The choice of lamp for the kitchen is based on the area of the room and depends on the tastes and preferences of the hosts. An important role is played by ease of operation. How not to get lost in a huge assortment of kitchen lighting devices than guided by purchasing, it will be discussed in this article.
Lighting in the kitchen is different from lighting in the living room or bedroom. Therefore, the choice of ceiling lights in the kitchen should be approached with special responsibility. Before buying lamps into the kitchen, determine the area of the room and the height of the ceilings. And also need to select the type of lighting for each zone. It happens three types:
- Scattered lighting dispels light stream across the area of the room+
- Directed – implies a point light stream strictly down or on a specific kitchen zone+
- Reflected – this is a reflection of light from the ceiling to the entire area of the room.
Lighting in the dining area of the kitchen should be scattered, warm or neutral. Tint of lighting affects the visual perception of the situation and objects. For example, the cold light of the lamp distortes the colors that makes shades of dishes and products unnatural. White Cold Light can only be used as decoration of the workspace. Saturated warm color is also not suitable for the kitchen. It reduces the tone and creates an apathetic mood. Neutral or moderate yellow light, on the contrary, gives the vitality, fills with energy and tranquility, which is very important in the processes of cooking and making food.
The light should not be dim or blind. It is worth noting several nuances of lighting in the kitchen.
- The whole area should be evenly covered. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the ceiling patterns of glass. They possess the highest light passing factor. The light stream is dissipated throughout the area and illuminates all zones.
- Shadow sites should not occur, especially within the working and dining areas.
- Lamps are placed in such a way that the light does not beat in the eyes and did not create glare and shadows.
To ensure optimal bright light, you should properly select the power of the lamps, given the number of lighting devices. The more lamps, the smaller the power consumption of one light bulb.And also when choosing kitchen lighting, you should pay attention to the decoration. Beige, white shades reflect up to 80% of light, all dark tones – 12%.
Review of species
A variety of assortment of lamps for the kitchen is very large. From the suspension options worth noting the kitchen chandeliers. This is a classic illumination example. Chandeliers are of various shapes and sizes: Ceiling, mounted, multi-level, bulk, with different direction of light and adjusting the direction of lamps. The number of light bulbs depends on the model. As a rule, chandeliers with a medium-sized kitchen are chosen with the presence of two or three light bulbs. Basic lighting can be added by several models of built-in type.
Overhead lamps with a glass case – the easiest type of lighting. As a rule, such lamps are produced under several light bulbs, for example, there are models for 4 or more lamps. For kitchen, the lamp with three lamps is best suited. Since the whole design is in plain form, the design of the ceiling is paid to special attention. Models of glass are best. They can be of various shapes and colors. The surface of the glass is painted with various patterns. Selection of models diverse.
Overhead luminaires can be square, round or oval. Glass is transparent, matte or partially matte. The choice is based exclusively on individual preferences and lighting areas.
SPOT – Luminaires of small rolling base. Most often, sides have a round shape. Using the movable base of the base, adjustment of directional light is possible, which is a very convenient option when illuminating the working or dinner space. When designing a kitchen, the kitchen lamps looks modern and original. LED tape inside lighting devices are also in great demand. LED lamps exist several types:
- Countess models+
- Spot devices+
- Railing models+
- Suspended lamps.
Overhead LED models represent lamps inside which LED tape is located. Case (ceiling) most often of plastic. The power of such lighting is different and selected on the basis of the room area. Such lighting is suitable for a kitchen with low ceilings, as the lamp is mounted directly under the ceiling. In addition, the life of the LEDs is quite high: the minimum service life of 7 years. All types of LED lighting consumes little electricity, which makes models of this class most popular among consumers.
Point models belong to the type of local lighting. The choice of the size and power of the instruments is based on the square and interior of the room. Several devices are enough to illuminate the entire kitchen space.
Railing models Designed to highlight the working area of the kitchen. Mounted by mounting on a special frame or on the lower surface of mounted cabinets. Suspended LED models are a design of one or more LED panels on cables, with which you can adjust the height. Suspended models with LEDs exist different shapes and sizes: circles, lines, intricate figures, flat panels and linear lamps. As a rule, suspended LED models are used to illuminate a large space.
Lamps on the tire. This kind of model is structures with several lighting devices, which look like a flashlight or spotlight. Place lamps on a special tire, which is built into the ceiling. Some models have an extended functionality and assume movement of the lamps along the frame, which helps to adjust the degree of direction of light.
And also exist Curvage models and lamps in the form of suspensions. The body of the mortise device is deepened and hidden in the ceiling, the case in the form of a lighting panel remains outside. This design is considered an addition to the kitchen decor and looks very stylish. Suspended models are usually used in design kitchen in stylistic directions such as Loft, Fusion or Techno. Luminaires are suspended on a total basis and mounted in the ceiling with a special fastening.
Lighting panels enjoy the greatest demand when making a modern kitchen. To ensure good lighting a couple of medium-sized models are placed on the ceiling by a specific scheme. In the center mount a large panel with a size of 60×60 cm. The device illuminates the space perfectly and does not look bulky.
Criterias of choice
As a rule, the choice of lamp in the kitchen is based on the height of the ceilings of the room. At a low height, you should choose the following models: Ceiling chandeliers and flat lamps, sides, point and overhead models. With a fairly high height of the ceilings, the volumetric type of lamps is chosen. So, for high kitchens, bulk chandeliers are suitable, suspensions, railing models of varying degrees of complexity.
Different look and form of construction can visually expand or, on the contrary, narrow the space. Therefore, a combination of several models of various parameters is considered the optimal option when placing lighting. For large rooms, a combination of suspensions and overhead structures is suitable. It should also take into account the view of the interior. Fashion is constantly changing, everything is more difficult to choose the optimal illumination option.
Choose a lamp on the kitchen on the basis of the ceiling finishing material. Plasterboard ceiling stylized by LED panels, point models or sled. Wooden ceiling trim more suitable suspended chandeliers or mortise. A combination of suspensions and mortise models is suitable for stretch ceilings. When designing a stretch ceiling, it should be borne in mind that the glossy surface reflects the light. Therefore, visually increases the number of lighting points twice.
Recommendations for placement
When placing lamps, the location of the workspace and the dining area should be taken into account. If the dining table is located in the central part of the kitchen, then the ceiling is enough and one lamp. The original option will be the lampshade, chosen under the interior of the room. At the location of the dining countertops near the wall, it is possible to accommodate the ceiling combination of several light sources. For example, in the center of the ceiling stylish will look like a lampshade or a luminaire. On the table top and the workspace, you can also place the point light models. The light stream of dotted designs of the scattered type is able to illuminate the entire space.
When the main lighting is disconnected, point lighting devices can be used as a backlight.
To properly arrange the lamp over the dining table and the workspace you can resort to several tips on design.
- When choosing a hinged lamp, it is worth considering the height of the room.
- When lighting the space above the table, a lamp shade is used. The light should not shine in one point. Lighting should be scattered.
- The lighting in the kitchen should be warm, yellow. Cold light flux should be avoided, as the cold light distortes colors and dishes will not look so appetizing.
- Hinged lamp must have height adjustment. If necessary, it allows you to lower or lump the lamp over the tabletop.
- Dimded lamp will help adjust the power of the light bulb. However, you should know that only special dimmable lamps are suitable for dimmed devices that differ in high cost.
At low ceilings should not be abandoned from lamps or suspensions. The main thing is that the distance from the table to the point of the lower base of the lamp was not more than 65 cm. 160 cm distance is considered to be maximum. Abuirs and flanges elongated shape visually increase the height of the room and perfectly look in rooms with low ceilings. The optimal solution will be a model with two or three light bulbs and with adjustable light direction.
One lamp can be adjusted in the direction of the working area, the second – send to the dining table, with the help of a third lamp you can illuminate the central zone of the room.
Make the right choice will help examples of design with description. Option with chandelier in the central part of the room. This design is perfect for large space. In combination with the chandelier, it is possible to install additional lighting in the form of tube vibrations or point models.
Placing several suspended models above the table. Immediately several suspensions can be placed right above the dining space. Lamps need to choose medium sizes. It is also worth considering that the more suspensions, the smaller the size of the lamps.
Several point structures separate the working space from the dining area. The placement scheme depends on the style and kitchen configuration. To illuminate the room well, you need to choose enough lamps. To ensure good lighting, the number of devices is determined based on the kitchen area.
When choosing lighting it is worth paying attention to multi-level ceiling design. This type of lighting involves the placement of various types of lighting devices. However, it is necessary to follow several rules.
- Illumination in a multi-level decoration is present more for the original solution than for lighting. It is located on the sides of the surfaces of kitchen furniture and cabinets.
- Point devices are placed on flat surfaces throughout the perimeter and in the niches of the ceiling.
- The dining area is drawn up by suspension.
- Lighting panels are mounted at one level with the ceiling.
How to choose the right ceiling lamps into the kitchen, see the following video.