Turkish national costume

Turkish national costume

History of Turkish National Costume

The middle of the fifteenth century was marked by the beginning of the active development of Turkish culture. The reason for this was the conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmet, after which the city began to proudly refer to Istanbul.

Turkish national suit can be bolden by the true work of art, and this opinion adhere to many historians and modern designers. Outfits of the Ottoman Empire for many centuries continue to disturb the mind of women seeking magnificence.

Turkey is distinguished by the variety of branches of culture, which strikingly manages to combine with age-old traditions. The design of the national costume was based on religious motives.

Turkish clothes helped determine the social position of man. The outfit fully reflected the level of family wealth, belonging in one or another religion, place of service and family status.

Every woman living on the territory of the Ottoman Empire was obliged to follow the decree under the name “Ferman”, strictly indicating what outfit should be. This rule applied to Christian.


Islam prescribes representatives of the beautiful half of mankind to keep their beauty for a man, and in the streets to hide the dignity under special clothing. Representatives of the clergy, relying on the commandments of the Quran, amounted to Ferman.

  • Muslim girls were obliged to wear free pants under clothes, as well as spacious cotton or muslin tissue shirts. The collar of a native shirt could be either triangular or round.
  • Mandatory attribute of the female national costume is Chadra. It is she protects the beauty of beauty from the eyes of foreign men. Chadra closes the shoulders from behind and in front, neck and face – with the eyes alone permissible to be free from black cloth.
  • For women professing another religion, the rules were slightly softer. Many Greek, Hungarian, Jewish and Armenian families lived in Turkey. Girls allowed to wear the same free pants of a variety of colors (mostly blue and white) and skirt-fastener. Greeks appeared on the streets in the headscarves from the atlas, and Armenians in leather products.

Distinctive features

Areas in Turkey differed from each other. In one city, the population consisted mainly of rich merchants, not very wealthy merchants lived in the second, in the third – only artisans. Therefore, every district could boast some specifics of his national costumes. The main details of the traditional Turkish change of change have not undergone, however, the style and colors differed from each other.

An excellent example will serve the baggy sledges of Salvars, which in Russian is customary to be called balls. This element of the wardrobe remained unchanged throughout the Empire – from Eastern Anatolia to the Marmara Country and Aegean Regions.

Turks appreciated luxury, and this feature was reflected in the color range of clothing. Although men preferred national suits of dark shades (brown, purple, blue, green), their outfit still looked richly and delightful due to embroidery and other decor elements.


Despite the fact that the National Women’s Clothing of Turkey was multi-layered, Muslim workers still succeeded to give the silhouette mysterious attractiveness, create an atmosphere unknown to others around themselves.

Turkish costumes differed from Arab robes. The Arabs were overlooking the massive, volumetric things that the silhouette completely hid, so that it was impossible to guess even the physique of a person. In Turkey, went on another way. Simone of the outfit allowed to see the main outlines of the silhouette.

To create national costumes used exclusively natural materials of high quality. Mere, velvet, taffet and silk. Women from noble families could afford to decorate clothes. To fulfill the wishes of fashionista, the 16th century used silver and gold threads.

Turkish clothing has become the main some designer decisions in the future. For example, it was in Ottomans that invented the structure of the sleeve, called the “Bat”. This design is still in demand among the twenty-first century.

Model manifold

Many things from the Turkish wardrobe were considered universal. And women and men had the right to wear sharovars, identical natives, belts and jackets.

On top of the dress girls wore apron. This item attracted attention to its wonderful appearance. The apron was decorated with folk ornaments – mostly were plant patterns, each of which was endowed with a deep meaning associated with legends.

The male costume included the “Kushak” belt, which is necessary not only for jewelry. He performed a practical function. In the pockets of the belt Ottomans folded money and other things that might need during the day.

The sleeves of female dresses were to completely close their hands until the wrist. However, now the National Turkish costume has been subjected to a variety of modifications and does not have such a rigor. The length of the dresses decreased several times – the hem reaches the middle of the caviar, in some cases even slightly higher, and the sleeves can be lifted.

Children’s variations

In the 16th century, national Turkish costumes for girls were practically identical to adult outfits, with the exception of gold and silver embroidery and buttons made of precious stones. Children wore more modest dresses and suites, although they looked gorgeous. Dear and rare materials for children’s clothing were not used.

Nowadays, young residents of Turkey have to go to approximately the same knitted outfits with rhinestones.

Decorations and shoes

Muslim canons do not prohibit women to decorate themselves with a variety of accessories, and girls have always used the lack of this ban.

  • The main accessory was the scarf. So that it looks beautiful, instead of one Muslim handker used several multicolored products, resulting in a pretty design of several layers.
  • Many wore an interesting headdress, to the front of which air veil was attached.
  • The girl’s leg faced high socks tightly – necessarily with a bright embroidery of handmade.

Muslim men also did not miss the opportunity to decorate their national costume. Turks, held in the military sphere, were highlighted by chic daggers and sabers attached to the belt. Men’s head covered turbans and fez.

Sew shoes durable and reliable. The beauty of the shoes was expressed in her rigor. She emphasized the masculinity, the severity of the owner. Boots sewed from skin of bulls and rams.

Traditions in modern times

Much has changed with time categorical, even tough in something of the sixteenth century. Morals became others, and Turkish national costumes did not remain the same.

Women in Turkey have the right to walk around the sun’s covered streets in the outfits hit their piercing, original color scheme. Widespread shade of the sea wave. Geometric ornaments occupy an honorable place on jackets and scarves of Muslim beauties.


The owner of Turkish national costumes is delighted. Surprisingly, but even Christians acquire dresses in oriental style. It is necessary for them to visits historical festivals and thematic parties.

Turkey’s traditional outfit provides a unique opportunity every girl – to feel the whole mystery and ambiguity of the Arab night.

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