Care and maintenance

Care and maintenance

In nature, fissors in the reservoirs of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina. The natural size of these interesting creatures is 6 cm, but in aquarium conditions they reach only 5 cm. Difference of the Terenation is the presence of a large anal fin, which can be compared with the skirt. As well as characteristic features of this fish are transverse strips, located closer to the head.

How to choose aquarium?

With competent care and compliance with all conditions of detention in the aquarium, terenation lives no more than 4 years. The volume of the aquarium is chosen at the rate of 10 liters per part. The 10-liter container is allowed to place 2 individuals, but the thorns are taken by groups, as these are art fish. So they are better to grow in aquarium from 35 liters. Perfect Option for Fish Fish – Glass House of 60 L. In form it should be a long, but shallow tank of about 50-60 cm.

Yury creatures have a feature jump out from the aquarium, so cover it with a lid.

Requirements for water

Prepare for the settling of new pets a standby clean water. Optimal temperature limits for a comfortable life of the thorns – 22-28 °. The acidity of water is permissible within 6.5-8.5 pH, and the rigidity should be not more than 20 DGH. The aquarium should not have a strong current, a sufficiently moderate water movement. Salts in water should not be kept.

Necessary scenery

It is believed that the grottoes and shelters are not required for these fish, so you can not spend money on a large number of different scenery. Enough to put the cave, put a snag or pipe, throw a pair of large stones or do with one ceramic pot. For aesthetics, buy a light color ground, let it be river sand of a major configuration or small pebbles. On bright background black fish will look pretty impressive.

Instead of abundance of grottoes, it is better to use live vegetation as a scenery. For example, a bright green Ambulia will look in the background. Beautifully grow up in the aquariums in the aquariums of the Eldine, and this plant will serve as an additional filter for water.

Pick such plants that love the abundance of light, as the thorns will need to provide good lighting. The beauty of the illuminated greenery will highlight the interesting color of these fish.

What else is needed for content?

Mandatory condition for the content of any aquarium inhabitants – purchase filter. For thorns, small power equipment will be suitable, which will not create a strong current. And also do not forget to get a heater, which will support the temperature at the desired level in case of disconnection of heating in the apartment. Comfortable conditions for fish creates and the presence of a compressor that ensures oxygen flow.

Do not forget about lighting devices. Most aquariums with covers are already equipped with plafoons or places for their installation. For example, a very beautiful effect will create a tubular LED lamp. With natural light, it is important not to overdo it, since the oversupply of sunlight can provoke an increased increase in aquarium plants.

How to care?

Before buying a thorny, you should know that there are several of their species. So, a vouchela variety is popular for which large wavy fins are characterized. Another common view – Golden Ternation. Her difference is the lack of stripes and light golden color.

Special attention should be paid to gennometric fish, which differ in fluorescent colors. They are blue, green, yellow, red, pink, orange, violet, blue. These are glowing individuals, the painting of which it becomes also brighter under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.

For fluorescent species, it is recommended to organize lighting with blue, since it is under such light that they look most aesthetically.

Also colored fish are painted through special injections, and although multicolored species look in the aquarium very effectively, but have one substantial minus – their life expectancy is significantly less than those of individuals with ordinary natural color.

Teans are not distinguished by challenge, and even a novice aquarist will cope with their content.

  • A couple of times a week it is necessary to change water in the aquarium, or rather, to replace 1/4 of its volume. Do not abuse frequent full replacement, as all useful bacteria that form a microclimate in the aquarium are already populated in old water. These microorganisms die with a complete replacement of water, and fish have to adapt to changed conditions again. Pour into the aquarium only the pure water weighted during the day.
  • Do not forget to clean the filter. The frequency of the procedure depends on its power and type. If this is an internal filter, then clean it once or two per week, the frequency of clearing the external unit is determined by its power. Sometimes it is enough to clean a couple of times a year.
  • Provide thoughts at least 10-hour day. Fluorescent lamps should not be high power, otherwise they will provoke a thermal burn on the body of aquarium inhabitants.
  • Watch out for the growth of algae. If they are too rummaged (for example, it is typical), then go through them, otherwise the fish will be uncomfortable to swim in such a thick greenery. Rinse the plants, as particles of dirt accumulate on them, as well as organize islands between them for free melting of thorns.
  • Keep in mind that when reproducing fish should be placed in spawning and immediately after throwing caviar to put back to the overall aquarium, otherwise all eggs will be eaten. The number of caviar for one spawning is about 1000 pieces.

How and what to feed?

In terms of the term of the TERNECTION, unpretentious, and the main rules of feeding include dosage compliance. The fact is that by thisIt is characteristic of overeating, which leads not only to the deterioration of the state, but even to the death of some individuals.

Another problem is that the thorns, unlike most other aquarium fish, because of the peculiarities of the oral cavity, they have fallen from the bottom, and eat it only on the surface or in the process of its settlement on the bottom.

Therefore, in order to avoid rapid pollution of the aquarium, it is important to feed pets dosage.

Breeding terenation recommended varied. The menu may include special purchased feed, animals and vegetable components. If feeding fish is monotonous, it will lead to a violation of metabolism, a decrease in survival and passive reproduction. Live feed can be offered both in kind and frozen.

In nature, these fish love to be touched in insects and their larvae, fallen on the surface of water. It is recommended to enrich the diet and vitamin additives that strengthen the immune system of fish, ensure the development of a strong skeleton, increase the brightness of the color.

Possible problems

Difficulties in the content of aquarium fish at home may occur if not to compact compatibility of different types. For example, good neighbors for the thorns are considered to be a cattle or guoirs, and smaller species of the type of guppie or neon can become a victim of curious thorns. And it is also not recommended to grow thorns with cichlasomas and astronotos that can injure little fish. Problems arise if the thorny is contained alone: ​​it becomes aggressive. These are art fish that feel comfortable only in the group.

To avoid health problems, each new part is placed in the jacket for a 3-week quarantine. The fallen fish becomes passive or, on the contrary, aggressive, it often floats to the surface due to oxygen starvation, does not respond to the surrounding stimuli. Diseases may result in low acidity water or a large amount of ammonia in it.

To solve the problem, aquarists advise to increase water temperature up to 30 ° and make salt baths.

    Contamation of pets and bacterial diseases. The presence of such says uneven coloration of the gills, the formation of mucus, threaded feces, white marks on fins. Sickfish should be rejected for 25 minutes in a 2% solution of the cook salt and repeat the manipulation after 2-3 days. Next, the “patient” is placed in the flow aquarium.

    Story about the form of fishes in the next video.

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