Kazan is a universal kind of kitchen utensils and allows you to cook cooking both on the stove and on the open fire. However, the last method of exploitation leads to the formation of a soot and oily climb on the outer walls of the dishes, because of which the Kazan needs more thorough and painstaking care than ordinary kitchen pots and brazers.
What is Kazan?
The history of the appearance of Kazan leaves the roots in the distant past. The first sudins appeared in the countries of the East and were made from the most affordable material processing – copper. However, over time and with progress in the processing of more solid and durable metals For the manufacture of Casans began to use a duralumin alloy and cast iron. These metals differ significantly among themselves by physical properties, but both have a high heat capacity. This property in combination with a rather impressive thickness of the puddle walls allows you to engage not only with cooking and extinguishing, but also taking, as well as hot diverse dishes. Thick walls give a lot of heat inside the products for a very long time, because of which the dish is preparing more evenly and has time to soak themselves the aroma of seasonings.
As for the shape of the product, it can be round or elongated and have both flat and rounded bottom. Flat-line models are suitable for use on gas and electric stoves, while round bottom products are designed exclusively for open fire. Street caulders install on portable tands, placed on tripods or mangals, and sometimes they put on hot coals. From the point of view, the convenience of cooking rounded dishes is distinguished from traditional models with a flat bottom. This is due to the fact that in round Casans, it is much more convenient to mix food, besides, the oil evenly flows down the walls and is less absorbed into the dish. The versatility of Kazan allows you to prepare various sauces in it, stew fish and meat, cook welded soups and cook pilaf.
The choice of the most effective method of cleaning the cauldron is completely dependent on the material from which it is made.
Casanes made from aluminum are cleaned much easier cast iron, which is explained by less porous metal structure. However, a duralumin alloy made on the basis of aluminum is subject to the formation of oxide raid, which appears when the metal with oxygen is included in the air. Struggling with a wave easy. To do this, it is necessary to regularly clean the ass with a soft metal sponge and abrasive cleaning agent.
The use of hard sponges is unacceptable, since they leave deep scratches on a soft metal, in which food particles accumulate from the inside, and with an external – drop of fat and soot.
In order to clean the aluminum cauldron from soot and nagar, use a large pelvis in which water is poured and 500 grams of soda soda are added, a piece of powdered household soap and a pair of silicate glue bottles. Then the container put on fire, the components are well mixed. After they completely dissolve, the dirty cauldron is placed there. It should be boiling for at least 25 minutes, opening the window or turning on the hood. Such a measure is necessary to eliminate the unpleasant odor, which will proceed from dissolving solar fat. Then the caulders are removed, rub the fat with a middle hardness with a gel for washing dishes and rinsed.
However, if a big pelvis, where the cauldron could fit, it did not turn out, you can use a bath. To do this, it is gained hot water, whitening powder whipping and pour the dishwashing agent. Kazan put in water in such a way that all polluted places are hidden under water, after which they leave for the night. In the morning the product was washed with a metal sponge using a liquid product and rinsed well.
The following way will help remove contamination from the inner walls of the cauldron. For this, it is enough just to pour a soda-soda solution into the vessel and boil it for 15-20 minutes. The composition is prepared in the following proportion: 5 liters of water, 5 GB of household soap and 2. L. food or calcined soda. In hiking and field conditions, Clear Casane can be even easier. It poured into it some water, bring it to a boil, wet those present on the walls of pollution and sprinkle them with salt. After the water in the Casane will cool down a little and becomes a tolerant for hands, the cauldron tilts and the metal sponge wash the mud from the walls.
When cleaning the aluminum cauldron, it is important to remember that it is strictly forbidden to learn it, since aluminum does not carry out strong heating and can be deformed. If dark spots appeared on aluminum cauldron over time, 6% vinegar will help to cope with them, in which wetted the napkin and rub the darkened areas. In the case of burning food, salt, soda and citric acid are poured in a ratio of 1: 1: 1, poured a little water and boiled for 20 minutes. A similar action has a mixture of 1/3 piece of household soap, spoon of ammonic alcohol and a pair of liters of water. The resulting solution is also poured into the Kazan and boil 20 minutes.
A little harder to cope with a rust striking the metal with improper storage of Kazan. To do this, they are soaked in a solution of water and vinegar, taken in equal parts, and then with the help of a metal sponge scrape rusty raids. If the corrosion process managed to find at the very beginning, then you can do without boiling. For this take sandpaper large grain paper and scroll rust. Then, in purified areas, a fine-grained sandpaper is passed, after which they wash the vessel using a liquid product and rinsed.
Cast iron Kazan
With products made from cast iron, you should do especially carefully. Despite the seeming power and thickness, the cast iron is a rather fragile metal and when falling can split. At the stage of production of cast iron models pass the stage of the bunny or oil firing, What leads to the creation of a non-stick and anti-corrosion layer. Therefore, it is desirable that cast-iron products are not exposed to scratching, as a result of which the protective layer is broken, and the product begins to rust. Both internal and external contamination with cast iron models are eliminated by the same ways as with aluminum, and implies the use of already known components: salts, soda, silicate glue and economic soap.
However, in contrast to aluminum models, cast iron products can be calcined. For this, the caulders are placed in the oven and warm it up to 300 degrees. After 10 minutes, they remove the ass, smeared with oil from all sides and sent to the oven for half an hour. This procedure will help restore the lost properties of the protective layer and will prevent the emergence of corrosion.
To clean the cast-iron Casans, as for aluminum, you can use the means of household chemicals. Good results to remove burnt food gives processing compositions for ovens and kitchen hoods, which are very effectively coping with the solar fat and soak.
In hiking conditions, clean the cast-iron model can be as follows: Kazan to the top filled with river sand and suspended over the fire. After a few hours, they free and rinsed. Instead of sand, you can use a table salt, 2 kg of which poured into the cauldron and for 2 hours (stirring) well calcined on the plate. At the end of the procedure, Salt will darken, and the cauldron will be cleared.
The following method of cleaning the cast iron is also effective, but after its use, Kazan needs a mandatory 3-5-fold calcination using vegetable oil. So, 1/2 cup of dry mustard powder and citric acid in the amount of 40 gr are poured into the Kazan, poured 1 liters of water and boiled 20 minutes. Then wait when the solution will cool down slightly and with the help of a soft metal sponge cleave the inner walls of the cauldron. Then the product is rinsed, wipe dry and calcinate.
Aluminum models After each use, it is necessary to thoroughly wash with a degreasing agent, it’s good to fasten and wipe dry. Keep such products need in a dry and well-ventilated room, since the aluminum surface can become a reproduction site fungus.
Cast iron models should also be thoroughly flushed after each use, well wipe and protect against excessive humidity.
With long-term storage, the cast iron canes are recommended to be wrapped in a washesized x / b or linen fabric and remove into a dry place.
Instead of fabric, you can use washdill paper – it will also protect the product from moisture from entering and preventing rust appearance.
As you can see, care for the cauldron at home is quite simple. The main thing is to brush it in time and not allow the solar pollution. And then, sparkling and clean, he will serve his owners for a long time.
About how and what to wash the cast-iron cauldron, look in the following video.