Paranoid: characteristics of the type of personality and recommendations for interacting with it

Paranoid: characteristics of the type of personality and recommendations for interacting with it

Paranoid is a person’s disorder that is characterized by sharp distrust of others. People with paranoid syndrome are suspicious, jealous, in all see the trick. Such a person projects personal conflicts on others, simple actions of people seem to be directed in his direction, and with a negative purpose. Sometimes such perception of the action of others leads to the manifestation of aggression by paranoid.

What is this psychotic?

Paranoid disorders and psychosis leads the birth of a paranoid type of personality. People with this psychotype carry personal negative sides into the outside world and begin to fight them, presenting them as external threats. Sometimes this behavior is expressed within the normal range, that is, a person is distinguished by excessive suspicion, he prefers to start an attack first until those surrounding themselves. But often this state turns into a classic parano, which is reborn into a psychiatric diagnosis.

Among the politicians, there are many people with a paranoid psychotic, because it is just that sphere where you can deal with the fact that in the presentation of this person is evil. As a rule, it is pararanoid personalities that are often in situations of persecution. Their distrust and suspicion as if attracting trouble.

Personality disorder arising as a consequence of the development of increasing paranoid symptoms, becomes a defective feature character that prevents person to live normally and communicate with others. It is too selfish, a mnitelin, a maliciousness is characteristic of him, all the actions of other people seem to him hostile towards him. In connection with this, paranoids are often initiated by conflicts, they are unnecessarily worried about any normal event in their lives.

Sense of humor paranoid is not peculiar, he evaluates people only towards himself and his ideas. He is irritable, capricious, aggressive, very painful perceives criticism. In his opinion, someone else is to blame for any unpleasant situation, but not he himself.

Characteristics and symptoms of paranoid personality

The main symptom of paranoid psychotype is unfounded suspicion. Paranoice constantly blames the beloved in the treason, doubts the reliability and loyalty of his friends, suspects in the treasibility of business partners. Any light or even comic remark is perceived by paranoid as a threat and humiliation. Affective reactions, inadequacy, often accompanying this type of psychosis, seem to be a normal crazy person.

Sometimes the patient sees hallucinations, its associations become friable, certain thoughts are blocked, he sees a negative and biased attitude towards himself. Among the character of the character of paranoid is especially expressed by a balloon, dissatisfaction with everything that happens around. Even small troubles are very painful perceived by this person. All these symptoms deliver a lot of problems to relatives, this is expressed in both personal relationships and in general life and therefore, when specified signs, it is recommended to seek help to a psychiatrist or psychotherapist.

Paranoid character type relates to sociopathic accentuation. A distinctive feature of paranoid is also increased conflict due to the stubborn desire to introduce innovations. Everyone who does not share his views, this person sees both dishonest and unfriendly. Peculiar to him and rigidity. If projects offered by paranoid caused only indifference or refusing to accept them, it becomes even more persistent in achieving his goal. When describing a paranoid type of personality, experts often refer to concentration on the task set, low ability to understand others. When the indicated features begin to appear consistently in time, they receive a total nature and become the cause of serious difficulties in social adaptation, then the speech is already on paranoral psychopathy.

Classification of psychosis

Most often, the classification of paranoid psychosis Based on options for nonsense ideas.

  • Brad magnifies. A man sees ultra superpowers, compares himself with celebrities, characters of myths, book heroes. He attributes to itself legendary discoveries. If nonsense has developed at a religious level, the patient creates its own cult.
  • Eotomanic Brad. Looks like the above option, but in this case the patient sees himself a love inspiration for celebrity. It is usually platonic feelings without an intimate component. The object of love affection can be a little familiar to the patient.
  • Somatic nonsense. In this situation, a person is confident that he has suffered a deadly disease or sees a physical injury.
  • Brad prosecution. The most common option. For the patient and his close people allegedly always keeps the way to harm health.
  • Brad of jealousy. In this case, the patient is confident that his second half changes. And it does not necessarily sees the trick in the behavior of the partner at present, nonsense may apply to the past. Most often, this type of nonsense is subject to paranoid, which received a disorder due to alcoholism.
  • Unclean option of delusional disorder. This situation can combine several types at once.

Sometimes nonsense is difficult to attribute to any group. For example, the patient misses himself clutter or represents that all people replaced on their twins.

Causes of the development of syndrome

It is difficult to identify some one factor that influenced the formation of a paranoid personality disorder, usually there are several reasons for this. Among them, it is customary to allocate the following theories.

  • Genetic reasons. Disorder may be due to hereditary factors, but the steps of making paranoid features from a relative have not yet been studied in detail.
  • Conditions of Life and Education. Paranoid syndrome is more often manifested in people who brought up in disadvantaged families or were subjected to serious educational measures.
  • Disappointment in others. If a person has become a victim of deception and ridicule or he was causing deliberate harm to health, his distrust and suspicion significantly increases, which subsequently leads to mental disorder.
  • Physical ailments. Atherosclerosis, defeat and syphilis of the brain – all this can significantly affect the formation of paranoid psychosis. Diseases of the gastrointestinal bodies, neuroendocrine diseases or even somatic problems can cause manifestation of syndrome.

Methods of therapy

To suppress the symptoms of paranoid and get rid of the disease, you should identify the reason for what happened and try to figure it out. The situation can be fully corrected if it is timely resorted to treatment. The most common methods of therapy are:

  • Application of medicines+
  • Behavioral treatment+
  • Cognitive psychotherapy+
  • Using the theory of object relations.

If a drug treatment is chosen, antidepressants, vitamins, neuroleptics, sleeping pills, sedatives are most often applied. However, all this should write down the doctor, self-medication can aggravate the situation.

You can go through a psychotherapeutic course. His choice should also be based on the recommendations of the specialist. The mechanism of exposure depends on the severity of the disorder and severity of the signs, during occupation, the doctor can adjust the treatment regimen.

Usually after such a course, the symptoms of psychosis pass, the behavior becomes less aggressive, the patient begins to be discontent less often. This method is aimed at independent awareness of the patients with his problem, the doctor teaches the patient to avoid conflict situations.

Progress in therapy is determined by the degree of awareness of the paranoid of the fact that it is not the center of the Universe, there are other people who have an opinion other than his views and need to be considered. It turns out that the patient is dissatisfied with the people of the qualities that are often its own qualities and desires.

If therapy does not start on time, then paranoid ideas with age will be even more pronounced. Also, it is not necessary to interrupt the treatment if it seems not effective: often the process of therapy passes over long months and even years, however, the appeal to a highly qualified specialist gives a resistant result in the form of a decrease in the symptoms of disorder.

How to communicate with such a person?

If there is a need to communicate with a person, which is inherent in the paranoid type of personality, take advantage of the following tips.

  • It is recommended to avoid a dispute with paranoid. It is impossible to move from the dead point. Let him feel the winner.
  • Be polite with him, observe the generally accepted rules of conduct.
  • Do not criticize paranoid. This is especially true of his views on himself.
  • Do not talk about paranoid badly behind my back, he is able to learn about it and come into rage.

These are general rules for communication in any situation, but it all depends on the circumstances. If the paranoid is the boss, then the output is two: to leave work or serve him true and devoted. If the conflict has emerged with a paranoid employee, then first of all it is recommended to consult with a lawyer. When a relative becomes paranoid, you need to contact a psychiatrist.

There are some more options for behavior in a person with a paranoid personality disorder. As noted, it is impossible to convince it in its own position, but you can try to join the dispute with the use of cunning techniques. For example, you can get up on its side and prove the effectiveness of its eyes. Paranoik, for whom the loss in the dispute is equivalent to death, will begin to bring arguments again, but against his point of view, unconsciously agreeing with the initial opinion of the opponent.

If the client of the selling company is paranoid, and it refuses to buy the goods, since the price is too high, you can offer him the worst option to make sure that the initial copy was better. At the same time, the paranoid should be convinced that he himself came to this conclusion: do not impose the goods to him, do not convince anything, do not insist on buying.

Just dryly notify that if necessary, ready to provide information.

What to do if the head is paranoid, see next video.

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