Decorations with amander, starting from Soviet times, do not lose their relevance – many women, especially mature age, prefer it. However, very often the buyers become victims of fraudsters. As a rule, in foreign trips, buying a natural stone turns into the acquisition of fake.
Natural amber looks like a stone painted in a mixture of yellow with orange, and having an amorphous structure instead of the traditional crystalline. Weigh natural material is not enough, so decorations with it are especially valued for their ease and ease of wearing, despite the seeming massiveness. Most of the extraction of natural amber is carried out in the west of Kaliningrad, as well as in the Baltic territory. In the Dominican Republic, they are driving for a unique variety of stones – a blue shade.
In general, despite the fact that the amber is customary to associate with yellow-orange color, there are variations of other shades: brown, black, red and green.
Saturation of paints and transparency depend on inside bubbles, the number and location of which can also be different. The market is valued and naturally modified versions, inside which insects, vegetable elements or gray pecheredan are placed.
Main methods of fake
Methods for fakes of natural amber differ depending on which artificial material is used for this. Most often, the fake stone is created from the resin, which is much softer and easier than natural amber. Certainly, fake a stone using plastics and glass, which is relevant in the manufacture of cheap decorations. We must not forget about the pressed amber – a special gem formed under the press.
To create it uses trimming and residues, as well as dust, remaining after the processing of large pieces.
Pressed amber in quality practically corresponds to a natural pattern. Having considered it, you can detect a large number of bubbles of small size, as well as quite rich and opaque color. Color, however, will be uneven. Popularly enjoyed and digging – a young formation from resinous discovery of tropical trees. It is difficult to distinguish from the real stone, except for heating. When exposed to fire, the stone will make not a particularly pleasant smell of drugs, while natural amber smells much better.
Paval easily melts, is characterized by soft and viscosity.
If you return to the resin, the creation of fake makes it possible both epoxy resin and resin Kauri. Epoxy product is obtained by chemical experiments. If it is slightly warm or lost with a cloth, then the characteristic cutting smell will immediately arise. Resin Kauri – this is a gulitan trees from New Zealand, quite often used in the manufacture of furniture.
Resin Kauri looks almost homogeneous and without any inclusions.
Plastics are often sold as amber, but it is easiest to distinguish it from a natural product. It is enough to carefully inspect the decoration, and if a clean tint is found and a homogeneous structure, it is most likely a fake.
The glass is distinguished by much greater density than amber, so such a fake is easy to reveal by weighing.
How to determine authenticity in the store?
Of course, right in the store is quite difficult to recognize whether the mineral is natural or fake. However, learn some important details will be and attentive inspection. The color of amber is not too bright, unlike saturated paints of artificial materials. Stone structure of heterogeneous, you can notice bubbles and some insertion. Nevertheless, the presence of unnatural “glitter” talks about fake.
It is important to remember that the density of the mineral is not high enough. The stone looks massively, but in fact he is not absolutely difficult.
The same fake with large sizes will be weighted enough. Natural amber is pretty warm, unlike other materials used to create fakes. Finally, the quality of the fake always seems perfect, because it is smoothly and symmetrically painted, but this is exactly what speaks of a false purchase.
If an unusual form of mineral is acquired with frozen insects or plant elements, then light pebbles should be carefully studied, since they are quite often formed. All third-party objects should be located in a free and natural pose. In the case of insects it should remind that they tried to free.
Going to the store, it should be remembered that not only individual pebbles are forged, but also large products, and sometimes even a certain part.
The price tag on a fake amber is always exhibited high. Naturally, not all ways to check the stone are available as part of the store. Nevertheless, you can ask the seller to help – demonstrate the reaction of decorations on ultraviolet rays, provide fabric material for checking electrification. Moreover, if this is a reliable store, the qualified personnel will go to meet and tell you how it is possible to check the purchase on authenticity.
How to check at home?
Of course, the easiest way to contact a specialist who will definitely be able to distinguish a real stone from the fake, using special tools. Nevertheless, even at home, most likely, it turns out to find out if they did not deceive in the store. First of all, you will have to read about the amber itself – find out how the script looks like, what is characterized by, as behaving in various situations.
Next, the inspection itself must be carried out, and in several ways.
Discern a fake can be tried by weight. Amber is pretty light, regardless of size. Even large and visually massive beads are unlikely to exceed 80 grams. Therefore, it is immediately worth thinking if the purchased decoration will be too heavy. If organic raw materials are used for further transformation, for example, the stone will be inserted into the culo floor, it makes sense to think about the scratch dough. Natural gem when exposed to a razor or knife will immediately crumble, almost until the powder, while plastic turns into a chips.
If the fake is made of glass, then the effects of the test may not appear at all.
One of the most effective ways is considered to be verified in salty water. As the weight of the material is too small, the stone is not sinking, but continues to stay on the surface. Unfortunately, this method is appropriate for checking crystals without any foundation or decorative elements. In a situation with beads, it may turn out that the beads will remain in the middle of the vessel, without moving in any directions. In this case, beads should be separated and see what will happen next. Most likely, some of them will go to the bottom, and the part will emerge, which indicates that beads are poor quality.
To create a salt solution, it will be enough to use a conventional glass of heated water and 3 teaspoons of salt. Relatively just check the state of amber, losing it about a natural rag, for example, silk or wool.
A real stone at the same time receives a negative charge and the ability to attract small pieces of paper.
Using some more complex methods of checking, for example, requiring the use of chemical reagents, it is important to ensure that the destructive impact does not exceed the duration of 3 seconds. Otherwise, the stone will cover with specks or change its beautiful color. This case is about alcohol and solvent.
Yantary Three-second interaction harm will not apply, but plastic and other fakes will begin to clearly deter.
Such a test is carried out, for example, using acetone only on the inner surface of the decorations. After the experience, the remnants of acetone are carefully eliminated, otherwise they will negatively affect the state of amber. Any non-standard effect – the occurrence of stickiness, viscosity appearance, the deterioration of the appearance – says that this is a fake, most likely from plastics.
It will be possible to estimate the naturalness of the stone if you set fire to it. Just touch the hot needle to the surface of amber. Melted amber highlights white smoke with an aroma of rosin – with small sourness, but at the same time quite pleasant. Plastic and other synthetics in this case will certainly be distinguished by a different smell. Sometimes it does not have to influence the fire, since when rubbing a natural sample palm, a slightly coniferous smell will begin to manifest.
A good solution will be accompanied by amber under ultraviolet rays, if there is such an opportunity. All layers and tiers in such a situation should slightly catch up with a bluish tinge of different intensity. If initially the stone was muddy, then the glow will turn out to be light blue, and the bone variety will play almost dairy overflows. Ultraviolet, by the way, allows you to see existing bubbles, cracks and wave-like transitions. If the amber is a fake, then he will not glow. Rays just seem to pass through it without creating any effect.
In addition, it turns out that there are no bubbles, and the mineral itself is completely uniform.
If we talk about professional verification, it is also carried out to assess the solidity of minerals in accordance with the Moos scale. The required indicator ranges from 2 to 2.5 out of 10, and in cheaper counterparts, it barely reaches the gap from 1 to 1.5. Separately, it should be clarified how the smell may be the smell by increasing the temperature or other impact. Since the amber is a frozen resin, heating it, you can feel the steady aroma of needle trees. It will be natural and very pleasant. Any other smells – Gary inherent in Palest Plastic, Burning Paper, Plated Wool – Signals The Unless the Acquired Object.
About how to distinguish amber from fake, look next.