Thinking: Features, Methods and Exercise

Thinking: Features, Methods and Exercise

Each of us you need to have developed thinking to fully live and work. Without thinking a person would not be a reasonable man. It means that mental activity must begin to develop from childhood, without stopping to do it even in adulthood. Then you will always feel a full-fledged personality.


It should be understood that the process of knowledge is called thinking. He has its own stages of development, requiring the permanent improvement and formation of mental skills, with which a person can acquire new techniques and ways of thinking. And this process contributes to the further development of the gray substance.

In addition, thinking in humans develops purely in an individual basis due to the fact that the development process depends on the age of person and from the environment. Consider this issue in more detail.

In adults

In this case, the main mental abilities are already fully formed. However, it should be noted that their quality directly depends on the condition of formation and features.

  • Man always relies on past experience. Therefore, thinking is considered indirect factor. This once again confirms that the identity formed can compare the past experience in its memory with the newly coming event. For example, if an adult will look out of the window on a wet road, he will understand that the rain has passed.

  • Thinking of any individual is based on the preceding practical experience, where general concepts and patterns of lifefall are displayed.

  • Thinking of an adult reflects the relationship between past experiences and summarizes them. Links of different things and events are processed and detected, and then classified in consciousness.

  • With proper thinking of communication between various objects, the display is found in verbal form. Therefore, thinking of an adult and his speech is inseparable. As a result, a person can easily express in the words of thought and convey them to other people. Thanks to thinking, human memory can store past events, despite their prescription, and even look into the future.

  • Thinking of any individual depends on practical actions and directly relies on them when making any decision or action.

In children

Adult thinking and children’s greatly differ in their quality. However, those and other thought activities are due to nature and relies on various factors.

Infant thinking is sensitive, since at this age there is a sensitivity to external manifestations from the outside world. Information comes from outside across hearing and touches.

At this point, thinking perceives these factors and issues adequate reactions.

In 2 years the child just examines his surroundings. At 4 years He begins to appear observation, and in his mind the very first images arise. From 3 to 5 years Forms and produces the ability to any actions. The formation of a logical-verbal type of reflection of information.

In 6-7 years Vite-logical thinking appears, and it includes learning and knowledge. In this development stage, younger students have intensive assimilation of diverse information. If at an early age thinking is only gaining momentum of its development, from 8-10 years old It is actively developing, and from 11-14 years old The role of knowledge of the surrounding world is coming to the fore.

Thinking in children is developing in several stages.

  • 1,5-2 years develops visual-effective thinking. The child absorbs information through tactivity. Variable actions allow you to better know the surrounding items and peace.

  • In 3-4 years, it develops visual-shaped thinking. Its formation occurs intensively. Children’s mind at this time thinks and operates with images.

  • In 5-7 years, verbal-logical thinking is developing. When it is assisted, an analysis of events occurring in the surrounding world.

  • Creative thinking is present in consciousness in all children. The main thing is that adults contribute to its development.

In addition, it is necessary to remember that mental operations are constantly taking place in the child’s mind. List them.

  • About 2 years old, children begin to consider and compare items. Gradually, from comparing simple items and sounds, consciousness passes to comparing more complex positions, such as taste, smell, properties of materials, and so on.

  • By 6-7 years, the generalization of all events and items that surround the child are severely developed. That is why children actively improve speech skills.

  • The ability to analyze in thinking allows you to divide events and objects into separate parts for their further study and memorization.

  • With the help of the synthesis, the information is associated. So the child quickly learns to write and read.

  • When identifying similarities and differences of surrounding items and events, their classification occurs. Therefore, the child can distinguish toys in color and composition.


Specialists with the help of various methods were able to allocate some directions in thinking, which are characteristic of personality. Consider them in order.

Mathematical thinking abstract and theoretically. In this case, there are no material in the objects, but they are interpreted based on the decision.

Mathematical thinking from ordinary in that in this case there is a skill to critically perceive the environment. At the same time, a person is trying to get to the right information and realize the essence of various manifestations. The value of this thinking is that a person can:

  • decompose the problem to the items, thereby faster finding the answer+

  • understand that all tasks have an answer+

  • Realize and accept the problem, then not “omit the hands”, and find a solution.

An individual who knows how to think in a mathematical method, gradually gets used to keeping a large number of information in the brain and to its use in need. In addition, such an individual may have the skills of the “sober” evaluation of information, and this factor helps him to distinguish this information from false.

Mathematical thinking contributes to the adoption of the right decision relating to life aspects, and also warns from postponement in a long box.

Consider the types of mathematical thinking.

  • In 2-3 years, topological thinking is developing, which is directly related to the community of logical operations.

  • For topological thinking, there is a sequence thinking, which helps to combine all actions in a single whole. Therefore, the order of the initial to the final.

  • Following the metric thinking, which controls the quantitative components and operates with numbers.

  • Designers or those who like to combine information, characteristic of algebraic thinking.

  • Nonstandard in the commission makes projective thinking. And also such thinking gives man an extraordinary intelligence.

Tactical thinking makes it possible to rapid and prompt flow processes. Such actions are aimed at a quick and rational solution to any problems. In this direction there are basic forms:

  1. effectiveness – it is associated with human practical activity+

  2. When a person goes to the goal, and in his way there are unforeseen circumstances, the improvisation helps to bypass them+

  3. The efficiency of thinking is characterized by speed and clarity+

  4. It is necessary to know that any assumption may not be very accurate, so in this case the probability is applied.

Entrepreneurial thinking is based on practice. Businessman is distinguished by getting pleasure from his work. The basis of such thinking is the correct setting of goals.

For the union between facts and connections, structural thinking. Man loves order and always decides his thoughts to understand the problem, thereby decides her “on the shelves”.

Technical thinking contributes to the accumulation of technological experience and knowledge in this area. In addition, with the help of such thinking, labor education and understanding of labor activity occurs, as well as a person, in this case, seeks a creative approach and rationalization in production.

Engineering thinking provides for creative activities that combines a systematic technical approach. At the same time, standard and non-standard approaches to carrying out activities are used, thereby developing professional competence.

How to determine the low level of thinking?

Indicators of the weak level of thinking are expressed in weakly developed logic. And the person has problems expressing their thoughts both in writing and orally. Usually such individuals spend a large amount of time to solve this or that task.

Know: The higher the level of thinking, the smartest personality.

Cognitive psychology represents the thinking of a person in the form of certain directions going on with each other. Each of them occur processes. Directions differ from each other factors associated with mental processes and with the degree of depth of these processes.

These directions can be successfully tested using special techniques. The high result after summing up testing will talk about the high intelligence of the subject. However, it may be the opposite: a low level of thinking is also determined by testing.

Consider techniques that help determine the level of high or low thinking:

  • using the detection of unnecessary or component+

  • With memorization+

  • With the organization of the further logical construction set previously+

  • With the help of revealing the foundation+

  • With the help of decisions of graphic tasks, as well as rebs and monograms.

Development methods

There are the most acceptable ways to relatively quickly develop thinking. Consider them.

  • The rapid development of thinking contributes to reading. Thanks to reading in our brain, analysis and understanding of the information offered to consideration occur. No matter what literature you prefer. The main thing is that the process is interesting to you and capture you completely.

  • Try to change the places of your location. Start going to work with different routes. And do it consciously (for example, consider the surrounding items). If possible, travel more. This technique is most effective, as it will require your big effort from your brain. In an unfamiliar place you will have to think a lot to take advantage of the most comfortable accommodation options. Such efforts lead to the development of the brain and, consequently, to the development of thinking.

  • Diverse your habits. There are different ways. For example, make yourself remove the letters as not familiar with the right hand, but left (and on the contrary, if you are left-hand). If possible, let yourself change the usual schedule of life. Instead of passive rest, go to the zoo or in the movie.

  • Develop your memory. Following the improvement of the memory, you will gradually begin to figure it out better, which means that a rapid increase in the level of your thinking will occur.

  • In recommendation to improve thinking, you can safely include drawing. This method of productive increase in intelligence can be offered both adults and children.

  • In the means of increasing the intellect includes communication with other people. Thanks to friendly conversations, you can learn a lot of interesting and useful information.

  • Playing chess or learning to play musical instruments will also help solve the task.

  • Get out of the comfort zone more often. Do not look for easy ways, and try to complicate the task in order to get the greatest benefit.

  • If you yourself are unable to solve the problem with raising the level of thinking, please contact specialists. Visiting various trainings will facilitate the task at times.

There are other techniques. For example, TRIZ system (The theory of solutions of inventive tasks). It includes certain methods, laws and algorithms, with which you can find a rather non-standard solution when you exit the problem.

Invented such a miraculous method engineer and writer Heinrich Saulovich Altshulller.

With its constant application, thinking both in children and in adults, indeed, becomes strong.

And also after some observations, teachers found out that the use of tri-pedagogy helps to quickly develop a children’s mind and make it flexible. Students receive motivation to master new knowledge and skills. For example, a “brainstorm” used in TRIZ produces the ability to system-logical thinking.

Tasks for different types

Consider some tasks for the development of thinking.


This area includes methods and processes that are peculiar to the solution of any questions. It is here that the visual representation of the problem is expected, the use of components of it. For the development of the thinking under consideration, you can use a complex of methods that are suitable for both adults and children.

  • Here is an exercise: Describe the words “happiness” or “wealth” using only two nouns and one adverb. Every time for a variety, pick up new words.

  • From day to day, try to analyze this or that event. For example, remember who you had to talk for the day. Be sure to describe in your consciousness of human clothes (hairstyle), with whom you spoke. Remember other details, and what was discussed. Child also ask leaders about the past day to develop his mind.

  • Do not stop your mental activity for a minute. For example, when you go down the street, consider the number of windows in a multi-storey house that you met on the way. Try also to calculate how many apartments can be located in it. Compare your result with the right. These exercises can also be connected to children by asking them questions in a game form.

  • When there is any natural phenomenon (zipper, rain) on the street), then try to remember it, and after a while to play in memory. And you can also in memory to describe the kitchen of your acquaintances, office space and much more.

  • If you were at a meeting where there were a lot of people, then try to describe each of them in memory before bedtime, as well as remember about the topics of conversations.


Representation of objects and the description of them is impossible without verbally logical thinking. So, verbal-logical or verbal-logical thinking is needed when using speech structures and logical chains. Therefore, it must be developed using the exercises below.

  • Come up with one phrase and pronounce it with different intonations. When you completely master this technique, then imagine how the same phrase will sound, if your neighbor says, friend, other people.

  • Irrational fears are very bad. Therefore, they need to get rid of them first. So you can remove excess information from your consciousness and stop using useless monologues, which “pianic” in your thoughts.

  • Try to read fast. Do not miss the detailed information and analyze it. Hard? Yes, for this you need a certain training. Train and train your brain!

  • Clusterize. To do this, write your question and conclude it in a square. Then, enter the associative sensations that are related to the question. Connect squares lines. So you learn to collect thoughts in one whole.

  • Games of such a plan are suitable for children and adults. For example, sit in the circle and read in turn of patter. It is necessary to start with the easiest, and then gradually go to complex tasks. Can use and puzzle.

  • For younger schoolchildren, such a technique will fit. Sit in the room. Your kids should look at the subjects and call them an unusual way. For example, the table can be called a chair, and the carpet is furnished and so on. Will be funny and interesting.

  • Imagine that aliens flew to you, and you explain to them simple earth things. Talk about food or about your dream. So play children really like.

Vividly effective

It is called manual intelligence, and this kind of thinking has been formed from one and a half years. For its development, you can use some children’s entertainment.

  • Cutting various forms from paper is always relevant among teachers.

  • You can use smart stickers to collect a one-piece picture. Such interesting lessons will complement didactic exercises for the workout.

  • Designers, where there are plastic, wooden or cloth elements, will ensure the development of visual-effective thinking in both adults and children.

For example, you can cut off the paper plane and collect it together with the child, or make with glue and matches (sticks of the same length) house, tower.

Remember that all tasks to children need to be given in the order of increasing complexity.


This type of thinking can be developed using reading. However, there are other methods that can help.

  • Board games (sea battle, chess, checkers) or computer use for the development of logic.

  • Finding logical chains will be an interesting occupation for you and your child. You need to play like this: Choose two words – “Glass Bank” and “Water”. Look for chains: water is poured into a jar, an empty bank, if it is close to the lid, does not drown in water, water and bank transparent.

  • Choose objects involuntarily and try to connect them in meaning, making up proposals. For example, combine the words “Forest”, “Mushrooms”, “Animals” in one whole, making sentences: “Animals live in the forest. Mushrooms grow in the forest. People walk to the forest for mushrooms and often take animals with them (dog) “.


This thinking needs absolutely all people. Without a creative approach, a person will not be able to fully work. Therefore, it must be developed.

For example, it can be developed with the help of associations. To do this, select 4-5 words at an involuntary order: Dog, courtyard, flowers, mirror, track. Dog, flowers, tracks can be in the courtyard, but the mirror will be superfluous in this list.

In addition, there are other methods that will allow you to quickly develop creative thinking.

  • Ask yourself questions that will always find the truth. List them: “For what I do this? Why not you do this? Why not? And what will happen if ..?»Be sure to answer these questions, and then you will never be mistaken.

  • To find new ideas use mental cards. To do this, you will need to take a blank sheet and color pencils. In the heart of the picture in the form of drawing. Circle it in a circle. Around image shutdown, all your thoughts and emotions that are visited at the sight of the drawing. Connect among them the most significant. Then connect nonsense. Look again at the picture. Remove unnecessary and you will see new opportunities.

How to develop thinking, look in video.

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