Sharpeners for knives: what it is and how to choose?

Sharpeners for knives: what it is and how to choose?

Any items that have a cutting edge, even being made from expensive alloys, stupid over time. Because of which such inventory it becomes difficult to perform actions for which it is intended. To correct the problem, it is worth purchasing a special sharpener. Depending on the requirements of the owner, the type of steel, from which the knife is performed, will have to be preferred to different sharpeners. How to choose them, the principle of operation of the instrument and the rating of the best manufacturers of kitchen sharpeners, you will learn from our article.

What it is?

The knife sharpener is a solid canvas made of abrasive material capable of carrying out a surface layer of soft metal. Sharpeners are presented in various variations, such as manual, mechanical, electrical and so on. There is also a grinding stone, which is different from its characteristics from the kitchen sharpener’s usual for us.

All varieties of sharpening tools One principle of use – The outer edge of the knife blade is superimposed on the abrasive side of the sharpener at an angle or plafhmy (depending on the type of device) and forward-moving movements forward / back.

These tools are suitable not only to give the sharpness of the blade of kitchen knives, but they can be sharpened scissors, sickles and other inventory with cutting edge.

Abrasive coating can also be used to remove cracks from steel items, roughness, alignment of small sparks of blades, polishing the surface of the instrument. If the incorrect sharpening type is selected, more precisely its coating, the kitchen device can be fused during sharpening or, on the contrary, the surface of the sharpener itself will be damaged.

Advantages and disadvantages

Each Sharpener has its pros and cons. To disadvantages of electrical sharpenersRefers engine braking at a strong knife leaf pressure on the machine, What can affect the quality of the tool sharpening. Pros – speed and simplicity sharpening.

Manual sharpeners require more time and strength to sharpen the tool that for some people may be a minus, but such a sharpener will serve as faithful for decades, as well as does not require electricity. The same concerns Mechanical Control Machines. However, its bulky size, as well as the presence of skills in working with the device, do not make this tool massively used. But these sharpeners are suitable for sharpening a variety of items with cutting edge: braids, sickles, scissors and so on.

Grilling bar It is convenient to use, but this item relates to honeycomb, because there is no handle or protective frame on the bar. Sharpening speed average, high-quality. The grinding bar is distinguished by a long service life. Sharpeners with metal rings (roller) Convenient in use, transportation and storage. But the quality of sharpening is almost an average level. This tool is suitable only for household scissors and knives. For high-quality sharpening of the kitchen tool, it is recommended to use Musat. It does not require the skill of possession, it is convenient for use and allows you to achieve maximum sharpness of the kitchen knife blade, and it is also convenient to store it.


Sharpening tools can be divided into several segments by functional sign.

  • Standard sharpeners. Easy-shaped inventory, abrasive material is placed in the object case at an angle from two or one side of the sharpener. These may be the following options:
    • Desktop vacuum sharpener on the suction cup, which allows the tool not to scalle off and frees the hand+
    • sharpener-caste or pocket, which is put on hand+
    • Roller, which is metal rings built into a plastic or metal case+
    • “Fish” – the subject is made in the form of fish, where the carcass of the fish is a handle to hold the sharpener, and the grinding rings or a stone are mounted in the tail+
    • Round sharpener, externally similar to the “yo-yo” toy, where in the middle of the design is a sharpening canvas.

  • Products with knife blade fixation. This is usually mechanical or automatic electronic sharpeners. The object with the rotary mechanism allows you to reliably fix the knife or other item in the sliding holders of the grinding machine, safely producing inventory sharpening. Sharpeners with adjustable sharpening angle or with a degree adjustment are equipped with a special button that allows you to set the desired angle under which the abrasive material will be placed relative to the cutting edge of the tool. This feature helps to quickly and quickly sharpen knives at home.

  • Sharpeners with free knife movement when fixing a grinding stone or coating. Inpatient type accessories are most often used in repair shops. The desktop sharpener is a monolithic structure on which abrasive material is stretched as a tape. Ribbon sharpeners are always electric. The motor spins the cloth to the specified speed, sharpening the subject occurs in the free movement.

  • Tools for sharpening without fixation. These are any types of sharpeners that do not need to be placed on the surface. These include Musat, folding, bar and others. These fixtures are universal to use, convenient to transport. Inventory with a freely changeable sharpening angle has a big advantage than sharpeners with fixed stones, but require skills.

    Mechanism of action

    Several varieties are distinguished depending on the action mechanism.

    • Electrical Caller. This is a bulky instrument used mainly in the occupational catering places. The device and the size of the machine allow for a short time to better sharpen a large batch of sharp tools. Today you can meet models intended for home use.

    • Grinder. It can be a mechanical or automatic device. The device is a footrest for disk overclocking or a stand with a motor. Clamp is fixed directly, flywheel. When connecting the machine to the power supply, the motor accelerates the grinding disk to the specified speed. In the mechanical type, the movement of the disk is driven by a foot mechanism. The surface of the sharpener is made of stone with diamond crumb spraying. The kitchen tool is applied to the disc plane at an angle, the knife canvas sticks with hand. For sharpening the blade will be enough a few seconds.

    To use a grinding machine, skill will be required, as well as safety safety.

    Such machine tools are universal, allow to put in order garden and other inventory. Automatic sharpeners in size less than mechanical and used mainly in the house. It is safer, with its help you can sharpen knives made of ceramics.

    • Manual sharpeners represent an abrasive bar fixed on the handle or just a grinding unit. The principle of their work is simple. These fixtures do not require specific skills.


    The tool is made of metal rod with a stuff and handles. It has light weight, ease of use, compact sizes. The sharpening of the inventory is carried out like this: the edge of the knife blade is located in relation to the rod of the sharpener at an angle of about 30 degrees, progressive movements, the working surface of the knife occurs. The main thing – movements must be in one direction, for example, the hand moves only forward. The garment is produced on both sides.

    This tool allows you to quickly set the knives, but the quality of the wrap will not be the most acute, and the effect lasts for a long time. Musat allows kitchen or other inventory to maintain its working condition for several weeks.


    The grinding bar is a simple grinding stone with abrasive spraying in the form of diamond crumbs or silicon. Before use it needs to wet, like a knife. The tool is applied to the bar at an angle, then the cutting edge is performed. One way is enough eight movements. To correctly sharpen the knife, will need skill and skill.

    The grinder bar is a traumatic device, be careful during equipment processing.

    Material of manufacture

    Consider types of spraying used for grinding devices, as well as abrasive grain.


    This abrasive is used to handle stupid knives. The strong impact is able to give the tool for the previous sharpness, remove the bullshit, chips.

    For systematic sharpening knives, it will not suit, for this it is better to use softer abrasives.

    Sharpeners with coarser-grained abrasive are produced in the form of manual, electrical and mechanical devices.


    Most often, this option is made of diamond, silicon crumb. It is considered the most versatile coating. The device with a medium-trim abrasive copes with the removal of small irregularities on the cutting edge, while giving the blade sufficient sharpness. Diamond spraying is not able to spoil the aesthetic type of inventory.

    It is suitable for scolding knives with a blade width in a half-meter, not more than. Too wide edge is able to spoil sharpener.


    For home use, fine-grained abrasive does not fit. Sharpeners with data from abrasive are used for grinding and polishing the working tool, sharpening manicure accessories. Thin agrasive is produced in the form of an additional nozzle for sharpener. Soft coated bars can be cured ceramic tools, but sharpening quality will be average. For better sharpening, it is better to apply sharpeners with diamond spraying.

    How to choose?

    The selection of the sharpener depends on the following factors:

    • where the sharpener will be applied+
    • Type of drawable tool+
    • Shacking robust adaptation.

    It is worth noting that Musat is not considered sharpener. This item serves solely to correct the blade and is applied only at the final stage of sharpening.

    Musat allows the kitchen knife longer to remain sharp and increases the service life of the inventory. If the cutting edge slightly stuck, then Musat can be used. In other cases, sharpeners are applied with a properly selected abrasive material. As a rule, Musat is widely used by chefs.

    If the sharpening of the tool will be made only at home, you can buy the most simple and universal sharpeners, such as products with metal discs or with coarser-grained coating. Such an inventory is about 400 rubles. Objects with natural or synthetic stone (electrical, mechanical, manual species) will cost an average of 1,500 rubles.

    All products intended for polishing knives, or sharpeners of a complex design with a wide work profile will be about 5-10 thousand rubles. Professional tools, grinding stations with high-quality abrasives are the most expensive. The price of the market begins from 10 thousand rubles.

    Rating the best

    The table shows the top of the best foreign products.



    Sharpening angle

    Product price in rubles

    Stayer Master 47511



    Mallony KS-3

    Steel or ceramics


    Kitcheniq 50044

    Ceramics or carbide



    Gipfel 2919

    Ceramics + diamond spraying


    Rondell RD-982




    Gipfel 2902 Bond

    Ceramics + diamond coating


    Victorinox 7.8715




    SAMURA KSS-3000 / Y

    Synthetic stone


    Arcos afiladores 6101

    stainless steel






    The table below is a review of Russian devices.



    Sharpening angle

    Product price in rubles

    “Profile K-02”

    Size range of 5 natural stones




    Diamond bars



    “Profile K-01”

    Diamond plates

    up to 40


    Adaptations of the Russian manufacturer are designed for professional use. Manual and simple products for sharpening knives best choose among Switzerland products, America, Spain.

    Japanese equipment is best suited for knives performed in Asian style – they, as a rule, the alloy is thicker, the cutting edge is wider, and a certain degree is required for sharpening, so that exactly supplied metal disks in the grinding device will not fit. The same goes for both Chinese products. These products are distinguished by affordable price and high-quality coating.

    For large knives or objects of non-standard form, stationary stations with angle adjustment, clamping.

    Swiss devices are distinguished by ease of use, durability, quality abrasive materials. Victorinox products are particularly popular. American branded sharpeners Chef’s Choice differ versatility. Each machine is equipped with three grinding holes, which are characterized by an angle of sharpening, abrasive coating. That is, using only one device, you can put in order knives made from different materials, for example, steel, ceramics, and polish them, carry out.


    Among Russian devices, you can allocate conventional sharpening Diamond bars. Products are shipped in covers, the price of the device fluctuates around 450-750 rubles. An instruction manual is attached to each bar. The basis of the product is made of aluminum. Material consumption is minimal. Owners note the ease of use of sharpeners, the possibility of editing and sharpening kitchen and hunting knives, dangerous razors. They do not leave scratches on the surface of the tool.

    Hand sharpeners roller type have average popularity due to knife sharpening quality. These fixtures do not work with damask, high carbon and wrought steel. They are able to leave damage on metal or, on the contrary, make a knife blade more stupid.

    Roller products are suitable for simple kitchen knives.

    The product “Fish” Buyers noted as the worst. To use the device is inconvenient and dangerous, since according to the instructions, sharpening is not to produce not tool, but the sharpener itself.

    On the advice of the manufacturer, the knives are worth holding hand on the edge, blade to yourself. The material from which the sharpener is performed is quickly deformed, the quality of the cutting edge sharpening is low. The product quickly comes in disrepair.

    Japanese manufacturers marked with positive reviews. Data devices can be put in order scissors, knives, and they are also suitable for gear blades. Firm product SAMURAI SHARK Made of high quality plastic, abrasive material – tungsten carbide. The device is easy to use, sharpening speed fast, quality high, the tool does not require a lot of storage space.

    In the next review, you will get acquainted with some kinds of pocket sharpeners for knives and identified features that can lead to very negative consequences.

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