There is nothing complicated in sewing bed linen yourself. Thanks to a rectangular form, it is easy to cut, do not require special patterns or extracies. The main thing is to correctly calculate the necessary cut of the tissue so that the set of linen is not small.
Number of material for sheets
To date, there are no clear calculations for bed linen. The fact is that several standards are issued. For example, The most popular 180×220 or 150×220 cm, but you can meet the dimensions of 175×210 or 150×200 cm.
If sewing underwear for sale, you can focus on these norms, as they often correspond to the popular size of blankets and mattresses. If the bed linen set is sewn for personal use, you can measure the blanket and bed. This is especially true if the bed is held under the order and has non-standard sizes.
Before buying a cloth or draw from the already existing cut, it is recommended to calculate the total volume of fabric for the entire kit. It is necessary in order to be confident that the cut is enough. Usually, bed linen set consists of 4 items (2 pillowcases, sheets and a wide duvet cover) or out of 5 elements, when two one-time duvet covers are attached to a wide sheet. If you plan to use different sections of the fabric to create a designer model, it is important to choose one material so that there is a uniform shrinkage without distortion.
Consumption of matter should count not only on the basis of the size of the finished product, but also take into account the allowances on the seam and shrinkage of the fabric.
Typically, it is leaving 3 cm with two subheads to 1 cm on each side. If the fabric is thin, for example, satin, then you can make the allowance. 2-5% are usually given for shrinkage. If the edge of the tissue is already processed, it is not necessary to sabe, respectively, and not to leave.
Thus, For a sheet 150×220 cm The roll width should be equal to the length of the product + 6 cm on the allowance, that is, 226 cm. Calculation of the length of the cut for sheets will be 150+ 6 (allowances) + 8 (tissue shrinkage 5%) = 164 cm.
If the sheet is sewn for a non-standard mattress, then it is necessary to measure its length and width, for example, 90×170. Be sure to take into account the shelter under the mattress, usually it is 15-40 cm. Thus, the width of the pattern will be 90 + 6 (Cube) +8 (shrinkage) + 30 (bending under the mattress) = 134 cm.
Calculation of tissue meters on a duvet cover
Similarly, the segment of the tissue for a duvette. If this is a 2-bedroom set with a width of 220 cm, then 440 (2 widths 220×2) + 6 (on the seam) + 22 (tissue shrinkage) + 5 (allowance) = 473 cm. It is important to note that the side fold of the fabric is envisaged. If two halves of the duvette will be cut down separately, then another 6 cm allowance. 5 cm additional allowance is done so that the blanket freely placed in the case.
Accordingly, for the one-hour blanket, the dimensions are as follows: 300 (150 cm x2) + 6 (on the seam) + 15 (shrinkage 5%) + 5 (allowance) = 326 cm. Because in the kit 2 duvette, then the fabric will be needed in two more. If the blanket does not comply with the standard, then its width is measured to which allowances are added.
For example, the width of the blanket is 165 cm. Accordingly, 330 + 6 + 5 + 17 = 358 cm. If the halves are separately, then another 6 cm per seam allowance.
How to calculate on pillows?
Pillowcases can also be non-standard sizes, but the most popular dimensions – 70×70 and 50×70 cm. When the valve is taken into account, it is usually 1/3 from pillowcase. Too short valve is poorly held by a pillow, the pillownake what to “go”. If the valve is too wide, then refuel it will be inconvenient.
You can do without valve without a valve, for example, insert zipper or use buttons and buttons. In this case, instead of it is allowed in 5 cm.
Calculation of pillowcases 70×70 cm pillow will be: 140 (2 widths) + 23 (valve) + 3 (on seam) + 8 (tank shrinkage) = 174 cm. Product length 70 + 6 = 76 cm.
Calculation of pillowcases for pillow 50×70 cm: 100 (50×2) + 17 (valve) + 3 + 6 = 126 cm. Length 76 cm. Similarly, the calculation is made for the size of 60×60, 75×75 cm and so on. If there are several pillows, for example, not two, and four, then the calculation of the fabric is taken into account on them.
Thus, The total tissue consumption per bedding set of 4 items 200×220 with pillows 70×70 will be approximately 1037 cm (216 + 473 + 174 + 174), that is, a little more than 10 m. If we take into account the error in the calculation, marriage on the fabric, the errors with the crash and the like, then it is better to buy a cut in 11 m to remain a stock.
Consider the allowances for shrinkage
Any fabric, especially new, gives shrinkage. It is important to take into account, otherwise, in the process of operation, bedding will be so much so that there will be little. Leave too big points also do not. If the duvet cover is big, then the blanket is knocked down or slides. Not the size of pillowcases on the pillow also look uneatetic, can collect folds.
Usually for bed linen used fabrics from flax and cotton, such as hawk, satin, poplin. They, like silk, give shrinkage to 5%. If there is a mix of synthetics (ranffs), then this indicator is below – up to 2-4%. Salt the more dense soft flannel used for winter kits.
Synthetic fabric sits less. But use it precisely for sewing sleeping kits is irrational. She badly absorbs sweat, does not “breathe”, can provoke the overheating of the body or cause allergies. Therefore, the optimal ratio in the composition of bed linen does not exceed 20%.
To reduce the risk of shrinkage of a bed kit, you can make a decactivation – wet-thermal treatment of fabric. Cutches must first be filtered or soak in warm water not exceeding 40 degrees Celsius.
Then slightly squeeze and smoothly sprinkle on the dryer the duty thread down. If you hang to dry down the transverse side, then the cut can be squeezed during drying. To understand where which side you need to pull cloth to the sides. Where the bad thing stretches – the equity thread, where it is stretched better – transverse.
Next, a slightly wet fabric is needed from the wrong side in the direction of the equity thread using the steam function. Now you can color. At the same time, the allowances are recommended to leave. In the course of operation, the underwear may be a compatible, for example, when boiling or washing at high temperatures and turnover.
How to reveal the fabric to a 2-bedroom bedding set, you will learn by looking at the following video.