Japanese amadins: description and maintenance at home

Japanese amadins: description and maintenance at home

Amadin is a very common breed of birds, which was led by artificially. Unfortunately, information about the ancestors of this bird is so controversial that they have not yet been established. Among the possible progenitors there are amadins of witty, Chinese. Unlike the ancient snow-white Japanese amadins today, the color variety is impressive. This unpretentious bird, which can be breed independently, uses the inquired demand worldwide for many years. After all, she does not need to fly often, she patiently gets around with the neighbors.

Features of birds

Amadins have a thickness beak, curved arc, plumage of dense type. Color can be any – basically it is the motley, bright birds, with contrasting shades of feathers. Females have more faded color as well as young, males more catchy. There are crude representatives. Belongs to the breed to the family of reel models.

The size of birds is small, and the colors of the Japanese can be different:

  • top of brown+
  • The rest of the torso is grayish or snow-white+
  • There are representatives of monochrome color – reddish, white, yellow+
  • Considering several hundred years of breeding breed, the Japanese have quite a lot of varieties that differ in various combinations of shades+
  • Often you can observe the asymmetry of the color of spotted type.

The beak of the bird has an original shape and color: at the top of black and blue, below light. Several signs in the Japanese are indistinguishable, but singing is different.

This breed very dear and undemanding in care, In addition, it perfectly feeds the chicks of models, if necessary.

Character traits:

  • Loves society feathers+
  • Help calm, unfinished+
  • Perfectly gets around with yourself similar in one cell+
  • During the nesting period, it is necessary to divide birds on pairs.

White Japanese is weaker in nature, have fragile health, less fertility, grow slower, often have physical disadvantages.

In the 20th century, a crested variety of Japanese was bred. Khokholki can differ in color and shape:

  • Bucco-shaped+
  • Lush-thick+
  • Dual Type.

And just recently, curly Japanese. They have a curled plumage in the field of chest, back, shoulders.

Growing conditions

Before deciding on the home content of Amanda, you need to get acquainted with the conditions for its cultivation. Acquire a bird better in the pet store: Rate the color, choose your favorite. If you decide to engage in breeding, feathered should not be more than a year, and the purchase is better to postpone on the autumn period. Be sure to appreciate the appearance – it should be healthy. Discard the purchase of too exhausted, disheveled, flaw birds. Transport birds in a cell for transportation, so Take care so that it is not close, nor too big, cover it with cloth.

Bringing home, let her get used to. Do not squeeze into a common cage, as quarantine is required. First, Amadin is contained separately to identify health problems so that the sick bird can infect others.

In the first days, the appetite, behavior, Amedin Chair. Ideally give up feces for analysis. A month, if no suspicious signs have been identified, you can put a bird to the neighbors.

Amadines without much need should not be removed from the cell. They are seriously frightened, and careless movement can lead to the death of birds. Feathered better resettled from one avoire to another, causing a chick bird in the dark. The Japanese adaptation is quite smooth, calm if the conditions of content are observed: the feathers are warm, dry, well feed and hide from drafts. You can contain birds in cells or avoices.

Cells:

  • Very convenient option for apartments+
  • can be metal, wooden, combined+
  • The optimal location of the door is just below the porchos, so that the bird does not accidentally flew when feeding food, drink+
  • It is necessary to equip the pallet of the retractable type+
  • The size is chosen on the basis of the number of birds, their values+
  • cell height should be more width+
  • Round, rhombid and trapezoidal cells are not suitable for this breed+
  • Do not purchase cells with decor type balconies, windows, towers.

    Woliers:

    • Optimal option for birds+
    • Size and form may differ+
    • In this room, the conditions for birds are approximate to natural+
    • In the aviaries, Amadins are growing more healthy+
    • Installed in the light angle of the room+
    • It is necessary to equip it with wooden frames, butt the boards+
    • Door size should allow man to quietly enter inside+
    • it is impossible to exceed the settlement rate.

    Correct care

    The Japanese is a rather peaceful, non-empty breed, and the cage can be calmly accommodated at any height. Approaching the cell will not affect the mood of the bird. It is impossible to place cells near the heating devices, if the room is heated with a furnace or fireplace, do not place the cage under the ceiling.

    It is very important to contain feathered clean:

    • very harmful to amadins dampness, dirt+
    • Clear in a cage or aviary must not less often than every other day+
    • Dirt from the stories is reputable by a knife, then they are treated with boiling water+
    • Capacities for water and feed wash every day with soap and hot water, wipe dry+
    • In the heat of water changes often+
    • You can not put the tanks for water and drink nearby, also do not put them under the horses.

    Amadins love water and swimming with pleasure. Therefore, it is possible to give them such an opportunity to give them such a possibility, hovering into a cage bath with a small amount of water room temperature. Water procedures well affect bird health, on the state of their feathers. For birds of this breed, sunlight is important, it is impossible to allow lack of lighting. Otherwise, birds can break the metabolism, a number of diseases will arise. In the summer you need to set a cage to the street for about 40 minutes a day.

    This breed does not like cold and damp. The room temperature in the room should not be below + 15 ° C, the optimal interval – from +15 to + 25 ° C.

    Overheating is also dangerous for birds as cold.

    The following equipment should be indoors for the content of Amadins:

    • Cordushki+
    • Holes+
    • Bank for mineral feed+
    • device for nesting+
    • Prandie.

    The best feeders and drinkers – glass, plastic, porcelain. From clay products, copper, wood better refuse – they are less hygienic. Peregi make out of the wood of a soft structure, well suits:

    • Linden+
    • aspen+
    • willow+
    • elder.

    The bottom of the cell or floor of the enclosure is covered with a bedding from:

    • sand+
    • sawdust+
    • shavings+
    • Paper.

    What and how to feed?

    So that the birds develop well and were healthy, it is necessary to feed them efficiently and correctly. Balanced feed can be found on sale or make up.

    Zernost – Main part of the ration of amadins. Consist of plants of wild and cultural type – millet, canary seed, weed seeds, frosted, mogara. It is important that the seeds are fresh, did not smell sharpness.

    Animals feed – additional part of the diet. Consist of dishes, flour worms, drosophyl, insect larvae, minced meat, yolk eggs, cottage cheese.

    To feed soft type, the teaching must occur gradually. Prepared daily, as they immediately deteriorate. It consists of a mixture of boiled eggs, grated carrots, cottage cheese, white bread.

    The composition of the grainsenter may vary: They include sunflower, oilseeds, rape.

    In the conditions of unbeasies, a full range of natural bird feeds is not available. Babying to new types of feeds should occur gradually, increasing portions every day. Any kind of feed must be fresh.

    Feeding is organized as follows:

    • Every morning the entire day rate of grain sizes is poured into the tank+
    • Soft type feed is given little throughout the day+
    • Every day, poultry give crushed fruits, berries, vegetables, greens+
    • The amount of food needs to be detected independently, since the need for stern from all individual+
    • The average norm of the grain sampling per person – from one to one and a half teaspoons plus additional types of feed.

    During the nesting of birds, a mixture of crackers, carrots with cottage cheese, yolk, dried insects.

    Sexuality and reproduction

    Distinguish the Amanda male from the female is very important if you are planning breeding. Chicks boys and girls are very similar, distinguish them by singing. Females do not know how to sing, their conversation is limited to peculiar sounds, urges. The males are dancing at the urges, the plumage on the head is raised, in addition, they whistle. AMADINS is not too difficult, but it is necessary to know the conditions and rules of this process. The reproduction can occur, regardless of the season, the size of the cycle usually does not exceed 55 days and consists of the following steps:

    • preparatory+
    • Lowing and based+
    • Growing+
    • Disconnecting chicks.

    Features of the preparatory stage:

    • Health checks+
    • Age is taken into account, especially females+
    • Minimum age – 9 months+
    • For breeding it is better to provide a separate room+
    • Light day should be artificially increased to stimulate the process to 16 hours+
    • Nutrition needs to be diversified by increasing the amount of animal protein+
    • The house for nesting with the material inside must be present+
    • Add to the diet of the mineral type with a high calcium, phosphorus, vitamins+
    • As a material for interior decoration nests, hay, coconut fiber.

      After the birds are accustomed to a new place, mating and laying eggs. For this period there may be several days or even a couple of weeks. The egg laying is the most important process, it is necessary to ensure that the fruit is not stuck in the passage. This phenomenon is infrequent and leads to death. When the process began, it is necessary to put the lamp over the cell, providing a high temperature indoor – about + 35 ° C.

      Watch out the humidity – it should be high. If for an hour-two egg is not postponed, oil vaseline or vegetable type with pipette is neatly introduced into the hole. After the tab, the period of surveys occurs.

      Features of reaching:

      • Amadins are well developed by instinct, so there are usually no problems+
      • after laying 4 eggs the process begins+
      • During this period, an egg is excluded from the diet+
      • The period lasts about two weeks.

      Growth and development of chicks:

      • hatch in naked form, blind+
      • In the diet of parents, the egg is introduced again+
      • Green-type feed is cleaned+
      • A week later, the chicks will already be strengthened, begin to see, a fool appears in the infancy+
      • At 18 days, the plumage completely covers chicks+
      • and another day after 3-4 they fly out of the nest.

        Disconnecting and transition to self-type nutrition occur gradually. First, parents still feed children. After a couple of days, the chicks themselves begin to try to peck, about two weeks they will eat independently. During this period, a couple of parents can start postponing eggs again, so chicks are hindrance. You should disconnect them to another room.

        First linen birds aged from one and a half to three months, In the same period, males start singing, you can distinguish feathers in sexual sign.

        After 3, the maximum of 4 periods of reproduction, it is necessary that the pair rested about the year. At this time, a house, a nest, a light day is crushed, birds are placed in a cage with other individuals. As a last resort, the pair is separated.

        About the features of Japanese amadin look next.

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