Glass types of underwater pets are very interesting and unusual. In aquariums often contain such fish. In the article, let’s talk about one of them, namely: about the glass Indian catcher.
Indian glass somewhere else called Som-ghost, dilapidian indian som. Motherland of this species – Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia, Java, Borneo, Sumatra). In European countries, this sober was brought in 1934, and in the USSR he fell in 1964. The body of such a soma extended, flat with sides, very similar to the knife.
Immediately behind the head is not a very noticeable dorsal fin. These Somov has a long transparent anal fin. It begins from the head and ends at the tail itself, has 58 rays. Like all soms, there is a pair of short-lived mustache. This fish is very loved for its complete transparency – all internal organs and spine are visible, as on an x-ray, but the most interesting is that the back plan items are visible through these individuals.
Thus, the name “Ghost” is fully justified. This is due to the lack of pigments in their organisms. How and why it happened, no one can give a definite answer. But their transparency does not mean a complete absence of color. With properly selected and installed illumination of their body sparkle a bright, metal tint.
Grow catches on average up to 10 cm. In the aquariums live up to 10 years. It is very difficult to distinguish the female from the male. It is believed that females are fully males.
In nature, small pieces of glass soms are frozen, “looking” the muzzle up in the reservoirs with a weak flow – this is for them a way to produce food. The familiar food of individuals:
- Small worms+
- Small larvae+
Select food from the bottom will not be – it distinguishes them about other soms.
During the rains of the rains, the Glass Somu migrate into the flooded water thickets. There are spawn, and then come back. This fish gradually disappears from nature due to man and its destructive effect on the natural habitat. Strong pollution of water bodies make their business.
The water temperature for their content in the aquarium should be from +23 to +26 degrees Celsius, but below +25 – undesirable. Poorly carry a sharp change of water parameters. Settlement in a new, unbalanced tank can not even survive. Because of such a pickly and difficulty in care It is not recommended to contain this fish for novice in aquarium.
How to contain?
The described fish is a mustache and well feels in the composition of at least 7 individuals. In single content som will be subject to constant stress, it can stop feeding and, as a result, will die. The stake from 7 individuals will be enough water from 150 liters, necessarily equipped with good aeration and filtering that creates a weak flow.
Do not forget On a regular weekly substitution of water to fresh in the amount of 20-25%, Since such individuals are very sensitive to the presence of ammonia and nitrates in liquid. I Regular cleaning in the aquarium, as well as Cleaning the bottom from life products.
Aquarium is best to decorate with a large number of live plants, in places to create darkened areas. For this, floating plants are well suited, such as a rogolistnik or moss.
These fish are very unusual on behavior. In calm conditions a flock freezes in one place and waiting for the appearance of feed. If the aquarium contains more than 30 individuals, then they are divided into 2 identical flocks.
Compatible with all peaceful fish species. The main thing is to have a similarity in size with neighbors. With any predatory fish, glass soma are incompatible. Even a whole flock will not be able to fight off the attacker hunter. Glass catches themselves do not touch the aquarium neighbors, can occasionally hunt for a swimming young.
Feed prefers alive, but you can also gradually teach. Some aquarists are convinced that containing such fish is better in the “species” aquarium. There is no single opinion on this account because An important role is played by the location of the reservoir in the house or apartment.
We must not forget that this fish is very buggy, and the stress is destroyed for her. If the aquarium is placed in the passage room or where someone passes constantly past the reservoir, everybody will be constantly afraid of households.
With this location of the home reservoir to leave it “species” will not be the most successful idea. For Indian Soma, it will be a good anti-stress, the presence of another peaceful, but less female fish in the neighborhood. Focusing your attention on the aquarium neighbors, the soma will be less bugles and are subject to stress.
And in the case when your reservoir is located in the far corner, and it is rarely suitable for it, you can also arrange a “species” reservoir. In this case, all the attention of fish will be directed to the search for food.
The main difficulty in feeding is that Food should slowly sink right in front of the muzzles in Omics. Throw around the aquarium and catch it this fish will not become, and the feed falling to the bottom it will not be thrown away. It happens that neighbors do not give these somas normally eat. In this case, you will have to give food right before turning off the light, but again, you need to get it right in front of their muzzles.
Determine the health of the described fish can be in appearance. If Somik lost transparency, it may mean that something in the aquarium was broken. If you see a nearby individual, it remains very little time to take action, before the fish perdition.
Because all fish comes on sale are caught in the wild, they can be carriers of various diseases and destroy the rest of the fish in the aquarium. To avoid this, It is necessary after the purchase to hold the pets in quarantine at least 10 days.
These fish are capable of reproduction become at the age of two, but in the home reservoir this occupation will be very complex. All fish sold in pet stores are brought from wildlife or farms of Southeast Asia. In the USSR, these fish divorced Mikhail Timofeevich Likhachev from Moscow several times.
To stimulate spawning, you need to comply with some simple conditions that imitate the rainy season. This will require:
- Reduce the temperature for a couple of degrees+
- Lower water level+
- Create water to 25% for fresh+
- Weak lighting+
- Glass Close paper for less fish irritability.
These fish spawn flocks. One female for spawning sticks on a substrate 100-200 not very adhesive eggs. As a rule, they are dug and fall on the bottom. After the end of the spawning of the parents is immediately removed from the spawning aquarium, and the temperature is raised to +27.28 degrees. After about 3 days, larvae appear, soon they will float and start on their own.
After Malek began to eat, the temperature must be started to lower to the indicators of the total aquarium. Feed kids need 4 times a day by Kolovrats, Infusoria, Artemia.
There is an erroneous opinion that the fish contain very simple, and there is no science here. In fact, this is a rather complicated, but masterful process. For the correct content and development of your aquarium pets, you need to learn how to work with water. Required learn how to adjust the rigidity and acidity, and then correctly run aquarium.
When cleaning and cleaning the aquarium in which glass soma (and other species) live, often the same error concluded in the washing of the filter sponge. The sponge itself is a bio filter required for the balanced work of the whole reservoir. In it lives a colonies of beneficial bacteria, processing nitrates in less harmful substances.
Having removed from the aquarium sponge, it is quite logical to wash it under running water to pure state. This is a mistake – Together with “mud”, these useful bacteria are washed away, and a little chlorine from the water remains in the sponge. Plyow such a sponge back, you risk breaking the whole balance in the reservoir.
Glass catches after such cleaning will not die, but on their health it can affect negative.
Do not use materials collected from the banks of rivers and seas as aquarium soil and scenery. You can bring various diseases to the aquarium. The best options for purchasing scenery, coriation and stones will be Specialized shops with verified and certified products, already processed from pests and diseases. If you still decide to dial the soil from the banks of the river for aquarium with sacks, it is necessary to process it.
There are many different ways to disinfect the soil at home. For this, various methods and drugs are used. This process can delay for a week and longer. Consider one simplest and most common type of soil disinfection for aquarium:
- The dumped soil is thoroughly washed under running water for leaching branches, garbage and light fractions+
- Next, falling asleep in the metal container for subsequent boiling+
- 1 liter of water poured 300 g of salt, the ground must be completely immersed under water+
- The assembled material is boiling at least 5 hours, if necessary, plot water+
- After boiling, give water to cool, then drain the salty solution, and again rinse the soil under running water+
- Now it is necessary to remove the remaining salt from the ground, for this we pour a complete container in which the soil is located, conventional water from under the tap and leave to be estimated at least 5 days, producing 100% water under the substitution+
- After the expiration, fall asleep the soil in the aquarium, but do not count in the inhabitants – this material is necessary how to finish at least a day.
After such a long procedure, the likelihood of disease and death of glass soms will be minimal.
About the features of the glass catfish, look in the video below.