Cats are rightfully considered the most beloved pets, which people prefer to make a housing. Today there is a huge amount of breeds of such animals, many of which attract increased attention due to exotic appearance. Cats of breed Japanese Bobtail belong to such pets, in the light of what is in demand among breeders worldwide.
Animals are famous for their centuries-old history, since their images are found on fragments of rock painting, which is attributed to the first century of our era. Bobtails in their homeland are the subject of worship and adorations, since The Japanese believe that the animal is able to bring good luck and success to their owner.
All over the world, the undetented rock belongs to the classes of elite pets.
Homeland cats with a tail in the form of a pompon consider Eastern Asia, from where the breed gradually spread throughout the world. According to Asian beliefs in the tail of the animal, a negative force was concluded, and in order for the animals to become harmless, this source of evil simply cut off.
Externally cat breed Japanese bobtail not stand out by impressive sizes. Animals have a medium largest unusual physique, the individuals are not inclined to gain too typing, so they do not suffer from completeness and obesity. The main feature of the breed is the tail, which also consists of a standard number of vertebrae, but only smaller. The vertebrae in the tail is able to bend, so visual tail as it is located on the back in the animal.
The length of the tail at Bobteilov in a straightened state does not exceed 15 centimeters, in the familiar curved form will be half of this length. An ordinary inhabitant may seem that the tail is cut down, since the bends of the vertebrae can only be felt upon pricking.
It is believed that the breed is the result of a natural mutation in which the person participation did not accept.
That is why Japanese cats stand out with their good health and do not have congenital and genetic diseases.
It is worth noting that each individual has the tail of this breed will be unique in its structure, the type of vertebrae and fluffy twist. However, experts share animals into 2 categories:
- Animals with a tail-chrysanthemum+
- Cats with a tail spiral.
In the first case, it is located near the cat in the form of a ring, while the wool on the tail will be fluffy, which gives a twisted tail of the outlines of the bud or pompon. Spiral tails at Bobteilov are closed in the form of a circle, the tail may have several rings. As a rule, it is tightly adjacent to the back of the animal, which visually reduces its size.
The breed has distinctive features that are confirmed by the purebredness of the animal.
- Cats and cats stand out with their slender and taut. The average weight of Japanese Bobtail is weight of 3-4 kilograms.
- The head will have a triangular shape, while there should not be sharp angles and bends on it. The muzzle is slightly stretched forward, with brightly defined cheekbones, rounded, but tightening cheeks and slightly elongated nose.
- Ears from the Asian breed of cats will be big. At the base they are expanding, they are spinning at the ends, planted wide.
- No less expressive at Bobteilov believes. They will be oval, but not convex. Any paint color is allowed.
- The limbs are long, the paws will be oval.
- Wool without a dense undercoat, preferably short. Cats can be different color.
It should be noted that for the breed of Japanese bobtails is characterized by heterochromia, which is manifested by various paints in the same individual. Very often you can meet cats with one yellow eye, while the other will be blue.
The life expectancy of Asian cats varies within 12-15 years, but this indicator depends largely on the conditions of the animal content.
Before purchasing cats of any breed, it is obligatory to study the features of the habit and the most likely of the animal. As for Japanese Bobtail, a similar pet can not get along with a sedentary owner who prefers passive rest.
Cats are very playful and movable, and this quality animals remain throughout their life. Pets will be interested in conquer the peaks, jump a lot and run, besides, the tapering representatives of the Feline family peculiar to the highly developed hunting instinct.
Owners of such animals should take into account the active and playful lifestyle and the nature of cats, so for them It is recommended to provide a maximum of free space for movement, as well as purchase toys, ladder and descents for the cat.
Since the hunter’s instincts even domesticated cat will not lose, it is necessary to follow the windows in order to become interested in the bird outside the window, the bobtail by negligence did not fall out of the dwelling.
In addition to pronounced interest in birds, fish and small rodents who can become prey for a cat, the Asian cat stands out such a feature of character, as a business, so it should have several personal beds in the house, from which an animal will open a good overview of the entire room. for control. In addition, cats and cats need a personal space for privacy, where nobody will not bother.
Another feature of the character of Japanese Bobtail is a rather zealistic attitude to other pets in the house. If the breeder does not limit itself to one cat in the dwelling, then regular fights between animals in the light of rivalry are not excluded. A similar situation may be with dogs.
However, with unfamiliar people, cats are in contact with a high share of excerpts and tolerance, also adequately and without bobtail aggression react to babies and children.
Asian rock cats pretty quickly adopt bad habits from man and other animals, so This pet is recommended to bring up from early.
Special love and devotion These animals feed on their owner, so it is very often actively involved in his household matters, sometimes imitating his daily actions.
And the Bobtails are very inquisitive and smart, so the breeder is under the power to teach animals to simple teams, the main thing is to train on the manner of the game.
Today, the selection of individuals on the length of the wool specialists is not carried out, Therefore, you can meet Japanese bobtails of the following types:
The last option meets most often. The fur coat in the animal silky and soft, on the hind limbs may be a wool layer.
Today the following colors of Japanese Bobtails are common:
The last kind of color involves the presence of strips and spots on wool with clear boundaries. Most often there are white cats with red or black splashes on wool. At the same time, red and black will be present on the head, tail and ears.
There is some rejection on the color – so, an invalid color for Japanese bobtails is considered a purple and chocolate color, as well as purebred representatives of the breed can not have Abyssinian wool color.
Monochrome bobtails are very valued, as well as three-color cats with prevailing dark flowers.
Conditions of detention
Japanese Bobtail breeders do not need to provide animals of any specific content conditions. Pets stand out independently, so perfectly care for me from little age. Care of wool is reduced to the weekly combing of a cat with a rubberized brush. During molting, you can do it 2 times more. Combing will be needed mainly long-haired breed varieties.
In the offseason, during the change of wool, you can use a special rubberized glove to remove an unnecessary pile. Bathe cats stands only in case of extreme necessity, if the pet is very smeared in something.
A feature of Japanese Bobtail is sensitivity to a decrease in temperature in the room, since animals have no natural undercoat, they can freeze and even cold. Therefore, the breeder should keep the room temperature in the home.
Because cats have quite large ears, they will need to clean at least 1 time per week. Hygienic procedures should be carried out using a wet cotton disk. And also the owner of the Asian cat must follow the purity and health of the animal’s eye, because in the light of their large size, the organ of vision becomes a forced target for dust and other contaminants that can provoke inflammatory processes of organs of vision.
The care of the eyes of the Bobtail is reduced to the daily removal of any highlights on the corners of the eyes using a wet tampon or veosh, in addition to boiled water, use other means is not recommended.
Caring for the cat at home will require the breeder to pay attention to the claws of the animal, since they grow pretty quickly, can turn inside, thereby causing a cat discomfort in the process of walking.
Japanese bobtails do not require the selection of any specialized nutrition, so they can be fed by ordinary natural food with mandatory inclusion in the diet of low-fat meat varieties. One third of the daily cats will be assigned to cereals and vegetables that need a pet body to fill carbohydrate stocks and food fibers.
Kittens should be fed 3-4 times a day, adult cat is recommended to translate to a two-time meal.
If a variant of natural food for Bobtail is chosen, then the breeder should offer an animal egg, sea fish, sour cream and fermented food, meat offal.
Specialized feeds of industrial production for the breed are not released, therefore Dry and canned options are allowed to pick up the length of the animal wool, as well as special states, such as pregnancy or castration. According to the reviews of owners for Bobtail, it will be a suitable feed of premium.
To get purebred offspring, it should be crossed by animals only of the Japanese breed of Bobtail. As a rule, female animals will be ready for mating at the age of 1.5-2 years, after they will be held 2-3 flows. Previously, the laid animal period for mating is not recommended, because there is a risk of the emergence of underdeveloped kittens. I can give birth to females not more than one or twice a year. As for the cats, they will be ready to mate around at the same age that cats.
Usually in the litter of Bobteilov there are 2-4 kittens, the rejection in case of crossing the purebred animals has a rather minimal percentage.
Kittens are born strong and quite rapidly grow. Restore from the mother and give animals to new owners is allowed to achieve 3-4 months.
Pets that are not planned to be used to obtain offspring, it is best to castrate or sterilize. The optimal age of the animal for such operations will be 10-12 months. For female individuals, it is important to carry out sterilization before two years.
Read more about this cat, you can learn from the video below.