COM PTRIGopLICHT: varieties and care recommendations

COM PTRIGopLICHT: varieties and care recommendations

Pterygoplikht (he is a ptericle) – Large Parchina Som family from the tropical rivers of South America. This, in general, unpretentious fish, leading the night lifestyle, especially interest those who can afford a large aquarium of up to 500 liters, where it will feel quite satisfactory.

general description

Pteryric is one of the largest aquarium fish, in natural water bodies, it can reach half a meter. In the aquarium, the maximum size of the som directly depends on the size of the aquarium itself. If Pteryk develops aquarium, which contains, in its body there are serious irreversible changes, which are the reason for reducing the life expectancy of this catfish in an artificial water branch. In the aquariums they usually live about 15 years.

The color of the Somov of PTRIGopLICHTS varies very widely depending on the age and conditions of content. Usually the body of the catfish is covered clearly defined in the wrong shape with dark spots, quite evenly scattered on a lighter background. Classic color resembles a slope of giraffe. The color of females is usually lighter than males.

Body structure is typically for bottom inhabitants – it is significantly compressed in the horizontal plane. Spin and Boca Fish covered with rolling bone plates.

One of the signs that distinguishes even young pteries from other bottom Somov-sticks, is a high dorsal fin, comparable in height with a sobe head. Before the fin on the back is a noticeable comb.

Eyes and nostrils of the PTRIGOPLICHT are typical of bottom fish high location on the head. Nostrils are equipped with additional outdoor increases and in size close to the eyes of Somick. Pteryca rota apparatus is a suction cup combined with thick mustache.

The male from the female of the PTRIGopLICHT is easy to distinguish: the male, as a rule, is larger, but the main difference is breast fins having longer front rays equipped with spikes.

Fish is distinguished by compatibility practically with any neighbors on aquarium. The basis of the diet of the PTRIGOPLICHT is vegetable food, and therefore it is completely indifferent to other inhabitants of the aquarium. However, herbivorous fish may be on a hungry soldering, since a larger COM with the help of their suction cups very quickly destroys food, and growing algae digs, from which they come and gradually die. COM can also represent serious trouble for slow gold fish, which is easily embrying with their suction cup. In trying to reset such a rider, fish can completely exhaust their lush fins.

Due to the large size of the Pteryk uninteresting to other fish. Conflicts and even accidents are possible if two or more males are in one aquarium, between which the scuffle are inevitable. Sometimes males conflict even with the males of others, close in terms of living, species.

Sometimes PTRIGopLICHT begins to starve if there will be more active herbivorous fish in the aquarium. Extracted abdomen usually testifies to the malnutrition of the catfish. Therefore, it is important to follow the form of the abdomen – it should remain round.


At present, not less than 14 varieties of PTRIGopLICHT. Some of them are very rare and do not have a generally accepted name. All of them inhabitants of the South American Amazon and Orinoco Pool Rivers. Some successfully mastered the mountain rivers in the Andes, where they find refuge and food among stones.

The following varieties are most popular in the aquarium, sometimes called pterygoplicht.

  • Leopard. Fish can grow to 56 cm. Stains of the color of this cat is the most blurred. About 10 years old can live in aquariums. The tail fin is distinguished by the inward-pointed ends.

  • Reticulate. Can grow somewhat larger than the previous variety. Color resembles a light fine mesh that covers the dark body of the catfish. There are cases when, in the aquarium, these soms lived to 20 years.

  • PTRIGopLICHT Yozelman. The maximum body length does not exceed 35 cm. Head styling. The body is covered with golden stains, the drawing becomes smaller on the tail. Life expectancy – no more than 10 years.

  • Yellow Sailing (Orange). Reaches a length of 30 cm. Dark large stains of irregular shape cover all body, spaces between them have an orange-yellow tint. Can live in a big aquarium at least 10-15 years. A distinctive feature is a large sail-shaped spinal fin.

  • Parchova. One of the largest subspecies. Body length can reach up to 60 cm. On bright background, large dark spots of irregular shape are scattered. In the aquariums lives up to 20 years. The dozen fin shapes the sail, supplied with pronounced spikes.

  • Golden (Albino). In fact, the name “Albino” conditionally, this is an independent taxon of pterygoplikhtov, and not a random genetic mutation, which are real albinos. Color of this cat is the most bright. The total shade is significantly lighter than the color of most relatives. Body length can reach 50 cm.

Differences from Plekostol and Anzister

Often, inexperienced aquarists, acquiring brocade soms for their aquarium, confuse them with very close species: small ansister and larger plexist. Indeed, young people have many common features. First of all, they are all belonging to the shell (oscillate) somers, have a rump in the form of a suction cup, lead a bottom lifestyle. They have a similar shade of color, all the body is covered with spots. The general plan for the structure of these fish, close in the way of life, is actually similar.

Of course, the differences for an experienced amateur aquarium or professional are obvious, but pay attention to the most essential of them is still necessary.

Plekostusus – a more common genus divorced in fish aquariums. Often an aquarium with these wonderful catfish is issued for a reservoir with pteries, and there is nothing surprising.

The fish is widespread in the Amazon basin, it is wherein the PTRIGopLICHTS. The highest ecological flexibility caused the appearance of a huge variety of subspecies of these soms. They live in mountain streams high above sea level in the Andes, and in tropical swamps with non-continuing water on Amazonian and Orinocal lowlands. In this case, high numbers are distinguished everywhere and fertility.

The size of the fish in natural water bodies is very impressive – up to 50 cm, which is close to the size of Perikov. In the aquarium they can grow up to 35 cm. Fish color is highly variable. Dark spots prevail on a lighter background.

Well, now about the main differences.

  • Fish, even very young, you can distinguish with a suction cup color when they are on the glass. Plekostus has a pale subtle mustache and weakly-colored abdomen gill lids. Pteryk, on the contrary, is equipped with thick painted beaches and stained with gill lids.
  • The leather fold on the nostrils of the PTRIGOPLICHT is developed noticeably stronger than that of the Plekostol, and rises above the eye level. The second catfold is always below the eye line.
  • Rows of spikes on the side sides of the body. PTRIGopLICHT has two, one goes on the side of the eye level, the second starts from the thoracic fin. Shipples are not bad even in young fish on a lighter color. Plekostoms have only one number of such growers going bent linas from the thoracic fin.

In view of the relative rarity and practically not feasible in the conditions of the amateur aquarium of breeding Pteryrics are much more expensive than plexus.

Beginners aquarists are often confused by Perci with another popular inhabitant of an artificial reservoir – catcher Anzister. Young these soms are very similar. First of all, you should pay attention to the stain pattern – the tail of the ansister as if separated from the body with a light strip. And, of course, the head – in the ansister, it is covered by different form by the growth of “horns”, which never happens to PTRIGopLICHTS. Adult Somov cannot be confused at least due to differences in size: the ansister rarely grows more than 15 cm.

How to live in nature?

Parchina Soma – inhabitants of extensive river amazon river systems and orinoco. Since there is a connection between these river basins in the rainy season, the fish may freely move from rivers in the river in vast territories. You can meet these and close to them in the image of the life of Somov in all constants and even in the time reservoirs of the northern part of South America and the coast of the Caribbean Sea. Some fish can dwell and in the saltwater water of river esthearies.

In the arid period of the Soma, which turned out to be in the drying water, falling into the hibernation, arranging a rather complicated hole in Ile at least 1 meter long. The large habitat of PTRIGopLICHTS included areas with various conditions, which gave rise to numerous natural varieties and subspecies of these soms.

Non-food problems in natural reservoirs never occurs. 80% of the diet is vegetable food – microscopic algae, soft tissues of water plants, decomposing wood.

With the age of natural enemies, somov is getting less. Durable shell, numerous spikes on body and fin, masking coloring and night lifestyle allow them to defend themselves well from predators.

Features of the content in the aquarium

The main mistake in the content of Pteryca is the placement of it in a small aquarium. Fish is quite rapidly growing, reaching impressive sizes. The capacity of at least 400 liters is considered optimal for a pair of these fish. Of course, the young catfish will greatly live in a tank of up to 100 liters in aquarium, but it will be impossible to create a satisfactory condition for it there after some time. This significantly reduces the life expectancy of the parych cattle.

Caring for aquarium with PTRIGopLICHTS does not represent any difficulties. Fish dwells in large and deep rivers. Water must be replaced weekly for about a quarter. In the aquarium with pary sms, it is desirable to create a robust course and necessarily aeration. To maintain purity in the aquarium, an external aquarium filter is needed – a large catfish can create a strong torment.

For the content of pterix optimal, the temperature is from 24 to 30 ° C, because in nature the water of the unprecedented rivers of the equatorial belt is very well warmed. The rigidity is necessary average, and the pH is not lower than 6.5, and better 7.5.

Parchina Som – Fish is quite peaceful, so it can be kept almost with any neighbors. However, at night, when Som is active, he can be sick to the cover of slow fish. Golden fish can especially suffer from his fabrications, sometimes discusses or scalar, inactive at night. Pteryric can handle Czech with their bodies, trying to cover the need for animal food.

Being a bottom inhabitant, som with pleasure devouring caviar of fish, one way or another to be in aquarium. The presence of armor and large size make a paryer compatible even with rather aggressive cichlids and some other predators.

Creating a reservoir for him, it is necessary to take care of shelters, where it will spend a bright day of day, minimizing natural vegetation, as it will still be destroyed, and discard the hopes for successful reproduction in the same reservoir of other fish.

Than feed?

For the digestion of SOMOV PTRIGopLICHTS, the cellulose is necessary, in nature, they use numerous rotting trunks and branches of trees as its source. Therefore, in the aquarium, where the pteries are contained, there must be a snag.

80% of the diet of the PTRIGopLICT must be plant food. You can give spinach, cucumbers, carrots, zucchini. Also for them it is necessary to acquire special combined plant food. Large fish will surely eat young shoots of aquatic plants.

Of course, like many herbivorous fish, parychy cats need in animal food. Animal feed usually make up about 20% fish diet. Like all soma, they pick up any remains of frozen or dried feed. In natural reservoirs, they often eat dead inhabitants at the bottom. As a living food, a ptericle can catch a shrimp, worm or a moth.

In the aquarium, tightly populated by different fish, the brocade Som can be on a hungry soldering, since the day active fish almost completely eaten offered feed, leaving me to be content with only miserable residues. Compensate the lack of food by essay of microalgae to a large one will not be able to. In the content of pterygoplicht, it is necessary to monitor their full nutrition, as often indicates the form of the abdomen of these fish.

The pulled outstanding belly signals the malnutrition and the need to change the mode and quality of fish nutrition.


Unfortunately, cases of successful breeding of pterygoplicht in amateur aquariums, and in professional aquarium farms, while it is unknown. In natural conditions, these fish arrange a long complex shape of a hole in the shores and at the bottom of the reservoirs, where they can successfully transfer drought and also postpone the caviar. Create a similarity of the hole even in very large aquariums has not yet been possible. Male after fertilization of caviar stays in a tunnel guard masonry. At this time, it is quite aggressive and, spreading fins with spikes, may attack both their careless fellow and on any sailing fish.

The sexual demorphism of these soms is proven quite weak. The male, as a rule, is somewhat larger, has a brighter color and more developed spikes on fins. The adult female is distinguished by a special, so-called genital papilla, which experienced aquarists know how to distinguish. Half-growing fish become aged 3 years.

Successful breeding of Parchov Somov was carried out only in large ground ponds in the United States, Thailand, Australia and some other tropical countries. Fishes received in such professional farms enter.

How to keep a brocade pterygoplicht, see the following video.

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