Perisoliste: varieties with description, choice, care

Perisoliste: varieties with description, choice, care

Retrieve aquarium fish trying a large number of people. However, just aquarium with fish looks overly empty and uncomfortable. The exit is the use of special plants, including peristributter deserve attention.


This biological view is excellent familiar to many aquarists. If we correctly embody the idea, you can achieve excellent juiciness and freshness that designers appreciate. There are several plant varieties, many of which are used independently. Peristoliste looks like a gentle Christmas tree with a soft texture. Consumers appreciate the unpretentiousness and original type of plants.

They help change the chemical composition of aquarium water in the desired direction. The vast majority of subspecies are painted in green. Leaves are covered with air drops, which shows an extremely high rate of oxygen production.

Popularly enjoyed aquarium plant Miriophilum. It is capricious and grows not more than 0.4 m, which allows formed a bulk bush.



Attention deserves a Brazilian peristolism related to a slunging family. This plant is actively used aquaries worldwide. It is appreciated for the suitability for accommodation in the aquariums of any size and minimal solarness. Brazilian subspecies can normally grow at air temperature from +20 to +26 degrees. For a short time, it can be reduced to +14 and even up to +12 degrees without any consequences.

Since the plant comes from hot countries, the lack of light is critical for him. In this situation, the stem can be pulled out, and the leaves lose the painting juiciness. For the Brazilian peristolister, a sensitivity to the fiction of algae is characteristic. Due to the weak development of the root complex, it will be advisable to apply as a soil of sand with a total thickness of 0.02-0.03 m.

Breeding the Brazilian peristoliste is very easy by shifting stems.


No less attention is also deserved by the tilt type of plants. It comes from the reservoirs of North America. In nature, this view comes to Mexico in the south. Important: It is capable of developing normally only in clean water. Due to the minimum demanding culture is great for inexperienced aquaries.

Tailing peristoliste fully formed with flutters with leaves. They are placed at a short distance from each other. On 1 muve accounting for 4 or 5 leaves. Sheet plate painted in dark green tone. Its value equals approximately 0.03 m. The stem of dark cherry tone is covered with light fluff. Diffuse this view from other representatives of the same kind helps bad branching. Tailing plant has very fragile, easily overwhelmed branches. In the aquarium, it forms long stems, quickly flying into dense thickets. Escape can reach 2 m and more than a length.

Tailing plant will be able to develop when landing in the soil and in free swimming mode. However, in the second case, development is much slower. Usually this culture is planted for 10-12 bushes on the background or at the sidewall aquarium. If the conditions allow, the weekly increase can reach 0.08 m.

The advantage of such an peristolister is a combination of excellent appearance with another function: it can serve as a refuge for small fish.


In the reservoirs of a large part of the planet, you can find a ballious type of plants. It is impossible to detect it only at the following parts of the world:

  • Australia+
  • South America+
  • Central America+
  • Central Africa.

In nature, such an peristolister populates both fresh and slightly salted water. Poland Uguti (alternative title) is formed by an extended stem. It is covered with strongly dissected leaves. They are grouped in a muti of 4, 5 or 6 pieces. Under normal conditions of development, bloom necessarily occurs, then small pinkish flowers are produced, creating something like a spoal.

Inflorescences grow over water, lifting over its layer on 2 m or more. Not too catchy the appearance of a hollow plant does not prevent him from giving refuge with small species of fish and fel. Ugly eagerly eat individual fish. Usually it is planted with small groups. To form thick thickets, a systematic trimming must be needed.

In addition, if shoots do not cut, the surface leaves will be sick and chill. It is allowed to underwater growing peristoliste, but it is accompanied by a slow growth. Muddy water for this species is not suitable, because of her, the leaves are clogged and lose an attractive appearance. We will have to equip aquarium with powerful water filters. Colossed uginess very bad tolerates sharp temperature jerks. The reproduction of this type is made with cuttings.


Less than whimsical christmas peristoliste is considered. He populates both American continents. Sometimes this species refers to another underworld peristolism. Light green bush, in the thickness of water, look very attractive. Roots at the underwent peristolisters pretty nervous. For reliable rooting, the sand should be used with a thickness of 0.04-0.05 m. Sand should be moderately saturated with. Mineral mixtures are not required. For breeding stalk stems.

Peristoliste of Roraima

Many people use peristolism fisheries in the aquariums. He received its name in the Brazilian state where this plant grows. It is well suited for both experienced and beginner fish farmers. A characteristic feature of culture is its atypical appearance. Brown-orange foliage is perfectly combined visually with red-brown stem. To the height of the rodium can be about 0.5 m with the highest diameter of 0.06 m.

It is recommended landing for this species in groups, at the rear or side wall of the aquarium. No special claims for water temperature. But at the same time it will take her thorough aeration and reliable filtering. The appearance of the suspension particles on the leaves, along with the loss of the appearance, will gradually destroy the plant. The layer of sand for rooting should be 0.02-0.03 m.


It is also useful to pay attention to the elected peristologist. In nature, he meets in Cuba, in Mexico, less often in other regions of North America. In the mutters form 3, 4 or 5 light green leaves.

Advise landing such culture in the middle of aquarium. Flowering (with the formation of small colors) is rare.


It is worth noticeing to the Red (he same Matogrosky or Krasnostere) peristolister. This is a very beautiful plant. However, very strict requirements make it not too suitable for beginner aquaries. Preferably, such culture is used in Dutch aquariums. In Nature, red urunet is found in the countries of South Kazakhstan, as well as in Indian and Pakistani water bodies.


Green type comes from the central part of America. It forms long light green stems. Sometimes the plant forms surface leaves. The length of the sheet plate reaches 0.04 m. Underwater foliage of a green peristolister susceptible to light.

How to choose?

Already a general description of various types of peristolister shows that some types are demanding of the content conditions, while others can be grown in any aquarium. For experienced breeders, it does not matter much, but in the absence of due qualifications you need to choose a culture easier. And also should pay attention to the following points:

  • The required amount of aquarium+
  • The composition of fish inhabiting him+
  • Provided temperature and acidity of water+
  • Characteristics of lighting+
  • Financial welfare breeder.

Need to take into account the next nuance: some plants should grow in the middle of the tank, others – along its walls, and the third – in both places. It is necessary to take into account the size of plants. Attempts to land them without regard to this requirement will lead to the filling of the total volume of the aquarium. For fish and even other crops there will be no place.

Many specimens sold in the markets initially grow in the air. Despite the elegant appearance, such plants in the aquarium will hurt. Even if they fit, there is no external attractiveness. You should also consider such nuances as:

  • Complexity of care+
  • Coloring of a specific option+
  • Fauna safety for certain fish.


Preferably peristoliste cleaner segments. It is necessary to use cuttings not shorter 0.05 m. They are planted either in pots, or directly to the ground. New kidneys are pretty quickly formed. But you can also take ready-made kidneys, laying on the tips of the branches + they are kept in a vessel with water in the light.

Containing rules

Care in the aquarium for peristolisters is pretty simple. They do not even hold in quarantine. Before the disembarkation itself, they are laundered from road dust – and so calm. Water must be warm (from +20 to +28 degrees). More accurate recommendations depend on the specific type of toss. If the water is too cold, the plant will live less than the deadline.

Insolation is quite important. If the day day is less than 12 hours per day, you will have to fill the deficit of light artificially. But rays must fall on the plant diffuse. Water apply only soft, with neutral chemical composition. Once for 7 days 1/3 of the water replace. Formally you can do without it, but it is better not to risk. There is no need for special feeds, if there are fish in the aquarium. Pure botanical composition fertilize with liquid complex mixtures. This is completely enough if the plant feels good. It is recommended to disassemble this plant in the sand of a large fraction. It should be moderately saturated with. In the gravel aquarium culture is planting in the pot. They can be shed in gravel, and put along the walls. Lights provide fluorescent lamps with a stream intensity of 0.4 W / l.

Supplement of carbon dioxide sharply accelerates the growth of bushes. They become more beautiful. Cut off when cutting a muve either ejected or burst for rooting, or leave freely swim in water. After the haircut, the uginess will grow faster and actively forms side shoots.

Unacceptably combine the plant only with those species that will not shade it.

Possible diseases and their treatment

Sometimes toughing the stem, foliage begins. To cope with such a problem, you need to improve lighting. But when too much algae appears, it means, a decorative shrub suffers from direct sunlight. The loss of decorative properties is usually associated with water pollution. Fragile juicy foliage of the peristolister attracts many of herbivorous fish.

If the plant is raised not for their feeding, you need to abandon the breeding of such species. When the lighting is in order, and the yield still sicks, you need to check other versions – first of all, the lack of carbon dioxide. It is worth paying attention to that it will not be possible to compensate for the lack of light of the supply of more carbon dioxide (and on the contrary). It is also necessary to very carefully control the proportions of macro and microferters.

There are still the following nuances to help deal with problems:

  • Ventilation should be intense, but not creating a rapid flow+
  • It is required to constantly control the proportion of fish and plants+
  • In the aquarium must be diligents of algae+
  • If the simplest measures fails to contact professionals.

Read more about peristribution.

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