Who is a repairman and what he does?

Who is a repairman and what he does?

All sorts of devices, large aggregates and small devices surround people in all without exception. The technique so firmly entered our lives, which stands to break her, the man immediately deprives him of comfortable comfort. In order for all devices to work smoothly, and need a repair specialist.

What is this profession?

Specialty The repairman is rooted in the distant past. She appeared at a time when humanity began to master the manufacture of complex mechanisms: for their service and was required. In former times, these masters were responsible for assembling devices, their commissioning, subsequent technical support, as well as repair, if necessary.

This specialty received its name from several words – the German “Schlosser) and the French” Replacement “(Remonte). It is no coincidence, because the first lasters did the repair of broken locks. The first mention of these masters is contained in Danish archives, it is dated 1463 g. In the history of Russia, the most famous mechanic repairman is considered to be left-handed from the work of Nikolai Leskov. He managed not to just repair the metal flea, but also to cut it.

As the technique developed, the functionality of these masters has expanded. Today, it is no longer limited to the repair of alone castle mechanisms. Nowadays, the profession was divided into many narrow directions, which directly depend on how the instruments work. So, in the ETKS, a specialist in repair of machine-building, chemical, as well as mining equipment, car mechanic, instrumental, locksmith NGO, plumber and even a widespread master master. You can highlight such a new direction as a assembler. This position in accordance with the tariff-qualifying reference book includes the categories of repairmen, but it is functionally different. The masters in this area are responsible for the assembly and adjustment of instruments and mechanisms for the subsequent achievement of equipment efficiency. Repair they are engaged in a much lesser extent.

In any case, regardless of the direction of specialization, Professandard and official duties of each master must certainly include several types of fitter work:

  • Assembly, commissioning, as well as repair and replace items, parts and nodes+

  • Flexible metal+

  • tread+

  • Cutting thread+

  • Jumping and other work.

In most cases, this specialist deals with steel and other types of metals. Although individual spheres suggest the use of plastics, wood and some other materials. In their work, they use predominantly simple tools, such as a screwdriver, hammer, saw, passatia and chisel. Technological machines and aggregates they are not used.

With the development of modern technologies, the position of the mechanic repairman became one of the most sought-after. Almost at each enterprise – both manufacturing and commercial – there is a department, whose employees are engaged in repair work of various types:

  • Current – When you need to quickly replace the faulty item+

  • Preventive – When the functionality and correctness of all production nodes and mechanisms and mechanisms are checked with a given regularity, if necessary, they are commissioned and subsequent reference to the working state+

  • Capital – When worn and broken systems are replaced to increase their efficiency and performance.

Thus, the main task of a locksmith repairman comes down to reveal all the breakdowns in a timely manner, correctly eliminate them, restore broken / worn items, adjust and put it with each other, as well as protect against corrosion processes. At the same time, the quality and speed of such actions is largely determined by the efficiency of the entire enterprise as a whole.

Pros and cons

Technical progress does not stand still, the mechanisms are constantly being improved. Therefore, the main advantage of masters of locksmith-repair is that they are always in demand in the service market. Certified Master for the repair of instruments with experience in any socio-economic conditions will be able to find. And if it has extensive experience and high qualifications, may claim a good salary.

Realities of the profession are such that the repairman in its activities has to apply a lot of various tools. It is no coincidence that representatives of this profession can be called a wide profile specialists, as they say, on all hands. The specifics of the activity develops in it the ability to understand in any mechanisms, devices and devices. This is a big plus, since such skills often become the source of additional earnings – the technique is available in every home and in any office, so experienced repairmen work in free from the main employment time.

The minuses of the specialty are associated with its non-normalized labor day. The technique fails by no clock, so locksmiths have to carry out repair work in the evening and night hours, weekends and festive days. And if the breakdown is large-scale and delays the production process, then the master is forced to work literally for days, completely forgetting about the break for lunch and night sleep.

The conditions in which the repairman works can not be attributed to comfortable. Professional activity implies an abundance of dirt in the right sense of the word.

This profession requires maximum attention, concentration and scrupulsiness. This is a monotonous work that is able to withstand not all. Agree, not everyone can, without experiencing internal irritation, it is repeatedly assembled and again disassemble the same device in an attempt to establish the cause of breakage. Only that person who is predisposed to monotonous work and understands it, is capable of this work. People impatient in this profession are unlikely to achieve notable success.

Duties

The full list of maintenance duties on repair depends on his qualifications and areas of professional activity. In the most general form, its labor functions include:

  • Carrying out repair work+

  • Build-disassembly, as well as adjustment of devices and industrial assemblies+

  • Installation and disassembly, adjustment and repair of nodes, units and other equipment, as well as their surrender after repair work+

  • Fixer processing of mechanisms+

  • Production of complex devices for installation and recovery+

  • Carrying out rigging works using lifting and transport units and specialized devices+

  • Timely detection and operational elimination of any exemptions of working mechanisms during their use, drawing up and submitting a defective statement+

  • Test of restored equipment under load, reconciliation of the accuracy of its operation.

Repair mechanic has the right:

  • give subordinate to him employees of the order within the circle of its official functions+

  • keep under the control of the fulfillment of tasks subordinate to him by employees+

  • Request documents and other materials related to the field of its work+

  • Implement cooperation with adjacent divisions of the company on any issues included in the list of professional duties+

  • participate in the development of project development projects in terms of the work of the department+

  • Offer the authorities for consideration any suggestions for optimizing work within its competences+

  • report to the head of the enterprise about any established violations in connection with the professional tasks performed.

In accordance with Russian legislation, the mechanic for repair is responsible, in some cases, even criminal. Reasons can be:

  • Failure or improper execution of orders and directions of the immediate boss+

  • Failure or improper performance of tasks delegated+

  • Using official authority for mercenary purposes+

  • Invalid data during the execution of delegated work+

  • Incontinacy of timely response measures in case of identifying violations of fire safety standards, safety and other norms that led to the threat of activities of the company and its employees.

Primary requirements

Personal qualities

The law does not regulate demographic restrictions on this position. However, as practice shows, for women such a profession is too heavy, therefore men are in the overwhelming majority of men. However, there are a number of medical contraindications. These include:

  • Pathology of the musculoskeletal system+

  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system and respiratory organs+

  • predisposition to allergic diseases+

  • Defects of Vision+

  • neuropsychiatric disorders.

Applicants to the position of locksmith-repairmen must have a certain set of personal characteristics:

  • Good eye+

  • Developed Small Motoric Hands+

  • Spatial thinking+

  • High Organizations+

  • attentiveness+

  • Streetness+

  • accuracy+

  • perseverance+

  • creativity+

  • responsibility.

Knowledge and skills

To professionally perform your work, the repairman must be good in:

  • Designs and devices serviced mechanisms, devices and other equipment+

  • Rules and regulation rules of instruments and nodes+

  • Technique of elimination of technical defects during the assembly, subsequent testing and restoration of equipment+

  • device, destination and operational features of kimov+

  • Building devices of universal and specialized types+

  • Variants of markup and methods of processing nodes and mechanical parts+

  • Principles of operation of the planting system and tolerances+

  • technical and chemical parameters of alloys, including acid-resistant+

  • Basic standards for the planned repair of production equipment+

  • TEKHSTANDARTS ADVISSING, ISPING, TEST, TEST, REGULATION, Restoration, units and other equipment+

  • Stages of the technological stroke of assembly, installation and restoration of production devices+

  • standards and rules for testing production devices for balancing+

  • Inspectoons of the geometry of constructions when conducting markup+

  • methods to identify the degree of wear of working parts of mechanisms+

  • Recovery technique of worn elements+

  • Protective Coating Methods.

In its activities, the repairman for repair must be guided:

  • existing regulatory acts of federal and municipal+

  • Methodological materials in all aspects of the obligations+

  • Internal regulations of the company+

  • orders of management of the enterprise.

The locksmith should also know the basic safety regulations, labor protection, instructions for protection against fires and industrial sanitation.

The repairman must confirm its qualifications. Evaluation of its activities is produced:

  • The head – constantly during the daily execution of the master of its official functions+

  • attestation commission – periodically, but no less often than once every two years.

The basic criterion for assessing the professional activity of a mechanic to repair the enterprise is considered to be completeness, quality and efficiency of the works carried out by.

Education

Training Profession Repairman’s mechanic can be held in Dusza, where there is a direction “Master of Master Works”. Training can be made in several programs:

  • repair of tractors and other agricultural machinery+

  • repair equipment boiler rooms+

  • repair of communication paths and rolling stocks and many others.

Admission to technical schools are made on the basis of 9 or 11 classes. Exams not needed – enrollment is based on the competition of certificates.

Since the operation of a locksmith repairman is primarily associated with practical skills, it is possible to master the subtleties of the profession only in the process of work. Some theoretical knowledge will not be enough. For this, future masters are arranged by students in production workshops, where under the patronage of a qualified employee, the basic skills required to perform work are purchased.

By itself, the graduate of the college graduate, even together with the record of student in production, will not help advance in a career. The only thing to which you can count on young professionals is the position of the Brigadier or the Senior Master. That is why many graduates continue to study in universities in the direction of “Mechanic”. It opens up much broader professional prospects.

Salary

Repairmen can get a job in the firms working in the construction machine manufacturing industry:

  • Agricultural, refrigeration, oilfield and industrial equipment+

  • Overloading devices and GPM+

  • Fuel equipment+

  • Agricultural machinery.

The career growth of the repairman is to increase his qualification discharge, followed by the corresponding increase in the amount of remuneration. That is why make a career and achieve highly paid positions without obtaining additional education with confirmation of the qualifications is unlikely to succeed.

However, all these time and strength costs are fully justified, contracting organizations and utilities are always interested in specialists who have a discharge above 3 (4 or 5), with experience of more than 2 years. And if the driver’s license is attached to this, then the chances of employing increase sharply.

On average, in Russia, the salary of the repairman is from 20 to 30 thousand. rub. In this case, the higher the qualifications, the greater the salary size. In the harsh working conditions, in remote regions, employers can pay 1.5-2 times more – there may be paid up to 75 thousand. In Moscow and St. Petersburg, the maximum plank holds at the mark of 90 thousand. rub.

Many tracks in their free time work in private. At the same time, this income is often comparable to the size of their official wages.

More information about such a sought-after profession, like a repairman, you will learn by looking at the following video.

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