Attentive people have more chances for a successful life. The question arises: “Why?”Because a non-dusty man passes a lot. Often he does not notice very important and necessary trifles, of which our life is sometimes. There is nothing surprising. Whoever belongs to their surrounding, he always knows more and knows how. And this means that such a person is not confused in a difficult situation and will be able to get out of it worthy.
Why it is necessary?
The word “attentive” comes from the word “attentiveness”. The last form of the word as a whole means selective perception to a particular object to any information. Becoming attentive is to slow down your activities and start slowly perceive information. This term is opposed to the words hasty or multitasking. If a person carefully examines what kind of problem, he becomes slow, since his consciousness is concentrated only on this problem.
To become a collected person who can express focus when working or can manifest itself in training activities, you need to develop your attentiveness.
In addition, this factor will help:
- don’t be distracted+
- pay attention to the best option if you need to do any choice+
- Examine as much information as possible+
- Take advantage of the necessary information when it must be reproduced in memory+
- Save calm if the stress situation comes+
- stop upset because of something unnecessary and superfluous+
- hear or see what others will not hear and will not see+
- become patient+
- learn to pay attention to the surrounding people+
- will learn to communicate in the right way with people+
- Feel your significance+
- become needed and happy.
Take a note: a careful person, as a rule, knows more than others. He is a thinking person, since his mental activity is constantly analyzing this or that information. Therefore, people always appeal to such a person and get it. This means that this personality feels its independence and significance.
Stages of dynamics of attentiveness
In psychology it is assumed that all the processes occurring in the mind of a person have a low and high significance. Attention also has its own levels. The lowest level is involuntary attention (immediate), and the highest level is an arbitrary concentration. Soviet psychologist L. WITH. Vygotsky believed that the development of concentration is directly related and with the development of behavioral activities. Attention develops according to such a scheme: from direct to more serious, i.e. there is transitional activities from involuntary attention to arbitrary.
At the same time, attention is evolving in different directions of unequal. It all depends on the selected activity (study, professional skills and t. D.). From the same statement we can conclude: attention can be developed naturally.
Man should also educate his attention consciously. To do this, he can introduce such activities in his life that will help him improve and develop its intellectual level.
There is a direct and imposed attention. These two factors have both common features and separate. In this question, everything is explained simply. Natural attention develops as a human brain development. There is a gradual accumulation of experience, knowledge and skills. This type of intellectual activity is a very long process, so it is considered the most sustainable. When attention develops an unnatural (accelerated) manner, this process is less stable, since it is necessary to consolidate the knowledge gained. Expedited development activities are carried out using various exercises.
For the process of imposed development of intelligence, a person needs less time. However, all exercises and special classes must necessarily be supported by life experience. When these two factors start working together, then the implementation of attention will be a successful occupation. It should be noted that the process of development of attention, including a small child, it would be impossible to carry out without speech skills, without imitating the behavior of other people and without good mental abilities.
Note: Experts began to study the development process relatively recently. Previously, many scientists were confident that children should not develop. And only in the 20th century, the first developments for the development of attention in children and adults were obtained. A great contribution to the development of the above process made a well-known psychologist l. Vygotsky, who, after developing a strategy for the development of a general theory of human cognitive processes, began to study the above problem.
It became clear that the process of developing arbitrary attention in children begins to go well only when the child begins to engage in cognitive and educational activities. Especially good, such a process is developing when the child goes to school and proceeds to classes in different subjects.
It was at school age that the children are formed and the ability to control their activities.
By 10 years, the process of concentration cause emotional-neutral stimuli, and it acquires a better character. And in 12-14 years old in children begins the transitional period (restructuring of the body), which reduces the characteristics of attentiveness. Due to the transition period, a child comes fast fatigue in the implementation of intellectual activity. All this is due to the reduction of cortical control. By the end of the teenage age, everything is allocated. L. WITH. Vygotsky determined the time when certain stages of attention correction occur:
- The 1st stage is to control the child’s consciousness by adults+
- The 2nd stage is the formation of a child as a subject, now he can pay adult attention to his needs+
- The 3rd stage implies ways to manage their consciousness and behavior that the child took over with adults+
- The 4th stage implies the management of the child with its own attention.
When a person takes control of all internal means that allow you to manage attention, then the growing.
How to improve attention?
It is known that a person is characterized by two main types of attention – this is involuntary and arbitrary attention. If the deposit of the first type of attention is given from birth, then we need to develop hard. Consider this question in detail.
His increase is directly related to the realization that a person must learn and work. To do this, he needs to include a certain kind of his mental activity. For example, When younger schoolchildren become members of the team, they always try to achieve success and stand out in front of their comrades. Such actions are aimed at rapid development of care. Need to take into account that random attention is conscious. In this case, all educational methods are directed only to its development and development of intelligence.
It is very important that the child is aware of this process and understood that the doctrine is the work required for the development of any personality. Therefore, he needs to give the opportunity to a child to understand the final goal of his learning so that he can personally submit the future results of his own labor.
So, the child when learning should have some interest, and so that he does not disappear, he needs to be aware of the benefits of the final result. For example, a student must understand that his successful schooling will contribute to the prestigious university, after which he can get a high-paying job.
Remember: to work out arbitrary attention, adults (teachers and parents) must act systematically and consistently. Education based only on attracting involuntary attention will not give the necessary positive effect. Also not give the necessary effect and the process of education, which is designed only to attract random attention. In this case, the child just get bored to learn.
That is why training and educational processes should be built on the development of both types of attention.
Education of involuntary attention is based on the ability to focus on various information, compare facts and t. D. From early childhood, parents must acquaint their families with the outside world, namely, to learn to respond to the variability of objects and phenomena that occur around. Then the learning process will become attractive. The child will show emotions, and involuntary attention will begin to develop rapidly.
Therefore, training programs must be bright and visual. For example, to show the beauty of nature, the teacher must attract for this picture, which were created by generally accepted artists. For displays of natural phenomena, you can use various interesting experiences and practical work.
And remember that it is in the younger age of visual learning has a special and important meaning. However, it is precisely this type of training requires compliance with a number of conditions. For example, you must first put a specific task and solve it, and only then make some comparisons and detect other ways to solve the same task. Gradually, children will learn to notice that information that requires care. It is in the same way that they will be able to determine the essential and main elements that are contained in the problem.
For example, the material proposed for study should be very bright in its form and rich in content. So he can cause interest and awaken mental activities. Only then students think about solving the problem. A large role in the development of intelligence plays a common cultural level, since it is he who contributes to the development of involuntary attention.
Effective exercises and techniques
To increase intelligence, you need to properly increase awareness. For this requires practice. Consciousness goes hand in hand with care. When these two factors are adjusted properly, mental abilities will improve. If you can train awareness, you can easily focus your attentiveness on something important and necessary for you. In addition, you can increase your memory and work out habits that will allow you to act despite the difficulty of the situation. Remember that practicing methods that increase the awareness can contribute to working out attentiveness.
There are various technicians who well contribute to the development of both directions. Rebuses allow to focus interest and thereby develop all kinds of mental activities. So that children are not tired, and their interest in learning did not disappear, it is necessary to organize the physical attack during the lesson. A small charging will give such an effect that will be comparable to the intellectual exercise. Exercise “Fly” requires a boards with a drawn field (3×3) on the principle of ninetylets. You also need to purchase a piece of plasticine (it will perform in the role of flies). Teacher submits commands: right or left, down or up. All students carefully monitor the movement of the object and try to prevent it out from the game field. If the “fly” goes beyond the field, it returns to the center of the board, and the game starts again.
Consider other effective techniques. The method of concentration on their breathing will help not only relax, but adjust the level of concentration on something. To perform this method, you need to sit in a chair and follow your breath. As soon as you get used to perform this action, your mind involuntarily starts distracted by extraneous actions. For example, you suddenly remember about lunch or missing dishes. If there is a distraction from the main thought, you will need to return to its original position and continue to keep track of breathing.
Increase the potential of group attentiveness will help the following exercise. To fulfill it, all participants are in a circle. In the middle there is looking. The lead gives the team: “Morning early!”, After which players start involuntarily moving hands and legs. Suddenly the presenter says: “To measure everything!”(It is desirable that the voice is in short). That player who did not hear and did not fulfill the team, “catches” looking. The loser becomes looking, and the former looking becomes in a common circle. The game helps to work out attentiveness and observation.
How often do training?
Raise your level of attention should every conscious person. Children in this process should help adults. Let this occupation become one of the most important areas in development. So train your attention always and everywhere. For example, you go with a child on the way to the store or in the park. Ask your child to pay attention to the surrounding items: trees, borders, fences, buildings. Let your child learn to memorize each trifle: color, composition, quantity, material quality. For example, you saw a concrete fence of green or you went past the store whose walls were absolutely transparent.
Ask the child guide questions: “The fence was transparent?”Or” what did you see for the transparent walls of the store?”And T. D. Such questions will give impetus, and mental activity will work in full force. Remember: Special exercises increase very well attentive care, but when it is produced directly, the effect is only enhanced. Note that during sleep, the human brain always enshrines the information he has previously received.
Therefore, careful care needs to be practiced even before bedtime. Play with the child in such a game. Let him close his eyes, and during this time you hide any thing. After the child opens his eyes, he will have to determine the missing thing.
In the next video you will find an interesting exercise for the development of attention when working with information.