Many aquarists choose a copper tetra for its spectacular appearance and unpretentiousness. It relates well to plants and other inhabitants of the aquarium and is a real decoration of the house.
Copper tetra – a small fish long 3-5 cm. It has a slightly elongated and shrouded from the sides of the body, and its difference is the absence of a fat fin, while this is a characteristic sign of representatives of the Haracinovy, to which the tetra belongs. But this fish has excellent hearing due to the availability of the organ website between the inner ear and the swimming bubble, it is able to hear sounds in the range of 13 kHz.
Another distinctive feature is an unusual swimming bubble required to enrich the organism by oxygen. The fact is that in nature the tetra dwells in muddy water bodies, in which there is little this necessary element, and this bubble allows it to fully breathe. The eyes of this fish are big, slightly repeated, the jaws are strong, and the bottom protrudes for the upper.
The males have a colorful coloring in which blister-silver shades prevail. For females is characterized by more dull color, usually they are green-yellow. The name “copper” tetra received for the features of the scales, which during spawning is filled with copper shine. Along the central line of the body passes a dark strip with yellow feature from above. Males usually have red-brown fins, and females – yellowish.
Differ fish and sizes. So, the length of the female individual reaches 5 cm, and the size of males comes to 3 cm. The life expectancy of copper tetra is a maximum of 3 years.
Content and care
Copper tetras – staked fish, so they are usually bought by groups. The more individuals are contained together, the greater the volume of water they need. Usually 70 liters are enough on the middle pack. Natural conditions for the full development of these fish are soft water with a high content of tubyl substances and low acidity, so the owners are recommended to create conditions close to natural. In such water, fish will look even more bright.
So that the water resemble natural, Aquarists advise to add peat or dry foliage to aquarium. Optimal temperature limits – 23-28 degrees, acidity indicators – 6.0-8.0, recommended rigidity – 5-20h. In general, these are non-additive creatures that will feel comfortable in other conditions.
However, it is better to avoid cutting water change. If the owner decided to replace it, then you need to do it gradually.
As for the soil, then Prefer the quartz species that do not affect the composition of water. On the perimeter for aesthetics, you can land a few mellite plants so that the fish will float among the greenery, but do not populate the aquarium center by algae – it will be a plot for free movement of fish.
On the bottom you can place the grotto, squigs, caves, branches, do not forget to add dry leaves, such as oak (due to the content of the tannins, they reduce acidity indicators and have an antibacterial effect). In addition, dried foliage paints water into a dark color, against whose bright fish looks very impressive.
In the natural medium, tetra eat small crustaceans and plants. At home, they are allowed to feed fresh or frozen live food or special aquarium. For this type of fish, it is recommended to buy and dry food in the form of flakes. The fact is that the tetra is powered by food floating on the surface of the water or lowered to the bottom, but if the food touched the soil, then the fish will not have it.
To preserve the purity of the aquarium and you need to buy food in the form of flakes, which will slowly settle on the bottom, and the fish will have time to enjoy. With the same purpose, any feed must be offered dosed.
Feed flock fish enough a couple of times a day. Necessarily the diet should include protein. His fish can get from a moth, enichtrey, cores or Daphnesia. Protein is needed for full breeding and colorful color. Also aquarists They advise not to include in the menu for the tetra of the pipe.
Women’s individuals are ready to reproduce when 4 months of age reaching, males ripen in half a year. To obtain the offspring of females and males, sit in an irregularity of at least 50 liters. The bottom is recommended to lay out the separator grid, as well as decorate vegetation.
Water with a temperature of 24-27 degrees and acidity of 6.0-6.6 pH is suitable for reproduction. It is usually taken to pour it to a level of 15 cm. Before placing fish in spawning, they are dismissed in separate containers and well refill. After that (in the evening), females and males are placed in spawning, and already in the morning Ichrometania. Each female postpones up to 400 eggs.
At the end of the spawning, fish are returned to a regular aquarium. After 4-6 days, independent fry will appear. It is recommended to start their feeding with infusoria and proof.
Copper tetra is distinguished by benevolence and loyalty to its neighbors and is well getting along with other aquarium inhabitants, for example: gurui, guppi, scalaria, apistograms, shrimps, Danio, Barbusi, peaceful catches and t. D.
It is not recommended to grown a tetra in one aquarium with wealel species, Since a curious fish can show interest in a soft fins of a neighbor and emblooked it.
Also, the aquarists are not advised to contain together the tetra and large aggressive fish capable of adopting small individuals for prey.
More information about the features of these fish, see the following video.