Features of the Uzbek national costume
National clothes of residents of Uzbekistan amazingly combines the traits common to all the eastern peoples and has its own individual and unique features.
Although over time, the Uzbek national costume has undergone modifications, in a modern one, he retained all the wealth of cultural traditions of oriental people and historical connection, which goes deep in antiquity.
A distinctive feature of Uzbek costume was and remains skill with gold. Such outfits are characteristic of wealthy people. The national Uzbek bathrobes have become popular with gold, which the ruler gave her approximate, and also received such gifts instead.
For gold embroidery, only noble materials were used, such as silk and velvet. Patterns embroidered mainly on plant topics, rarely met the geometric ornament in gold-saving outfits.
With the help of embroidery, golden threads were decorated not only of clothing items, but also hats and shoes. Currently, the male wedding outfit in Uzbekistan for tradition is necessarily decorated with brocade with gold or silver.
Color range of national Uzbek costume rather wide. Residents of different areas of the country have their own color preferences, however, Uzbeks do not like dark clothes because they believe that it can attract trouble.
In the colors of the female, it was possible to judge the status of husbands. Weightful Uzbeks dressed their wives in blue or purple outfits, artisans wovers wore green clothes.
Another characteristic feature for Uzbek traditional outfits is the choice of rich fabrics for sewing – velvet and velvet.
But the cut at costumes on the contrary is very simple and the same for male and female models. Based on smooth pieces of fabrics, which in some deaf settlements did not even cut off, but simply disappeared in a straight line.
Men’s national costumes in Uzbekistan
Traditional subjects of the male wardrobe in Uzbekistan there were always shirts of various Latches and bathrobes that were tied with belts. At the bottom of the Uzbeks wear pants and leather boots. Head in Uzbekistan must cover not only women, but also men, which is associated with Islamic religion.
In men for these purposes, a chalma or tubeette is used.
Shirt for everyday socks called kuylak. Initially, such a shirt was long and was lower than the knees, but later the style was changed, and the shirt became standard length. The stall has two interpretations: in the first case, the shirt had a vertical cut, to which the gate was sewn + in the second case in the collar zone there was a horizontal cut, giving up to the shoulders.
Pants entitled Ishton were absolutely devoid of additional decorative and functional elements. The length of such pants resembling sharovar, reached an ankle.
Male bathrobe is called Chapan and has a single style for all ages and statuses that has not changed for a long time. For different seasons of the year there are varieties of a robe – a thin summer bathrobe, a robe with a lining for offseason and warm cotton bathrobes for the cold season. On the sides of the bathrobe there are vertical cuts for the convenience of moving.
As decorative elements, the braid and matter of the other color are used, which are sewn along the edges of the robe and on the sleeves. To fasten the bathrobe there are risks. Kushak is used as a belt in the national Uzbek men’s suits. It is folded in a triangle of cotton or silk scarf.
The color of the Kushaka, which has the name Belbog, always chose bright and contrasting shades to stand out on the attire of a man.
A man in Uzbekistan traditionally wear a man in Uzbekistan traditionally worn chouls or a dupepie. The most popular among all Tubayek is the headdress of the inhabitants of the Fergana Valley. Its distinctive feature is an interesting vegetable ornament embroidered on white threads on a black background.
Today, in Uzbekistan, velvet or cotton tubets blue, black and dark green colors are in great demand.
Traditional Uzbek clothing for women and girls
Female national suit in Uzbekistan consists of dresses, harslers, a bathrobe, as in men, and headdown. In addition, Uzbek girls and women decorate themselves with gold and silver products. Traditional Earrings Kashgar-Boldak and Cuping Earrings, Rings and Bracelets are made in an exquisite oriental style. On the neck of a woman put on coral beads or necklace from coins.
Another decoration of Uzbek beauties from ancient times are naked decorations.
Dresses from a national costume in Uzbekistan called Kuylak look like a tunic with straight long sleeves and practically lengthy length. Only by the beginning of the last century there was a slight diversity in the shapes of the dresses: the cuffs or collar could be on the sleeves can be made by rack. For sewing this part of the costume traditionally use noble silk and satin.
Women’s sharovars were a mandatory part of the wardrobe for a girl almost from birth. As in the male version, the pants are wide on top and narrow to the bottom. The lower part of the panta adorns braid with tassels.
In the female version of the national costume of the tops of the upper clothes a little more than in men. So women can wear bathrobes of the same cut as male chapan.
In some areas of Uzbekistan, long and fitted rods called Rumcha were distributed. Uzbek women wear Mursaki – something mean between tunic and a bathrobe. Usually, Mursak sews on a warm lining for cold times, lengths up to pee and has cut with a smell.
Less than two hundred years ago In use included fitted robes with shortened and narrowed sleeves called Camzur. Then popular clothing among Uzbek women began to be sleeveless.
As a headdress, women in Uzbekistan use a scarf. The usual phenomenon in traditional culture is two headscarves at once. One of them is tied on the forehead, and the other covers. head
In the XIX century, a female headdress was complex and multi-layered – first put on a handkerchief, who had a hole for the face, then he was told a handkerchief on the forehead, and Top was built by Chalma. Women from noble families wore scarves decorated with gold or silver. At the beginning of the last century, traditional Uzbek Tubets with Embroidery of Silk or Gold has received wide resonance.
When the woman went out to the street, she had to need to wear a robe on her head to hide the beauty of her body from strange eyes. Later, the bathrobe modified and turned into a terraja. The sleeves of this bathrote at first they just cleaned back, and later they began to cross each other.
The obligatory attribute to the lamp was Chavchan – a grid woven from horse-wheel hair, which is designed to close the face of a woman. Barraja and Chavchan were mandatory elements of women’s clothing in Muslim countries for all women and girls, since nine years. However, in Uzbekistan, this item of wardrobe was distributed only in cities, and it is not ubiquitous. And with the arrival of the Soviet power of the terrants and at all began to gradually get out of the use of Uzbek beauties.
The role of national costume today
In the modern world, the clothes of residents of Uzbekistan are rather diverse. City inhabitants and some people from the village, especially for educated youth, prefer to wear modern European clothes. However, and in modern attires of Uzbeks, they seek to bring some kind of notes characteristic of their country details – girls use traditional decorations, young people can wear a tubette.
Holy Chtut’s tradition and worn outfits of their people, elderly, especially those who live in the city. However, at such events, like a wedding or a national holiday, a costume is still a mandatory attribute, which indicates the rich traditions of the Uzbek people who respect this people.