Care and content of the scalar

Care and content of the scalar

Some of the most beautiful and large aquarium fish of the scalar are the dream of almost every enthusiastic breeder. At first glance, they attract attention to themselves, look spectacular and exotic. But it is not every aquarist to grow such beauties. Care and the content of the scalar requires, really, serious time and strength.

Referred to as foreign fans “angels” these predatory fish do not differ in approximate behavior. They are better not to post together with fry, and in general it is better to select from other inhabitants of the Water World. Caring for the bells for beginners can be overly complex. But creating optimal conditions for aquarium fish and their caviar, you can get excellent results, significantly increasing the existing population. Let us later consider what rules should be guided by these large cichlids in the new habitat.

Optimal conditions

In order for the scalar perfectly felt in a new place, you should take care of creating optimal living conditions for them. These spectacular aquarium fish need quite a lot of free space. For novice aquarists it will be useful to know what to keep a scalar with a better pair – single individuals rejected fish flocks, get more scant food. In the monobreed aquarium, the main pair will always be detected, leaders who demonstrate their status in communicating with relatives.

The content of exotic scalar at home began relatively recently – near a century ago. For a long time, the aquarists acted using samples and errors. It was not possible to get offspring, there were problems with the development of diseases in fish. But gradually the right solutions were found, and today to keep scalar in the aquarium is not more difficult than guppy. The main thing is to create optimal conditions for these wonderful creatures.

Select aquarium

Preparation for settlement The scalar provides the correct selection of the tank. Aquarium is selected based on the size and needs of fish. In the wild, these cichlids easily reach 26 cm long, in captivity, their dimensions are modest, but also impressive – about 15 cm. Accordingly, the aquarium for such large inhabitants is needed roomy – at least 60 liters, but an option for 250 liters is considered optimal for the content. It can contain 4-5 pairs of fish, equipping them and a spacious place for free swimming, and green creek, and natural or artificial shelters.

Recommended height of the walls of the aquarium for the scalar – about 60 cm. The optimal form is considered to be a classic parallelepiped, allowing to facilitate the planting of fish and plants, care, cleaning of the container. Install an aquarium is needed in a quiet place with good artificial lighting (MB lamps). The straight rays of the Sun are an undesirable factor, their contact with the scalaria is better to avoid. No extra stress, outsiders will allow preserving a bright color of fish in its most attractive form.

The spacious aquarium is absolutely needed by the scalaries, if it is planned to not just grow fish, but also to provide them with the right development, good spawning.

On average, there is enough capacity of 60 l per 1 pair of adult individuals. With powerful filters, you can further compact the settlement. But in this case, there will be a struggle between the fish, which will inevitably lead to the loss of their decorativeness.

Water temperature

Indicators of water temperature affect many factors for the development of the scalar, since the fish in vivo lives in Amazon, in the conditions of a tropical climatic zone. Aquarium content is possible at water temperature in the range from +16 to +23 degrees Celsius. But the appearance and decorativeness of the pets will be unsatisfactory.

To make the content of the scalar at home close to their natural range, it is necessary to maintain a rather high softness of water, while maintaining its temperature in the range of +23.36 degrees. During the period of spawning (and to start the breeding process), it increases even more. Optimal indicators will be in the range of + 30-32 degrees Celsius.

Soft water of weak acidity – an important component of success in the cultivation of aquarium scalar. Optimal stiffness indicators – 18, pH – from 6.5 to 7.4. But besides these numbers, it is very important to preserve the permanent microbiological composition of the medium. If he often changes dramatically, problems will be inevitable. On average, the update 1/4 of the total liquid is required weekly.

In nature, scalar live in lagunins and rapids, where the flow is very slow or missing at all. In the aquarium they also do not need a rapid flow. It will be enough to simply provide good filtering

. It is important to remember that too warm water is a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic microorganisms. Sometimes its temperature is specifically reduced to prevent dangerous diseases.

When forming a comfortable environment, experienced aquarists often create biotope aquariums with “black” water. The following indicators are characterized for it:

  • brown-yellow shade+
  • High transparency+
  • The content of humic acids+
  • Tannins that give a characteristic color.

Your natural color in Amazon is such a liquid medium due to contact with rich humid soil. In artificial conditions, it is recreated with special concentrates or with the help of non-hard home tools. Crumpled Course and Willow Roots (young, spring collection), Olkhovy bumps, oak bark or chestnut shells steamed on a water bath for two hours, then based on the resulting raw materials is prepared by infusion. Its addition to water provides an increase in the bactericidal properties of the medium, prevents the growth of pathogenic microflora.

Necessary scenery

For aquarium with scalaria, you need to purchase certain plants and scenery. First of all it is sparing on the walls and surfaces. In such thickets in nature, they hide from enemies. At the time of spawning, you have to land or put large plants with dense leaves in the ground – Camumba, Ludwigia, Ambulia. Among herbaceous “neighbors”, preference is better to give cryptocorine – its scalaria is especially like.

The appropriate is also a freshwater valvery, unpretentious in cultivation. You can decorate an aquarium with the scalaries of the marsh anabias – its creeping rhizome will speed up the landscaping of the aquarium.

Screwing also must be labeled, creating good conditions for fish during the period of the marriage games and the offspring.

Features of feeding

Feeding the scalar – the process is relatively simple. These fish can be content with dry food, but ready to eat alive organisms. Considering the volume of the stomach, it is better to give food more often – up to 3 times a day, but in small portions, a weekly arrangement of pets unloading periods for 24 hours to prevent obesity. Adult fish fed twice a day. Frys eating 3 times a day, about 3 months of age.

The most proper nutrition for any cychlide should differ in high protein content. Fresh or frozen cores, daphnia, moth, shrimp – they are given to one feed during the day. Among dry food is better to choose those that slowly fall on the bottom. Special flakes will become the optimal solution, eat from the bottom of the scalaries is difficult due to the characteristics of the body structure.

Among the vegetation feeds, algae are best suited. You can use as a battery element Riccia, a row, Walfia. As an additional feeding, you can use ground seafood meat from shrimp to octopus, as well as a beef heart.

Compatibility with other fish

This subspecies of cichlid is characterized by peace-loving in relation to other fish. But they should not keep them with fir, with a high probability they will be eaten. Spring with:

  • Barbusami+
  • Tetra+
  • Soma Plekostsi, corridors+
  • Midnames+
  • Mollyonsia+
  • Boots+
  • Danio.

Conditionally compatible with eels, crabs, shrimps. Catches in the aquarium are extremely desirable because the scalar themselves are usually not hurry to clean bottom from pollution. These fish are categorically incompatible with guppi, koi carp, discourses, African and South American cichlids.

Caring for the scalaria of different types

Its features and some subtleties in care for different types of scalary still exist. The most unpretentious is the scalar ordinary. The most difficult for the content and removal are considered to be the scalaria altum, living exclusively in the Hinders of Orinoco – they are very sensitive to changes in habitat. Make their breeding better aquarists with extensive experience. A compromise solution may be the Scalaria Leopold – a beautiful and relatively rare variety that does not require complex care.

Care for offspring

As soon as in a special spawning or a common aquarium, caviar will be postponed, it is worth trying not to disturb a couple. The smaller stress it will experience, the higher the likelihood of the appearance of a healthy offspring. So that the caviar did not suffer from other fish ready for parents of the scalar better send to the spawning aquarium in advance. Male and female show instincts, providing an influx of oxygen to masonry due to its foiling by fins, spoiled (whiten) Icrings can go. When released by young from the shell, parents help the kids break through a dense barrier.

Keep the fry at adult pair you need another 7-10 days. Next they are sitting. It is worth considering that even with good care of the scalar, about 20% of young people die.

To create good conditions, the medium in a new aquarium is created in proportion 1 to 1 with distilled or boiled raw materials, complemented by antifungal additives. The second half is taken from the usual tank where the population lives. Optimal for fry Temperature regime should be at the level of +30 degrees Celsius. The hatching of the juvenile takes place for 3 days, another 4 days they are attached to the place of flavors, then ready for independent movement.

Flocks of scalar need a balanced nutrition. In the first days they give infusories, egg yolk or special starting feed. Multi-day scalaria can be given live food – Artemia. From 1.5 months give cutting blood and tube. Seared young people need as it is height, in an adult fish aquarium is transferred for 3 months of life.

How to keep, care and multiply the library, see the following video.

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