A large aquarium with beautiful fish will decorate any dwelling. Varieties of decorative individuals are amazed by their diversity. One of the most undervalued resident of the depths is Nicaraguan Tsichlasoma. This is an amazing fish with an unusual body shape and coloring has a survivable temper and excellent adaptation abilities.
Nicaraguan Tsichlasoma refers to the cychlide family. Her first description appeared in 1864. Amazing fish dwells in the waters of Central America (Lake Nicaragua). Among the cichlid, this kind of brighter and spectacular. However, among breeders, its popularity is minimal. The thing is that Flocks of Nicaraguan Cichlasome look nubble and fad. Amazing color appears with time.
The body of an adult fish has a spectacular golden shade with diamond glare, which “play” with all the colors of the rainbow. Abdomen scarlet shade, and head and gills painted in a rich blue color. There are also other color options, however, this is the most common fish for artificially grown.
The characteristic features of the Nicaraguan Cichlause include large sizes. Male reaches a length of 25 cm. “Girls” less than 7-10 cm. The body is compact and slightly flattened. Head has a fancy bend. This cichlid is distinguished by massive lips and convex eyes. “Boys” larger than female individuals and have less contrasting color. In addition, males have wide fins, and in most cases there is a fatty growth in the forehead. During the spawning period, female female decorated with orange flickering engines.
Tsichlasoma – Montoganna. They choose a couple of life. Sexual maturity in these cychlide comes from 8 to 11 months.
Content and care
Specialists argue that Nicaraguan Tsichlasoma is an unpretentious and severity inhabitant of artificial reservoirs, unlike other cichlids. However, some rules for the content of fish data still exist. Pay attention to the following recommendations:
- The volume of the aquarium is at least 300 liters, the calculation is 100-150 liters per part, in a small close fish, aggressiveness begin to show+
- Water temperature – 26-30 degrees+
- Stiffness – 8-20+
- Acidness – not more than 7.5+
- Regular filtration and powerful aeration+
- Weekly substitution to 30 liters of fresh water+
- moderate lighting, with a lack of light cychlauses darken, and with unnecessary lighting, on the contrary, fade.
This type of cichlid does not tolerate polluted water, so the care for the aquarium must be regular and high-quality. Having a caring owner, an amazing fish is able to live to 13-15 years.
For a comfortable content of cichlase, their love for “landscape design” should be taken into account. Large fish act as “builders” and often change the situation in an artificial reservoir, digging minks. Sand is not the best filler, as the fish will raise dust. For aquarium with Nicaraguan cychlasomes, small pebbles are perfect. And massive stones will become material to create numerous shelters.
As for the plants, then put them in the aquarium is necessary exclusively in pots, otherwise the fish will start digging around green plantings and damage their roots. As a result, plants threaten inevitable death.
Cikhlasoma is known for its omnory. In vivo, the fish absorbs plant food (algae, leaves, snails and other invertebrates). For “aquarium life” all kinds of feed, especially lively. As an additional nutrition, cichlids give Artemia, a moth, shrimp and worms. In addition, multicolored fish with pleasure are enjoyed by vegetables (fresh cucumbers, lettuce leaves or zucchini).
Meat products need to be given in minimal quantity. Such food is poorly digested and leads to obesity.
Compatibility and dilution
This fish is distinguished by increased aggressiveness and desperately struggles for its own territory. Therefore, it must be kept with other peace-loving cichlids.
Cikhlasomes are paired lifestyle. Specialists advise at least 5-7 individuals of one age in one aquarium. This will reduce the number of conflict situations. Note that this kind of aquarium fish is strictly forbidden to contain with small relatives. The first possesses natural hunting instincts and will perceive “kids” as prey.
Multicolored fish perfectly breed in an artificial reservoir. Couples ready for spawning postpone from another aquarium. A small vessel (at least 60 liters) is suitable as such a “housing”. Small gravel put on the bottom for the female able to create a nest.
In this period, it is important to monitor water parameters. Its temperature should not be descended below +24 degrees of heat. The female postpones caviar. It is rather large and transparent. Falls appear on the light after 2-3 days and instantly go to explore the world around. “Live dust” suitable for them, petty daphnia or egg yolk in crushed form.
Important nuance: Nicaraguan Tsichlasoma has pronounced parental instinct. “Mommiks” take care of their offspring, and the “fathers” of Ryano defend the “kids” from the attacks of neighbors.
The temporary aquarium in which the fog in the first time, it is necessary to contain clean, regularly changing water. When “kids” will be a month, they can be safely sent to the “common” artificial reservoir.
Even more about the features of these fish, see the following video.