Twill: description, composition, dignity and disadvantages

Twill: description, composition, dignity and disadvantages

The universal tissue of the twill consisting of mixed fibers is often confused with a real-willed tweed. It’s all about consonant names, since the composition of these two tissues is completely different. Authentic sources about the origin of tweil is not available. According to Edward VIII in his author’s book “Remembering Windsor”, in 1830, the London merchant sent a sirdy cloth from Scotland, denoting her tweels. By inattention, the Englishman interpreted the name with Tweed, and the material for a long time was successfully sold under this brand.


Because of this laughter, many people are still far from a sewing event and materials science, confused twill with tweed. Nevertheless, this tissue is not made of wool, but by mixing several types of fibers with a sirdy diagonal weave. On the product label is usually indicated by the full composition of matter.

During its existence, the fabric has undergone many experiments relating to the used raw materials and production methods. Originally for the production of tweil used coarse and thick threads purely in gray-brown dark colors. In composition, it was 100% of sheep wool woven so that attracted attention to the special texture – in the Christmas tree or so-called goose paws.

As technology develops, a woolen thread began to join silk and cotton fibers. It significantly expanded the range of things from Twill. Now the material was used not only for sewing classic outfits for business people, but also for stylish raincoats, ladies’ handbags, catchy evening dresses.

The composition of modern twill is a mixture of several types of fibers. The basis may be threads of synthetic, cotton or wool and silk. Depending on their ratio, combinations and properties, the material is highlighted in separate categories.

For example, if the material consists of 65% polyester and 35% cotton, it is customary to call Polysatin. Combined fibers allow you to get a beautiful cloth with practical characteristics.

Twill distinguishes the visual gloss and the special twinkle of the threads with the texture characteristic of the fabric – the diagonal stamp. Sometimes unknown noded fibers that give the finished matter of special decorative are used to create a canvase.

Tight, but soft twill noncains in care and comfortable in the sock. These are perfect qualities for home textiles and a variety of clothes.

Methods of production

As a basis, the manufacturer takes twisted natural fibers by adding synthetic to them in different percentage ratio:

  • Cotton Hunting with Polyester+
  • 65% polyester to 35% cotton and vice versa+
  • 75% wool to 25% cotton+
  • 65% wool for 30% viscose plus 5% acrylic+
  • Wool 75% and 25% Silk+
  • 3% Lurex to 97% pure wool and so on.

Adding acrylic and polyester increase tissue strength and reduce its weight, giving elasticity and preventing shrinkage.

Diagonal weave of threads, or so-called siard, with a duck rather to the base is equivalent as two to two. Basics thread, overlapping two transverse threads, shifted in one direction, creating a decorative rutter on the surface. The repetition of the main floors creates an asymmetrical rapport. Than it is more difficult, the less density and above the diagonal rutter. Thickness and density of finished matter, its main characteristics depend on the combination of threads.

During production, all sorts of dyes are used. They are good at the fabric and do not fade over time. This is a very important indicator for finished products of any purpose. Most often used smooth painting.


Twill (Twill) demonstrates a number of remarkable properties, by the degree of severity of which the amount and type of fibers are determined in its composition.

Textiles with unequal thickness and density, with a smooth or textured surface is most often produced from natural X / B fibers. Synthetic fibers of the elastane and polyester type are added to improve practical characteristics. In the finished matter, their percentage may vary. The characteristics of the finished fabric depend on this: lightness or density, elasticity or rigidity, failure or softness, multicolor, or monotony, smoothness, or ductility, delicate washing exposure or dry cleaning.

In the appearance of Twell reminds Sargo or Satin due to the similarity of the weaving threads. In the production of tweil, unknown threads are used from solid fibers. The thickness of the thread is determined by the practical application of the material.

If you process twill with facial or invalid side with water-repellent composition, you can give tissue new properties. The waterproof type of tweil is often used for sewing workwear and military uniform.


Indisient benefits The tissue demonstrates in any composition and therefore everywhere meets in the items of clothing and household goods. Twill differs in many positive qualities.

  • Strength and resistance to wear, it is advantageous to stand out in comparison with satin or sarge.
  • Moderate density.
  • Softness. Tactile sensations from touch to matter pleasant, and the products themselves are comfortable in wearing.
  • Easy drapery.
  • Good breathability. This quality is important for bedding and wise things.

  • Dustproofness. All dirt remains with the front side.
  • Not exposure to deformation, races, stretching and shrinkage.
  • Resistant to the sun rays. Things from tweil do not burn out.
  • The ability to dry quickly. The fabric does not start fungus and mole.
  • Simple Care (Light Wash, Drying, Ironing and Storage). The greatest unpretentiousness is celebrated in a cotton type of fabric.
  • Things from tweil appearance are attractive and neat.


Judging by the majority of reviews and qualitative indicators, the minuses of tweil are extremely few. It is worth noting that:

  • Synthetics in the composition of the fabric can be contraindicated by allergies+
  • The cost of cotton type of fabric is high with its insufficient elasticity.

Otherwise the twill is not inferior to other high-quality tissues, and in many ways even surpasses them.

This can be judged by its popularity among ordinary buyers, private Swi & Fashion designers.


Due to the fact that in the production of tweils, not only cotton, but also artificial fibers are used, as a result, it turns out several types of tissue. Each of them has its own properties and application.

  • Silk-Twill goes to tailoring expensive and high-quality clothes. To improve the practical characteristics, Elastane is added to 3% by the ratio. Compared to atlas for twille, more silk is needed, because of this its cost and selling price above.
  • Elastic twil produced with the addition of viscose 20% at 80% polyester. Drawing properties allow you to significantly expand the range of material application. He has proven himself in a nice clothing: dresses, sweaters and the like.
  • Twil-catton – Very durable matter with a small content of Elastane. Application range – extensive and diverse.

  • Twill Sarzh – excellent lining matter. Does not mind, draped, not electrified. Retains brightness and shape over long socks.
  • Woolen type of tweeas distinguishes lightness and subtlety with excellent warming and breathable properties. Used for warm blouses, costumes and dresses. Actual in the autumn-winter season. Private seamstresses often sew from this cloth of the blanket, using the fact that it looks attractive, does not occur and for a long time maintains a commodity view.

Typical twill on 1/3 consists of cotton and 2/3 of polyester. The best quality is observed in tweak, in which there are polyester and cotton fibers in equal amounts.

Cotton twil-satin is found on sale, elite silk (5% elastane), wool (type of tweet) and blended, which is currently available in a wide range.

The most popular views of this unique fabric are worth considering them in more detail.


Modern twilit satin is rapidly gaining popularity. When it is created, cotton and satin are used in a specific ratio in percent and symmetric weave. The resulting material is distinguished by a smaller density in comparison with the ordinary satin when the external qualities are preserved in which the differences are not determined by. The silky smoothness of the surface has some shine, which attracts the attention of buyers. The main advantage of the twil-satin is a minor ability to crush.

But to smooth out the folds on matter, it will be necessary to attach minimum effort.

The material has excellent hygienic qualities, while it is durable even with very intensive operation. Manufacturers appreciate twil-satin for paint resistance. This quality mark economical hostesses. You can wash things without fear that the drawing is fading or erased. Matter with ease withstands hundreds of washing cycles, keeping paints and attractive look.


Silk twil-stretch consists of 98% of cotton and 2% of Elastane. In percentage ratio, deviation can be deviated to three units in the direction of this or other fiber. Supplement of a small number of elastane gives products to stretch and not frighten. This type of tweil is widely used in light industry.

Silk with weaving threads diagonally obtained tight and “heavy”. Such weaving requires more silk fibers. Because twille always comes out more expensive satin. Material gives products ability to keep the form. The fabric does not slide and very pleasant to the touch. No wonder it was noticed to create their famous handkerchief creators of the elite brand Hermes.


Mixed type of tweil combining cotton (30-97%) and synthetics (most often polyester). Mixed fiber canvas are used for sewing overalls, shapes and costumes. Such matter perfectly misses the air, allowing the skin to breathe, and high density gives the clothes with dustproofness.

Application area

Initially, the material of the diagonal weave was made exclusively from the sheep wool, without impurities. Rough and dense threads of dark flowers created heavy, dense, moisture-resistant cloth with an unusual pattern. From this matter, we embraced the clothes with civil servants and divisions, urban Frances and the representatives of the bohemian environment. Innovations changed technology and touched the composition of the fabric. Cotton either flies to woolen threads, which made it possible to sew from the material both classic costumes and hats, ladies, handkerchiefs and other accessories.

In 2013, the concept of mixing tissues and the originality of weaving determined the twill in the leaders of the rating of the most purchased products manufactured by the light industry.

Innovative blended fabric notifies fashion designers to create stylish collections and clothes of the original cut. Having successfully twisted in the furniture industry, becoming a widespread participant in the situation when creating interiors. Furniture upholstery, curtains, covers on chairs, tablecloths, napkins – it’s only a part of what you can sew from tweil varieties. In addition to linen, home textiles and overalls, it can be found in the objects of the outerwear. Thin thin type of tweil are used in the production of summer outfits, all sorts of female, male costumes.

The most popular destination for the use of tissue tissue – sewing bed linen. He was able to appreciate and love consumers almost around the world. It’s all about it in its small fermentation and fast drying, preservation of brightness after washing and tissue stability to high temperatures when ironing.

High-quality tweil painting pleases the consumer long-term color resistance. And this characteristic is important for corporate form, uniform and specialized clothing. At the same time, Twell meets the following requirements, which are presented to working clothes:

  • hygienic+
  • breathable+
  • Gigroscopic+
  • dust-proof+
  • comfortable+
  • Durable.

In addition, overalls from Twill, with its obvious practicality, added work clothes of aesthetic and harmony.

In general, the material is universal and finds the most extensive application, depending on the needs of the cutter or customer.

What is different from other tissues?

There is a sure way of distinguishing this light and pleasant tactile material with low pile from other fabrics. Need to look at him at some angle. The diagonal pattern of texture is noticeable very well.

And tactile and visually distinguish twill from the classic satin is difficult. The fabric has an inherent gloss and gloss inherent in satina, but there is a twill analogue much cheaper.

On the example of the membrane, you can compare the degree of breathability and vacifics of twil. Membrane – film with the smallest pores, in diameter less water drop, but exceeding a water vapor molecule. Therefore, fluids will not be able to leak through matter into the matter, but evaporation from the body freely penetrate outwards due to different partial pressure with an external and invalid fabric surface. Only only a person begins a sweating, the membrane begins to “actively breathe” – to bring evaporation.

And tweil such abilities are not noted, therefore, with active activities and high temperatures, the fabric is not the most suitable.

Most often, the twill is released smoothly, but sometimes the drawing is also applied to it, mostly camouflage.

Acquiring twill, it is important to pay close attention to what is indicated in the composition. Since modern fabric species, it varies significantly.

If you compare twill with a flinic, polycotton and other, in characteristics there will be no difference. Fabric is lightweight, after washing does not give a shrinkage, it almost does not occur, rarely requires ironing, keeps the color of color shades. Like satin, the material can be washed in an automatic washing machine. After washing, the twill remains pleasant to the body and silky.

Care rules

Although the twill is easy to operate, there are certain care recommendations that need to be followed. Then the products will serve for a long time without spoiling.

  • Washing twil-satin is carried out even at high temperatures using any detergent.
  • The remaining types of blended type fabric are erased at t no more than 40 degrees. Not allowed whitening. It is prohibited to use detergents with “aggressive” composition.
  • It is advisable to add air conditioning for linen, extending the life of the fabric and preserving its structure and color.
  • Do not dry blended twil in the sun.
  • Stroke things preferably wet.

    If any doubts, it is easier to act as indicated on the label applied to the product by the manufacturer. Only then the thing will benefit and serve for a long time, bringing tactile and aesthetic pleasure.

    About Bedding From Twill See next video.

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