Old Soviet Christmas toys cause great interest among antiques collectors. Such things have now become fashionable and in demand, rare specimens can be beneficial to sell or leave their grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Do not think that any Soviet toy has some value. It is only about truly unique copies, which were produced by limited edition and well preserved to this day.
Toy history Times of the USSR
In the days of the First World War, the beginning of the 20th century in St. Petersburg and the city of Wedge were founded by two factories, which were engaged in the release of New Year’s Christmas tree toys. In the appearance of the toys were a copy of the German models that symbolized Christmas themes: angels, candles, stars, apples and so on. In the post-revolutionary period, the young Soviet Republic refused to celebrate Christmas and decorating the Christmas tree became prohibited in order not to follow the traditions of the “Popovsky” holidays. The Christmas trees in the houses put and decorated secretly, and the Christmas toys did people themselves.
And when in the mid 30s and. Stalin canceled prohibitions for New Year’s celebrations, the release of Christmas toys became massive. New Year’s Soviet decorations carried the imprint of socialist symbols – these were balls with the image of Lenin, red stars, athletes, warriors, tanks, airplanes and so on. Most often, such toys were produced from cardboard, fabrics, foils, wats or papier mache. Glass decorations were very rare, since they did them hand.
Initially, the release of Christmas toys was engaged in small artels, on an industrial scale New Year’s decorations began to do much later.
A wide variety of jewelry
Gradually, a fashion appeared on toys to decorate the Christmas tree in the Soviet Union, the design of toys depended on the important milestones and events of that time. So, for example, after the release of the film “Circus”, the figures of animals and circus artists became popular, and after the flight of the airship in 1937, the toys – airships appeared with the inscription “USSR” on board.
Since 1947, the new year has become a common day off and he was noted with great zeal. The designs of abstraction made of glass beads began to be manufactured, sometimes made from such a glassmaker recognizable items – dragonflies, aircraft, bike, rhombus, basket. In 1949 after the next anniversary. WITH. Pushkin on sale appeared sets of toys depicting characters of Pushkin fairy tales. Later, the characters were added to the characters from the fairy tales “Aibolit”, “Alladin” and others. This tradition later pick up the characters of cartoons – Cheburashka, crocodile gene and others.
With the onset of the 50s, Christmas toys have become less susceptible to Soviet ideology, their diversity has increased, and the subject has changed. During this period, sets of decorations for desktop mini-trees appeared. Such a Christmas tree did not occupy a lot of space and it could be collected or disassemble even a child. In addition to toys, electric garlands have become popular, which were fixed on the Christmas tree. Traditionally, Santa Claus and Snow Maiden installed next to the Christmas tree, although sometimes it was possible to do without them.
After the release in 1956, the film “Carnival Night” appeared many toys in the form of hours, whose arrows showed “no 5 minutes twelve”. Different decorations made of industrial production glass began to appear during this period.
Now you can meet rare balls, old glass peaks, dressed on the top of the Christmas tree, house, cosmonaut, vegetables, fruits, cones, icicles.
Factories produced entire series of sets of toys based on Russian fairy tales or cartoons. During this period, for the first time, toys appeared on the clothespin, with the help of which they were vertically attached to the Christmas tree branch, but their number was less compared to copies produced on the traditional suspension.
Already in the 60s, the foam and plastic for the production of Christmas tree toys began to apply, of which did balls that are not dangerous for kids, such as glass decorations. However, plastic toys could not displace the glass, which continued to be especially popular with the people.
In 1966, glass toys, made and hand-written, stopped producing. They were completely replaced by conveyor options. The release of toys has become a massive. Christmas decorations did not please buyers to be a variety, their design was becoming more and more temporable, and small details were not so thoroughly drawn and treated. The era of serial production has come. At this time, a brilliant tinsel, called “rain”, sets of multicolored flags, sets of plastic or glass balls and figures.
In the future, toys began to do not only from glass, but also from foam rubber, aluminum and plastics. Images on the figures were applied with a screenway, and a special crumb that imitating snow was used as a decorative element. In the 90s, the old Soviet toys were given away, they became uninteresting, and the decorations of foreign (mainly Chinese) production came to replace them. The flow of new toys literally flooded the market, and the Soviet Christmas toys became a remnant of the past.
Rare and valuable toys
Soviet decorations for the Christmas tree are now newly gained popularity – collectible expensive Christmas copies are sold for decent money. The experts claim: the exclusive copy, the more expensive, with the artistic component in the calculation is not taken. The Christmas tree toy can be well saved, have a beautiful design and a clear drawing of parts, but it will be small enough, since the product was produced massively, on a single template immediately in several factories. The maximum price of such an instance can reach 1000 rubles. But if any model was released by limited edition or for some reason it quickly removed from production, then the price of it grows at least 5 times.
Collectors have particularly appreciated the sets of Christmas toys that are preserved in their original packages. The very first such set of steel decorations created by the motives of Pushkin fairy tales. The cost of this kit can reach 100 thousand. rub. And if the collector does not reach the figure to the already existing set, then it can buy it for 10-15 thousand. rub.
No less value have sets for miniature trees, but they must also be packed in their native boxes. For example, a set of toys of 1950 release from Artel “Cultigrushka” is now worth not less than 10 thousand. rub.
Most of all are valued toys that, by decision of the artistic council, did not reach the stores of stores and were made in a piece quantity. They were used in the form of samples for coordination. Find such rare specimens are very difficult, but they are very expensive. Toys taken in the 30th or 40s from cardboard with foil, also have rare value. Today, some particularly rare specimens sell at auctions at a price of 10 to 100 thousand. rub.
Should I buy?
Modern Christmas toys are mostly made from plastic, so glass balls with hand painted (or even without it) become luxury due to their high cost. For this reason, you should keep your old Christmas toys or invest money in their acquisition in order to create a unique and expensive collection, which, over time, not only does not lose in price, will be even more expensive.
The price of antique Soviet Christmas decorations can not be fixed. It depends on the set of factors, including how interesting is your goods for the buyer. Currently, the New Year’s attributes acquire private collectors, museums, as well as those people who value retro style and want to invest their money in it.
The main criteria for evaluating antique decorations for the Christmas tree are: circulation and production period, material and method of manufacture, as well as what state is located copy.
The oldest date of product release and the minimum of its circulation, the higher the price. If you want to sell glass balls, which were produced by mass parties, then the maximum that you help them, it is 300-500 rubles. Very rare copies with hand painted in price of up to 2000 rubles.
The most high demand is the figures of people and animals on clothespins released in 1930-1950. At auctions for such products, 10-12 thousand. rub. At the same time, vegetables, icicles or cones of the same period of release will cost no higher than 1000 rubles.
An order of magnitude less applied decorations from cardboard, although there are exceptions here. And less valuable are copies of foam. As for toys made from pressed and painted wool, then they should be in perfect condition and do not have a sharp smell. The cost of each instance is estimated individually. The degree of safety also has an important role for the price. If there are chips on the toy, it can lose up to 90% of its full cost, and in the presence of cracks – up to 80%. If the paint on the Christmas ball or the figure erased, then such a toy will be estimated within 40-50% of its market value.
Professional collectors do not need massive consumer goods, they are interested in rare pieces of piece production. If the product was released in any series, then most of all it will be appreciated if it is for sale to present all this series.
As for the definition of the year of release, it is possible to find out with the help of a special catalog called “Christmas decorations. 1936-1970. This catalog is available in a free sale, but it is expensive.
How to renovate Soviet Christmas toys, look in the following video.