In the wild nature of the birds breed year-round in the hollows of trees, there they will take care of their offspring. In captivity I need help. Consider in the article Features of the care of chicks of wavy parrots.
Lighting and appearance
Females of wavy parrots begin to prepare for the appearance of chicks in advance. At this point, they begin to equip the house for their future children, and they make it exclusively to their taste, using everything that it will seem useful for this: cotton, foam rubber, pieces of fabric, branches, paper and small household items. As soon as all design solutions acquire a finished look, the period of “marriage games” starts in males and females.
Usually birds fall after reaching one and a half years, If you do it before, the cubs appear on the light of premature and sick, not excluded. As a rule, the first egg is postponed 16-20 days after the advent of the nest, as soon as the bird will demolish the second – the female begins to surround them. The number of eggs in the masonry varies from 4 to 12, they appear with a difference of 1.5 – 2 days.
The first parrot hatches for 18-21 days, all the rest are selected from the shell with the same time difference, with which eggs were postponed.
As a rule, there are 10-13 days between the appearance of the first and last chick, but if the eggs were a lot, then the whole process will take a little longer time.
In order to hatch, The chick is forced to punch the shell from the inside with the help of a special egg goiter – It is located in the top of the maternal beak. This is a rather time consuming occupation, so it is only one of those chicks that have fully formed within their asylum and have the necessary force, health and fortress. If such an occupation is not for the chicks, Mom always comes to the rescue – she quickly pierces the shell of point blows of his strong beak.
Usually, the female uses shell into food, it serves as a good source of calcium and contributes to the speedy restoration of the organism of the young mother – After all, all those preceded by the appearance of a young day, she led a rather passive lifestyle, I exclusively ease to eat and drink no more than two times a day.
To help mom and baby appear on the light, the host parrots must support a favorable microclimate in the nest. If the air is too dry, the inner film under the shell climbs the chick and simply sticks to it, which will inevitably lead to death. At the time of sitting, the humidity parameter near the “Domik” should be 60-65%, It is desirable to include an air humidifier from time to time, a room fountain or just placed nearby vessel with water.
What do newborns look like?
The parrot breeders who believe that newborn birds look touching and lowly, are usually very disappointed – the sight, which appears their eyes after the chick hatches, can not be attributed to the discharge of attractive.
At this moment it is impossible to even imagine that through some 3-4 weeks of the cub will be a beautiful exotic bird with a bright plumage. The weight of the newborn parrot is only 1 gram, in some species parrots there are red eyes. After 3 days, the body mass increases 3-5 times, the weight of a young bird is gaining rapidly, because by the end of the first month it is no longer different from their parents.
Birds appear almost completely bare, only a weak gun is on the back.
After hatching chicks of the blind and absolutely helpless, they have a disproportionately big head, elongated neck and thin weak legs – such physiology makes it impossible to move the chicks, and the first day they spend exclusively lying.
Consider how about the development of chicks by day.
- On the 6th day, the egg-shaped goiter disappears, immediately after that the chick is capable of raising his head, the neck muscles are gradually stronger, and the baby can already hold his head on the weight.
- Weekly young make attempts to sit down and begin to open their eyes, and on 10 day their gaze becomes meaningful.
- After 12-14 days, the first feathers gradually grow first on the wings and in the occipital region. At the end of the third week, a plumage is finally formed, and coloring, the tail is growing, lengthens and blooming terry. At the same time, you can determine the floor of the chick. To the outcome of the first month feathers completely cover the torso of a young bird.
- After about 40 days, the parrot makes the first attempts to fly.
We can safely say that It is in the first days of his life chicks of parrots develop especially rapidly, Therefore, these days you need to make up maximum effort, to help the kids create a foundation for full-fledged development.
In the care of newborn wavy parrots, the main role is definitely performing a female. At this moment, she self-densitly protects and protects each of his chick, regardless of how much of them, and what is their health. At that moment, special attention is required from the bird breeder – He must care for his pets with double care, providing mother and father with balanced nutrition, vitamin and mineral supplements, supporting the perfect cleanliness and comfort of dwelling, as well as silence and comfortable conditions for the existence of chicks in captivity.
Do not forget that not only on new parents lies the burden of responsibility for the health of the kids, but also on their owners.
For the full development of young parrots, first of all, they need healthy and nutrient food rich in nutrients. In the first hours after the appearance of the baby, the kid feeds on the groove milk of his mother – it is A complex of special mucous discharges with the inclusion of undigested pieces of food,enriched with useful micro- and macroelements.
Gradually feed is replaced with a rougher, and for 5-6 days the female already feeds his young untrained grain, which suppresses in its goat. Parrot father also participates in replenishment of reserves and along with a female collects provisions in case the mother feed is not enough for all kids.
In some situations, it is necessary to resort to artificial feeding, it happens if parents for some reason are unable or simply do not want to take care of their offspring:
- With the manifestation of aggression in relation to the newborn parrot+
- If the brood is too big+
- When the chicks cannot take food independently or in the absence of their appetite+
- In cases where the female is preparing for a new laying+
- When the death of one or both parents.
To understand when the hosts are required, you should constantly monitor life in the nest. If a problem is detected – you can try to transfer the chick of another pair, if there is no one, then try to squint the female and give the baby to the care of the father.
If no other is possible, then you will have to fill the chick artificially, for this it is used:
- Specialized Mixtures for Chicks+
- Oatmeal or buckwheat porridge with the addition of several droplets of carrot or beetroot juice:
- Concentrated decoction of oats+
- Well peeled malt gelatged grains, mixed with crushed boiled egg.
Hungry chicks usually make a loud sharp squeak – in a similar way they give a signal to the beginning of feeding, you will have to stock upward patience, because this situation will be repeated every 2 hours in the daytime day and every 4 hours at night.
To feed the parrot, you will need a syringe with an elastic rubber tube or a thin brush – and in the other case, feeding is performed directly in the goiter.
Mom chicks need full nutrition – health and full development of kids directly depends on the state of the parent individual and the well-being of the Father. In the diet of females, in addition to the grain mixture, Mineral additives must be present, as well as juicy greens, crushed vegetables, cereals and sprouted cereals.
Comfortable living conditions in the first days of life are essential for further growth in chicks. It is important that the air temperature near the nest amounted to +36 degrees Celsius, and a week later, it is possible to reduce the temperature background to +30.33 degrees. After 3 weeks, heating is stopped, from now on the chicks are quite comfortable at normal room temperature in +22.24 degrees.
By the way, there are a wide selection of heating nests in stores, this acquisition will be very convenient for both the owners, and for young birds.
The cell of any feathelter should be clean, and the feeders with drinkers are practically sterile. After the birth of the kid, this rule does not change, but the nest itself can be cleaned 2 weeks after hatching. To do this, it is perfectly cleaned from the entire accumulated garbage and sticking mud – at this moment newborn parrots move to a specially prepared box with insulation. Keep in mind that Conduct hygiene activities as quickly as possible, otherwise the chickness of chicks is possible.
Be sure to ensure that fragments of food and dirt do not remain on the paws of chicks – in this case, the risk of their deformation as they grow. If it is necessary, cleaning can be a bit to hold the paws in the bath with warm water and carefully remove all the excess rut.
By the month of the bird, all his appearance resembles an adult person, only an uncertain gait and inept flight gives it a very young chick.
After 40 days, the bird begins to fly independently, and after another 14-20 days of a matured parrot can be launched from adult birds and put in another aviary. It is very important, since if the chick will live with parents, he will not take on self-piloting attempts, while staying in a separate cell accelerates flight skills without parental support.
About how to focus the chick of a wavy parrot, look in the following video.