Somali cats are very beautiful. They look like real aristocrats – flexible, graceful, with a fluffy “fox” tail, shrill look and a sophisticated collar. At the same time, they are curious as kittens, playful, gentle – real cats-companions. If you are in finding a good and fun, while unobtrusive cat with a dog’s character – there is no one better than Somali.
History of origin
The exact details of the origin of the cats of Somalia breed are unknown, but periodically long-haired kittens appeared in litters from the Abyssinian rock, and this was happening in different localities. The appearance of the so-called long-whistling gene is associated with the name of the breeder Janet Robertson. In the 1940s, her kittens of the Abyssinian breed were sold worldwide. So, after a while among the Australian, Canadian and American Abyssins, kittens with long wool and tail of high fluffy appeared. At that time, it was considered a marriage of rocks, and kittens did not participate in further breeding.
In the 1960s, Canadian and American breeders of cats decided that a separate breed would be from long-haired kittens – Abyssin. The success of long-haired kittens is associated with the name of another breeder – Mary Mailing, it was she who demonstrated them at the exhibition in Canada, where they produced Furore. In 1978, the Somalia has recognized the CFA Association, and now the Somalis received world recognition. In the same year, a description of this breed was compiled and the standard approved for it.
The breed was obtained from the country on the border with Ethiopia, where, probably, Abyssinian cats appeared, offered his breeder Evelin Magweque from America. The first representative of the breed was officially registered in the name of the same Mary Miling in 1965. And the club “Somali” earned in 1972.
It is logical to conclusion that Somalis – Nearest relatives of the Abyssinsev. In 1979, the Somali acquired the championship status. Next year, Somalis were accepted by all Felinologists clubs, they were admitted to exhibitions. A year later, Somali breed cats are distributed in European countries, and after 10 years they receive recognition by international organizations. Now Somalis can participate in any exhibition held in the world.
As for Russia, the cats of Somalia so far are common here, they have the status of rare and unusual breed.
Still remains a mystery why the long-whose gene appeared. After all, Abyssins are cats with short wool. They have thick and soft wool, in the area of the shoulder she is shorter. Somali’s head of small size, very neat. In contrast from the head of the ears have a very large size. Some representatives of the breed have tasters on the ears. Front paws have 5 fingers, and the rear – 4. Wool grows between her fingers. Somali’s eyes are very expressive, have a almond shape and can be brown or green, or amber-golden.
In the length of the cat grow up to 26-30 cm, high – up to 30 cm, and weighing can be 3.5-5 kg. Cats breed Somalia very bright, attractive animals. Due to the contrasting color of the face and big ears, as well as an inquisitive look, they look like chanterelles. Similarity enhances fluffy tail.
The standard of Somali breed is almost the same as in the Abyssinians, with amendment for long-haired.
The breed standard also provides the following features:
- Wedge-shaped head, smoothly spinning to the chin+
- ears have a wide landing+
- tail length is proportional to the length of the body+
- The eyes are summed up by black with “arrow” upstairs+
- Paws have rounding to the finger line+
- cheekbones expressed weakly, under the Vibris line they narrow.
Wool on the body is distributed unevenly, the length of the length is minimal, on the back – slightly longer, and the wool on the stomach is longer than everything. On the neck of cats lush collar, on the hind legs – fluffy pants.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other breed of cats, Somalis have and denominations and disadvantages. Let’s start with the advantages, namely:
- Representatives of the breed are completely adorable+
- Playing, curious+
- Distributable training+
- unobtrusive and have excellent intuition+
- smart and intelligent+
- Unpretentious in food+
- Cancelled Health.
There are minuses, although insignificant, such as:
- Somalis very poorly transfer loneliness, even non-elusive+
- Pretty wayward and can sometimes not obey the owner+
- Love to play with the hairs of the owners, so long-haired people can be difficult with such cats+
- slopes to kidney disease+
- Unusually moving, which can tire people prone to contemplation.
Cats breed Somalia – amazing. They are relatives of Abyssinian cats, from them they were concerned inquisite and a living character. But the Somali representatives of the Feline family more quiet and tactful, if compared with the Abyssinians. Somalis are loved by all family members. They are well a contact with children, even the smallest. They love to play with them, patient and never scratch the child, even if he delivered them discomfort.
With an adult man Somali Cat behaves differently. Even with the enormous curiosity of the cat in relation to all the actions of the owner, he will not impose his society to him and he will not bother him. Somalis incredibly love to communicate. Even if a person came to the house for the first time, the cat will demonstrate everything that he knows how to attract his attention to him. But they intuitively feel when their interest is inappropriate when a person is not in the mood to play and communicate, then they remain aside.
Surprisingly, with all its sociability and curiosity, the Somali is extremely rarely meow.
Representatives of this breed possess great mind. They are pretty easy to train, they perceive the main set of standard teams well, may even learn to bring the owner small items. Some Somalis can perform a number of tricks, since they are not inherent in stubbornness, as well as they perceive with interest any actions from the owner. But, of course, they still remain cats, not dogs.
Somalis are well and quickly adapt to changing conditions. They are easy to blame with other pets in the house, and, although they are amazing hunters, they can make friends even with rodents. Representatives of the breed retain playfulness and curiosity to old age. They like small items and details, and most of all – water drops from under the tap, which they catch the paw.
Somali extremely rarely produce claws, something really serious should happen to happen to happen. It is also characteristic of representatives of the Ragdoll breed.
Somalis have extraordinary dexterity. They do not fit the highest items in the house – wardrobe, refrigerator, and also know how to “leak” into hard-to-reach places. Motorika among representatives of the breed is well developed – they know how to keep the objects of small sizes in their paws and play with them. They are very nimble, movable, energetic. Sometimes it seems as if they do not need rest.
They love to be with someone from family members, but if the owners are not up to him, will deal with their affairs. Remaining alone for a long time, may decrease. Great way out – it is preferably a pet “partner”, preferably from the feline family.
Distinctive features of long-haired Abyssins are as follows:
- Non-aggressive neither to the owners, nor to strangers+
- Easy come to contact, friendly+
- smart, intelligent+
- love “hugs”, affectionate, gentle+
- Well teach, remember teams, leaving for training+
- Highly obsessive man can “seize”.
Despite their non-aggressiveness, Somali cats do not always respond calmly to the inconvenience. If there are kids in the family, it is better not to leave them one on one with a cat. Waving, the child can be larch to pull the cat over the tail or mustache and get a punch or bite.
Somalis Nebolutliva, but very love to purr, staying in a great mood.
Somalis are long-haired “copies” of Abyssinsev. They have as flexible and graceful bodies of medium or large size. Mordock is very expressive. However, there are also differences, namely:
- Length of wool+
- Lush collar and fluffy tail resembling fox.
In the period of molting Somalis look rather unsightly, but the rest of the time they are very beautiful. Color representatives can be different, but taking is always. The presence of ticked color is the main sign of the Somali. Ticked color – this is the presence of dark transverse strips on each hair. The larger the number of strips in the cat, the more valuable.
Strong ticking (differently called barcode) and compliance with the standard color makes cats from the nursery more expensive, and the nursery itself gets a big plus to reputation.
Initially, only two shades were present in the palette – it is wild and sorrhel. Now it is much wider and every year becomes more and more refined. The main gamma of the colors of Somali today is represented by colors as:
- wild – reddish or brownish-redhead tone of wool, on the ends black + dark spinal belt must be necessarily+
- roe – creamy matte wool, in some places it has a warm color, at the base of the shade very light + at the “Kosul” most appreciated precisely uniform color+
- blue, Or rather, a smoky blue tint on top, and inside – light beige or cream + on the surface, the stripes of a gray-blue shade, the same tone and pillows on the paws+
- Sorrhel – copper-red color with leaving in light brown, at the base of the apricot shade + in cats such a color of the spout and pads of the paws are painted in pink, and on the tip of the tail and ears wool karara+
- silvered – any color, in which the shade of undercoat and ticking – white.
If you buy Somalia’s kitten to participate in exhibitions, then you need to consider what is considered to be a marriage of the breed, namely:
- Availability of sand or gray shade+
- Black zones at the base of wool+
- Residual drawings – Stripes on foot, stains on the case+
- White spots – this is an indicator for the disqualification of the kitten + let’s say white color only on the chin, throat, nostrils+
- Mounded crocheted tail+
- Closed necklace+
- The presence of an excess finger or, on the contrary, neccomplete.
Important! When choosing a kitten, pay attention to its playfulness, mobility. Fucking or aggressive kittens – not an option, better pay attention to curious and fun.
The cost of the representative of the breed starts from 11,000 rubles. Of course, the price depends on the fact that the floor kitten, which external data it has, what kind of pedigree. There are several Somali nurseries in the country, the largest – in Moscow.
There are nurseries in Kiev and Minsk. If you acquire a kitten through the Internet, first of all specify the reputation of the seller and reviews about it. Do not hesitate to call or write to buyers who acquired kittens from this breeder, and ask whether they are pleased with the purchase. This will allow you to avoid useless waste of money, because, as already mentioned, Somalis are expensive.
Conditions of detention
Care for the Somali Cat (as for any long-haired representative of the Feline family) need very carefully. Long wool requires cleaning and regular combing. Somalis have a fine soft wool of medium length, which looks well-groomed and not rolled into chatins. But this, of course, does not mean that it is not necessary to comb wool.
In addition to wool, representatives of the breed have undercoat, which is rather thick growing. This will require a furminator. If you use it, then the molting will not be so strong. This, of course, will have a positive effect on the cleaning of the room. Although it should be noted that Somalis, despite the relative long-hairedness, they are linked not as much as other rocks with similar fluffiness.
If the Somali is contained in the conditions of the city apartment, then it needs to regularly walk. If you are sure that there are no ticks on the lawn on which you are planned, then you can wear a cat in a cat and give her stroll. If such confidence is absent, it is better to walk the cat on a plot, fenced and spray from insects. Perhaps it is also worth using a special anticlececraft collar. You can produce a cat on the loggia, provided that it is glazed and fastened well.
After walking cats, you need to wash. Somalis are completely calmly relate to water, in addition, they exclusively trust the owner, so there should not be with swimming and washing the paws. Somalians need toys, brates and other games for games. Toys are desirable to change so that they do not bother the cat. Because if this happens, a curious animal will go to look for “toys” on the table or master bedside table.
The life expectancy of the animal with competent and proper care – from 13 to 15 years.
Somali cat need to eat well and efficiently. The owner can prepare her to eat either buy ready-made feed. And the one and the other option acceptable. In the finished stern must contain no less than 40% of meat. This, of course, is expensive, but the other is unacceptable. If you choose the finished feed, then it is impossible to alternate it with natural food. Otherwise, the cat can wait for digestion disease.
If you stopped on a natural food, then it must be balanced very strictly: for kittens in proportion 3: 1 animal to vegetable, and for adults – 2: 1.
Kit cats should also be fish fat, eggs, vegetable oil, fermented milk products, special milk for cats.
Representatives of the Somalia breed are distinguished by excellent health. Sometimes cause concern to teeth and gums, they should be periodically verified. Teeth need daily cleaning. Because of its friendliness and curiosity, Somalians often show attention to other animals – birds, dogs, other cats. Not all of them are glad to be alone and do not want to communicate. Therefore, sometimes Somalis get injuries from animals.
In the period from 9 to 12 weeks, the kittens can be instilled. This is a comprehensive vaccination: it protects against chlamydia, chumka, calicivine, rinotracheita. In a month you can re-vaccinate. From rabies vaccinated either with primary vaccination, or repeated – it depends on the desire of the owner. Subsequently, vaccinations are made at the age of one year, and then – every year.
If the cat from an early age to teach to cleanliness, then there will be no difficulty with him.
There is one serious disease, which is subject to Somali. This is a deficiency of piruvatkinase. This happens due to the presence of a recessive gene, which causes the development of jaundice. The risk group is kittens to six months and individual after 12 years. Treat jaundice injectable glucose and saline. Injection intravenous.
In accordance with the statistics collected by veterinarians, Somali cats are subject to such diseases as:
- renal amyloidosis – Unfortunately, there is no treatment + only cats are sick, caused by a violation of the exchange of proteins+
- dislocations of trapped cups – This pathology is hereditary + if the form of the disease is severe, they treat it by surgical intervention+
- obesity – mostly male after the Castration procedure + appetite increases, therefore, it is necessary to ensure that and how much cat is eats, you need to be especially careful.
If the animal does not have enough vitamins, then the appearance of gum (gingivitis) inflammation is possible, as well as the formation of a dental stone. Do not mention the need for regular degelmintion, as well as an inspection for flea. This is especially important for those cats that walk on the street. Once in 6 months it is necessary to visit the veterinarian for prophylactic inspection.
The appearance of the first flow in the cat is usually over 8 months old. However, it is recommended to give birth no earlier than one year. Due to the aristocraticness and refinement of the breed, Somalians are seriously pregnant, among them very often come across unable to pregnancy and to dry out the offspring of individuals. That is why kittens so expensive.
To increase the likelihood, get pregnant meeting with a cat should be carried out on the territory of the cat. Cat must be stay there for 3-4 days to get used and reduce stress level. If the fact of pregnancy cat is installed, it needs a lot of attention and affectionate communication.
At this time, the owners undesirable to leave somewhere, and better to be someone from family members was constantly at home. At this time, the cat needs to be around a person.
Kittens appear on light with collar and pants (of course, in the infancy, but still distinguishable). Mom cat caring for kittens very carefully. It is better to leave kittens with my mother until they reach the age of 12 weeks, otherwise they will survive severe stress. This may affect their mental state, and on physiological. If the cat is not to divert on the mating, the flow will occur more and more often – three times a month. They have a functioning of the sexual system, cysts and polyps are formed.
Look even more about Somali cats in the following video.