The criminal psychologist is a fascinating and demanded profession in our country, which has an impact of two industries: psychology and law. In general, these people in their work make an emphasis on the application of psychology theories in the criminal law system. The use of many legal concepts requires a specialist and understanding the main psychological principles.
The criminal psychologist provides relevant examination of the legal system. His understanding and explanation of some aspects of psychological health can help when investigating complex cases. Representatives of the profession can act as expert witnesses to clarify the jury of a complex psychological concept, providing consulting services for the state of the psyche of the criminal.
Features of activities forced a representative of the profession to investigate together with the investigator. He is also engaged in collecting evidence. His skills and experience allow us to reveal the motives of the perfect offense. Specialist can confirm or refute the version of the investigator.
A sharp mind and intelligence help psychologist-criminalist analyze the actions of the criminal and thinking out its future actions.
Personal qualities of a psychologist-criminalist are important as in any other profession. It is desirable that they smoothly move into professional skills. A dreamy, impressionable man with a weak psyche is not suitable for such work. This is primarily a good and inquisitive scientist. Most of his time takes place on the exit to the place of the crime and in the laboratory. There are attendance at the locations of accidents, murders and other offenses.
Regardless of the floor, The psychologist-criminalist should remain cold-blooded. It is always smart, read, volitional employee. It must concentrate on the task set, have an instant reaction and excellent memory. The preliminary version is always built on the analysis of the evidence. The psychologist-criminalist helps speed up the capture of the offender and subsequently prove his guilt.
The responsibilities of the psychologist-criminalist are as follows:
- Conducting a detailed study of the reasons, the motives of the perfect crime+
- Evaluation of the personality of the criminal+
- Identify the possibility of repeated offense+
- Assessment of actions that may follow after committing an unlawful act+
- Drawing up a portrait of a man who committed a crime+
- Creating a strategy for finding a disciplier+
- Recommendations for future interrogation+
- Search for traces left at the crime scene+
- Recreation of events that led to an offense+
- Expert analysis.
In the framework of entrusted duties, each employee for his position is responsible for its work and the conclusions made. Often, freedom of man often depends on the conclusions made by a criminal psychologist. Even the slightest leak of information is invalid because it can completely change the course.
Knowledge and skills
To occupy the described position, a person needs to have the necessary set of knowledge and skills. If we talk about the experts held by the psychologists-criminologists, then their several. Studying traces left at the place of the crime perfect Tsusology.
If you need to conduct an examination of the handwriting, then it is used graphology. Speech and sounds are designed to study Phonoscopy. If at the time of the crime, firearms were used, it is necessary ballistics. About fingerprints the necessary information gives Dactyloscopy. If there is skin, saliva or blood, then the place of DNA dactyloskopia.
In addition, you need to be well acquainted with the sphere of jurisprudence.
Know the laws, including criminal and procedural codes, constitution. In addition to the specified, the psychologist-criminalist should be able to work in the team. Such people are always distinguished by accuracy and increased attentiveness to trifles and people. They are active, often show the initiative, are able to store a large amount of information for a long time. It is desirable that the psychologist-criminalist is erudite, Since it helps him in work.
It is important to constantly master new computer and other technical means.
Education in the specialty psychologist-criminalist can be obtained in Russia. Items need to be handed over if possible on perfectly, then there is a chance to study on a budget basis. The specialty is called “Judicial Examination”. You can act as in ordinary universities and in specialized institutions from the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Ministry of Internal Affairs. The Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Volgograd), the University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Moscow, St. Petersburg) are especially popular. There are other institutions throughout the country.
Each educational institution imposes their exams for exams and training. Most often, when admission has to take history, Russian, physical education and social studies. There are universities where it may be necessary to get scores on computer science and mathematics. It is advisable to have a bachelor’s degree in psychology.
The advantage of the profession under consideration is that the employee has the opportunity to move through the career ladder. The more experience, the higher the salary of the person presented profession. If you take an average of the country, then a criminal psychologist can receive about 20 thousand rubles.
The maximum wage level is recorded in Moscow and is 100 thousand rubles.
In any profession there are its pros and cons. If we talk about disadvantages, then an abnormal schedule comes to the fore. The psychologist-criminalist can be at work around the clock, it is caused at any time of the day and night. An unpleasant moment is and The need to work with victims of crime. Such stress is not every able to survive, the presence at the site of the murder often has a strong influence on the psyche of man, which is why irremology is so important.
There is a description of the profession and advantages, among which Privileges, full social package, benefits. These people can also qualify for a good pension and premiums. You can make a specialty in the power structure. For example, in the prosecutor’s office, the investigative committee or the Ministry of Internal Affairs. There are private expert laboratories where employees need.
If there is no experience or it is minimal, then first really count on the post of laboratory assistant.