Why do you need ski helmets and how to choose them?

Why do you need ski helmets and how to choose them?

Any Rider or Extremal, engaged in skiing, cares about its safety. In the material of this article we will talk about the appointment, varieties of ski helmets and the main criteria for their choice.

Description and appointment

Ski helmet – simple protective uniform. This is part of the sports equipment of newcomers and experienced athletes. It has a fairly thin, but hard outer sheath, distributing the strength of the blow along the entire surface of the helmets.

The layer is made of durable plastic, thermoplastic or fiberglass (less often – from carbon and polycarbonate). The shell material determines the strength level of the part.

This part serves as the internal protection and is responsible for the safety of the form. She assigns a tangent strike, warns the penetration of fragments, referred to as “shell”.

The inner shell is performed from soft and thick material. Its appointment – protecting the head of a person from injury, including a concussion. It reduces the traumatic effect, produced from foamed polystyrene or polypropylene foam.

Mandatory part of the helmet – antibacterial lining. It contacts the skin, it is necessary to remove moisture. Enhances user comfort, produced from soft, quick-drying textiles.

The helmet is deformed by a non-silic collision, with a strong blow split. It absorbs the strength of the blow, while the work of the defensive shells is interconnected. Casque is a protective mask from evaporation, whipping a lens.

Varieties

The modern sporting goods market presents a wide range of ski caskens. Conditionally, they can be divided into several signs.

By type of construction

Several types of structures of products. Hardshell – a two-layer option with visually designated separation of layers. It is performed from ABS-plastic “shell” of two millionth thickness and damping items from EPS. During production, all layers are securely glued together.

Such helmets are shockproof, differ in high weight, rigidity, when dropping – bounce effect. Characterized by optimal layout, withstand high loads.

It is inexpensive, occupy the initial places in the line of manufacturers.

Injection Molded (IN-MOLD) – Lightweight Variants unstable to deformation when hitting. Equipped with a shell without scaming effect. Punch is absorbed at the expense of the EPS layer.

The difference in protective qualities of models with Hardshell analogs is felt only with extreme loads (for example, tricks, jumps). These varieties are less than weighing, they have a large level of comfort. Designed for amateur skiers riding at low speeds.

Hybrid – Combined Varieties, Something Middle Between Hardshell and In-Mold models. Most of these designs have a hostile zone and headphones performed using In-Mold technology. Top products make hardshell method.

Combined models are distinguished by a reduced weight and optimal level of protection in the right places. Sold in a wide range, enjoy special purchasing demand.

Softshell – varieties with an outer plastic shell. Made by new technology. When the load is deformed, but due to the elasticity of the texture, the initial uniforms are taken without pressure. Distribute and amortized the blow along the entire surface of the helmet. Do not break in case of strong impact.

Closed and open

Snowboard helmets are divided into 2 types: closed and open. Options of the first type called Full-Face. Such models are protective helmets, fully closing head, face, chin.

These are reinforced designs suitable for extreme riding of different types: “Freeride”, “Ski-Cross”, Bordcross. These products are quite reliable, but heavy and bad ventilated. Disadvantage of products is bad landing. The package may include masks, however, during operation, they often fog.

Open varieties – Cask classic, not closing face. Their weight is less than the analogues of the closed type. They are distinguished by the optimal level of ventilation.

Suitable to most models of manufactured masks, however, they are not able to protect the facial part of the head. Depending on the design, equipped with a metal or plastic removable bracket-protecting chin.

These varieties may have a different type of “ears”.

Options with rigid “ears” perfectly protect the head when falling. They have excellent aerodynamics at speeds and chin protection.

Minus designs is a big weight, small hearing and ventilability. Such products are not too comfortable when equipping and removing. They are buying athletes who develop huge speeds.

Options with soft headphones are more comfortable for the user. They are acquired by lovers. These designs have better hearing and less weight. Models can be disassembled and clean.

With a visor and without

In addition to models without a visor (descending glasses that replace ski glasses), analogs with a mask mounted in a helmet are on sale. Their appearance is very aesthetic. However, in practice, such models have more flaws.

Often the shape of the helmet and fixed visor does not coincide with the anatomical features of a particular person. Because of this, during breathing, the air falls, which causes the mask fogging.

With a loose fitting mask at speed, the wind falls into the eye, the review is complicated. Also in themselves, one designs are disposable: when a virus breakdown, it is impossible to choose identical.

Not all wizards provide for transparency. They can simply not approach different weather conditions. In addition, these varieties are more expensive than separately purchased helmets and masks.

The benefits declared by sellers are in facts turn out to be advertising. Constructions with a visor notes pressure on cheekbones and nose. Often they do not perform the functions assigned to them.

Dimensions

Ski helmets buy, measuring head girth. Based on this, the size range of adult products looks like this:

  • XS – 53-54 cm+
  • S – 55-56 cm+
  • M – 57-58 cm+
  • L – 59-60 cm+
  • XL – 61-62 cm+
  • XXL – 63-64cm+
  • Xxxl – 65-66 cm.

    Options for children make up:

    • S – 49-50 cm+
    • M – 51-52 cm+
    • L – 53 cm.

    To properly pick up your size, you need to try on a helmet. The product should not be put on or, on the contrary, hang out.

    It must be comfortable.

    Best manufacturers

    Miscellaneous trademarks are engaged in the production of helmets for ski skiing. We made a brief overview of the best brands with high rating from buyers.

    • Salomon – supplier of good ski equipment. Produces aerodynamic helmets with a unique design and presence of grid perforation.

    Brand products are equipped with adjustable volume and special protection of temporal areas. They are distinguished by a good landing without discomfort, designed for men, made of durable materials.

    • Uvex – German supplier of high-quality ski equipment with chin protection for extreme sports. Produces models with a visor and without it, with braces for mask, removable ear pillows.

    Material “Shell” – ABS plastic, a model range is represented in neutral, practical colors. Size range is designed for buyers with different scalp.

    • Casco – lead manufacturer of helmets connecting the best features – style, quality and maximum user security.

    Develops products using MonoCoque Ultra technology. Due to this produces models of light helmets for winter sports. Produces products with an outer shell consisting of several segments reinforced steel rivets.

    • Dainse – Brand, Production-oriented Products for Extreme Skiing. Releases models that protect users-trunks equipped with micro-regulating head volume.

    Produces hybrid type helmets consisting of ABS plastic shell and IN-MOLD systems. Companies of the company have an active ventilation system, have 16 channels for air circulation.

    • Atomic – Sports helmets with a reliable degree of head protection against falls during active descent. The company produces structures that make the installation of chin protection.

    The manufacturer’s products have a passive air circulation system and a removable lining.

    The goods are certified and meets high quality quality standards.

    Additional accessories

    Assortment of ski helmets is diverse. Buyer can buy an option given your own preferences. At the same time, some models have additional details.

    It can be decorations in the form of stickers or headset (built-in audio data, action-camera). Eminent brands supply their products covers. The fabric is a comfortable bag that protects a helmet from random mechanical damage.

    Separate (mostly female) varieties complements the horse tail or hair bundle. Depending on the design, it can have a different color, to be braked into the spit. It is characterized by the length of the texture of hair, hairstyle (for example, in the form of items).

    Constructive product element is a sunscreen visor. Its length can be different – small, medium, large. Depending on the design of the shift, the visor is removable and non-removable. Despite the fact that the visors defend the eyes of the athlete from the Sun, with the fall they can break. They are uncomfortable when using a helmet.

    Criterias of choice

    To properly choose a helmet for skiing, you need to consider a number of nuances.

    Visual inspection of structures

    Non-disgraced buyer is difficult to determine the type of design. However, for this, it is enough to pay attention to the end of the visor and the edge of the head:

    • Hardshell visible 2 layers, and there is a gap between the shell and inner foam+
    • Difference in-Mold is a visual spike layers on the edge+
    • Hybrid can combine 2 differences in previous species+
    • It is enough to press on Softshell, it will drive, without load will recover.

    Weight

    An important criterion is the weight. Especially heavy options for active sports are not too comfortable. When they are long wearing, the neck is very tired.

    The average adult ski helmet weighs 600-800 g. The weight of the analogue for the child varies in the range of 400-600 g. When buying needs to be taken into account: the weight is directly proportional to the level of protection (the more easier, the less reliable).

    However, as an alternative solution, you can consider options from carbon.

    Landing and adjusting density

    If the product sits loosely, in case of falling, it is not avoided offsetting the helmets and impact the head of the inner shell. You need to buy a braided product, which has adjustment of the density of the fret. Design options can be varied.

    Simple Type – the presence of replacement liners. They are made of soft material may have different thickness. Completed in the configuration with the helmet. For convenience, fastening is equipped with velcro in fixation places. These varieties are the best option for athletes who have a helmet on the cap.

    Other designs have a mechanical tightening or clips. The volume of the helmet may decrease or increase during its rotation. The only drawback of the system is the change in the volume only in the rear.

    AU – an improved adjustment option in which the change in the volume is more uniform. Is a helmet with a ratchet in the rear.

    Custom Air – a system of changes in the volume in the form of tanks in the helmet, taking into account the anatomical features of the head. Increases when pumping air with a simultaneous increase in uniform adjustment. Has better depreciation when hitting.

     Types of ventilation

    In the manifold of ski helmets, you can choose options without a ventilation system. However, most of the range are analogs of ventilated type.

    The system may be passive and active. Products of the first group are not equipped with adjustable volume. Ventilation is provided by open holes on the helmet. Thanks to them excluded head fog. The models are not suitable for a steep descent, since the temperature at different points of the slope is noticeably different.

      Analogs with an open ventilation system in several places have special dampers. They can be fully or partially closed and open. Ventilation channels can reach from the frontier to the occipital zone. Besides, There are modifications with redirection of the oncoming air flow in a mask.

      Due to this, the likelihood of fog.

      Nuances fitting

      It is impossible to buy sports equipment without fitting. Putting it helmet, it is necessary to fasten it, fifty the length of the belt. At the same time, attention should be paid to several factors:

      • With tight fit, the pressure on the nose, cheekbones+
      • helmet should not comprehend+
      • The design should be approached by anatomical features+
      • helmet should not close the frontal zone+
      • Between the helmet and head should not be aged finger.

      Featuring the optimal option, it is combined with a mask. It is easy to understand: the appropriate helmet will not push the mask on the nose, and she is back. The gap between them should be minimal.

      Tips for care

      Caring for the selected product is easy, but must be timely. After rolling, it must be dried at normal room temperature.

      For storage you need to use a bag. Storage location – wardrobe or storage room. You can not put a helmet in the sun and store near radiators or heaters.

      As dirty it is necessary to wash the lining layer. Each time the skating should be inspected by the state of the helmet. If deformation and other damage is detected, a new helmet should be purchased.

      According to the manufacturers, the classic helmet is designed for a couple of years of active sports. After that, it can lose the initial properties of protection.

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