Hot Batik: History, Choosing Materials and Technique

Hot Batik: History, Choosing Materials and Technique

In order to turn the old thing in a new one, or with your own hands to create a spectacular gift, it is enough to use the hard batik technique. Working with wax allows without any special difficulties to cover one-photon surfaces with unusual drawings and patterns.

What it is?

Hot batik is a tissue painting technique, actively used for a long time. Its essence lies in the fact that the pattern is formed by molten wax or similar material. After staining the fabric and eliminate wax on the surface remains a drawing, white or multicolored.

Hot and cold batik in principle are similar, but there are small differences in the implementation technique.

Hot painted applied to design circuit, as well as the protection of some fragments from spreading paint.

History of origin

People have painted fabrics for many years, but the first, according to archaeologists, it began to make Indonesians from Java Island back in the XIII century. Locals have mastered the technique so well that it has become known worldwide. Every kind of centuries have acquired his own paintings. The term itself is used since the XVIII century, and the country of its occurrence is called the Netherlands. Hot batik appeared long before the cold batik, since the latter appeared only at the beginning of the 20th century.

Tools and materials

Tissue treatment is impossible without special tools. First of all, we are talking about a metal circle with a double bottom that allows you to place inside the light bulb. In this container will be heated wax or other reservitory composition.

To apply it directly to the fabric, it will take different devices: knives, funnels, aquicker fixed on wooden handles.

Reserved formulations are prepared for several recipes.

For example, it may be a mixture of 660 grams of paraffin and 340 grams of technical vaseline. A combination of 500 grams of paraffin, 250 grams of technical pumpeline and the same amount of bees wax. Finally, 790 grams of paraffin are considered equally effective, mixed with 210 grams of petrolatum.

Paint is better to take special, intended for creating a batik. Choosing the material, it is important to monitor whether it is secured with a steam with an iron or simple water. Brushes better prepare diverse. Frame will suit both independently and the usual purchase.

To protect it from splashing paints, you can use paper scotch. For fixing on the frame of the canvas, you will use brackets with a stapler, buttons or pins.


Hot batik can be both one-layer and multi-layer. In the first case, as you can guess by the title, the wax is applied in one layer. Quite often, such an equipment is accompanied by pouring other paints into elements limited by reserve. Pouring is carried out even before the entire plane is blocked by the background paint, and the resulting parts of the reserve are also protected by the reserve.

Two layers and more already mean multilayer equipment. Work occurs equally with the exception of the final part. In other words, at each stage a simple batik is carried out, after which the overlap is created. Repeat procedures recommended no more than four times.

The varieties of this technique include a return batik. In principle, it is created in the same way as traditional, but colors are used in the reverse order – from dark to light. Work begins with those places that must be painted in a cold shade, and then the bleaching procedure is carried out.

The dye is recommended to contain the one that does not contain chlorine in the composition, and as a canvas choose cotton.

Separately, it is possible to highlight the painting from the spot, which is considered the most difficult variety of hot batik. Technique is used in the same way as with a multi-layer batik, but instead of solid sequential overlaps, stains of different shades are used. In each spot, the drawing of the part of the ornament by reserving the composition is carried out, after which the overlapping is overlapping. The procedure is repeated only 3 times, and at the final stage the dark shade is activated.

Technique implementation

Painting on fabric, as a rule, is carried out in several stages, and a significant part of them is preparatory. The first thing is the development of sketches. Numerous works are presented on the Internet, so there is usually no problems with the choice of drawings. Some simple sketch patterns do not require, in general, for example, if we are talking about “pea” or simple geometric figures. At the same time, the color gamma is thought out.

Since a single-layer hot batik implies a smooth “flowing” of colors, it is necessary to select them so that they are harmoniously combined.

For beginners, it is better to choose one key color and work with its shades both light and dark.

When creating a multi-layer batik, color is selected in this way, so that their overlay one to another does not look ugly. Ideally, before starting work, the selected colors are tested on a separate fabric fragment.

The canvas itself before painting undergoes degreasing procedure. It will be enough to simply wash the fabric, which will also prevent a possible shrinkage. There is an even more complex way that implies the soaking of the canvas in soda solution. Soda is used, as it can wash all chemical solutions that the manufacturer could add at the production stage. The solution is prepared from ordinary soda and clean water, and the fabric in it is molded around 30 minutes.

Ready material is fixed on the subframe, and sometimes wetted. The table on which staining will occur, it is better to protect, for example, tightening with a transparent film. The frame is installed horizontally, and the need to use a goat is determined depending on its size.

A sketch is drawn on the fabric using a special eliminated pencil or marker. It is important to do it carefully not to urge the surface. In the case when it is planned to work in warm and light shades, in no case should not use a handle for drawing.

If the sketch is required by approximate, it is allowed to be placed under the fabric, and the wax is placed, based on the visible contours. The same applies to the translucent canvas, under which the sketch will easily shine.

The essence of the use of the reserving substance is that it protects the natural shade of the canvas from paint. First, light colors are used, and then the rap. The wax fixes the color in the painted areas, and the subsequent distributed already in free places.

Wax can be applied by different tools depending on the forming pattern. Dry fabric is processed with a brush, a roller of foam rubber or stamp.

In principle, the use of the pin is permitted – a special tool operating from electricity and preserving constant temperature.

Professionals just pour wax on fabric from comfortable capacity, forming lines, spots, drops and other abstract patterns. Before working, the wax warms up in a water bath or electric stove, as it must be completely soaked in a tissue piece.

Warming quality can be determined by the appearance of wax. If the material is good warm, the wax will pass through, and the canvas will take a little, remaining transparent, if you look at the lumen. When the wax remains white on the surface, it means that it will not be heated enough. Direct staining is carried out using a brush from a foam rubber, ordinary brush or rolling. Work necessarily successes.

Some experts prefer at the last stage to use the Effect of Krakle, which is created using the most dark shade. In this case, everything canvas is covered with wax, and then deformed by the creation of the chances. The resulting cracks are painted with a mixture of soap solution and dye. As a result, there are spectacular cracks “under ancient”.

Remove the reserve of special difficulties does not represent. A pretty dried work is removed from the subframe, after which the canvas is actively breating. As a result, the wave is cleared and in the form of crumbs falls from the picture. To remove the residues of the reservation substance, paper and iron will be required. Having listed the cloth, for example, ordinary newspapers and paper towels, it is necessary to try to stroke a hot iron. The procedure will have to repeat for a while, replacing the paper, until the whole wax is released.

In the event that the work occurred using pair-plating dyeing substances, they will additionally need to fix the swap.

More about the technique of hot batik you will learn by looking at the following video.

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