Felting: the history of the appearance, types and choice of materials

Felting: the history of the appearance, types and choice of materials

Homemade needlework today is quite common, and every person can choose a variety of soul. In the event that you want to master some universal technique, allowing you to create beautiful things from clothes to the paintings, it is worth paying attention to Felting.

What it is?

Felting is a felting from wool, currently beneficially benefited. This technique allows you to make not only unusual elements of the interior or toys, but even shoes, decorations and clothing. The essence of the felting is that Volumetric wool is transformed into very dense felt. It acts only in the case of natural wool, the fibers of which are capable of connecting among themselves.


Despite the popularity of modern needlewomen, felting has appeared many years ago. Nomadic peoples actively used this technique for the manufacture of shoes, carpets and even portable house parts. Some time later, the wool appeared in their everyday, from which the items of clothing and everyday use began to knit. As needlework, Felting began to be applied in the XVI century. In the XIX century, the first machine for felting wool was designed, which largely facilitated the process of manufacturing items.


Specialists identify two basic types of felting – wet and dry. The implementation of the first option is impossible without the use of soap water, due to which the friction of individual fibers is stimulated. This species is used to create flat objects, for example, paintings, towels, clothes or decorative cape. Dry felting is carried out when wool skeins with special tools. This technique is indispensable for the creation of bulk items, for example, toys or decorations.

Quite often both types of felitet are combined in one product. For example, if a toy animal is made, then the body itself is created using dry felting, and ears, foot and clothing – already when using wet.

Dry felting is more common and it is it offered for newcomers.

Tools and materials

If we are talking about dry felting, the set of necessary tools and materials will always be the same, no matter what thing is planned. The wool itself must be coarse or halftone and necessarily painted. Another important condition is that Material should choose an indiscriminate – the yarn for this technique is not suitable at all. Too thin threads may suffer from the needle used, which, in turn, will lead to pass. The material is presented in stores or in the form of a tape, or in the form of cardicheses.

Do not forget that during operation, the material is significantly seated, and therefore it is necessary to acquire a sufficient number of stocks.

Some craftswomen decide to use cheaper non-colored wool for the base, called “Sliver”, and then cover it with high quality material. This option is not too successful, as the Sling Files are not enough, the insides of the toy are softer, and therefore it does not hold the form. In general, experts recommend choosing coarse and thick fibers, since it is they who have the ability to fall faster.

Rough gravelish sheep wool applies to embody the clauses in boho or ethno stylistics. Classes, which is small sheep hairs, is used mainly for packing or as a substrate when creating capes and rugs. Camel wool allows you to create toys without any foundation. Falloon sheep wool suitable for decoration of finished items. The wool of an Angora goat with the effect of silk is also suitable for decorating already formed items.

The needles for creating felt must be special: to have a slight zzbinkov in its lower part. If you stick such a tool into the wool, the fibers will start cling to the notches and thanks to this to intertwined. Needles will need different thickness. As a rule, felting begins with the use of thick tools, and after it is replaced by thinner. In fact, Thick needles are necessary for the fastener, implying wool treatment, averages allow you to give a shape, and thin one is responsible for small parts and adjusting the remaining traces.

Needles can also enjoy different sections that differ in the amount of rays – three or four. Triangular tools are used to start work, and star – for final clearance. Choose products better than overseas production. Felting brush will allow the safety of both the master’s hands and the work surface.

To save it, it can be replaced with a standard sponge for washing dishes.

During the needlework a piece of wool will be placed as on this surface, after which it is actively in needed with needles. Additionally, it is worth putting a piece of viscose that prevents damage to the finished product about the bristle. To protect your fingers, you can also take advantage of special thimbles made of leather or rubber. You must not forget about a variety of decorative elements: buttons, beads, beads, ribbons, lace.

For wet felting, in addition to the same materials, a rigid mesh will be required, for example, a veil or anti-mosquito net. For convenience, a special pad for felting and air-bubble film. And dry, and with wet felting, in principle, a synthetite is applied, but not all craftswomen are positive to this. This material is used to create a volume and covered on top of an indiscriminate wool.

Where to begin?

To understand exactly how to make a product in the technique of felting, it is better to find some simple master class on the Internet and implement it. For example, it may be a flower brooch performed on the frame. For its creation, basic materials and tools will be required: wool, thin needles and wire, the thickness of which is 0.4 millimeters. In addition, a brush used for the base, PVA glue, acrylic varnish, scissors, beads with a diameter of 7 to 10 millimeters, soap water and a closure for brooches.

  • The first thing from the wire is formed a frame for brooches in the form of a sheet. Then the strand of green is pierced with needles, being based on and under the frame. Size piece should slightly exceed the size of the leaf. Turning the wool, piercing is required to repeat, since the processing procedure is done on both sides. Ends of sheets are folded.
  • On the blank again there is a wire frame, and the edges are drawn up, and the color is done more natural with a dark green shade wool. So that the boundaries between individual colors are not too distinguished, it makes sense to try the leaflet with the iron.
  • The stiff is formed by sticking a piece of twisted wool straight on the wire. Then the formation of twigs from a piece of white wool, in the midst of which is a bead. The ball falls into the soap liquid and rolled in the hands. Standing threads should be trimmed with manicure scissors. Cutting with the resulting ball the top, removing the bead and creating 8 cuts, it turns out to make the flower of the valley. Ready-made boutons dip in a mixture of water and acrylic varnish.
  • To make the valley, it will remain to ride the workpiece on the wire, if necessary, screwing the wool and forming the core. For reliable fixation, adhesive is additionally used. At the very end, the finished twig, sheet and clasp for brook.

    When choosing a wet felting technique, a soap liquid will be required, in which woolen pieces will be lowered. Therefore, this solution is prepared primarily: a piece of soap rolls on a grater with large holes and poured a couple of liters just that boiling water. Mixing the substance, it needs to be possible to strengthen about 2 hours. In principle, the use and liquid soap does not yet be rebel.

    The work itself will be carried out on a bubble film located by bubbles up. The first layer on it is placed the base layer, on top of it – background, and then layer with a pattern. All of them must be latitive, posted perpendicular and mustache. The workpiece is processed with water with springs, after which is covered with a mesh and is soaked in soap solution. The uniformity of impregnation will provide the usual rolling pin. Finally, everything is frozen by hand.

    Falming basics for beginners See more.

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