Watercolor sketching is a rather common drawing technique. What is necessary for him which genres and techniques have this kind of painting, tell me in this article.
What is necessary?
Watercolor sketches can be performed by ordinary paints and colored pencils. It is also allowed to use different alcohol markers, markers and other attributes for creativity. In general, in the base set it is recommended to have a sketchbook for drawing or dense sheets of paper for watercolor, watercolor pots, stylized pencils, brushes of different sizes, erases, middle water capacity, as well as towels or disposable dry napkins, and sometimes references, which are needed so that the artist can navigate to something while drawing.
Special attention should be paid to the selection of the sketchbook. At the present time, a lot of options are presented on the market, which differ from each other by format, binding, colors and texture of paper sheets. All these factors are equally important. It is necessary to choose from not only from your preferences, but also from the features of the material that is used for drawing.
So, if you plan to draw sketchy watercolor, then it is best to give preference to sketchbooks with thick paper that will suit the creation of fast sketches and small watercolor images. Smooth paper, on the contrary, it will be more appropriate if you are used to working with a pencil and ink. The presence or absence of a spring in the sketchbook is also important. So, if it is, then the sheets will not bend when opening, which will make the drawing process more convenient.
Watercolor Schitch genres
There are many watercolor sketching genres. Each of them has its own features, but to say which one will be simpler, and what, on the contrary, it is more difficult, quite difficult. So, Dessert genre, or Food Sketching, implies drawing different dishes, whether the cakes, avocado, fruit, coffee or something else. These are typical pictures that are necessary in order to have the ability to create a planned menu plan or make a blank for the scenes of photographs.
Travel Sketching is a journey genre. It includes sketches of cities, streets. As a rule, the architecture of houses and buildings in such pictures is not paid too much attention, but on the images are clearly viewed schemes of travel, cars, silhouettes of passersby.
Botanical Genre Also Stttit ideas for sketching. It implies drawing a landscape on a predetermined sheet, for which the markup of the prospects from the remote subject to loved ones is often involved, which is on the main plan. Thus, the process of drawing remote and close objects is somewhat facilitated. In this genre, you can draw a variety of landscapes: and nature in the spring, and winter trees.
But the subject genre is often used to create posters, posters and banners. As a rule, a sheet is visually placed on several parts, in which concrete elements are depicted, each of them is an independent object in the figure.
Fashion Sketching implies fast and sketchy drawing of clothing elements. Previously, such outline often made designers of clothes and seamstress to approve the sketch and present a thing more visual.
Industrial sketching is images in which the main essence of the object is reflected, that is, there should be something like a preview. Man draws a sketch of the future subject and continues simply makes certain edits if it is necessary.
Interior genre, as it is clear from the name, is dedicated to creating outline interior rooms or premises for organizations. Such drawings help to visually present the future atmosphere, estimate the design.
Floristic sketchings are usually intended for the image of the planned landscape design and not only. This genre orientation is the most suitable for creating blanks when developing decorations for holidays. All items and decorations are drawn in the album, whether there are flowers or something else. And on the sheet they are located in this position, in which will be subsequently in real life.
There are different techniques for sketching that allow you to do simple, and complex drawings. For simple sketches, as a rule, grabs the use of lines, points, figures from geometry or strokes. But in order to complicate the composition, you can use more “cool techniques”. For example, the presence of perspective, and not only in drawing buildings and interior, but also in the image of the sketches of clothes, where you can add a model in motion, which will complicate significantly.
The presence of lighting and shadows is another reception that will allow you to make a more complex image. Without using lighting, the image will be more like a child’s work. And its use will allow the object more voluminous and naturalistic. The hatching is also an important admission that complicates the sketch. Usually, small strokes help indicate the angular parts of the interior, and the broad pay attention to beams or volumetric items that are characteristic of convexity.
This technique is also often called gumption or gllaz, which means multilayer painting. It is necessary in order for the drawing to be deeper overcoming. This technique implies a phased applying of shades on each other, which allows you to get a more rich color. There are several varieties of this technique. One of them is “wet wet”. The essence of this technique is simple: the shade is applied to the base color, which is not yet. This allows you to get a new color, which is due to translucency of the upper layer of paint.
Another technique is “wet dry”. She is not so easy as the previous one. In this technique, two layers of watercolor step by step put on each other, which creates a feeling of mixing two colors. In fact, the pigments of colors simply partly overlap each other, without mixing in a homogeneous mass. And the third technique is “dry dry”. It implies the applying brushes of smears so that the main color overlapped. Often this color application technique is used in industrial design.
Speaking about the lesser technique as a whole, it is worth saying that it applies not everywhere, because this method helps to show the brightness of shades, which allows them to come forward. Because of this, gloss appears, get rid of which, replacing it with matte depth, will not be easy. So, for example, this technique is completely not suitable when the crystal.
The meaning of this technique is that the color is applied to the paper sheet, which must be mixed in advance in water. How much paper base pattern should be wet depends on what the Creator has thought. As a rule, in many cases, there is enough such a level of humidity, in which water on the sheet does not glitter with good lighting. Experienced masters can control paper moisture with hand.
In general, this technique has advantages and disadvantages. If we talk about the positive side, here you can select the fact that when drawing, light and soft shades are obtained, which are almost transparent. Transitions between them are soft, which gives work a special tenderness. Quite often, this technique is used as a landscape image.
However, there are cons. They are in difficulty working with this technique, because watercolor paint is characterized by fluidity, which can spoil the idea of the artist. At the same time, only a specific fragment is most likely to correct – you have to make changes to the rest of the drawing. Of course, you can try to predict the “behavior” of watercolors, however, it will probably not be able to even the most experienced master.
Another interesting technique. In general, under the word “reservation” is understood as the part of the leaflet, which is the brightest or not at all is filled with color. That is, when working in this technique, the artist should leave concrete white places, bypass them to fully implement its idea. Especially this technique is suitable when writing New Year’s landscapes, because in nature in nature, as a rule, a lot of white.
Often, applying this technique, artists use additional materials to accidentally do not paint the white fragment you need. Often, tape, paraffin, wax pencils are involved for this. Sometimes with the necessary places, paint is simply surrounded by a razor blade. And in some cases such places are evilted with a pressed brush or a dry napkin – they pass through the layer, which has not yet had time to dry.
Work on a wet leaf with refinement over dry
This technique includes two aforementioned methods: “By wet” and “on dry”. Its essence lies in the fact that with a high degree of humidity of the brush chooses “dry” orientation, and with a high degree of paper moisturizing – “wet”. That is, it turns out that two equipment drawing techniques are operated at once. All this allows you to get blurry and softer contours, the color of which is mixed with more contrasting shades, which is due to the diffusion: the paper expands in those parts where it is overwhelmed, and the color penetrates there.
A La Prima
This technique is based on a rapid pace of work, it is best suited for sketching. It implies the operational application of one layer of color on the raw sheet of paper. This technique is particularly often depicted by the sea with ships, however, other drawings in it can also be performed. Using this technique, you can ensure that the beautiful effects of divorce and mixing different shades are formed on the sheet. Such a way of work allows you to create a quick drawing, in which there is no need to draw individual elements.
On the dry Italian school
This technique implies paint to one or two layers, after which the work goes on drying. Applying color in one layer, you need to make accurate strokes, while cycling a large amount of paint. If it turns out not the best color rendition, it is allowed to improve it by adding a shade to a not yet dry layer. When using two layers, it is usually used two shades. They are applied until the color of the first layer is driving. Two-layer equipment allows you to achieve more colorful and bright accents that overlap the first layer.
As a rule, only bright shades are used in this technique, which is being done to avoid pollution. But for writing natural paintings, where the dark back background is often found, such a technique does not fit.
This technique can help promptly create several layers of one tone at once. The essence is as follows: the Creator mixes the paint with water in a ratio of 1 to 6 or 1 to 8, thus obtaining almost transparent fluid with color. It is often used to create a translucent background or apply in several layers to obtain a light shade of one color. Often, such equipment use architectural designers, because they often need a transparent pattern background, which will not drag all attention.
Use of different materials
Different materials can also be used in watercolor sketching. For example, salt whose crystals are applied to an uneteced layer of paint. Subsequently, they absorb all excess water, which is why a beautiful and unique divorce is created. It can be interesting to beat. For example, this divorce can become a light haze in the sky or a soft cloud. Some when drawing use crumpled paper. Watercolor paints on such paper behave very non-standard. Due to its fluidity, they accumulate in those places where the paper is bent, which allows you to create a larger volume. However, when using such equipment, it is necessary to accurately decide that it will be depicted in the picture and which technique of inflection sheet will be involved.
No less often artists use food film when drawing. Usually it is applied to the already completed picture, without waiting for the complete drying of the paints. Through time, the film is removed – the watercolor should dry by this time. After removing the film, you can detect the formation of such an effect that is achieved by lescing, that is, the effect of layer overlay.
Do not be afraid to use new techniques in work, because experiments, especially if it comes to creativity, is not bad. On the contrary, you can try new techniques, discover something unusual and, perhaps, even improve your skills. Do not beat for the ideality of the drawing, especially if you start working from scratch. Perfectionism here will be clearly superfluous, because something will be difficult to draw something without flaws, if not impossible. At first, something may not get or go out, no way you expect. However, the most important thing at this stage is not to throw work, but continue to try. Only, in this case, you can gain experience and fill your hand, because on errors learn.
It is worth saying about the materials needed for sketching. If you are a novice in this matter, then you should not immediately chase for expensive materials – perhaps you decide to throw this occupation, because of which the money will be wondered. At first, you can stock basic materials: album or sketchbook, pencils, eraser and paint for watercolor sketching. This will be enough. In the future, if you decide to develop in this direction, it will be possible to buy more of the best quality materials.
There are many examples of watercolor sketching. Here, for example, animal portraits. Among them are owl, and a cat, and a fox.
And here are the images performed in the dessert genre. It is worth noting that they look quite appetizing.
Landscapes made by watercolor, also look very spectacious and beautiful.
Step-by-step master class on watercolor sketching for beginners See next video.