Fire Barbus – Spectacular aquarium fish with a bright color that does not require special content. Representatives of this breed are perfectly adapted to life in captivity. Due to the presence of several decorative forms, even an aquarium with one BBRUSS will not exactly look too boring. Interesting will be the content of a funny neon fish, and a weathered pet will give a lot of positive emotions and beginners, and experienced aquarists.
Fiery Barbus needs a comfortable habitat, but it is not too sensitive to the composition of water and feels good and in the big, and in a small aquarium. Even novice aquarists who want to diversify the composition of the bright and yard inhabitants of the warm rivers of Southeast Asia.
Fire Barbus – Bright Fish, which has recognizable, characteristic. This representative of the Karpov family lives in fresh water of rivers and lakes in Southeast Asia, in New Zealand, Australia, India, is found in Colombia, Mexico, Puerto Rico. In nature, there is only a classic form – neon and vellegal fiery bombuses are the fruit of artificial selection.
Fish has a memorable appearance. She has an oblong body, blonde eyes. The color of the body varies from light gold, olive in females to saturated red in mature males. Scaly shutters in electric light look like flame languages. The back of fiery barbuses has a greenish tint.
Men’s individuals of fish also have red abdomen. The total length of their body usually does not exceed 10 cm. Translucent fins, on the edges they have a contrasting dark edge.
Fire Barbus – not the most peace-loving fish in the world. They can bural out veral and filamentous fins of other fish, but in general are quite capable of saving almost with any neighbors. These representatives of the Karpov family are classic admirers of a cupid lifestyle. They need a company of 5-6 individuals.
In this case, fiery bombuses will be movable, active and enough cheerful.
There are three main varieties of fiery barbuses that differ in their external characteristics. All of them look great in the aquarium, there are minimal requirements for content, quite beautiful. But decorative individuals have additional advantages about which breeders know better in advance.
Fish with a reddish-gold color of the body, the tail is painted from solar-yellow to scarlet. The dorsal fin repeats the body tone, edge black. Breast painted in bright red color. The back has a golden shade with green tint.
Fish with extended fins forming a long spectacular veil. The main shade of the body is golden-red, the tail is painted paler, almost platinum, edging colorless. Breast fins repeat the overall color of the body, the dorsal completely black. Spin Almost anthracite, with green tump.
The brightest variety of fiery Barbus has a pronounced red-gold color only in the backrest area. Breast and spinal fins Golden, light. The case has a yellowish-gold shade, the tail part is painted. Fire-red splasions are found throughout the body.
In general, neon fiery Barbus can be called the most light, rather golden yellow, with a characteristic refined. Vials are distinguished predominantly to the color and length of the fins, the color of the body is almost the same as in the classical species.
Fire Barbuses are recommended to contain in the company with the same active fish as they themselves. Categorically do not advise the aquarists to settle together with them Lyalius, Petushkov and them like owners of elongated fins. Slowly floating or vivibory fish – also not the best company for fiery Barbus. This category includes Gastromisons, Guppies, Scalaria, Astronotuses.
Among those who are suitable for joint content with fiery bombus – Terechi, Labo two-color. You can add fishes here, preferring a reduced water temperature – Cardinals, Somikov Substood Panda. They are well neighboring with Danio, Boots, Gourats and Even Middle Mares. There are no restrictions on the pretext of other types of barbuses -al, ticto, cherry.
They get along well and do not conflict.
The content of fiery barbuses at home will not seem complicated even for newcomers in the field of aquarium. Care lies in regular water substitution, fake feeding. But in order for the aquarium ecosystem to work correctly, you will have to work a little bit first. The main criteria for comfortable conditions for fiery barbuses look like.
- Selection of aquarium. The package of 6 fish is enough for a capacity of 80 liters, for spawning it will take another tank for 15 liters. Fish is quite jumped, so the presence of the cover is better disturbing in advance. Decorations and shelters are placed inside the aquarium: caves and grotes, squals, stones, plastic plants.
- Acquisition of equipment. For the content of fiery barbuses, you need a filter and aerator, the system should be selected quite powerful to create a flow in water. At room temperature in the room to +20 degrees additionally heated the environment does not have to. Lighting devices should work not more than 12 hours, from direct sunlight aquarium is better to close. The backlight is better to choose a non-market and with a dispersion effect.
- Selection and frosting. Dark sand, gravel and petty pebbles are well suited for the content of fiery barbuses. The more contrast will be the background, the brighter the color of the scales will shine. In addition, dark soil absorbs light, minimizes discomfort for the inhabitants of the aquarium.
- Selection of plants. If, in addition to artificial vegetation, I want to add to the aquarium of natural greenery, it is worth paying attention to the melligent species. For fiery barbuses, Javanese moss is well suited, Rogolistnik, graonist, Kabomb. Plants are necessary on the sides and on the rear wall of the aquarium.
- Creating a medium. The optimal water temperature for fiery barbuses – from +16 to +24 degrees, it is better to stick to the lower borders, since these fish are rather cooling. Acidness is needed in the range of 6-8 pH, rigidity – in the range of 6-18 DGH. The substitution to 1/4 of the volume of water and siphon washing of the soil should be made weekly.
Due to the fact that these fish are unpretentious enough, their nutrition can be made as diverse as possible. The presence in their living food diet is necessarily, as well as plant components. To achieve the desired balance will help the use of finished flakes, granules in combination with a pipe, a moth. Pet You can give crushed greens as feeding – spinach, salad, Beijing cabbage.
Diversify the diet helps the inclusion in the fiery barbus menu of dried daphnia or hammarus, crushed meat of shrimp or white fish grades. As a vegetable “garnish” you can offer carrots or red Bulgarian peppers, crushed dried algae. You can pamper fish with egg yolk, but it is better to do it before changing the water – He strongly pollutes water in the aquarium. A sign of insufficient green feed in the diet is the interest of fire barbuses to the surrounding vegetation.
Optimal feeding mode – up to 3-4 times a day in small portions. Eat Issued Food Fish should not more than 2 minutes. Specialized Barbus Feed will help maintain fish coloring at an optimal brightness level.
Vegetable food is better feeding fish once a week, you can offer them zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkin.
Falls of Barbus need a calorie and easiest food. The starting feed is the infusority, but then you can go to a more diverse nutrition. Its main ingredient may well become Cooked Screw Egg Yolk. Its small quantity is warm, mixed with water from aquarium. Next, the resulting suspension gives kids.
Dehydrated egg yolks are also very nutritious, and cooking mixes based on them is much easier. You can even saming it yourself in a blender boiled base and dry it on fine parchment paper, and then add the resulting dry crumbs into the water.
Also, fittoplankton feeds are suitable for fitoplankton base, microervi, nematodes, artemia spikes, to grow independently.
Sexuality and reproduction
Barbuses are quite well expressed differences between females from males. Weak floor representatives are painted in olive or yellow tones. The males painted brighter, have an expressive fireman, when manifesting the excitement, the fish blushes even more. In addition, they have a bright black spot in the field of tail. Females have a property to gain weight heavily before spawning.
The dilution of fiery barbuses occurs in aquarium’s aquarium. Create conditions for starting spawning, while maintaining a long time water temperature at 18 degrees. On the eve of spawning, it is raised by 1-2 degrees, a week before it increases the share of living feed. This is how the sexual activity of these fish is stimulated.
Optionally, in the period before spawning it is possible to separate the females from males. In this case, it is necessary to wait until its abdomen fill the caviar, and then transplant the female individual and two male in a special spawning station. For these purposes, a small volume is suitable for volume (10-15 liters) aquarium with poured to level 15 cm water. The separator mesh is stacked on the bottom, Yavansky Moss landed. Water should have a temperature of 2-3 degrees above the one in which fiery bombuses are usually contained.
The female will spawn into the morning hours, then manufacturers are sent to a regular aquarium, otherwise the risk is the risk that pending eggs will be eaten before they fall into a safe place. The process of incubation in the spawning time lasts up to 2 days, after another 2 days the fry is freely floating in the space of the tank. As a starting feed, they are suitable for any “live dust”, including infusories.
The breeding of fire woeful Barbus, its ordinary and neon varieties does not have special differences. All fish come into sexual maturity in the period from 6 to 8 months. Spawning occurs up to 3-4 years old, 1 or 2 times a year.
All subspecies can be cross each other.
The average life expectancy of any Barbus breeds does not exceed 5 years – it is so much a pet remains active. Experienced aquarists recommend to rejuvenate the population every 3 years, because over time, the physical activity of fish falls. Fire Barbus lives for 6 years, and after 4 years of life he has almost impossible to call spawning. Reducing reproductive function – a serious problem, as it is possible to get offspring only from young individuals.
With age, Barbuses tend to gain overweight, and this factor can also significantly shorten their age. But the brightness of the coloring, on the contrary, is enhanced by the end of life, and red-orange fish become a real decoration of the aquarium.
About the content and care of fire barbus See next video.