Some of the most unusual representatives of their family – Cats of breed American Bobtail, who serve as a real object of pride for Felinologists from the USA. Beautiful and pretty large animals have an excellent character, get well with people, easy to master tricks and useful skills. Description of the appearance of cats and cats is standardized and any deviations from it are considered marriage. An individual approach to breeding in this case has given the opportunity to eliminate the manifestation of unauthorized genetic mutations and to preserve many hereditary traits inherent in American bobtails. It is not surprising that today domestic pets with short tails are found not only in the United States, but also far beyond.
History of origin
American Bobtail his appearance is obliged to young breeders enthusiasts by the surname Sanders. But the breed could not arise if it were not for a series of chances. Traveling through the Indian reservations of South Arizona to the carefree 60s of the 20th century, the married couple was so fascinated by a homeless kitten with an unusual label – a short, as if chopped tail, which decided to take it with me. Baby got the name Jodi and turned out to be a male. To clarify its origin to Sanders failed – the local population assured that such a heavenly turns out when crossing domestic cats with wild, and even, possibly, lysy.
Jody’s houses waited not only warm shelter and delicious food, but also the company. At the sheltered people already lived a favorite – the Siamese cat Misha, who, when the found with a short tail grown, became his mother’s mother. The offspring that appeared from this unusual union was the first generation of a new breed. The cat transferred to the kids genetic predisposition to the formation of a shortened tail.
It is worth noting that the original Sanders did not believe in the bike about the “wild” origin of the new pet and found that he was just injured. But having received offspring with the same hereditary signs, they turned to familiar breeders and received an unexpected advice: to start a targeted removal of a completely new short-time breed. However, the owners of the first feline couple who gave the world of American Bobtail, who had not been professional fellinologists, who had not destroyed this good startiction.
Their efforts together with a nearby crossing led to the fact that every new generation of animals was becoming less qualitative in terms of genetics. Fortunately for modern cat fans, the breeding of American bobtail quickly passed into the hands of professionals. Since the 70s of the last century, the fellinologists have taken steps to preserve the young, but very promising breed. For this purpose, Cats of Siamese and Burmese breeds were used in breeding, as well as various methiys and animals, whose origin was unknown.
The calculation was made to the fact that the detected gene mutation will continue in subsequent generations. The calculation of oneself fully justified. Descendants of Jody and Misha when crossing with the owners of unrelated blood they provided a steady transfer of short-demand kittens. However, today most of the animals known as American Bobtails are only partly. Recognition as the breed they received in 2000, and the purebred individuals at that time had only 215.
Two decades later, the situation changed little – American Bobtail is considered a rare and expensive kind of cats, and official nurseries are still only in the US.
Cat breed American Bobtail is a large-developed animal with a well-developed muscles, a short tail and an external appearance, similar to wild manuls or lysy. According to its standard, the animal has certain signs.
- Has a lot of up to 7.5 kg for cats and up to 5 kg for cats. Allocate two subtypes of individuals – medium and large size.
- Can belong to a short-haired or long-haired subgroup. In the first case, the wool is short enough, tough, with a vertically located dance and a dense undercoat. Long-haired American bobtails always look a little lochmata, well pubes. On the neck, the cereal, femoral and hind legs are distinguished.
- Has a significant lifespan – up to 15 years.
- Distinguished by a tail of a special form – with a tassel in the shape of appeal at the end. Posted by races. With nervous excitement, the cat raises the tail up, in a state of rest, it is omitted, pressed to the body. The length of the tail process should not be less than 2.5 cm or go for the jumping joint.
- It has a firmly shot down tight body, highly planted on muscular paws. Front limbs are shorter, brush is dense, tightly compressed, with well-developed pads.
- It has a wedge-shaped compact head with a pronounced line of cheekbone, developed chin. Eyes wide apart, with deep fit, rounded or almond, their color should not contrast with wool. High-ranking ears, large, slightly rounded with a pronounced slope.
Over recently, the short-haired American bobtails were recognized as an independent branch of the breed, before that they were selected for a long time, did not allow for breeded breeding.
Differences between the two types are concluded not only in the length of the iso. There is a difference in its hardness, and in the direction of growth.
The nature of the American Bobtails is quite independent, but they are contactable, accessible to communication, are not aggressive in relation to other animals. Choosing such a cat as a domestic pet, it is worth allocating her territory for games and entertainment. Animals even in adulthood remain active and need motion.
American Bobtail is distinguished by loyalty and devotion to the owner. The owner may not doubt that a pet may prefer him to someone else. But such a loyalty to habits creates certain difficulties: even departure on vacation, business trip, the host of the host in the hospital becomes for a short-time cat tragedy and a serious blow.
This breed is one of the few who categorically not recommended by the owner’s change.
In general, American Bobtails are excellent companion cats, not too needing society to themselves similar and prefer communication with a person. They do not suffer from the lack of free walk, calm and balanced. An animal does not spoil things in the house, behaves correctly, quickly mastering the basic rules of behavior.
Options Color Wool
The most common and recognized color option is a tabby in a blue or red version. Signs of Rufism in silver American Bobtails are allowed. Owners of Point Colors must have pronounced residual marks on the body. The more “wild” looks drawing on the wool of a pet, the better. But in general, the standard does not prefer some one version.
The color of the eye is associated with color in animals having colors of Point, Milk, Sepia. All color versions are obtained as a result of crossing with Persian cats.
The result of selection including the bundle on short-haired and long-haired varieties.
Conditions of detention
For American Bobtail, you do not need to create a special habitat. The peculiarities of the content of this breed of cats differ little from those that are needed a migratory beloved. The rarity of the animal most often forces the owners to switch to fully homemade pets.
But the bobtails are easily getting used to the trainer and you can easily walk on a leash, delivering pets a considerable pleasure.
Cat care subtlety depend on the length of the wool. Fluffy pets need regular combing, seasonal rattling from undercoat. Swimming is required as the fur coats are contaminated, but in general the cats are perfectly coped with maintaining cleanliness. For cats that are on the street, it is necessary to take antiparasitic treatment measures – from fleas, ticks, worms. Eyes and ears are cleaned weekly from pollution, cleaning teeth for representatives of rock, prone to the formation of a toothache, is also a mandatory procedure.
Sharp claws of American bobtails necessarily need to be heated naturally. Simple haircut problem does not solve. Better from childhood to teach a pet to use brates.
American Bobtail – Breed in need of balanced nutrition, taking into account the physical activity of the animal. The optimal solution is a professional finished diet containing all necessary substances. As a nutrition, it is better to choose premium or holisttic class products. The feed rate depends on the age of the cat or cat – on average, adult animals require no more than two feedings per day, adolescents up to 1.5 years old need a three-time diet. Kittens before half aigode should receive food 4 times you day.
American Bobtail – Breed, distinguished strong health. Dominant genes of wild cats in combination with carefully dosed impurities of new blood gave excellent results. But in case of intentional or random close-friendly crossing, the offspring can receive defective heredity. In this case, the animals are most often manifested by the displays of the hip joint, allergic reactions, skin dermatitis. Traced and predisposition to the formation of a tooth stone.
The short-demandness due to genetically also has its consequences. Animals can be born completely underhematically or with a shortened spine.
American bobtails and obesity, as well as to the development of diabetes, are predisposed. These descendants of wild cats are definitely needed not carved food, but a full meat diet with an abundance of protein. Incorrectly selected nutrition can lead to a deterioration in the health of the pet.
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