All about the new year in the USSR

All about the new year in the USSR

Dressed Christmas tree, decorated house, rich table with different goodies, gifts. All this is an integral part of the new year. However, modern realities of the celebration differ in many ways from the period of the existence of the USSR. Moreover, there was a time when the new year with its main attribute was not at all banned.


The history of the birth of the New Year’s holiday in the USSR is very interesting and quite unusual. Start standing since 1917. It was then that Russia replaced the Julian calendar to Gregorian. For this reason, there was a movement of the New Year holiday in the midst of the Christmas post.

This fact fell by the Bolshevikov Bolsheviks. After some time, the party began to oppose the Christmas, under the wave of the ban and the new year.

For more than 5 years about Christmas holidays and the new year, the Soviet society has been expressed only from a negative point of view. but Another surge of aggression occurred in 1928, when an announcement of the sets of Christmas toys sets appeared in the newspaper “True”. The anti-religious public fell against the publication, falling asleep by the editors by angry letters, some even offered to close the newspaper.

Gradually, the scandal with Christmas toys was forgotten, and in the mid-1930s, ideologues began to talk about the Christmas tree, as an important part of the New Year holiday, not mentioning Christmas. Due to this, in 1935, by order of a member of the Presidium of the CEC, the USSR Posysshev in the city of Kharkov, the first mass matinee for young children was held. And almost a year later it was decided to legitimize the new year, since this holiday is common and marked by the workers.

Already in 1937, the New Year holiday began to celebrate with full swing. At different points of Moscow, two big chokes were installed. And on January 1, a carnival was held in the house of unions. From this event and the tradition of decoration of premises in the New Year Stylistics.

In 1938, when considering the installation of the installation of the main tree, Stalin made it clear that to divide the New Year’s tree to the main and unmarried wrong. At the same time, a promotion of gifts in remote corners of the country was organized. Experienced pilots and parachutists not only showed their skills, but also congratulated compatriots with one of the main holidays of the country.

New Year in 1945 turned out to be a bright and joyful holiday for the Soviet people. The height of the main Christmas tree was 26 meters. In the role of Santa Claus appeared artist Preobrazhensky. For him, this status was held for many years. On the main ladder of young guests met animators in costumes. Children remembered the hare orchestra. Different rides worked in the lobby. In general, the holiday turned out to be one of the best. And only in 1947 it was customary to announce on January 1 officially weekend.

After the death of Stalin, the New Year tree was allowed to put in the hall of the Grand Kremlin Palace. Invitations for the matinee were sent to children by mail. One of the invited turned out to be Mark Orlovsky. His father died at the front during the Second World War. All the kids who came to the matinee were happy to the holiday and the ability to freely resemble the Kremlin.

From the same time a lot of time has passed, the Soviet Union collapsed, the total territory shared on various states. However, there are many common between them, and first of all – the New Year holiday.

How to celebrate and when began?

From 1918 to 1935 New Year’s holiday did not have official status. Everything changed only in 1936. But despite the night festing, January 1 remained working.

Only in the post-war period of New Year has become a real holiday. Christmas decorations appeared on sale with the image of the symbolism of the USSR. People and came up with interesting toys from paper and other materials. The main thing is that the cohesion between people happened, everyone became one big family. Grandparents who lived to this day, with nostalgia recall the post-war celebration of the New Year. In this magic night at the tables, scarce appears, gifts were waiting under the Christmas tree, and most importantly, the most native and relatives were going to the festive table.

Procurement of products for the festive table began in a few weeks. In advance, a few days before the celebration, put and dressed up the Christmas tree, decorated the house. To the appointed time of the host houses met guests, all seeded at the table. Noisy conversations and farewell with a coming year proceeded for interesting films, for example, “Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Ferry!”.

To the battle of the Kurats filled wine glasses, glasses, glasses. The Secureken General appeared on the screen for achievements for the year and congratulations to the people with the upcoming holiday.

As soon as the chimes began to beat, all in one voice shouted “Hurray!”. Then on the television screen included the “blue light”, all started to dance, sing, having fun. Ended the transfer of approximately 3 o’clock. After it included the transfer of “Melodies and Rhythms of Foreign Astrada”.

The events in honor of the new year were arranged at enterprises. Instead of a dinner break, employees glued on the windows windows, rehearsed the numbers to the corporate concert. People with artistic talent painted wall newspaper and festive posters. Trade union managers agreed a place and time of the event. Mandatory on the holiday was Santa Claus and Snow Maiden.

But no matter how cool, the new year in the Soviet Union was considered a children’s holiday. Schoolchildren in Soviet times began to rest on December 31, but for adults it was an ordinary working day.

Matrees in schools and kindergartens

New Year’s matinee was an important part of the life of school and pre-school institutions. Not only children were preparing for the holiday, but also educators with parents. Mom nights sewed costumes, dads created accessories. Children learned poetry, and after they told them Santa Claus near the festive Christmas tree.

An individual program was prepared for each new matinee. New characters, performances, competitions. In each new presentation, Santa Claus or Snow Maiden fell into trouble, and the children were to save them. At the end of the holiday, Santa Claus gave children gifts – sweets in beautiful packaging.

New Year’s matinee in the gardens tried to arrange on the eve of the weekend. In schools, the event was arranged a few days before the vacation began, which lasted almost 2 weeks.

What was cooking on the table?

The shortage of many goods in Soviet times led to huge queues in stores. And for sure To get a wondered product, hostess crowds attacked product trays in advance.

Green peas used greatly popular. It was this product that was an integral part of the Salad “Olivier”. And also in the list of sought-after goods for the New Year’s table, the servelat, boiled sausage, salty solesterol.

Special attention was paid to drinks on the festive table. Alcohol products of different fortresses were closed from the showcase. But the most common was the Soviet champagne. Soviet juice sold people preferred home compotes cooked with their own hands.

Chicken with potatoes baked as a hot dish. Only chickens were considered a deficit and issued as much as possible 2 carcasses in hand.

No New Year’s table remained without a big bowl of the cold.

Commitable salads were “Olivier”, “Herring under a fur coat”, “Vinaigrette”, “Mimosa”.

What Darili?

On the eve of the New Year, everyone around congratulated each other “Happy Coming”. And for the closest people prepared gifts.

Dear and beloved women presented perfumes, and men – toilet water. Wives of husbands gave a cufflink or tie. Children gifted sweet sets.

Special attention was paid to greeting cards. They were an integral part of any gift.

The main thing was right and tastefully pick up a congratulatory liner. On the reverse side of the postcard was present sections where the sender and the text of the wishes were indicated.

As the interior decorated?

Important part of the New Year’s interior – Festive Christmas tree. Different toys hung on her, decorated with Mishur, rain. However, in Soviet times, christmas decorations did not have a wide variety. In the early 40s, made toys from cardboard and extruded wool. A little later began to produce monophonic glass balls.

Very beautiful and effectively looked on the Christmas tree toys in the form of lanterns, houses, birds and hours.

Having succeeded in the space industry, the country noted it in decorations for the Christmas tree – Christmas toys appeared in the form of rockets with symbols of the USSR. Besides, A series of toys on clothespins was released, and the friendly Soviet people gave them to their friends.

Be sure to decorate at home and apartments. Of course, there was no abundance of New Year’s decorations for the interior, so citizens connected their fantasy and created masterpieces with their own hands. Cut out snowflakes, made beads of colored paper, fucked on the ceiling artificial rain.

Customs and traditions

The main tradition of the new year is the appeal of the head of state to the Soviet people. All residents of the country with glasses in their hands listened to the congratulations and aid of the Secretary General.

Another tradition – cook dumplings with a surprise. Inside the coin was invested, and to whom it will fall, he will be rich in the new year.

Another interesting custom of Soviet times – sharing postcards with unfamiliar people.

More about the new year in the USSR, see the following video.

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