Vietnam – the country of Southeast Asia, which millions of tourists are visited annually. She attracts travelers not only with a warm climate and amazingly beautiful nature, but also with their original Asian flavor. Brighter, he manifests itself during the meeting of the New Year. This is a very colorful and spectacular holiday, which is accompanied by a large number of national traditions and rites. From the article you will learn when and how it is noted, what dishes can be seen on the New Year’s table of Vietnamese, that they give each other and what rituals are carried out.
New Year in Vietnam called TET Nguyen Dan (Abbreviated TET), What is translated as “Holiday of the first morning”. He is the most important and favorite holiday in the country and lasts from 3 to 5 days (in some areas – until the week). For this period, all government agencies and banks, shops, cafes and restaurants are also stopped working, so the necessary products and things are bought in advance.
TET does not have a specific date, since He is beginning to celebrate on the first day of the lunar calendar, which every year falls on a different number. And the rank is wide enough – from the end of January to the last decade of February. Last year, Vietnamese new lunar year came on February 5. 2020 will be celebrated from January 25.
TET is also called the “Spring Holiday” (Hoy Suan), because The new lunar year opens exactly this season. From here – tradition to decorate the streets, buildings and their own houses with bright blooming plants.
If you wish to visit Vietnam during the New Year celebration, then Buy flights and book hotels need at least 3 months before the event. Otherwise, you will come across a huge overpayment (up to 50%) or in general with the lack of tickets and hotel numbers. It is best to come a week before the taat itself to have time to visit exhibitions and museums (until they closed), as well as get to pre-holiday sales.
Vitname Tet, as well as the Russian New Year – This is, first of all, a family holiday. He is trying to spend in a circle of the closest people, and if relatives are far away, then they go to them to note the arrival of spring. It is also a time when they remember their ancestors and provide them with special honors.
The Vietnamese New Year consists of 3 stages: Preparation for the holiday (Tatnien), New Year’s Eve (Zyathya) and holiday itself (Tannen).
Preparation for the holiday (Tatnien or Tat Nien)
This stage begins for a half months before the new year and includes several mandatory actions.
- Cleaning. On the eve of the holiday, the Vietnamese arrange a large general cleaning: they suggest cleanliness and order in the house and in the yard, get rid of old unnecessary things, sometimes even make repairs. Her symbolic meaning is to free the place to arrive a new.
- Clean the altar of ancestors, which is in every house to cook it to the New Year offer. Then decorate the altar of flowers. This honorable mission is performed only by the owner of the house.
- Distribution of debts and forgiveness. Log in New Moon Year is needed with a clear conscience and a clean heart.
- Visit the graves of the ancestors also is a traditional pre-holiday ritual. Vietnamese ride a cemetery and put in order the burial place of their deceased relatives.
- Buying clothes. Residents of Vietnam celebrate TET in new clothes, dressed in it after the wisers of the old year. Especially important for children. They must meet the coming lunar year in the “new clothes” so that it becomes happy for them, successful and favorable, brought positive changes. Therefore, parents during Tatnienge acquire beautiful outfits.
For shopping lovers, this is the most desirable period, because the shelves of shops, shopping centers and market kiosks are frozen from the abundance of goods.
- Buying gifts and products to the New Year’s table. It is necessary to stock food for the entire festive period, as stores throughout the tat will be closed. Gifts of family members, relatives and friends are bought.
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What and how they decorate?
Before the new year, Vietnam Street is transformed. Actively trade in flowering plants and fruits is carried out everywhere. To decorate your homes for the holiday, local residents are buying chrysanthemums, succulents, velvets, orchids, daffodils and other flowers. They also decorate buildings and pillars, create a variety of compositions affecting the imagination.
On the walls of shops, restaurants, enterprises and other buildings appear bright inscriptions with New Year’s congratulations and wishes, the festive atmosphere enhances multi-colored garlands and Chinese glowing lanterns. Red-Yellow Gamma dominates in the New Year.
It is believed that these colors attract family and financial well-being, bring good luck and happiness. Therefore, the inhabitants of Vietnam seek to decorate their home as much as possible bright plants.
Mandarine trees, peach and apricot branches – the main attributes of theta. They are symbols of wealth, prosperity and good luck in the coming lunar year. In front of its home, the residents put a tangerine tree in a pot, be sure to be ripe fruits, and the place in the vases occupy flowering peach and apricot branches. The first fruit is more common in the north, and in the houses of Yuzhan, you can most often meet the second plant.
Analogue of our Christmas tree in Vietnam is bamboo. He “dwells” in almost every yard. Bamboo for the holiday carefully dressed up amulets, red ribbons and origami. Also hanging bells to protect against evil spirits, and crowned bamboo trunk lamp so that it covers the path to the souls.
Great popularity for the new year in local residents enjoy watermelons whose bright red flesh symbolizes success. They cut out or glued different greetings. Often watermelon is placed on the altar of ancestors.
The main dish of Vietnamese tat is called Baltyang (Banyan) or Balt (Banh Chung). He is considered the main decoration of the New Year’s table. This is a cake welded on a pair, the mandatory ingredients of which are sticky rice, pork meat (Muslim nations – chicken) and mung beans. Some hostesses also add green peas and marinated bow. All components are “soldered” into banana or corn leaves, which are then tied with bamboo threads.
Pie externally gets similar to the package or gift. Baltyang must have a square or rectangular shape, as it symbolizes the gratitude of the land for the harvest, which it gives all 4 seasons – in summer, in winter, spring and autumn. The second most year’s dish is a bitter melon stripped with meat. Vietnamese highly appreciate its useful and therapeutic properties.
Northerners and Southern taste preferences are somewhat different. In the north they usually prepare pork legs, cold and fish. And in the festive menu of residents of the South includes baked pork in coconut milk and many vegetables. Also on the New Year’s table there are fruits, pellets and various treats from rice.
What is given?
Vietnamese for the new year give each other gifts. They exchange family members, relatives, friends and even unfamiliar people. It is important not the cost of the thing, but its symbolic subtext. Very popular “edible” gifts. For example, rice dishes mean the wish of a full and rich life, watermelon, especially with congratulations pasted or carved on it, brings joy, happiness and wealth, like other fruits of red.
But the most popular gift is money. The amount is usually small, in local currency, however, bills must be new. They are put in a red envelope or bag – this color symbolizes prosperity. Even in the temples, the monks give their parishioners coins.
It is cash presents that it is customary to give children to program their children to the future successful and rich life. They are called Li Xi (happy money). And children wish their parents, grandparents of good health and longevity.
There is a list of “unhappy” gifts. These include clocks (they mean drowning time), medical drugs (lead to diseases) and even cats (their meowing looks like the word “poverty”). Acute objects (for example, knives) are also better not to give – it is believed that they lead to conflicts and quarrels.
Traditions and customs
Vietnamese New Year is rich in national customs and traditions that have an important symbolic meaning. TET opens with bright carnival processions and colorful festivals. Various festive events are held on the streets: fairs, dance shows, concerts, puppet performances, cocks, beautiful fiery ideas, competitions and games in which anyone can take part. Everywhere reigns atmosphere of rampant fun and joy.
One of the most spectacular and unforgettable spectacles is a lion dance. Dancers put on large yellow-red costumes of creatures, representing a symbiosis of a lion and dragon. This mystical animal from Asian mythology personifies strength and power. It is intended to drive the evil spirits from the dwellings of Vietnamese. People help him in this mission, creating as much noise as possible: beaten in gondas, bells and drums, let out the fireworks and fireworks and just scream loudly. And in the evenings, when hemneets, the Vietnamese gather in front of the fires in the courtyards and parks.
Gradually, from the streets, the celebration of theta goes into the house where family members sit at the festive table, give each other gifts and exchange warm wishes.
On TV show national comedy and musical transmissions, at midnight Residents of Vietnam listen to the congratulation of the president. The main New Year’s song is considered the legendary composition of the ABBA group “Happy New Year”.
Meet the TET in the company of an elderly person is considered especially honorable. In the first morning of the new year, the awakening should be early. Waking up, Vietnamese go to the temples, where they commit donations and rites to attract good luck. Then return home and continue to celebrate the new year at the festive table.
INthe day is dedicated to visitors to visit – visit neighbors, relatives and friends, congratulate them and give small presents. But this must Be sure to precede the invitation – without him going to someone else’s house is not accepted. Great importance is attached to someone who became the first guest in the new year. The choice of candidates is suitable responsible. Preference is given to a successful person so that its energy is attracted to the house well-being and prosperity.
And finally, the third day is dedicated to visits to teachers and respected people. Clear to TET is considered a bad admission – you can use good luck. Therefore, you need to have time to clean your cleanliness in front of the holiday.
In the new year, Vietnamese make the memory of the departed relatives and put abundant offerings to the altar of ancestors. They put a tray with 5 different fruits and other treats. Each fruit indicates one of the elements: fire, sky, earth, metal and wood. In the north in the “sacrificial” set often includes Mandarin, Persimm, Annon, Citron, Banana.
In the south prefer to give the soul of the ancestors Coconut, Mango, Grapes, Pineapple, Papaya. But there is no compulsory list – it can be included in it any fruit, except for a grenade (associated with war), pears (on sound similar to the word “dragging”), orange (he is a harbinger of misfortune) and Durana. This ritual not only demonstrate a respectful and respectful attitude towards the dead, but also ask them about rich yield and prosperity in the coming year.
No other holiday in Vietnam contains so many religious and cultural traditions like TET. Seeing it with his own eyes, you will not only understand the national identity of the Vietnamese people, but also get unforgettable emotions and impressions!
About how to celebrate New Year in Vietnam, look in the video.