To date, the market of precious products is replete with artificial jewelry – their number is much higher than natural products. For this reason, the difference in natural gems from artificial products has now become currently relevant. First, it is necessary to deal with such concepts as imitation and synthesized gem.
A stone similar to the natural mineral, but created in the laboratory, is called a synthesized jewelry stone. In its physical and chemical parameters, it completely coincides with natural stone. Product that repeats only external data, but not structural properties, is called imitation.
Thanks to modern technologies, it is possible to grow artificially in a laboratory in a short time. For mineral growth, ideal conditions are created in which experts improve the characteristic properties of the product. For this reason, synthetic samples correspond to the natural materials of high quality.
The manufacture of synthetic jewels was engaged in a long time, using multicolored glass as the starting material. In the XIX century, special institutions appeared, in which high-quality rubies and sapphires were created, difficult distinctive on these. There are such centers and in Russia.
What stones are more often imitating and how to check?
The primacy of imitation occupies turquoise. Genuine turquoise is almost impossible to meet in nature. Craftsmen make decorations from turquoise powder, glue small crystal particles. More than half of turquoise gems are not natural.
Turquoise – semi-precious mineral, symbol of happiness and good luck. Fake turquoise began in ancient Egypt, replacing it with painted glass.
Since then, the masters of jewelers, and lovers of this stone are trying to recognize the authentic mineral.
There is a simple way to distinguish the original from the fake: immersed for a while in clean water the stone absorbs moisture and change color.
In the group of leaders in the manufacture of synthetic gems is Ruby. When choosing a ruby, buyers need to remember that the natural product of the eponymous product is not particularly clean, the crystal is distinguished by an expensive cost. If the buyer is invited to buy a stone at an affordable price and high quality, then most likely it will be a synthesized stone or imitation.
The main rule of the authentication of the Rubine – compliance of the price and quality.
This stone also takes one of the leadership in synthetic gems. Specialists for the manufacture of synthetic minerals use:
- Low-quality natural crystals+
- Glass and plastics+
- Combined crystals with glass.
To determine the quality of the stone, you need to pay attention to the place of gluing. If there are bubbles, then this is a fake. But the appraiser will help to reliably recognize the authenticity.
This stone belongs To expensive precious gem nuggets. The shade of emeralds is different – it depends on its deposit. The most valuable are Colombian options that have bright green with blue color.
The first synthetic emerald grown Germans in the XIX century. Artificial Emeralds – Skillful fake. It is possible to distinguish the fake on the edges: they are well shied in the light, and you can see the parallel arrangement of the faces.
If we talk about sapphire, this is the same crystal, according to the properties of a slightly inferior diamond. Sapphire is endowed with an extraordinary blue or purple color with a strong glitter. There is a myth that The real sapphire has magical and medical properties, brings the owner happiness, protects against damage and slander.
In appearance at home, recognize the authentic stone from the fake is impossible – this is only a professional appraiser. Under the magnifying glass, the specialist will check the refraction of light and, lowering the mineral in a special fluid, will determine the authenticity of the product. If the sapphire is real, he, unlike fake, will pick up.
A real pearl is a precious gem with a non-uniform structure, uneven color, characteristic strength, density and cost.
Natural pearls are a mineral with a rough surface and a sandy texture.
If a pearl bead is carried out on the tooth surface and hear the creak, then this means that the pearls are real.
Synthetic beads creak do not publish. You can also throw a bead on the floor – the real pearl jump up, and the artificial can crack and split. The fake from the original and to the touch is distinguished: the natural stone is distinguished by cool, and the artificial option has the ambient temperature.
One of the oldest stones is amber. For hundreds of thousands of years, people decorated their clothes, dwelling, health from precious gems. Recently, there are many fakes and high-quality imitation of stone in the jewelry market. Recognize real amber is not difficult – it is imitated by low-quality crystals, plastic. If the fake is moving the match, the mineral is heated, the smell of plastic appears, and not resin.
This stone is a processed natural diamond, an expensive gem, which is most popular with jewelers, and buyers.
To distinguish a fake from a genuine diamond, you need to consider it under the lighting device at right angles. This diamond will light up the rear. Diamond authenticity will confirm its hardness. Diamond can cut glass – it will definitely leave scratches and roughness on the surface of other minerals.
This diamond is not afraid of sandpaper: if you lose the diamond surface, then there will be no changes.
Many fashionrooms have decorations with huge bright red stones. These are real or artificially grown rubies. Real Ruby is a little cheaper diamond. There are several ways to determine the authenticity of the stone:
- If you put the mineral in the glass dishes, the reddish light is poisoned out of it+
- If you put Ruby with milk with milk, it will redden+
- If the real stone is lying in the eyelids, it will retain its temperature.
Unusually beautifully looks like a semi-precious stone Topaz. It is named in honor of the island called Topazion located in the Red Sea. Jewelry from Topaz – the most popular products selected by women.
To determine the authenticity of the crystal at home, you need to take a woolen fabric. If you lose a real topaz about wool, it is electrified and will attract small items.
Then there will be no doubt that you are the real noble gem.
Of the foregoing, you can make the following conclusion: Jewelry acquisitions are checked in several ways. They are summarized below:
- to the touch – Natural stones have a lower temperature+
- Visually – When viewed under the magnifying glass, you can see defective cracks of natural stones+
- in bloom – for example, turquoise-fake will paint a cloth that rubs the stone+
- By smell – For example, if for amber beads, bring a lit match, then the smell of resin should be distinguished when burning+
- on hardness – example of a diamond, cutting glass+
- in thermophysical properties – Example of electrified amber.
On how to distinguish natural stones from fake and imitation, see the following video.