Velvet: Features, Composition and Properties

Velvet: Features, Composition and Properties

Many people remember how fashionable were a couple of dozen years ago Pants from Venelvet. Pants from Microwaves were considered particularly popular. Wearing such things dreamed of all mods. Now Velvet slightly lost its popularity. I replaced new materials. But the fabric still has many of his fans. In addition, it is used not only for tailor sewing.

This is an excellent material for the upholstery of sofas, seats and other furniture. Use velveteen for the upholstery of the seats cars, from it they sew beautiful curtains.

Description and Material Description

Velvet is a dense fabric that has a velvety structure. Initially, the velveteen was made only from cotton fabric, but now the composition is already rare, since there are synthetic additives in the form of viscose or polyamide. In its composition there may be only synthetic fibers.

Such a fabric is difficult to confuse with any other, it looks rich and noble. The material has longitudinal strips covered with a pile and a pleasant shine that occurs between the rows when playing light. On the species, the cloth resembles velvet, but has a rutter on cover, thanks to which the fabric looks attractive and more resistant to abrasion. With inside, it is similar to the canvas. For coloring, muffled tones are usually used, less often you can find brighter fabric colors.

The first mentions of Venelvet appeared in the Middle Ages. By one sources, the country of its origin – France. But the British with this disagree and believe that the first fabric began to produce in England. There are still referring to this fabric “Manchester”, believing that the velvet first began to produce in Manchester. You can argue about the origin of the fabric, it is important that it is still more popular.

Produced tissue using technology that was kept in a strict secret for a long time and transferred from the older generation to the younger. From Velveta sewed raincoats for nobles and royal persons, the fabric was used to sewing elegant hats for the Lord. Then the material began to produce in more, but the first parties were supplied only to the palaces, the curtains were made of them. For nobility and kings sewing burgundy outfits. Simple people were forbidden to wear clothes from this expensive material.

In Russia, the material appeared at the end of the XIX century. Curtains selected more often from it, and used textiles for decorative elements. But by the middle of the 20th century, the fabric became very popular, the fashion designers and designers paid special attention to it and began to take it more often for sewing products.

Velvet is often used to haul over the old furniture and in the manufacture of new products. Textiles used for furniture may be made of natural or artificial fabrics manufactured by a chemical method, as well as synthetic materials. All these materials have their advantages and disadvantages. When connecting the fibers of different types made composite fabrics.

Furniture textiles must comply with certain criteria:

  • he must have good quality fiber+
  • Strong colors+
  • Good breathability+
  • High fire safety+
  • High strength.

And products should be easily cleansed, be undemanding to care. All these qualities have velveteen.

Advantages and disadvantages

Velvet is chosen for the manufacture of clothes and other textiles, because the material has several advantages.

  • Resistance to abrasion. Products from this material are risening for quite a long time and do not wear out.
  • The canvas is quite durable, It is not deformed and does not pull.
  • Material, nice to the body. It has a soft surface with the front and wrong side.
  • Has high thermal conductivity and density. In good quality things will be warm on a cold day.
  • The material almost never. No need to stroke products after washing.

At the same time, the velveteen will be perfectly combined with other materials, due to which you can create various combinations in clothing.

Disadvantages of this material a bit. First of all, this is what:

  • Dust and fine garbage attracts on velveteen+
  • If cotton is present in the material, then a shrinkage of the product is possible after washing.

Even taking into account disadvantages, velveteen is popular. The material is practical, has an affordable price, while it looks rich and exquisite. It is chosen not only for sewing beautiful clothes. Furniture industry also successfully uses this fabric. From such a dense material sew chic heavy curtains, sofa pillows are used as upholstery for upholstered furniture.

Varieties and their properties

Velvet fabric varies on the length of the villi and in its own way.

Cord

One of the subspecies of Velveta is called CORD. Cord is a dense cotton or synthetic fabric that has a dilated rutters from the front side. In this case, the width of the rutter from Cord is somewhat more and about 5 mm. A pile of such a fabric is quite high. Many believe that such broad scooters look somewhat old-fashioned, so they prefer materials with stakes up to 3 mm.

Products sewn from Cord are more suitable for carrying them in the cold season. Things from it are obtained by good, dense and durable. CORD will be perfectly combined with both other materials and a similar cloth. So, to the pants from Cord, you can pick up a jacket, while it is important that they do not have one color, otherwise the outfit will look like a jumpsuit. An excellent option for such a dress will be a combination of a pants of a darker shade with a bright jacket. Things from Cord is better to combine with shoes from suede similar shade.

Until now, in New York, there is an organization of velvet fabric fans The Corduroy Appreciation Club. Members of this society adhere to special rules. At the same time, each of the fans of Velvet should have at least two things in the wardrobe, sewn from Cord. Annually on November 11, they celebrate the Day of Velvet, broadcasting on the whole world about their love for this material. Date 11.11 is chosen outreach, because the numbers resemble an externally scooter on this fabric. Cords sew bags, upper clothes, material choose for furniture upholstery.

Rubber

This type of Velvet to the touch is similar to velvet. It is very soft, with short villi and a small width of 1-3 mm wide. The Rubber is considered the most functional cloth, from it sew children’s things, clothing for adults. This material can be used to sewing beautiful elegant products. Produce fabric with a pattern or with a smooth-colored surface.

Shaped

In this type of Velvet, the pile is divided in such a way that with the front side on the canvas, the original patterns resembling Jacquard. Use it when sewing clothes and textiles for home. Heavy curtains, curtains sew from the shaped Velvet. This is the perfect tissue for sewing decorative pillows, covered.

In a separate category, you can allocate microwavet. The material has a small rutting up to 1.5 mm. Looks fabric very beautiful, while the products have high strength and are not exposed to quick wear. Female bags sew from microells, use cloth for sewing children’s and adult clothes.

For decorative interior decoration, the material is chosen with a pile, tougher in structure.

Currently, many new Velvet varieties are produced.

  1. This is I Veselveton, referred to as “leather monkey”. This is a pleasant touch material with a thick pile. It is used in the manufacture of sports for adults.
  2. As well as to new materials applies and Velvet Stretch. In its composition synthetic fibers, thanks to which it stretches. Products from this material are especially popular, it sews clothes for kids and adults. Thanks to the elasticity, the product is well sitting on the figure, emphasizing the dignity.
  3. Diagonal Velvevet. This fabric has a rutter on a diagonal. Due to this, it looks more effectively and expressive.
  4. For upholstery of furniture use more often Velvet Lux. Polyester is present in the composition of the fabric, due to which the material is obtained more durable, with increased wear resistance. The canvas possesses moisture-repellent properties, the material is less susceptible to pollution.

And you can also find this cloth in the form of strips, Christmas trees, cells or lattices.

Usage

Velvet can be called universal material. It is used in different areas.

  • For sewing clothes. Welvet sews clothes for children and adults. Material use for tailoring of outerwear, as well as suits, trousers, skirts and jackets.
  • For sewing Porter and curtains.
  • Used Velvevet For upholstery covers, furniture.

In addition, the material is used for tailoring bags and shoes, as well as children’s toys and ornamental products.

Care

Velvet is a very convenient material, it almost does not mind and is not deformed. But with improper care of products from this material, they can lose their shape, become less attractive in appearance, change color. Such material requires delicate circulation. If you do not comply with the rules for leaving the velvet cloth, the material can sit either deform.

After purchasing the product, you should pay attention to the label with an indication of how to care for velvet products. It offers information on how and at what temperature to wash and iron products, in what kind of dry clothes.

Washing and drying

Things from Velvet can be given in dry cleaning or wrapping independently. So that the material does not lose their qualities, it is necessary to wash the products from it manually.

To wrap velvet things, take warm water in which the detergent is bred. In addition, it is possible to wash products in water with the addition of grated household soap.

Things from Velvet are placed in a container with a detergent and a little hoo. Should not rub them hard, compress, twist and press. If there are stains on things, they are removed using a brush or sponge. To remove stains brush spend on the fabric along the stripes. Special attention is paid to handling cuffs, collar, as well as pockets and places on elbows and knees.

In the event that products are severely contaminated, it is better to soak them in soapy water. In this solution, things are held for about 20 minutes, then erased with soap or other detergent.

The products after washing are well repaid. At the same time, they should be turned inside out and rinse in cold water. Do it several times to get rid of divorces after powder. Flameing products, it is recommended to add vinegar to the water in the ratio of 1 st. L. table vinegar on 1 l of water.

In the washing machine, velveve products are not recommended to be washed, since the structure of the web may be damaged during the washing. At the same time, the products can be deformed.

If the label states that the washing of the product in the washing machine is allowed, they are erased in delicate mode. In a typewriter, you can wash with a low temperature (no more than 40 degrees) without press. During the washing of products, it is recommended to add a bit of vinegar, for this, the cell for the air conditioner is poured 4-5 st. L. Acid. Instead of vinegar, you can use conditioner.

So that the velveties after washing are not deformed, they are dried in a horizontal form or hang on the hanger. Consider in more detail the drying process.

To dry the products, first lay them on the towel or a sheet and wrap a roll.

Do not wrap a roll very tight, otherwise there may be chances or folds on things.

Then the velvety things are laying horizontally on the table or other surface, and you can also hang them on the leaps. While the products will dry, it is recommended to straighten them by attaching the right form.

Products from this material are not dried on the battery or next to other heating devices. And it should also be protected from exposure to it when drying sunlight.

Ironing

Filed products from Velveta are recommended to smooth. To make it right, you need to hang the product on the shoulders and straighten it well. Then, using the iron and choosing a ferry processing, walk all over the surface, trying not to touch her.

Stroke material from the wrong side. Do this at a temperature of not more than 100 degrees or in accordance with the recommendations on the product label. When ironing them are covered with gauze or cotton cloth. Then things turn to handle a pile from the front side with a brush. This will give the product the original view.

You can replace the iron steam generator. With it, you can even get rid of the strong chances on the fabric, without damaging the canvas. When processing, the product is cut on the shoulders and carried out by a water generator heated to the desired temperature. Stuffed things starting with larger parts, and then squeeze collars, sleeves, belts and other small details.

Care for velvet products:

  • Using dry cleaning+
  • With the help of washing things with hands and subsequent sweeping.

With proper and regular care for velvet products, they will save their shape for a long time and not change color.

How to recover?

Before you wash it, it should be cleaned. In many cases, you can get rid of pollution just his cleaning, not washing the product.

When washing, it is possible to deformation of the product, things can give a shrinkage, so dry methods will be preferable to purify the material.

  • First of all, it is necessary to clean the product from the dusty, pile, threads and other particles of the Sora. Remove it with a special roller or brushed, they spend on the surface.
  • To restore the type of product, it is recommended to omit in the ammonia solution. To make a solution, you need to pour a couple of drops of ammonia in 5 liters of water. Things from Venelvet are put in the prepared solution for 10-15 minutes, after manually erased.
  • The ammonia is also used to remove stains on highly polluted trousers, dresses, home textiles. To get rid of stains it is not recommended to use bleach and aggressive powders, detergents.

If spots appeared on the fabrics from Velvet, which are difficult or impossible to wash them, they can be squeezed with paint or use a special dye for fabrics that they pick up the tissue type.

Choosing a dye, it is important to find out the composition of the material. Therefore, it is necessary to study the label in advance and choose a dye intended for this material. So, for cotton material take paint designed for cotton and so on.

Staining the product, it should be remembered that it is possible to re-update the color of the fabric and coating.

Return the original color of the products is difficult, especially if you do not care about them in time. Therefore, the washing of products should be carried out, guided by the parameters specified on the tag. For dark fabrics, you can purchase special detergents and air conditioners that contribute to the color restoration and long-term preservation of the resulting shade.

To bring the stains, it is better to choose an enzyme powder or gel, because they will be able to cope with mud even at low temperatures, and will also return the form of velvet things.

Return the product former color can be by staining. But with chemical color, it is possible to thinning the fibers and as a result of this, the acceleration of the material wear.

To restore the polinted tissue of black color, other methods can be used.

  • To restore the black color tobacco solution. To prepare it, take 20 g of tobacco and dissolve it in 1.5 liters of water. This solution is treated with a brush.
  • This remedy is suitable for restoring brown things.
  • For staining products in yellow, it will be suitable for coffee, it is added during the rinse of things.
  • To return the lost black color, prepare a solution consisting of water and walnut shell in crushed form. For its preparation of 1.5 liters of water add 30 g of shells and boiled half an hour. After that, the solution is filled with, then with the help of the brush, it is wiped.

If things have lost their last color, you can add food soda when staining into the liquid. When ringed products, 1 st. L. table vinegar.

Staining at home does not always justify expectations, so it is better to pass things into special workshops. Experienced masters will be able to quickly update the color of the products, will make it quickly, efficiently, not harm material.

On how to sew a skirt from Velvet in an hour, see the following video.

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