Lining fabric: species and rules of choice

Lining fabric: species and rules of choice

Lining fabric is an indispensable detail when sewing many types of clothing. Most people are completely not paying attention to it. However, the lining plays a significant role in clothing. With its help, some fabrics do not appear on cuts, things are good “hold” their shape, and still retain the necessary microclimate. Currently, there is a huge selection of various options for lining fabrics. Due to the wide range of material, it is very easy to choose the desired option.

Composition and properties

Lining fabric is necessary for the design of things from the wrong side. It is necessary to preserve clothes and prevent fast wear or pollution. In the process of socks, all lining fabrics are exposed to severe friction.

Main lining quality:

  • With a frequent washing, the material must maintain a presentable appearance+
  • It is necessary that the paint on the fabric is high-quality and rack, especially with friction and other types of impact+
  • The lining should be easy to succumb to technological processing+
  • Material is obliged to possess hypoallergenic properties+
  • It is necessary that the fabric has good hygienic characteristics+
  • Material should not strongly electrify.

The lining should be light, durable, wear-resistant, give a small shrinkage in the washing process, as well as have a democratic price and durable material.

Classification of lining fabrics:

  • The material is divided according to its composition on cotton, silk, woolen, homogeneous and mixed structure+
  • By the production method, it can be a cloth, knitted fabric or fur+
  • Material can be made of yarn or thread+
  • in color is divided into bleached, painted or motley.

The lining must correspond to the properties of the upper fabric. It is made to divide on the density of material on the lungs, medium and heavy fabrics. There is a special GOST for lining fabric with chemical fibers and yarn. Based on such standards, the manufacturer must produce only high-quality materials that meet all the necessary requirements.

There is another classification according to the composition, the lining material is divided into:

  1. Natural fabric (flannel or natural silk)+
  2. Unfulfilled fabrics (the most famous is viscose)+
  3. Synthetic (grid or polyester).

Advantages and disadvantages

Lining fabrics based on natural and chemical fibers are presented.

The advantages of natural materials:

  1. Static electricity do not accumulate+
  2. Parotypes+
  3. paste air+
  4. Possess hygroscopicity+
  5. They are inherent in high thermal insulation characteristics+
  6. very beautiful and prestigious.

In addition to positive qualities, natural lining materials have a number of shortcomings:

  1. Mind very quickly+
  2. The color intensity quickly disappears+
  3. Can change the form when sock or irregular washing+
  4. quickly absorb moisture and sufficiently dry.

Advantages of chemical fibers:

  1. These lining materials are practically not impass+
  2. Due to its technical specifications allow you to make a brighter and interesting color+
  3. Practically do not change their form with long wearing and frequent washing+
  4. Some types of linings can be very elastic+
  5. quickly dry and do not lose form.

In addition to the advantages, these materials have disadvantages:

  1. Unfulfilled lining fabrics possess low air permeability+
  2. Almost do not absorb moisture+
  3. can cause allergies+
  4. Create static electricity+
  5. have low heat protection properties.

Types and their characteristics

Currently, there is a huge variety of clothes and accessories for which the lining is required. Most often manufacturers use synthetic materials. They have a longer service life and low cost.

In the light industry market there is a huge number of diverse tissues.

Atlas is a material with a smooth and smooth surface.

    Atlas-stretch has a unique radiant surface, which is created using modern weaving technology.

    The main characteristics of the atlas:

    1. It has a dense and smooth structure+
    2. perfectly holds shape+
    3. It has good wear resistance+
    4. The fabric has a beautiful appearance+
    5. it is safe and hygienic+
    6. fabric has an antistatic effect.

    This type of lining fabric is used in the manufacture of suits, coats, fur coats, various bags and gloves. Atlas is very picky. It’s very dense fabric. It actively absorbs dirt, which requires a neat and gentle handling of such a thing. And also it has a non-budget value and suitable for premium things.

    Viscose is made from treated wood pulp. However, it is not necessary to calculate it to chemical fabrics.

    The main characteristics of the viscose:

    1. Fabric creates a soft slide+
    2. It has a democratic cost+
    3. does not accumulate static electricity+
    4. very simple in color+
    5. Well absorbs any moisture+
    6. possesses hypoallergenic properties.

    Viscose is great as a lining for casual wear. It is perfectly combined with the things of the summer wardrobe and thanks to the synthetic composition has a long service life. Viscose also allows for a long time to maintain heat, which makes it popular as a lining for outerwear.

    For lining, an unhetric fabric is used under the call. It was created at the beginning of the XX century. It is based on viscose using copper and ammonia fibers.

    The main advantages of the bank:

    1. Material has a soft structure+
    2. High strength+
    3. such a fabric lining is very elastic and elastic+
    4. Has high color resistance+
    5. on the touch she is very smooth and pleasant+
    6. It has high air permeability and hygroscopicity.

    Such a lining will not reverse if it is with Elastan. Material is very often used in the manufacture of men’s suits and outerwear.

    Cupper is an expensive viscose variety.

    Polyester is an unnatural fabric like wool.

    The main advantages of polyester:

    1. Material has high strength+
    2. It has a democratic value+
    3. very little is in the process of operation+
    4. It has high resistance to light and heat+
    5. unpretentious in care+
    6. It has high antistaticism.

    From this type of material, it is customary to make a lining on the upper clothes and leather goods.

    However, the material has a little breathability. It absorbs water well and is more suitable for winter things.

    For the manufacture of satin used silk and cotton fibers. Due to the technology of weaving thread has a dense structure.

    The main advantages of satin:

    1. High density of material+
    2. heat-resistant fabric that practically does not mind+
    3. possesses good wear-resistant characteristics.

    It is used for coats from natural fur, when sewing skirts, trousers and jackets.

    The grid is a material with a special type of weaving. It can be shallow or large. In the form of a lining fabric it is worth choosing a soft mesh, which contains natural fibers.

    The main advantages of the grid:

    1. It has high air permeability+
    2. Holds heat+
    3. Very easy+
    4. Pretty simple in processing and care.

    The grid is used as a lining for fitness costumes and dresses with lush skirts, for a special celebration. She acts as lining into sports backpacks.

    Flannel is a warmed and very pleasant fabric.

    The main advantages of flannels:

    1. Pleasant to the touch and very soft+
    2. has good strength and long service life+
    3. Does not cause allergies.

    With long-term sock, the fabric can spine and slide. This material in the form of lining is used in children’s clothes, envelopes for kids and in the manufacture of adult trousers and jackets. Beautiful fabric that warms from the cold. The width of the material allows you to use it as a lining in baby carriages.

    The quilted fabric is a material that was stupid by a specific drawing. It can be on a synthetic tube or with insulation from other materials. Most often due to the line inside any filler holds. It may be windproof, knitted or flame retardant thin fabric, which slides and does not cling to clothes. It is mainly used for coat or down jackets. And this type of lining is used for bags.

    Most recently, foil lining fabric appeared on the tissue market. It is non-slip, designed with the use of modern technologies and silver ions. The material is obtained from polyester fibers.

    This lining allows you to save heat. It is used in the form of lining in the manufacture of sports jackets and down jackets.

    Colors

    Lining Materials Palette Impressive. Not only standard shades of white, black and blue are used in clothing. Very often used red, pink, yellow and salad fabric. In the fashion, double-sided lining fabric, which serves as an excellent decoration for any outerwear. Many coats and costumes began to sew using multicolored lining and drawing materials. They give the characterity and style image.

    Recently, the lining and the main fabric may not coincide with the color and be contrasting.

    How to choose?

    The lining tissue is a great addition that helps save the thing in excellent condition. It helps to hide all the details of the material processing in the form of seams and an uneven edge, which can crumble. Each thing is used various fabric variations.

    There are several basic lining regulations.

    • The presence of a smooth surface allows tissue slide. This contributes to the fact that the clothes do not cling to other items of the toilet, it does not form different tightening.
    • Synthetic material has a stronger structure and withstands more loads than natural.
    • It is best that the lining does not shine, allowing you to hide all the inner seams of the product.
    • It is necessary to look closely to materials that allergic reactions do not cause the air and have a low weight so as not to make the impression of too voluminous.

    High-quality goods well stores the form and is not deformed when moisture gets. Dense material with a smooth surface well allows you to hide all seams. For bilateral materials it is worth choosing a lining in the form of a mesh.

    The quality characteristics of the lining fabric depends on how long it will last and retain their initial properties.

    In recent years, manufacturers began to offer consumers with lining fabrics of very bright colors and from various materials. Such a lining can decorate any thing. Italian lining is very popular. In Russia, there are also manufacturers of lining fabric. It comes on sale both inexpensive matter and tissue of higher quality and, accordingly, high cost.

    Application

        Lining fabric is widespread in light industry. It is used when sewing business costumes. It serves to maintain shape and density of skirts and dresses. In summer clothes, the lining is used so that light things do not shine and have not adhered to the body.

        Many types of lining materials are used to design leather goods. It is possible to sew curtains or upholstery for furniture. Atlas or satin is perfect for the curtain.

        How to determine the quality of the lining fabric, is told in the following video.

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