One of the most popular cutlery is fork. It is a handle with some kind of teeth. The fork is most versatile, since at the expense of its form it is used for almost all types of dishes. However, it should be noted that the table forks are several species with which you know more about Read more. To begin with, it is necessary to figure out what is this cutlery, and who came up with it.
History of appearance
Initially, the etymology of the word “plug”. This word roots goes to the Latin language, where consonant with him – “Fulka” translates as “Garden forks”. Today, the ordinary food intake is almost impossible to imagine without a fork, but several centuries ago people did not have the concepts of this adaptation, using only knives and spoons in everyday life. The first mentions of the dining devices similar to forks are rooted in the days of ancient Greece, where quite large adaptations having two pointed teeth, on the feasts were separated by meat and laid out it on plates.
Looking at the vintage paintings depicting the Higher Society of the Renaissance, we see high-ranking ladies and cavaliers with their dismissed restraint and greatness. And it is difficult for us to imagine how they are eating meat and fish dishes. Then, according to the rules of etiquette, the meat was taken with the help of three fingers, which were then rinsed in a small bowl with water.
For some time, it was popular during meat consumption to use gloves that were thrown out after meals. Interestingly, at that time, the forks have already appeared.
At about the VII century, our era, fork, as a symbol of wealth and power of the royal family, was used by its members at solemn charges in Malaya Asia. In Byzantium, this cutlery came somewhere in the 10th century, and also used exclusively by people of noble origin. According to one of the versions, the Byzantine Princess, who married the head of the Venetian Republic, brought a plug to Europe in the XI century.
Although at first an unusual device for meal to the Italians was alien, However, by the XVI century, it spread throughout Italy, and by the beginning of the XVIII century, the plug received its distribution in many European countries.
In another existing version, the plug invented the princess of the Byzantine origin of Maria Iverskaya in 1072. She believed below their own dignity eating meat and fish with his hands, so according to her plan, the only gold plug was created, consisting of a handle with two teeth. Such a device was not particularly practical, as it did not give the opportunity to cry out normally. Initially, he acted only as a kind of power symbol and ruler authority.
For a modern person, the plug is an indispensable cutlery, but the question remains why for a long time the human society did not take it. Standing time people for eating fish and meat dishes used hands. The plug or adaptation similar to it, in ancient Greece and Rome used only for folding pieces of meat on plates, but arms. This method of consumption of meat firmly stuck in human society.
In the process of spreading the Christian religion, the problem of using forks as a table appliance further aggravated. It was connected with the rejection and prohibition of the church of the pagan religion and any symbols associated with it. One of these was formed fork, as Poseidon’s trident resembled, or as she was also called “Devil’s forks”. Therefore, people have not taken a fork for a long time, despite the convenience of use.
In Russia, the fork appeared at the beginning of the XVII century. Lhadmitriy I brought her from Poland with the things of Marina Mnishek. At the solemn Pira dedicated to their marriage, this device is deliberately used, which caused a squall of disturbances among boyars. It was the plug that became one of the main arguments about the true origin of the Falsitria.
In many Russian historical documents describing the rules for serving the table for the tsarist specimen, the use of a fork as a table appliance is mentioned.
Types of tableware forks
Today, the forks are included in the standard sets for serving the table and are an integral part of them. Materials from which make this cutlery, a huge amount of silver, stainless steel, wood, Melchior, and so on. Among the whole variety of forks allocate several standard species depending on the destination.
- Canteen. Purpose – second dishes hot, the length of the device is 20-22 cm. Consists of a handle and 4 teeth.
- Fork for fish. Purpose – Hot Fish Dishes, Devices Length – 16-18 cm. Consists of a handle of 4 shortened teeth. Appearance can change a little (depending on the type of fish). Its subspecies is a 3-gear fork (cokil), designed for fish snacks.
- Snacking. Purpose – Cold dishes and separate snacks hot, the length of the device – 18-19 cm. Pens from 4 elongated teeth, very similar to the dining room, only smaller.
- Dessert. Purpose – Various desserts (pies, casseroles, cottage cheese). Device length – 14-16 cm. Consists of handle and 3 teeth.
- For confectionery. Purpose – Cakes, Biscuits, Cakes. Device length – 12-15 cm. Consists of handles from 3 teeth, the extreme of which is a bit. There are separate devices for left-handers and right.
- For fruit. Purpose – Various Sliced Fruits and Fruit Salads. Length – 12-14 cm. May consist of both of the 2 and from 3 teeth.
All varieties of the forks have about the same structure, only slightly different from each other, the amount and shape of the teeth. Another criterion is the material from which they are made. Elite set of twinks consists of silver and gold appliances. Arms them can be decorated with decorative threads and precious stones.
More economical, but no less high-quality material – stainless steel. Such table forks will serve its owners for more than a dozen years. There are, for example, children’s kits that differ only in small instrument sizes. In them, the handles of the forks can be decorated in the form of animals, birds, fruits, vegetables.
Cleaning forks at home
Cleaning of cutlery – an indicator of what the mistress wakes up in the house. Anyone is nice to take food using stuffed forks and spoons. Compliance with cleanliness in the kitchen is a guarantee of good health, as well as the quality of the material from which kitchen accessories, including cutlery. So when choosing instruments It is necessary to give preference only to high-quality alloys, Since with food to our body, various chemicals contained in the composition of the dishes can fall.
Some of the best cutlery are those that are made of stainless steel and silver.
Clean the table forks made from stainless steel can be cleaned with many different ways. Among the folk methods are the most popular are the following options.
- The use of soda, chalk, as well as sediment of caustic coffee.
- In a saucepan with water, add two tablespoons of soda and salt, after their total dissolution, immersing cutlery in the water. Keep the plug in the water for 20 minutes. After which we pour water and rinse the devices well.
- Lemon juice will help get rid of spots on the surface of the forks.
- To return to the table fork fork forks, they can be fine with raw potatoes.
Cutlery made of silver also require regular care. Many have noticed that after some time, silver forks begin to darken. To avoid this, it is necessary to minimize the contact of silver appliances with air. They should be stored in a special bag or box, in which the most common devices are sold. In case such a box is absent, the forks need to clean the food film tightly.
Among the various descriptions of table silver care councils The most effective is cleaning with dental powder. If it was not found in the house, the replacement can be a toothpaste. Any of the funds are applied to a sponge or rag and rub the devices. You can also use chalk.
For those who do not want to spend time and strength on rubbing devices, you can prepare an easy solution. For this, we take soap water and ammonia alcohol (1 l of water = 1 spoon of alcohol). Then they lower silver plugs and spoons there, and after 20-30 minutes, pull them out, after which we are thoroughly rinsed in cold water and wipe the soft towel dry.
To purify silver forks, you can use a solution of salt, soda and water (1 st. L. soda and 1 st. L. Salts by 0.25 l of water). The solution is brought to a boil and put the fork there, after which it is boiling for 10-15 minutes and rinse well under running water.
Note: Coca-Cola is not only actively struggling with rust and screaming, but also with a dark raid on silver.
Any of the described methods will help you keep cutlery clean. Which one to choose, solve only you.
About how to clean the plugs of stainless steel, look in the following video.