After reading the article, you can find out all the basic information about the Crank Profession profession and on training. We also tell about the features of the driver of the car crane, bridge and tower, caterpillar and other crane according to ETKS. Salary characterized and other nuances of such activities.
The craneman is a profession that is much less on the hearing, rather than a welder or architect, a seller or police officer. Yes, and the weapon of his activity draws attention more often than the expert himself. However, without such people there will be any major construction, transport activities, many industrial facilities will be impossible.
Despite the pronounced internal division, all such professionals specialize not only in managing the lifting equipment – what they, by the way, are useful to society in the first place. They are also engaged in the maintenance of entrusted property.
Of course, in the case of serious breakdowns, you will have to contact other professionals. However, maintaining equipment in a working condition in everyday mode – the scope of responsibility of the craneers themselves. It is curious to emphasize that this profession is officially divided into several private directions. So, operators work on large tower cranes, and if we are talking about a specialist in managing the moving lifting technique, then they speak of car cranes. The latter cannot be considered in pure form drivers: although they possess the Shofi qualifications and obey the general use of universal traffic rules, you need to know and be able to know many other things.
Work on the crane consists of the same type of procedures. Busy in this area perform standardized tasks for a clear sample. The deviation from the established standards is not categorically allowed, unless this is not related to emergency circumstances. It is necessary to work outdoors, and even when there is a temperature fluctuations in the cabin, humidity will affect the crane. From the point of view of classifiers, this is a typical working profession – it only requires a great qualification and skill.
The lifting mechanisms and specialists in the management of them are known for a long time. To some extent, it will even be fair to say that the development of this area has been reflected in the development of this area and reflects the dynamics of the entire civilization. But the crane with a mechanical drive appeared only in 1827. The wide use of such equipment falls on the twentieth century.
Therefore, the craners with a complete base can speak both about antiquity and about the modernity of their profession.
Duties to discharge
For this category, the current ETKS provides readiness:
- Drive cranes, bridge and gateway+
- Move loads weighing up to 3000 kg+
- Perform simple overload works with simple hard and bulk cargoes+
- Manage monorail trolleys and crane+
- participate in the repair of the selected crane+
- Check the quality fixation of cables and adjusting the brakes.
At this level, it is also required to manage bridge and lifting cranes with a lifting capacity of up to 15,000 kg. Also qualifications of a specialist allows you to work with the tower, portal-boors, gantry cranes (when equipped with any existing shipping device). If we are talking about the works of medium difficulty, then the craneman of the 3rd discharge cannot raise more than 10,000 kg for 1 reception. He needs to be prepared for the installation of industrial equipment and its individual parts on the machines.
Additionally, you will need skills:
- move scaffold+
- Driving electric talims+
- work with mobile cranes+
- work with rack stackers.
With this level of qualifications, the craneman should know the rules of the road. Additionally, you have to study:
- The device of the crane itself and its individual machines+
- Procedure of prophylactic repairs+
- Main manifestations of faults and ways to eliminate them+
- Requirements for the quality of work and building structures+
- Features of the device Sling and grippers, other removable accessories, requirements for them and their use+
- Crane work order+
- plumbing in minimal volume+
- Emergency Procedure.
Mandatory skills will be:
- Autocan Management with a lifting capacity of up to 6300 kg with operations with loads by team+
- Inspection of external mounts and adjustment of cable mechanisms+
- Determination of readiness and suitability for work (service) of individual parts+
- Reading workers drawings+
- Maintaining road journals and travel sheets.
Moreover, you need:
- Move the tower and gantry cranes up to 25,000 kg of goods of simple types+
- Move loads of medium difficulty on stationary lifts (up to 3 m)+
- Move the bridge or sluent crane design and part 3-6 m long+
- Concentrate ship sections+
- move the scaffold+
- Use tracked and pneumatic wheels with cranes with an lifting capacity of up to 10,000 kg (but not at construction and installation work)+
- Take into account stored values+
- Manipulate rack stackers with a lifting capacity of more than 1000 kg+
- enjoy automatically manageable stackers+
- Driving cranes remotely using standard radio equipment.
At this level, knowledge will be required:
- Specific destination, methods of action and internal device nodes+
- Features of safety devices+
- Planning and warning schemes+
- Mastery (5 category)+
- Instructions manufacturers of cranes+
- common nuances of labor protection+
- Environmental protection standards+
- Cost of consumption of fuel and lubricants and raw materials with certain works.
Such a specialist should be ready to control the truck crane load capacity to 10,000 kg inclusive. He personally examines all the attachments and is responsible for them. If necessary, serves and produces operational repair of autocrants at the lock level of 5 discharge. Like other experts obey the standards of the organization’s internal regulations. Assigning a similar discharge is allowed only after two-year work in a lowest level.
Additionally, he must:
- Use cranes of sliding and bridge types with a lifting capacity from 10,000 to 100,000 kg+
- Use fixed tower cranes and gantry type systems with a lifting capacity of 5000-25000 kg+
- raise goods requiring increased caution+
- load blanks in the furnace and unload them+
- Assist in carrying out construction and installation work+
- Operate tracked and pneumatic wheels, as well as railway cranes.
Professandard this discharge suggests that it will have to work with the devices with a lifting capacity of more than 100,000 kg. Often you have to move loads longer than 6 m, including those requiring increased accuracy. The usual case is the installation of technological apparatus in industry, a strife and sectional assembly. In some cases, the 6th categories are attracted to the spill of the metal on steel enterprises.
Finally, it is worth mentioning and working with a caterpillar, wheel and self-propelled technique used in construction and on the railway – such machines can raise more than 25,000 kg, perform any overload manipulations, except for construction.
In the official instruction of the autocrantee, accurate knowledge of the rules for working with the truck crane, including in the security zones of water bodies, power grids, heating networks. It should be ready to independently fill the lifting technique and prepare it for work after receiving.
This level of qualification implies Exact knowledge of the order of repair and maintenance of the main parts of the equipment, the procedure for testing and acceptance. Professional 7 category is able to independently repair devices with maintenance work on his profile.
Additionally, it will have to learn and master the principles of working with instrumentation, with alarm, the procedures for conducting working documentation, fire safety requirements.
The highest level of qualification implies:
- skillful use of funds, which increase car lifting and allow you to work more quickly+
- Ready to work on industrial construction, on the construction of metro facilities and energy, when parsing the dawns+
- Ability to check the effect of electric motor and clutch, hydraulic and pneumatic components+
- Monthly technological service stationary or automotive crane in accordance with regulatory requirements+
- Maintain security When moving and performing direct work, when preparations for them.
Only those who have achieved the crane can be machinists. It is worth noting that from 2021 such a position is allowed to occupy and women. But the level of other requirements for them is not softer. All candidates will have to get a diploma of secondary training in the relevant specialty. Be sure to take place medical examination and regularly repeat such a survey.
To manage the truck crane, you will need to receive driver’s license. The category is determined by the type of lifting device, and the requirements for it may change. Also requirements for any crane drivers are:
- Lack of visual, vascular, nervous, respiratory and endocrine problems+
- High quality of the reference and motor vehicle+
- Cancelled coordination of movements+
- Excellent Eyemer with Any Situation+
- High level of attention and concentration+
- Emotional stability+
- The ability to find a common language with solingers.
The demand for the specialty of the crane officer is undoubted. Therefore, many training organizations are engaged in the preparation of such professionals. Submit documents to any secondary special educational institution where there is a corresponding profile. Most attractive, according to experts:
- Road construction technical school Chelyabinsk+
- Industrial and Economic College of Yekaterinburg+
- Road College Petersburg+
- Omsk Technical School of Construction and Forestry+
- Road construction technical school Khabarovsk+
- Krasnoyarsk Transport and Service Technical School+
- Tula Technological College.
Place of work
Graduates of educational institutions were prepared not on the “crane in general”, but on a specific type or even specific models of cars. Very wide area of application of the automotive (self-propelled) lifting mechanism. He needs:
- For private house-building+
- In the utility operations of large house-building+
- In housing and housing+
- in agriculture.
Therefore, autocranteers are invariably in demand by experts. They are also caused to form foundations and laying roofing structures. If the technique, which is trained by a specialist, has increased permeability, then the scope of its skills is additionally expanding.
Bridge or electric crane operators are involved in assembly and repair work on various objects. They can work in the conditions of a closed workshop, and in open areas + it is often necessary to sort the metal using electromagnets.
A large role in construction and other areas belongs to tower cranes. According to some data, their share in the general park ranges from 17 to 20%. Such machines are in demand in industrial and civil engineering, in the construction of hydraulic objects. Part of the devices adapted initially for high-rise construction. Each such model costs huge money and is thought out very carefully.
Tower modifications are divided into self-propelled, semi-motory and noncommose types. The choice between them is determined by engineers and designers. Separate craneers work on tracked technique. It is represented by classic boom versions and excavators with an additive lifting base. Often these devices are attracted to work at the facilities of energy engineering and on assembly-consolidation sites.
In addition to truck cranes and stationary versions, regularly use manipulators. They are suitable for cargo transportation in suspended state. Of course, the magnitude and mass will be less than with a one-time rise.
No less important is the fact that transportation places very strict requirements for the skill of performers and their responsibility. The manipulators of heavy models are not common in our country, and few specialists are claimed.
Gantry equipment operators are attracted if large warehouses need to be maintained, requiring significant cargo. A spit can vary most often from 4 to 40 m. But on separate objects, the arrows will additionally increase. Also distinguish operators:
- Portal (grab, hook, assembly) cranes+
- ship lifting equipment mounted on floating+
- Separate Floating (vessel of self-propelled or barbell type, the main function of which is just a rise and movement of goods)+
- Cranes for metallurgical production capable of working in the rigid environment of the external environment.
Additionally, in metallurgy has its own division:
- On foundry+
- intended for “undressing” of the Marten+
- Bald and some other types of crane equipment.
The resulting salary is affected by the discharge and accumulated experience. Conditions of labor are also taken into account. The average salary in large companies in large cities is 70,000-100,000 rubles. Outside of regional centers, the main part of craners receives in Russia from 30,000 to 60,000 rubles. The greatest income is observed in those who agree to work in the extreme north and in the areas equal to it.
It is curious that in Moscow payment is not at all max. In reality in the Russian capital, the average rate is 45 thousand rubles. Considering the consumer prices characteristic of this city, it turns out a completely impressive amount. If you go to Ugra, you can increase the average salary up to 86,000 rubles. A little less will be the income of the operators of lifts on Sakhalin.
Petersburg craneers usually count on salary up to 37,000 rubles. In other regions, the situation is as follows:
- Magadan region – 49000+
- Tyumen region – 40000+
- Kazan – 35000 (as much in Izhevsk, Ufa)+
- 32000 – in Nizhny Novgorod companies+
- 30000 – in Krasnodar.