Description of the types of predatory aquarium fish and their content

Description of the types of predatory aquarium fish and their content

Any novice aquarist is asked as to settle in its artificial reservoir. Maybe it will be babies guppy with their vera-shaped bright tails? Or unusual biglast telescopes? And maybe you should draw your eyes towards predators? After all, they are not less, and sometimes more interesting than peace-loving “vegetarians”. That’s just about aquarium predatory fish and will be speaking today in our article.


The content of predator fish is not at all such a simple, as it may seem at first glance – It has a number of characteristic features.

  • First of all, you must understand that not every fish is happy to rush to a piece of meat, – some of them are fundamentally important hunting, that is, a living game. Will you be able to provide a full-fledged diet?
  • Further, due to the specifics of the feed, water in the aquarium, where the “living gads” live, is very quickly contaminated, and this means that you will have to change it and clean the container.
  • Predators, as a rule, are large fish, respectively, and the area of ​​living they need a considerable. You will need to highlight enough space in the illuminated corner of the room to accommodate there aquarium, to equip it with cleansing and air systems, as well as other special equipment, and it can do it in a round sum.


Let’s focus in more detail on the description of the varieties of aquarium predators. Perhaps at the end of such a “dating” you decide to purchase one or more of them.

Anabas, or slider

The second name received for the fact that in the wild, often jumps out of the water and sits on the trees (by the way, no one knows why they do it). That is why it is worth covering aquarium with anabas so that they do not sprawled around the apartment. As for the diet, the slider is glad to enjoy a little fish, a fool or boiled rice grain.

Live Anabas prefer a lot of 4-5 representatives. The volume of the aquarium is preferable from 150-200 liters.

Apteonotus Belokaimova

Large (about 30-35 cm) and rather evil fish, not tolerant competition. Apteonotus is zealously guarded its territory, so if you decide to settle it at home, then keep in mind that the aquarium will have to buy 200 liters on one fish calculation.

Apteonotus – a born hunter, he will gladly pursue and erect any live bait, whether it is a fish, freshwater shrimp or scrap.

As a feed, the meat of squid, sliced ​​by small pieces.


Interest in what applies to courtesy varieties.

This fish is so aggressive, which is capable of killing a partner during courtship (such a behavior inherent in females). At the same time, it is indifferent to fish of bigger and is trying to eat them.

Beloneoxes feed on small fish, fry, sometimes thaws.

Diamond Okun

The predatory fish that does not differ in the warmy sizes (grows an average of up to 5-6 cm), as a result of which it will not be able to harm the larger “neighbors”, but this fish is meat. For her feeding, you will have to cook beef or pamper perching shallow freshwater fish.

Calamoicht Kalabarsky, or Snake Fish

At first glance, it may seem timid and shy pet, because the day “snake” hides, and on the fishery it turns out at night. However, it is precisely a similar way of life helps a calamoid to survive – its prey sometimes become fish, much more of it in size.

In the wild, it is able to “grasp” for a whole meter in length, but aquarium content reduces its growth to 35-40 cm.

Calamoicht is better to keep without foreign neighbors because of their aggressiveness. It is important to equip at the bottom of the grotto, cave and stone slides so that they can hide there.

Red Piranha

Famous for the whole world predatory fish. There are many stories about how to the river, having piranhas, started a cow, and they drove it to the bones in days. For a terrible view with ahead of the lower jaw and sharp triangular teeth, many aquarists love them very much.

Piranhas are staked fish, so they are recommended to contain only the “team”. Capacity for them is needed quite large.

Main food – finely chopped fresh-frozen poultry meat, It is also recommended from time to raise pirates with alive fish. Keep in mind that when food is lacking, these predators are able to devour individuals of their kind.

Serntalicheetic crinic choles

Predatory creation of genus from Brazil. Loves to be fenced with small fish, tadpoles, lean beef, worms. Pretty evil, requiring enough free space for movement (for two fish you need a container with a volume of at least 400 l).

Very fast, likes to hunt and frolic, because of what can get injured, crashing into a decorative decoration, so it is desirable to leave aquarium space free.

Common Timber (Schuchta Pike)

Another water aggressor. Recommended group content (5-8 pieces.) because the hunt of siere prefers to break into pairs either. Outwardly fish resembles a church.

Spotted Indian Knife

Large and evil fishing rig, even with his relatives. Very territorial. Leads a night lifestyle, so it is recommended to carry out feeding during the muted light. Prefers to eat tadpoles, fry, petty fish. In captivity, the Indian knife has a length of up to 30 centimeters, he needs a large spacious aquarium (150-200 liters per person).

It is advisable to re-establish the bottom of the cogghines and clay pots where the predator will hide.

Sunny Okun

Very attractive representative among predator fish. It needs a spacious dwelling – the volume of capacity should exceed 200-220 liters per. For good oxual well-being, it is necessary to feed right and sink: earthworms, various larvae, squid meat and fish fillet.

Som intercouxabar

In length grows up to 28-30 centimeters. For content requires a closed capacity with a capacity of 150-200 liters. Feed soma petty fish.

If you want to get such a pet, remember – he is poisonous, his bite is able to cause an anaphylaxcia in humans, so it is necessary to observe precautions when cleaning aquarium and feeding.

The amazing ability of Soma is the possibility of his stay on land for some time, this is due to the presence of special bags inside his body, where the fish is gaining water “about the supply”.

Tetradon Dwarf, Pigmey Fish

Her name speaks for itself – the size of this predator is very small, just 2-3 cm! Main Food Tetradon – Snail. Backfish Fish Pestray, Abstrunk – White. In general, the tetradon looks quite harmless. It has a kind of protection mechanism: when the danger is approaching, it can bloom, having increased twice.

Eight-moving cychlasome, “bee”

Predator from the cichlovy family. Its size is quite large – 20-25 cm. Cavalers, unlike ladies, affect the more catchy color, there are very beautiful overflowing specks on their body. Also both representatives have vertical stripes on the sides. Pouring cichlazoma prefers small fish, rainworms, whims.

It requires a large container for its content, as the predator protects its territory and is very aggressive to strangers.

Haplochromis Longland (Cichlid-Knife)

A small fish is about 13-15 cm in length, while loves space. Attacks curious “neighbors”, so the aquarium is needed rather big – 100-150 liters per representative. The main nutrition is small freshwater fish, if desired, you can treat a haplochromis beef, chicken. Is not 100% predator, as it eats and plants.

Schelb striped

Large fish (27-30 cm), hunts a pack. The number of individuals should not be less than 6 pieces. Capacity for their stay needed large – from 60 l per fishery. This predator is an excellent hunter, loves to catch little fish, tadpoles, also do not break with fresh-frozen meat.

Aquarium with shilbs should be equipped with a powerful filter and aerator of water. As a soil, use the sand, in the middle put a large cory.


Along with predators in the aquarium, you can contain either also “meatseeds” or “vegetarians”, but larger in size so that they do not become the extraction of aggressors. However, the best solution will be the content of fish of one predatory variety in a separate container.

Do not settle down together carnivorous fish and small representatives of underwater fauna, unless, of course, you do not want to witness their murder. And this will surely happen, because fish predators hunting instinct laid at the gene level.

Calling out your aquarium, it is worth remembering that the best neighbors are individuals of one biological species. However, there are tricks – some predators are aggressive to their relatives, and they are better to settle with non-aggressive large “vegetarians”. Therefore, when choosing fish of a certain variety, familiarize yourself with their features and consider them when selecting “neighbors”.

Growing conditions

Rast the predator fish – a difficult occupation. They are very whims for quality and water temperature, need a sufficient territory for active pastime and hunting, as well as for spawning. The aquarium must be necessarily equipped with water filtration and aeration systems. Bottom landscape is also of great importance. Many predators love to hide, dig mink, so it is worth putting on the bottom of the stones, coryats, clay shards.

The location of the aquarium is also very important. Of course, it is worth studying the species features of the selected variety of fish before determining where to put the capacity, but general recommendations are as follows: Install it away from heat sources and noise in a well-lit place.

We spoke a lot about the size of the aquarium. And they agreed that almost all types of predator fish are needed large sizes. Because of their lifestyle, they need movement and begin to hurt from his absence. Support for constant water temperature is also important. Predators do not tolerate its differences, may die.

Feeding rules

As we understood, the main food of prey fish – meat, small fish, worms, moth, mollusks. Naturally, they prefer the moor. In the absence of complete nutrition, the predator fish begin to “fight” with each other: essay fins, do not be broken by cannibalism. Therefore, you need to develop an optimal feeding schedule of pets and stick to it.

Buy “victims”, both alive and dead, need in specialized points of sale. Do not trust unfamiliar sellers or try to get food “On the street” (for example, to accumulate rainworms). This is fraught with the inhabitants of the aquarium with pathogenic microorganisms (up to death).

Separately, it is worth saying about what, in fact, you need to feed predators. Most of them have their own hunting tactics: Some “sit” in the ambush, others are frozen, like sculpture, in the middle of aquarium waiting for production, the third chasing and catching “victims”. Observation of the behavior of your pets during the hunting can be quite informative.

Do not forget to brush aquarium timely. Pieces of eaten feed – meat, fish, worms and t. D. – Begin to decompose, forming ammonia, which is destroyed for fish. Therefore, the installation of the cleaning system and manual treatment of the capacitance is very important.

In the end we mention a little about the frequency of feeding of predatory fish. In wildlife conditions, most of them are hunting almost without interruptions. At home to throw them no need. Set the schedule – from 3 to 5 times a day, small portions. Fish gradually accustomed to him. However, there are types of swallowing major prey almost completely. They can eat only 3-5 times a week, giving up feeding.

In the next video, you can watch the behavior of aggressive predatory aquarium fish.

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