Belka Dear in Russia is contained exclusively in captivity. Outwardly, this busy pet is simultaneously similar to the protein, and on a tushkin, it looks pretty cute, while the animal is unpretentious, does not require any special care and almost does not allocate unpleasant flavors.
Description and nature
Decorative rat all their appearance, rather, resembles a hamster, a carcass or a large mouse, rather than the bouncing inhabitant of parks, squares and forests, however, it can be taken for an exotic chinchilla – with this animal degu relatives the form of ears and rather thick undercoats. In the animals, South American roots, so in the people it is most often called Chilean.
In nature, it lives in sandy, rock and forest areas near the Andes with their tribesmen, there are also Australian species. Grown in captivity, decorative rat very quickly gets used to your owners and always requires increased attention.
These rodents are especially mobile in the daytime, but day-friendly and straight sun rays are carried very bad.
In a natural habitat, you can find grayish and yellowish brown individuals, for home breeding breeders was derived Several breeds with sandy, black and spotted color, abdomen usually slightly lighter back.
Characteristic features of the degu:
- Body Length – 10-20 cm+
- Extracted face+
- Ears Rounded, Long+
- The tail reaches 105 mm, on the tip – brush+
- Weight – about 500 g+
- The wool is short, thick, very soft.
If you grab the Chilean squirrel behind the tail and with the power you jerk, then the skin will come down with it – this is a kind of protective mechanism that helps the animal to escape from dangerous predators. Subsequently, DUGA takes off the tails and lives without him.
Rodent sees pretty bad, What is explained by the peculiarities of the structure and placement of the eyes, however, this is more than compensated by the perfect sense of smell and good hearing. In natural conditions, the degu can navigate not only in bright, but in the dark.
A person who decided to become the owner of this cute little animals need to know that the decorative protein is A very inquisitive animal that loves to chat with its relatives. If you start several rodents at once, then animals will always be in exceptionally good mood, but if Rodent lives alone in your house, then be prepared for the fact that he will have to pay a lot of attention – constantly stroke and often talk.
So you compensate for communication deficit with your relatives. Will be odd to teach him to eat from your hands. If you leave it alone, the animal will begin to exercise aggression towards its breeders, in addition, the nervous disorder will often lead to a deterioration in the health of proteins.
Features of content and care
During the degument of the house, some important points should be taken into account.
Addictive to the cell
Despite the relatively small size of rodents, spaces for them need quite a lot. The fact is that proteins are very moving creatures, so for games and comfortable movement they need overall cells.
The minimum allowable size of the enclosure – 60x60x60 cm, but the cell is ideal with parameters 120x60x100 cm. It is desirable that the aviary is made of stainless steel, all other materials are not suitable here, since both wood, and the plastic of the animal can simply spoke with their pointed teeth literally for counting.
Optimally equip in two or three levels, as well as create in each enclosure compartment for night sleep and leisure animal with a hammock, usually acquire a small house for this. In the cell, the tray with sawdust must be, By the way, they can be used the bottom of the cell. And if there are no chips or sawdust at hand, you can replace them with white sheets of ordinary paper or extruded corn cobs.
Chilean proteins behave like children: they love to hide in all sorts of shelters, Therefore, be sure to design such places. Typically, the caring owners are placed in a cage small clay pots, snags or suitive branches – animals with great pleasure jumping along them, and at the same time and the teeth.
It is advisable to build a couple of the shelves who probably will attract the attention of this inquisitive being.
In the natural habitat, degu is in constant motion. At home, they do not have the ability to navigate as intense, because in the aviary usually put the wheel. Moving on it, animals spend their energy and feel very comfortable. Be sure to place several feeders for different types of feed, and the drill.
After buying this funny rodent, the first desire of any owner becomes a speedy placement of it at a new habitat. However, one should not do this – the fact is that DUGA takes some time to get acquainted and adapt to new environmental factors. It is advisable to leave it in a drawer for a brief, putting it near the cage.
Over time, the animal will discuss and will behave more calmly in a new house, only after that it will be possible to remove it and move it into a spacious cell. It is necessary to do this with all caution, in no case do not cause the animal of unnecessary anxiety. Even before changing the “place of residence”, it is necessary to put a piece of bed of carrying into the cell – in this case, the degu will feel its smell in a new place, and this will facilitate its condition, will help to cope with strong excitement.
When the animal is mastered in the aviary, it will need to be released from time to time. It is not worth allowing him to freely walk throughout the house, quite a small fenced area inside the residential premises, however, keep in mind that this place should be freed from electrical wiring and sockets, glass items, as well as some indoor plants (for protein dangerous Sansevieria, Calla, Rhododendron and Ivy).
Often, after a pleasant walk, Rodent is not experiencing a big desire to go back to the cage – then the cage should be placed near it and leave the door open. As soon as the animal is hungry, it will certainly return inside. If you do not have the opportunity to wait long, try to attract his attention to the delicacy and demonstratively put it inside into the feeder, these manipulations are best accompanied by a quiet whistle. rest assured, The protein will remember such a sound and will surely respond to it, immediately approaching the trough in anticipation of delicious.
Chilean proteins in wildlife are herbivores, so the diet of their nutrition of the house should be predominantly plant, but at the same time full and varied. Food must include:
- Grain mix+
- crushed crackers+
- Dried green peas+
- Oatmeal and other flakes.
In pet stores offer ready-made feed for rodents, as a rule, they contain mineral additives and vitamins.
Be sure to include in the menu Kashi, Vegetables and Seeds. Fruits are allowed, but they must be disadvantaged (for example, green apples), otherwise your pet can develop diabetes. It is not recommended to include the fun, as well as dried fruits. Strict tabups lies on all types of dairy products, as well as meat and fish products, unacceptably use in food unicked up.
Many breeders will definitely please the fact that the wash of Chilean protein is not needed. It is very clean from nature creatures that do not need additional bathing. These cute little animals will completely cope with independent care – for this you only need to put a small bath with river sand into the cage. Animals tumble in the sand, cleaning with a wool all the pissed remnants of dust and dirt particles.
But the housing housing animal should pay special attention. Every 2-3 days will have to change the litter, at least once every 10 days you need to wash the cage with warm water with a brush, without understanding the economic or antibacterial soap. Upon completion of washing, the pallet wipes dry, the sheets of paper are halted on it, sawdust pour from above.
Dear is very sociable creatures that are pretty quickly getting used to human hands and begin to recognize their owner by smell. It is believed thatthen the most highly intelligent creatures among all kinds of rodents, You can even teach these proteins to respond to their name and train with simple teams. Each individual has its own individual temperament, but at the same time they all show cheerfulness, activity and mobility.
Despite the fact that these exotic rodents are very careful and quite a buggy, most often curiosity still takes over them, and they begin to be the first to show the initiative in an attempt to establish relations with their owner. However, any sharp word or loud sound can be swung.
Remember – taming the degu should be gradual and slow.
To begin with, you should talk with him as much as possible, even affectionate voice, constantly calling by name. Communication must be regular and accompanied by strokes. The first attempts to tame the rodent should be done carefully – the hand is sufficient to the back side down. Will be held several weeks before the animal gets used to you and start happily to meet in anticipation of treats.
Keep in mind, familiarities this animal does not tolerate, and If some person is trying to establish contact with him forcibly, then the response to such actions will be bitten by rather sharp teeth. Believe me, they hurt, and feelings you will experience not the most pleasant. It is for this reason that the lega cannot be called a good choice of a pet for young children.
Obtaining offspring and floor definition
To obtain a healthy and strong offspring to reproduction, admiss the females between the ages of up to five years with a mass of Over 200 g. In the theory of female, the degu can become pregnant immediately after delivery, but in this case the mother simply does not have enough strength to fade up the kids already appeared and to endure new. It is optimal that at least 1 year pass between birth, that is why the newly minted young mother is immediately delated into a separate cage.
Pregnancy lasts about 3 months, And it is necessary to understand that the appearance of new proteins is already close, it is possible only by the end of the first month of pregnancy. At this moment, the animal is noticeably rounded, and all the movements of the DUGA are becoming clumsy and awkward.
Usually the female gives birth from 1 to 10 young, on average the number of kids in each litter is 4-8. Keep in mind that Roda at home near the degu usually pass quite difficult, often with severe complications, so the fellowship is required by the help of a specialist. It is advisable to contact the veterinary hospital, since the likelihood of extreme cases is greater when caesarean section may be required or other special manipulations, as well as injections.
Chilean luckers appear on light with open eyes and thick wool. They are quite rapidly developing and growing, so already At six weeks become independent and may well be separated from the maternal cell in their, separate.
There are situations when the female dies during childbirth or shortly after them from complications – in this case, all the care of newborns will have to take on a breeder. Need to feed the kids with a mixture for newborn kittens, which is sold in any zooaptec. Feeding produce every 2-2.5 hours with a syringe or a special bottle with a rubber tip. After each meal we need to massate a tummy a young.
The minimum feeding period is two or three weeks. In addition to regular reception of the mixture, the babies are necessarily the heat and complete peace.
In the appearance of kids to determine who it is – a boy or a girl is almost impossible because Chilean protein has completely absent sexual dimorphism. But you can still distinguish them, for this it is worth seeing rodents under the tail. If the distance between the anal hole and the ureage channel is a distance of approximately a little finger, then, most likely, before you the male, and if this plot is almost imperceptible to the eye – you are dealing with a young fellowship.
Possible diseases, their treatment and prevention
Nature took care of the Chilean squirrels, endowing them quite strong and persistent immunity. The list of pathologies, which are subject to these funny animals, is small, among them the following diseases are most often distributed.
This is a disease, the predisposition to which is laid by a degu in genes. Typically, provoking factors become non-compliance with the rules of feeding, inclusion in the diet of sweets, as well as dairy and starch-containing substances. Excess nuts are also not particularly useful for rodent. The first signs of diabetes – Loss of coordination, decrease in cheerfulness and deterioration of visual acuity.
Cure this disease is impossible. Usually the veterinarian only recommends a diet and keep a tireless control of blood glucose indicator.
Frequent bathing in cool water, strong drafts and fluctuations in temperatures – all this often causes a cold near the degu. At this moment at the animal Display from the nose appear, eyes begin to get away, all this is usually accompanied by a refusal of food intake. In the fight against the cold, experts usually recommend abundant drinking, peace and administration of vitamin feeding into the diet.
Alopecia in decorative rodents can occur for a variety of reasons: Due to errors in feeding, due to mechanical abrasion of wool, allergies, fungal leather pathologies. In most cases, with a certain reason for the disease, the baldness is treated quickly and without any unpleasant consequences.
Each specialist will tell you that it is that the nutrition becomes one of the most important aspects of the life of a degu in captivity. Unbalanced diet and retreat from a prescribed diet cause problems with digestive bodies.
Many breeders turn to clinics with a request to put the pets vaccinations. And completely in vain – Chilean proteins are not vaccinated, and there are two reasons for it:
- DUGA is not predisposed to all sorts of infectious and viral diseases+
- vaccines that would be completely safe for decorative rats is not yet invented.
How many live?
In the wildlife conditions, DUGA lives about 5-6 years. In captivity, when creating a comfortable habitat, this parameter is longer – up to 8-10 years old. As a rule, life expectancy directly depends on the observance of hygienic requirements, physical activity and balance of nutrition. The longest life of the degu in the house was recorded at a mark of 15 years.
What to pay attention to when buying?
When purchasing Chilean proteins, first of all, it is necessary to pay attention to its appearance and the general condition of the animal. Healthy protein looks like this:
- eyes bright, shiny, clean cilia do not stick together+
- Teeth are yellowish, the pair of the upper cutters clearly distinguishes+
- Wool smooth, shiny, hairs tightly adjacent to the body+
- Behavior is quite active, but at the same time the animal shows alertness.
Chilean protein is a very interesting animal, in the content of which there are many advantages at home:
- animal miniaturno, so he doesn’t need much space+
- DUGA eats much less than, for example, guinea pig+
- rhythm biological rhythms fully coincide with human.
And, of course, this is a very interesting animal, which guaranteed will not let you get bored with children, and adults too.
However, with all the advantages, the degu is still an exotic animal and, despite the fact that this pets brought a lot of generations to Russia, he still remains an outcomes from warm countries with a hot wet climate, Therefore, from the situation in your house, the degu will require some features.
- Need for sandy baths. Chilean squirrels love to swim in the sand, placed it on the avine, so if you firmly decided to have such a pet, be prepared for cleaning near the cage.
- Sharpening rubber. Dear their 8 pairs, growing teeth need a periodic warm-up. If you do not provide a protein with suitable materials, the animal will gnaw everything that will fall “under the teeth” – furniture, toys and much more.
- DUGA is experiencing a truly physiological need for communication. If the pet feels loneliness, then loses activity, it starts to crack and can even die.
Deciding to make a degu, be sure to weigh everything and against its content in your home. By providing him with comfortable conditions for existence, you will surely acquire a fun faithful friend.
10 myths about the degu look in the video below.