Plekostusus: varieties and rules of content

Plekostusus: varieties and rules of content

Plekostusus – the inhabitant of freshwater and saltwater reservoirs. This amazing cattle is known for the fact that more than a day can do without water and move along the ground using fins. During the evolution, his body adapted to the resistance to water flows – his mouth suction cup helps him either flood with the stream, and stay at the habitat.

This view is interesting and the fact that the fish is a wonderful clever, eliminating the fall on the inner walls of the aquarium.


Plekostusus is unpretentious, hardy fish, almost omnivorous and distinguished high adaptation abilities. Motherland Soma – South American Continent. An animal has such characteristic features as:

  • Triangular, Flusted Head Shape+
  • torso covered with several rows of bone plates, like the chain+
  • Sucker at the bottom of the mouth with lips equipped with horny spikes in the form of scrapers+
  • Small eyes are planted on the head high, sometimes catfish rolls them, and it looks like winking+
  • The fin on the back is quite high and continues to grow through the lifetime of the Plekostol+
  • The pointed first beam on the chest fins is connected to the glands that allocate the poison, so it is not recommended to take it into hand+
  • Thin mustache, located on both sides of the mouth, at the same time, the tactual bodies and receptors of taste+
  • The color of the body of the body, as a rule, light brown, and with the abundance of the dark pattern, it seems even darker, which allows the fish to disguise under stones and foliage, against the background of which it becomes invisible.

Fish may have impressive sizes. In captivity she grows up to 30-38 cm. In a natural environment, there are more large copies – up to 40-60 cm long. True, there are small soma that do not grow to large sizes, their length varies from 10 to 15 cm.

The life of the water inhabitant is 14-16 years old.


Total approximately 120 varieties of ordinary plexoscoles, but they are all externally similar to the color, so it is sometimes difficult to distinguish them. The most popular species belong following:

  • Plekostomus Golden, having almost jaguar, dark color on the background of light beige or yellow torso, Especially saturated among males + in an artificial environment Animal can grow to 35 cm+

  • albino – The view received by selection, which has a pale, almost white or yellow pattern with a mesh pattern + it prefers fresh water, spinal float fish looks like a sail, can reach 24-28 cm in the aquarium+

  • Bristlen – small aquarium fish, in adulthood having 12-14 cm long.

Ornaments of different types of plectoms are different. On the body some are traced in the drawing, similar to the color of the zebra, leopard, are interesting fish species of clowns.

However, the general characteristic feature of all fish is their overall unique form confirming the ancient origin, which is due to unpretentiousness and fast adaptability to different habitat conditions.

How to contain?

The main complexity associated with the content of the Plekostol is the need for a large aquarium (at least 250-300 liters per young). Acquiring a little fish, you don’t need to forget that somats rapidly grow, soon he may feel more stronger.

This is one of the main conditions, but there are the following requirements:

  • Water medium for fish should be clean constantly, and for this it will be necessary to equip the reservoir by external and internal filtering devices capable of not only adjust the water composition, but also to eliminate the waste of wards+
  • We need weekly replacement 1/3 of water+
  • For soms, the following water indicators are provided: rigidity – no more than 24-25., Acidness level -7-8., Temperature – from +20 to +25 degrees+
  • On the bottom it is allowed to place small returned pebbles, sand, so that the underwater resident during digging in the ground could not damage his body+
  • The aquarium must have a lid – the container must be kept in a closed, because the pylons love to jump out of the water+
  • Almost all types of soms eat algae growing on the spins, so their placement is necessary.

As well as in the aquarium, you can land fast-growing aquatic plants, for example, different varieties of aquarium ferns – shield, Thai or Indian, decorative Yavansky moss, which will also make the design of unusual, echinodorus and unassuming kryptokorina. The main thing is that the selected herbs possessed powerful roots. At the same time, they need to be disassembled not too thick so that the fish does not confuse.

    If the root system is weak, the plexus can with ease to pull the plant from the soil.

    Besides corigrants, It is advisable to use all sorts of fragments that perform the function of the shelter for the fish. For this, clay shards and pots with velocked holes in the day, cropped parts of ceramic pipes and other devices. All this is done so that Som, accustomed to actively behave at night, it could safely relax in his badges, delighted from the corporate lighting, which he does not endure.

    Diet and feeding mode

    Plemptoms can be considered vegetarians, because they more like any vegetable food – the fish are enough of algae and moss, which grow on snags, but with a shortage of eating soma, they can begin for aquarium flowers.

    To add a diet, they are taken to give feeding in the form of vegetables, for soft boiling water. For this purpose, a delicate flesh of zucchini, cucumber, salad leaves, spinach and cabbage fits.

    Experts recommend periodically feeding pets with live blood, special flakes with spirulina content, tube. Habitual time for feeding – evening, but you can also give fish food and day, but first turn off the light.

    Being young, the plexors willingly clean the walls of the aquarium, and actually feed on it, but with age, the food proposed by a person becomes preferable to them, they become lazy, throwing their direct duties.

    What kind of fish gets around?

    Young catches have a peace-loving temper and perfectly get along with other fish. But unfortunately, As the nature of the fish change not for the better, they begin to root to protect their territory. Therefore, with the males of its kind, the plexus can enter conflicts and even arrange real skirting. But it does not prevent him from peacefully to get along with many fish and other neighbors, the main life of which flows in higher water layers.

    Despite the peaceful character, it is impossible to pick up too small representatives of the underwater world to commemorate, because he can take them for prey and eat.

    In general, the Plekostusus retains an even relationship with almost all tropical exotions.

    The best compatibility is observed between catfish and fish such as:

    • Petushki+
    • Pecilia+
    • Rainbow fish+
    • Barbusa+
    • Bats+
    • guppy+
    • Middle Mares+
    • Gurura.

    With a large litter aquarium, you can allow a combination with predatory cichlids, carpamas, even with shrimps of the SHRIMPS kind, be sure to large sizes, otherwise they will be perceived as feed.

    Among the good neighbors for plexus and larger representatives – knives, river dragons (alarmed). Unwanted combination with sedentary fish – if COM will be hungry, scalar, discus and other intavative inhabitants may seriously suffer. Plekostusus is a wonderful fish, for many lovers of this species becoming, almost a member of the family.

    But one of the essential drawbacks is the impossibility of receiving offspring. To do this, it is assumed to create natural conditions in which spawning passes, but, unfortunately, home imitate them unreal.

    How to distinguish a pternigoplicht from the Plekostoms, look in the video below.

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