Where did the celebration of the old new year come from?

Where did the celebration of the old new year come from?

Old New Year is a fairly interesting phenomenon, an additional festive day that has become the result of changing the system of the summer. Due to the significant discrepancy of the calendars used, the Russians meet the onset of the new year twice – according to a new style, and then again, according to the old. In our review we will tell you more about the peculiarities of this day, the history of its origin and the old traditions of the Day celebration with such an unusual name.

What is the old new year?

At midnight from January 13, January 14, the new year’s offensive is effective or, given more precisely, in Julian style. In the past time, the time was determined precisely on this system of the summer system – it was based on the data collected by astronomers of ancient Alexandria. The system was introduced in 45 to N. NS. Gay Julia Caesar. The duration of Juliana, on average, was 365.25 days, which for 11 minutes exceeded the total duration of the astronomical year – that is why, over time, the Julian time reference system went ahead from astronomical points of spring and autumn equinox.

In order to eliminate inconsistencies, a new summer system was proposed – Gregory Calendar, which exactly as much as possible approached the tropical year due to the formation of a leap system.

The duration of the year, yes, according to the Gregorian system, the summer system is 365,2425 days.

In different states, the transition to the Gregorian calendar stretched out for several centuries. So, in the territory of Western Europe, it was transferred only in 1582., And in Russia, the modern summer system was officially approved and only in 1918.

It is this calendar today is used in everyday life and on it we meet New Year’s holiday per day on January 1. It was so necessary that our grandparents, accustomed to the previous calendar, continued to celebrate the New Year on the old style. Over time, it turned into a good habit, and the old new year, celebrated on the night of January 13-14, has become another informal festive day.

History of origin

Such an ambiguous, controversial and, it would seem, which does not have absolutely no meaning of the word “old New Year” became so familiar that almost no one recalls that it was the day and where he came from. Tradition to celebrate this day went from believers. The fact is that Orthodox Church in 1918. refused to submit to the decree of the Soviet government and continued to rely on his calculations for the Yulian Sauchius. That is why in our country the Orthodox Christmas accounts for not on December 25, but on day January 7. And the new year in accordance with traditions occurs after Christmas – that is, on the night of January 13-14. ROC brings several serious arguments to keep the Julian calendar.

First, the very concept of time is quite relative, and the presence of such a factor as the precession of the earth’s axis, makes any attempts to combine any calendar day with the day of spring or autumn equinoxy.

Due to the precession, this point is constantly moving along the ecliptic in the direction of the West, that is, there is to meet the visible movement of the sun.

That is why in fact the date of spring equinox every year its own, and for the purpose of astronomy, it is counting on a new one. However, the sake of fairness should be noted that the Julian calendar does not claim to accurately coincide its calendar dates with the tropical year – The creators have laid spiritual goals rather, rather than intended to solve astronomical tasks.

Secondly, Orthodox claim that the Grigorian calendar is characterized by large variability. It is extremely inconvenient to calculate the onset of religious holidays, as the duration of the quarters differs here – it ranges from 90 to 92 days. In the Gregorian calendar, the first half of the year is always shorter than the second, and the days of the week often do not coincide with constant dates.

Finally, The main stumbling block was associated with the Day of Easter Celebration. Still in 325, the holy fathers of the 1st Ecumenical Cathedral on the basis of the sequence of events described in the gospel of the events related to death and the resurrection of Jesus Christ, they took care that the New Testament Easter would not depend on the Old Testament and was always noted later. However, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, Christian Easter sometimes happens simultaneously with the Old Testament or even a little earlier. It is characteristic that the congument of the fertile fire in the church of the Mernel in Jerusalem usually occurs on the day of Orthodox Easter, which is celebrated in the Julian calendar, and not with the Catholic, established in accordance with the Gregorian Soul.

At the time of adoption of the Gregorian calendar, the lag between the systems was 10 days. However, due to the different number of leap years in each century, it changed – today the gap between two calendars is already 13 days, and in the future it will only increase. Some believe that the old new year is found exclusively in the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus. In practice, this is not the case – this day is met with great pomp in Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia, he is also waiting for in Armenia and Georgia.

Do not forget to celebrate the old new year in accordance with the Yulian calendar residents of the Baltic countries and Asian states – Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Traditions in the world and in Russia

Day January 14, the believers of Christians of our country coincides with a big religious holiday – Orthodox will honor St. Vasily’s memory. This date in the past was named Vasiliev Day, he played a huge role in the events of the entire subsequent period. An old new year has been taken to celebrate with a blank – behind the nearest table, in new clothes and with the most kind of thoughts. It is no coincidence that a saying appeared: “How to meet the New Year – you will spend it”. This day would always be a truly family holiday, in the Vasilev evening, people asked for forgiveness from their relatives and loved ones for his resentment, and then they made the most intimate desires.

In the villages and villages on this day, the rounders went – in accordance with the customs, singers were gifted by sweets, and the children were fed dumplings. It is in the old new year Orthodox people could afford to relax, since he coincided with the completion of the Christmas post. The night of January 13-14 coincides with the sagns, which is why the unmarried girl was wondering on the beloved and wedding. Young people on this day were thrighted through the bonfire – in accordance with the people’s beliefs, thus you can burn all the bad energy and clean the person from all the bad effects and evil thoughts.

In relation to this day there are several prohibitions.

  • You should not celebrate the old new year in a hard or dirty clothing – otherwise all year will go to the hoops.
  • No need to sculpt and quarrel – otherwise all the negative energy from abandoned words will return back to the person who said them.
  • If you give to the old new year to think about money – then the financial luck will go out for a long time from home.
  • It is impossible for the woman to cross the threshold of the house first in the morning of January 14 – according to legends it attracts trouble. And if a man goes first in the dwelling – this is, on the contrary, will attract a success and happiness in the family.

There is some more adoption related to the celebration of the Second New Year.

  • If in the morning on January 14, a man from a large family will go to visit you, then your life will be prosperous.
  • If the night on Vasiliev Day Star – expect abundant harvest of fruits and berries, and if the snowfall will begin in the evening – this is a good crop crop crop.
  • If you meet the old new year on a wide leg – then all year will pass the same.
  • Hear an unusual ringing in the morning in the old new year – to replenishment in the family.

About where the celebration of the Old New Year came from, look in the following video.

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