What is 583 gold test and what is different from 585?

What is 583 gold test and what is different from 585?

Jewelry dated to the release of the Soviet Union’s existence, 583 breakdowns were marked. The modern jewelry industry no longer applies such a alloy for the production of products, but earlier this gold was the most chassis product on the counters of Soviet jewelry outlets. The global difference between samples 583 and 585 is not, but nevertheless there are certain important nuances.

What it is?

Until the period of 1927, gold products in our country were manufactured according to 583 sample standards. Due to its low price Gold willingly exported foreign citizens from the USSR, while the young Soviet Republic needed funds for their formation and development. Since the time of Tsarist Russia, the quality of gold was not characterized by a breakdown, but carats. But sooner in 1927 it was decided that the Soviet gold needs to increase the price, and therefore, in improving the characteristics of its alloy, then the transition of quality assessment was not in carats, but with the help of the sample adopted in the countries of all Mira.

It was believed that 14-carat gold corresponds to 583 sample. Clean, 100% gold was 24 carats, and his test was labeled 1000. If you divide 14 carats by 24 carats, and then the result is multiplied by 1000, then the product will be equal to 583.33. When rounding the number in mathematical rules, a figure 583 appears – the first step for gold products appeared in the USSR. To bring the metric system in line with world standards and improve the quality of the gold alloy, thereby increasing its value, the precious alloy began to add to 2 tenth of gold more than it was done earlier – 585 samples accepted worldwide.

Since 1995, in our state, they stopped producing gold jewelry, the sample of which was marked with a number 583. Today, such jewelry values ​​can be found except in pawnshops, as well as in private collections or antiquaries.

Because of As part of 583, the golden copper alloy was 2 tenth percent less than in the alloy of 585 samples, Products from it were called Chervon Gold – Copper gave the alloy of metals a characteristic reddish tint. Previously, old pre-revolutionary money, called Chervonians, were similar to the reddish color – hence the name “Chervoy”, that is, like Chervonets.

Sample alloy 583 had other color shades – whiten, greenish or yellow-pink.

Composition and properties

In the form of a natural mineral, pure gold after the smelting showed high plasticity, and to strengthen the alloy, a small part of other metals was added to it. Such additives are called ligature. As additives in the gold alloy, copper or silver were used, it happened that both components could be applicable and at the same time.

The composition of the gold alloy 583 of the sample included the following elements:

  • Natural gold – 58.3%+
  • Silver – 8%+
  • Copper – 33.5%.

If the ligature contained only copper or only silver, zinc, nickel or palladium could add to it to replenish the residue. Depending on which the composition of the ligature was taken, the finished products were obtained at the output with certain color shades. For example, Zinc and Palladium gave ready-made golden decorations whiten steel notch, and a large content of copper stained a precious alloy into a saturated red shade. However, playing with percentages of impurities in the ligature, the jeweler had to invariably observe the standard proportions of gold content – they were supposed to be at least 58.3% of the total alloy.

Only in this case on the jewelry gold product could be put marked 583 samples.

If there was ligature from various combinations of metals in Draglave, then gold changed his shade. Knowing this property, jewelry masters created quite interesting color solutions for their precious products 583 samples. The composition of the ligature could be as follows:

  • Chervonny Gold – Cu 33.5% + AG 8.2%+
  • Pink Tint – Cu 32% + AG 9.7%+
  • Pink-Yellow Tint – Cu 22.7% + AG 19%+
  • Lemon Color – Cu 11.5% + AG 30.2%+
  • Pronounced White Tint – Cu 3% + AG 11% + Ni 25% + Zn 2.7%.

The alloy that contained in its composition, except for copper and silver, is still nickel and zinc, used for finishing works, as well as inserts for rims of semi-precious and precious stones, because such a composition of the material was distinguished by the greatest strength when performing the work of the work process itself and wear resistance During the operation of the finished product.

Where meets?

The labeling stamp with the figure 583 can be found on jewelry made in the previously existing Soviet Union. ANDWith such gold, various decorations were made: rings and rings, earrings, pendants and pendants, chains and bracelets, frames for wristwatches, brooches and so on. For the men’s half of the population, prestigious gold items were a cigarette, cufflinks, a ring, chain, Orthodox cross, dental crowns. Especially high demand for gold jewels was in the early 90s. Currently, this kind of decoration is no longer in fashion, although many of them look still interesting in terms of artistic performance.

Gold alloy 583 samples at one time was demanded due to its strength, good soldering opportunities, scratching and abrasion.

To date Sample 583 in comparison with 585 marking is considered low-grade. It is used in the jewelry industry, it is extremely rare – except that someone will bring a jeweler the old product on the melting for making it in a particular order of a new sketch. But even the decoration made today from such a alloy looks old-fashioned, despite the modern design, as the share of copper gives him a red shade, which modern jewelry has no long ago.

Comparison with 585 breakdown

As for yellow gold, the best of its best sample is today – 585. It is insignificantly different from 583 samples. In terms of the level of content in the precious alloy 583 samples of the pure metal AU, 0.2% less than in the sample alloy 585. It would seem that this is an insignificant trifle, but at the price it is nevertheless reflected – it became higher. 583 sample jewelry alloys relate to low-grade, and such an opinion also appeared due to the fact that unscrupulous jewelery masters often under the guise of 583 samples made an alloy 580 of the test, where the AU content was even less, assigning a part of the precious metallol, transferred by the customer.

If you look at the appearance of jewelry made from 583 and 585 samples of the gold alloy, visually distinguish, where which alloy will be able to be a very small number of people, and that – provided that the ligature will contain the same impurities. Thus, it is in the percentage of pure gold and consistent between 583 and 585 samples.

By summing up, we note that as the main distinguishing features of products with 583 breakdowns from jewelry made from the precious alloy of 585 samples, you can allocate:

  • Percentage of pure gold in sample alloy 583 by 0.2% lower+
  • Sample jewelry 583 have a pronounced reddish or pink shade+
  • The cost of 1 gram of gold 583 samples is lower than that of 585 samples+
  • In the modern industry, products from alloys 583 samples are no longer produced.

In addition, jewelry produced in the Soviet 583 sample gold era, most often made massive and unpleasant, unique models have met infrequently, and they have not been available to the mass consumer, most often, these were stamped monoty decorations.

Some pre-revolutionary jewelry possessed sophistication, but now it became unlikely to purchase them – they are in private collections or are transferred in families inherited as family jewels.

Now modern jewelers for the weight of the product do not chase, and the most attention is paid to the uniqueness of artistic performance – Only so you can conquer the loyalty of the consumer and sell the golden decoration with a huge share of competition in this area.

How to care?

Products made of precious alloy are distinguished by increased resistance to mechanical damage and therefore noncains in operation and care. However, due to the amount of copper ligature, the jewels can be oxidized, contacting with oxygen and wet environments, while losing its original shine. For that To bring the attractive look to the jewelry, it is important to carry out regular care procedures for them.

  • Wash jewelry needed in a warm soap solution without the use of acid reagents, after which it is necessary to rinse it with clean water and polished with a soft suede napkin or cotton cloth.
  • For more intensive polishing of gold, a special polishing paste of green color is used, called “Pasta Goe”. Before polishing, the decoration is first purified by washing in soap solution and drying, and then a little paste is applied to the product and polish it with a piece of soft semi -rugated felt. The final shine guidance is made using suede napkins, felt or wool. After polishing, the decoration must be rinsed again in the soap solution, rinse and dry.

In Soviet times, to increase the glitter of gold jewelry, the then fashionista rinsed their rings and earrings in water with sugar dissolved in it. Such a concentrated solution covered the product with a thin film and covered small scratches, in view of which the surface of the product became externally smoother and shiny.

To preserve the golden product of its shine and beauty, it is important to treat it carefully. No agricultural or household work, repair or cooking in gold jewelry.

In order for gold, stains do not appear, it is necessary to protect it from contacts with acids, alkaline compositions, medical remedies and cosmetic drugs – in these products may contain an aggressive environment, which, having come into contact with gold, will irrevocably spoil the decoration.


For the reason that the precious gold alloy 583 of the sample is no longer in demand, the price of it is static and no clock to sharp changes. On average, the country of grams of gold 583 samples is 1000-1100 rubles.

To properly determine the market value of gold, enjoyed data, which in the open source are provided by the Central Bank of Russia. Calculations when determining the price of gold will be uncomplicated. For example, we will define the price of the gold of 583 samples on January 25, 2020:

  • According to the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the cost of selling gold 585 of the sample is 1 910 rubles. /G+
  • We consider the cost for a sample alloy 583, while reducing the coefficient 19,10 / 1000×583 = 1 113.5 rubles. /G.

Thus, it turns out that 1 gram of gold 585 samples costs 1 910 rubles., and 1 gram of gold 583 samples worth 1,113,5 rub. The difference will be 796.5 rubles. BUT Now you can count how much the gold ring will cost 2.5 grams weighing:

  • 1910х2,5 = 4 775 rub. – Sample rings cost 585+
  • 1113,5х2,5 = 2 783.75 rub. – Sample rings cost 583.

As can be seen from the example, the difference is quite significant, almost 2 times, although the percentage of gold content in the range of 585 samples compared to breakfast 583 increased by only 0.2%.

Purchase Soviet gold 583 samples in a modern jewelry store with all the desire you will not succeed – it is simply not there. But Products from such a precious alloy can be found in commissions of buying or antiquary. The cost of 1 gram in the pawnshop during the buying of gold is slightly lower than the market price – for 583, as well as for 585 samples, it approximately one and the same. If you want to buy your product back, its price will be an order of magnitude higher.

In antique salons, the price of the jewelry depends on the year of its release, weight, appearance and artistic value. The price of antiques establishes its owner. The cost of such products is quite high – it can not be below the market price of gold.

Golden decorations 583 samples are shown in the video below.

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