Fish Danio are a variety of carp. They enjoy the aquarists in well-deserved popularity, and this is not surprising, since they do not require special care, they actively give offspring and feel well in the aquarium. In natural conditions, Danio is common in South Asia.
Features and varieties
In order to create fish comfortable habitats, it is necessary to place them in an aquarium with a volume of more than 10 liters. Best if it will have an elongated form, as Danio is very mobile and require freedom of movement. Ideally, if you arrange 7-8 individuals together, since fish are stained.
It is necessary to ensure that the water is always fresh. To do this, it will be enough to update it weekly by 15 percent.
Danio can be called omnivore. It is necessary to monitor mainly due to feed, it should not be very large. In order for fish to actively multiply, they need live food. Moth or Daphnesia fit perfectly. Oracter ripen, reaching the age of 5-8 months.
Danio can be breed at home. The main species that are common in our country is Roerio, Pink, Orange, Leopard, Dunguil and Hopra. Consider their differences in more detail.
- Variety of Roerio is also called Zebra. It has a blue and yellow strip on the caller and can grow up to 7 centimeters in length. It was based on their basis “Danio GLO, distinguished by fluorescent glow.
- Pink Danio have up to 6 centimeters. They are able to comfortably feel in the general aquarium. Leopard slightly less, up to 5 centimeters, and differ in characteristic spotted color.
- Orange Slavs Danio Take its name according to the shade of fins.
- The smallest fish are Hopra. They grow only up to 3 centimeters.
- Some of the largest – Dunguil. They can reach 10 centimeters.
Differences of varieties are manifested mainly. They all behave like and have the same needs. Therefore, it is possible to dilute such fish using a universal instruction.
How to find the difference between male and female?
Find differences between the fry is very difficult, but with age they become less similar. As for males, their size is more modest than the representatives of the opposite sex. Boys have a bright and rich coloring, especially in the case of fins. Girls are less slim, possess a round belly.
The readiness for the reproduction is considered bloated abdomen females. During this period, Pheromones are allocated to which the male reacts. Males are also able to allocate pheromones. Combine the individuals of both sexes in one container follows 8 hours.
Half Danio comes aged 5-9 months. Females become about 2.5 centimeters long, males can be slightly less.
Where to carry out spawning
In order to carry out spawning, 2 options are offered. Aquarist must choose the most preferred.
The first one is when the fish are contained in the general aquarium. Capacity should be equipped with shelters and place plants there. However, these precautionary measures do not always save the offspring from the existence of relatives.
Output can be spawning. It is usually a capacity of 20 to 40 liters.
A special grid is laid on the bottom, through which the caviar will drop down. It is necessary to monitor the edges of the mesh tightly to the walls of the aquarium – it will protect the eggs, as the fish can not get to them.
Replace the grid can be spawned. Some aquarists also use balls having a diameter of more centimeter. These measures allow to be lost to icons and will appear in the future.
Spawning preparation tips
Before spawning, it is necessary to place representatives of both sexes in different aquariums. It is necessary to follow the feed that fish consumes. He must be high quality. Best Moth or Daphnes.
Significantly rounded abdomen females signals that it is ready to throw caviar. The most comfortable conditions for this process are:
- The water temperature, which in the summer should be from 20 to 25, and in winter from 17 to 22 degrees+
- Acidity at 6 to 7.5 pH+
- Stiffness not more than 10 HD.
Fluid must be enriched with oxygen. This can be achieved by putting a plant substrate on the bottom of the aquarium. His role can perform, for example, shine or peristoliste. After a couple of weeks, Danio is placed in spawning. The group must be more than 5 individuals.
Also it will be useful to ensure the shelter for females. These can be a variety of plants, ranging from long-distance and ending with mshami. Full fern or rogol.
Fish, who are ready for breeding and removing caviar, need to transplant under certain conditions to eliminate the emergence of a stressful situation. It is necessary to turn off the light and implement the process in the evening. Under the correct conditions, spawning will begin in the morning. Sometimes you will need to wait 1-2 days, during which feeding Danio should not. In some cases, when the process is delayed, After 2 days, you can pour a bit of feed.
If waiting is dragged, females are placed back to the overall aquarium for a couple of weeks.
During a dropping of caviar, the male chasing the female. The water level should be about 10 centimeters.
How to care for caviar?
Icre also requires some care. It should be borne in mind that it is very gentle and can die as a result of infections or fungus. Therefore, security measures should be followed.
- Water container must be shaded.
- In the water add a little finely broken erythromycin or drop a pair of iodine droplets to disinfect liquid.
- The first signs of the presence of fungus – the sponge of the iconic 2-4 hours after their appearance. Such eggs need to be removed by tweezers, otherwise the rest will die.
- The replacement of the fluid should be daily, and the water is updated by 10-25 percent. Do not mix liquid different temperatures.
How to care for fry?
The emerging larvae first behave calm. They are located on the surfaces and do not move. Meals occurs with the help of a yolk bag, which will independently dispel after 5-6 days.
It will force fry to start searching for feed, respectively, to show activity.
First time they need liquid food. Special feed can be purchased at the pet store. The basis of infusories, feed is only additional food.
It should be noted that Flinks are capable of growing very quickly. For relocation to the overall aquarium, they must reach the length of 1.5 centimeters. After a month and a half they grow up to 24 millimeters.
The second spawning should occur 1-1.5 weeks after the first. This is an important condition, since otherwise the caviar is capable of perch, respectively, the fories will not appear. If the female does not get rid of such a caviar, she can get sick. In natural habitat conditions, 5-6 ikromets in a row for fish of this species is the norm.
Restless behavior of females when relocating in Sneshilla says that Ikra misunderstood either overrear. The individual can rush and even hide from the male. In this case, assistance is necessary.
Resetting overwhelmed caviar very responsible moment. It is necessary to perform all manipulations carefully, so as not to injure the female. Help is expressed in the following:
- Fish is wrapped in wet watts and clamping between fingers+
- Another hand of it is carefully squeezed by caviar.
Is there a difference in breeding between species?
Breeding some types of Danio has its own nuances. For example, a separate aquarium will be required pink individuals. Wherein One female should have 2 male.
Spawning at the leopard variety continues for 2 months. All this time, males and female are together, keeping loyalty. The Golden Danio couples can take shape for life.
Regardless of varieties need to be borne in mind that if the spawning of the female began in the general aquarium, it can be rejected in the process. Imitation of the rain promotes reproduction. The main thing is to gain patience, do everything as correct and carefully, then the Danio breeding does not deliver special hassle.
About how to breed Danio, see the following video.