Parkinson’s laws: summary

Parkinson's laws: summary

As you know, ignorance of laws does not exempt from responsibility, but their study helps to make life easier, protects the business from unlawful interventions from the outside, protects the family from unnecessary problems, helps to save funds.

And we are talking not only about those laws that are registered in the constitution of a state or other states, or the laws of physics, which, when used by their use, can also come in handy in the economy. Today we will talk about the laws of Parkinson.

History

To start, let’s get acquainted with their author. Syril Northcot Parkinson was born at the beginning of the last century in the English family. His parents were creative people: Mother gave music lessons, his father was a painter. And their son in his youth carried away the history. He graduated from Cambridge College, first received a master’s degree, and then doctors of philosophy. No wonder that Syril Parkinson was a very observant man, he traveled a lot. With their observations shared with students at lectures both in native England and beyond.

Since 1950, for 8 years, he was a professor of the Malay University in Singapore. At the same time, he published his laws, gathering them into the book, which was called “Parkinson’s laws”. However, by this time, some of his countrymen had already managed to get acquainted with Parkinson. Initially, the heads of his future book went out in the British magazine “Economist”. And there they were published in a satirical column.

A little time passed, and everything became clear – it’s not ridiculous because it really works.

Basic laws

Humor in the laws of Parkinson was no longer more than completely serious judgments on the formation of bureaucratic apparatus, organizing a successful business, creating a successful family. It was also possible to learn the relevant information for each information, namely: how to save on electricity how to overpay by the state taxes. As a result, by the middle of the last century, Parkinson’s book became a real bestseller and still remains a desk book not only leaders of large companies, high-ranking officials, but also some housewives worldwide.

In fact, The findings of professors are universal for any sector of the economy and every social selection of the population. They can find reasoning about the growth of the number of managers and the answer to the question why the power to someone and money literally go into hand, while others can not succeed. To understand that the book of Englishman is work for all times, it is enough to familiarize yourself with her concise content. Among other things, the Supervisory Briton created even the law of retirement age. On the topic that has become relevant for Russians in 2018, a scientist from Britain said that any employee begins to lose a grip 3 years before reaching the retirement age, which would be. But let’s get acquainted with the observations of the laws, in order.

First

Syril Parkinson formulated her first law: The volume of any work will always increase to fill the time released on its execution. It sounds like this in a different way: Work anyway will take all the time on it allocated. For example, if a student knows that his courses should be ready for September, then in 99% of cases from 100 he will finish it at best on August 31. Although if desired, it could make it much faster. But in most cases, a person puts out that tomorrow what can be done today. The same applies to work.

Well, what kind of employee, knowing that his task should be done by a certain period, will hurry with its implementation, unless, of course, he is not promised for this a big bonus, or his last name is not Stakhanov. This is also applied to officials. But there the situation develops even more paradoxical. Their number is constantly growing, according to Parkinson observations, not less than 5% per year. And this is not because their work is added, simply in the bureaucratic apparatus with its execution not only pull until the last, but also try to shift her part to another.

In addition, the Briton came to the conclusion that almost all the power of immaneous or considering themselves such a certain way to expand their state subordinates. Agree, it is typical of not only officials from a foggy albion. Look at how our authorities apply.

Second

The second law of Parkinson speaks of our needs and opportunities. According to the observation of the Englishman, the first will never go separately from the second. I.e The more man earns, the more he spends. Expenses always grow with income increase. From here and the famous postulate that there is no money. And this applies not only to the personal budget of each, but also business planning. The same rule applies to the state treasury. The higher the standard of living of the population in a particular country, the higher there taxes.

Often they increase and due to the increasing needs of the authorities. And this, we will remind, it was noticed even more than half a century ago.

The third

The third law of Parkinson reminds us of the need to sometimes say “stop”. An Englishman, having studied the experience of various companies, the great ancient civilizations, finally came to the conclusion that all development leads to complication and, as a result, “bury” created earlier.

Need to understand that the limit of perfection, contrary to popular belief, still exists. Rose can not be more red than her talented breeder brought it. And the horse can not run faster than its capabilities, even if it controls the most magnificent rider. So and a person, creating something outstanding, sooner or later, should proceed to the creation of something new, and not engage in constant improvement of the fact that it does not make any complaints. In general, you should not speed the rug to holes.

The same applies to business. If your enterprise from a small coffee house has turned into a respectable restaurant, do not try to make a fashionable hotel from it. You and so from the beginning of the business of business worries increased. Remember how easy it was to manage a team of 10 people, and how it is not easy for you now.

And taxes are constantly increasing, the competitors of the pressure checking overcaps. You are not enough? Do not ruin yourself and your successful business.

Mrs. Parkinson

It is not surprising that in such an outstanding husband of his fatherland, and the whole world was and a very uncommon spouse. She also made his contribution to the system of human values ​​in Parkinson. Her female look, of course, was more directed towards home affairs. And what conclusion it came to: According to the law, which brought Mrs. Parkinson, The warmth, which appears thanks to one of the family members by immaculately maintaining the household, is constantly growing and overwhelms it. And share it it can exclusively with those who are more composed in this sense.

Other observations

In addition to the above “main” laws of Parkinson, it is also attributed to other less large-scale, inherently, but no less relevant for each person, Again, regardless of its social status, the level of income, religion, nationality, gender and age.

  • Axioma Delay. According to it there is no more reliable and cunning form of refusal than please wait for some kind of request or requirements. Do not want or can not do something, but say no, you just say that you will do it a little later. How many times your young man postponed a trip to the registry office? He knows exactly how the delay axiom works.
  • Law thousand. He states that any enterprise or company, the number of which reached 1000 people, no longer needs help. There is no need to invite a cleaning company or freelancers. Such an organization becomes self-sufficient, there is everything and everything that is necessary for doing business.
  • Phone law. He appeared long before the cellular bond and mobile tubes became not luxurious, but to means of communication. So, the law of the Parkinson’s phone says: any telephone conversation is all the more effective, the less time it is spent on it. Remember that, when for the hundredth time you will prove to your colleague that he is wrong, by phone. It may easier to sit down and discuss everything using visual examples as evidence, and not shouts in the handset?
  • Law of scientific research. According to this law, which initially seems to be directed to a narrow circle of citizens, successful scientific research is impossible without increasing funding, which, in turn, leads to the fact that the infinite continuation of the study of anything is impossible. Cash flow is inevitably runs out. But does it work only in scientific circles? See the third law Parkinson above.
  • Law of Information. It is not about a person or organization, but about the technique that, however, is gradually becoming part of society, but in some cases and families. If in the time of Parkinson cars gradually stuffed everything, now we all surround our cars with artificial intelligence. In some industries, they have already replaced a person. So, according to the law of information, an increase in its number occurs in order to fill the entire memory of the carrier. And the need to increase the memory of these carriers requires the creation of new.

And, as a result, the development of technology and the emergence of increasingly perfect media. Long ago you asked Alice living in your phone like her and your business?

Practical use

It should be remembered that the author of the above laws was confident that everything seen and the not-registered them is not as scary, sad and bad, as it seems initially. The purpose of its research, he considered not to show humanity in which “unbearable” conditions it exists, and to make thinking and become higher than these same laws.

It is no coincidence that Parkinson stated them in a humorous, humorous form. therefore smile and walk in life not according to the above rules, but strictly contrary to them.

For example, stop spending all that earned – enough for you some time ago and smaller sums. Keep your needs under control, even if your capabilities started to exceed them. Saved on this money let me on more rational needs.

Purchase real estate, for example, and when your children mature, you can immediately provide them with housing, and not to contact the bank for the loan, which, understandable, will lead to even more expenses.

In the meantime, give the “idle” apartment in Vince. Receive the funds to spend on the purchase of a house by the sea. Next time you do not have to spend money on hotel accommodation during holiday, and the best paradise to meet with grandchildren in old age can hardly be submitted.

Do not pull with debt and loans – the sooner you save yourself from this financial dependence, the faster your affairs will go uphill. Make the “snack”. Some believe that it should be at least 20 percent of all income received. If it seems to you that it is too much, start to postpone the smaller part of your earnings.

Financial “Airbag” will be thinner, the main thing is that it will. But to sleep with a pillow is always more convenient than without it.

This is everyone’s work – follow the advice of the English philosopher or not. He, by the way, after the retirement of 33 years he lived in a cozy town on one of the Norman Islands. Wrote books, drawing pictures and rode under the sail. Perhaps still worth follow his advice. And then, you are most likely waiting for financial well-being, happiness in family life and all other benefits that can only dream of, as a sensible and purposeful person.

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