Knowledge of certain psychological states (deviations, violations) is extremely important for any person. It fully applies to this state as lability. It is less known than depression or neurosis, but not less dangerous.
Concept and characteristics
In psychology, the term “mental lability” has different meanings than in physiology. This is no longer the number of electrical signals transmitted by nerve fibers, but the rate of occurrence of the mental process plus the speed of switching between them. In any case, attention is paid not only to the level of lability at some specific point, but also on the differences of this level in various situations.
In general, in science, lability are understood as:
- Mobility or mobility (in a normal situation)+
- Instability (with pathological manifestations)+
- variability (dynamics of certain processes).
Since all biological processes in the body are controlled by the nervous system, then ultimately the total lability is connected with it. This also applies to the frequency of heart fluctuations, and to the number of breaths, and to body temperature. There is no more speech about the mood. Therefore, there is a direct connection between the severity of variability and the risk of pathologies. Many psychological and mental abnormalities can be adjusted with due attention to the state of the vegetative nervous system. It is much earlier than the brain, shows the stress intensity. The activities of the main bodies and systems are activated, the use of internal reserves begins. Only if the intense situation continues for a long time, the central nervous system is connected.
It is important to understand that the borders of the “normal” and “abnormal” lability during a person are constantly changing. It matters and age, and the frequency of stressful situations.
Often write that the lability of the psyche is uniquely negative. This is not the case, because this property of a person allows you to adapt to a changing setting, switch. No possibility of mental mobilization, unwillingness to reconfigure their behavior causes at least no less harm than instability. In a normal psyche there must be both points that manifest themselves only where they are appropriate. Difficulties and problems are associated with an excessive degree of both states. Usually increased lability means that a person has a specific type of temperament. Cholerics differ in the physiological level of an increased rate of emotional reaction.
Quite often, the mood instability is associated with:
- neurotic states+
- Mental injuries in the childhood period+
- preceding the traumatic situation of similar content+
- Nerotability of man to certain social changes, stormy shocks in society.
It is important to understand that lability can also be provoked by purely physiological factors:
- organic brain disorder due to injury+
- Poisoning psychoactive and narcotic substances+
- malignant neoplasms+
- Vascular pathologies.
Therefore, the definition of real causes of abnormal lability is very important. First of all, you will have to check and, if possible, exclude physiological factors. Heavy pathological conditions often have to be eliminated in stationary institutions. Organic personality disorder (the so-called asthenic syndrome) is accompanied by various negative manifestations, including rapid fatigue, increased sensitivity, reduced activity and dizziness. In any case, both with the pathological and “conditionally normal” fast change change have common features (signs).
With sharp and unreasonably strong manifestations of emotions, even in children and adolescents, it is required to use the help of professionals. Do not think that everything goes by itself. Even if it is not in pathologies (indicated above or some other), you can fear the formation of a labile type of personality. People relating to it are well recognized: the mood is changing from minority like factors. So, hitting the rain, not having time to enter the bus or breaking the cup, such personalities fall into deep despondency or tear their irritation on others.
Psychotherapists and other specialists know exactly: in the process of elementary test, people with a labile person can change the mood inconsistently literally per minute. It entails:
- Increased flare+
- Impressive conflict potential+
- Self-adjusting weakness+
- tendency to hysterical attacks.
Character deviation classification developed by personality applies primarily to children. They are characterized as emotionally unstable and unpredictable in their behavior. Enough so that someone “didn’t look like that” so that aggression or deep decline of faith. On the other hand, completely minor like praise can be easily used to manipulate such children. Both of these extremes must be reversed before they have time to cause negative consequences.
The most general characteristic of lability shows that it disintegrates to a number of options. Thus, the labile character accentuation in children’s and adolescence is often accompanied by infantilism and / or disguised them. Part of the specialists believes that infantilism is a kind of base for the formation of various psychopathy and other deviations. As a result of perennial psychiatric studies, it was possible to prove that emotional lability in many cases is accompanied by paradoxical reactions, unmotivated actions. After offended by someone in a trifling occasion, the person is struggling with the attack of hysterical laughter, or, on the contrary, when some undoubtedly joyful event occurs, tears flow river.
Along with emotional, characteristic psychomotor processes are observed. So, at the time of stormy joy there is always a motor excitement. If the mood deteriorates, the activity is sharply reduced, right up to full reluctance to do anything. Psycho-emotional lability almost inevitably generates:
- Enhanced impression+
- High sensitivity to criticism of others+
- uncontrollable excitement.
Affective-labile type of character accentuation should be clearly distinguished by lability in his own sense of the word. A feature of such an accentuation is quite high compensation for negative features of the positive properties. But at the same time, the person is inclined to unlimited confidence of various kinds of authorities, whether some famous personalities, direct surroundings, philosophical, religious and political doctrines, liked judgments. What is important, cooling towards all this (often with the transition to opposite positions) can occur very easily and even repeatedly. It is not difficult to understand what consequences cause such inconsistency.
With a labile accentuation from the current emotional state, almost all depends. Sometimes it is not possible to fall asleep, the appetite disappears, an unexpected desire for solitude or to stay in noisy companies. People with such an accentuation can experience deep and long emotional attachments, form strong families and be friends with someone decades. At the same time, much depends on the readiness of other people to put up with frequent quarrels and quirks. People with such a deviation of character are extremely hard to transfer separation from those who are tied to whom they are doubly and tripled it is harder to transfer criticism and negative assessments from the object of their passion.
Additionally, it is worth saying about intellectual lability (which is often forgotten, reducing everything to a purely emotional sphere). This property of the psyche allows you to recycle a huge number of facts, events, judgments, observations. Such recycling occurs subconsciously. Intellectually labile individuals can:
- promptly switch from one source of information to another and back+
- simultaneously process different information in character+
- Instantly switch between individual tasks, even if their content is not connected or even opposite.
This side of the lability for the first time turned the attention of psychologists only in the second half of the twentieth century. Giant acceleration of life rhythm made it the only possible option to adapt people to the modern world. Intellectually labile people can, for example, during a trip in transport, think about the upcoming report at the meeting, not forgetting where they need to transplage where to go out so on. Calls, noise, conversations do not distract from solving such tasks.
It should be borne in mind that we are talking about the quality device, and not about the simple chaotic switching.
Symptoms and diagnostics
Having become acquainted with the negative impact of emotional lability on everyday life, it is not difficult to understand – the timely diagnosis of such deviation in children is extremely important. Only promptly adjusting the behavior, it is possible to increase the level of socialization and avoid subsequent problems. The greater difficulty, however, is associated with the lack of up to 10-12 years of specific abnormalities. Even experienced psychologists watching the game or for everyday communication, it is hard to highlight some suspicious signs. But you can pay attention to such a risk factor, as diseases of various body organs, provoked by conditionally pathological microorganisms.
The localization of the infectious focus of values does not have: These can be pulmonary pathology, and disorders of the musculoskeletal system, and failures in digestion, and deviations in the work of the liver, the glands of the internal secretion. Sometimes other pathologies can also provoke negative psychological shifts. In this case, the overall feature is that the diseases pass be relatively easy, but are delayed and can quickly return. Studies that will clarify the role and significance of each syndrome for the formation of lability are still ahead. But it is already clear that they act if not direct cause of deviations, then the background.
The severity of the manifestations of lability in adolescents is greater than in children. This is due to a more developed and differentiated psyche, which for a number of properties is already approaching the psyche of adults. But psychologists have to overcome another difficulty: from 12 to 17 years, and sometimes a little later, emotional instability occurs in almost every case. Here the parents, senior relatives, classmates and all who communicate with problem adolescents can be invaluable. The first sign, allowing to talk about the folding of lability, is an excessively frequent and extremely cool mood change without a good reason.
A slightly reduced school assessment, a negative assessment by peers (said by passing) and the like events can worsen the mood for a long time. But at the same time sufficiently approving exclamation so that it improved for a long time. Often unstable in the emotional plan of teenagers “light up” by those or other hobbies, but also quickly can be disappointed in them. Another sign – passionateness of popular performers, creative figures. This passion can reach the recklessness.
All similar manifestations see the easiest way just in the family, at school. Therefore, they own a decisive role in early diagnosis. Qualified psychologists necessarily interview everyone to confirm or refute the assumption of emotional lability. Teens prone to her well feel in the family, if they are surrounded by attention, appreciate. But with the unfavorable setting it is necessary to fear the process of simple aspiration for independence in the sustainable rejection of all relatives.
The lability of minors almost completely eliminates claims to leadership both in the formal and in an informal circle of communication. This type of personality has other characteristic manifestations:
- Clear understanding of its emotional instability and related problems+
- the desire to offer yourself to others without a cardinal “alteration”, without adjustment under whose opinion+
- The ability to understand what other people think about them (from the first seconds of communication)+
- Adequate response to this attitude (necessarily displayed openly).
Sometimes lability is intertwined with an exteroid accentuation. At the same time, a certain degree of egocentrism is manifested, but the underlined demonstration of actions is excluded. Save the ability to empathize with other people and emotionally attached to them. Unlike a purely hysterical nature, there is no sophisticated, energetic adventurism, the desire to pay attention to themselves. Instead of complaints about the exclusivity, the dreams are typical of peace and peace (including for their friends, the near-circle).
It should be noted that the labile type of personality can also have a cycloid shade. The peculiarity of such an accentuation is, as follows from its name, in the cyclic drops of mood. As a result of special studies, other deviations from the norm can be identified, although they are relatively rare. Assuming the presence of lability in adults can still be concomitant in concomitant circumstances:
- Lack of attention+
- strong mental shocks+
- Long and / or very serious life failures+
- Installed education defects+
- Systematic stressful influences.
Diagnostics need to collect information also about:
- Changes of hormonal background+
- insufficient or excess arrival of trace elements important for the nervous system.
Relationship with other people
Having understood with common features and with characteristic signs of lability, you must now find out: how to behave people who are surrounding people who are prone to it, which errors can not be allowed. Emotionally unstable personalities can dive into some kind of depression and sometimes even express suicide thoughts. But this negative mood quickly passes, and raise anxiety once again undesirable.
It is also not worth perceiving the behavior of a labile man as a manifestation of promotion or bad education: “To keep yourself in the hands” and “develop self-control” is possible extremely rarely. But thinking out its line of behavior that should be as correct as possible, it is very important.
It is important to understand that the labile personality in adults is usually an unemploying, can “explode” from any rudeness and even just from criticism. In families, elevated authoritarianism and thrust for scandals are also likely. All that remains is to show friendly. It is necessary to avoid the response anger and rage, because it will only worsen the case. It is also recommended to eliminate conversations on knowingly unpleasant and provocative topics, do not go to individuals.
Causes of appearance
The root causes of limited stability of the nervous system and the psyche can become:
- Organic brain defects and other neurological pathologies+
- Psychosia and psychopathy+
- Errors in the upbringing and bad example of parents, older children.
Methods of treatment and prevention
Only professionals can pick up treatment! Fighting labilicity due to emotional overload is carried out by psychologists. In more serious cases, reassuring medicines are prescribed, sometimes tranquilizers or antidepressants. It is necessary to teach patients with conflict-free consistent reaction, train attention and volitional qualities. Prevention includes:
- Normalization of relations in the family+
- Timely and full treatment of somatic diseases+
- Exception of bad imitation examples+
- Minimizing stress, removal of emotional voltage.
Tips of psychologists
Specialists in the field of psychology recommend always conducting a thorough examination with suspected lability. Very important healthy sleep and normal nutrition, relaxing massage, outdoor walking. Any self-treatment is unacceptable, even if the diagnosis is accurately confirmed. From the outside surrounding very importantness and attention. At the same time, they must discard and false “humanism”, turning to help promptly.
What is emotional lability, look in the following video.