich class.

    Where is gold now?

    One of the main parts of Scythian gold, which includes various decorations, until recently was in the museums of Crimea. However, in 2014, almost all Scythian Crimean heritage was exported to the Netherlands for the exhibition.

    The collection has accommodated a large number of items – more than 500 units. In 2016, some exhibits were returned to the museums of Ukraine. Their number amounted to only 19 subjects. The remaining 565 items consisting of 2111 units are stored today at the Museum of Amsterdam. The cost of the collection is estimated at 10 million euros.

    In 2010, at the end of the reconstruction, the exposition “Ancient Siberia” was resumed in the British Museum. Fifth Pazyryksky Kurgan ». Its composition presents not only wood products or fabrics, but also gold objects. This exhibition was planned for several years. So she turned out very thoughtful and impressive.

    The exhibition was based on the well-known collection of Peter 1. It is considered one of the very first in Russia. In addition, there it was possible to see a large number of products from the Scythian burials of the Black Sea region, which were found in the XIX century. However, the most important part of the exposition was taken by findings made by modern archaeologists from the Hermitage.

    A large number of golden Scythian decorations is located in the world famous Museum of St. Petersburg – in the Hermitage. The collection is considered the richest to different objects of the Scythians. Thanks to this exposition, it is possible to understand how diverse the life of the Scythian people was.

    In 2017, an exhibition was organized in London, brought from the Hermitage. There were more than 850 items, which represent the culture of the Scythian people in the period from the VIII century BC and the era to the IV century.

    Summing up, we can say that representatives of the Scythians were very rich. This is evidenced by various items learned in different times from Scythian Tomb. Therefore, it remains only to be glad that this ancient people managed to preserve the memory of his life for today’s time.

    Who are such Scythians and what is Scythian Gold, look in the video.

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