SCOCIKNICS: characteristics, varieties, care and reproduction

SCOCIKNICS: characteristics, varieties, care and reproduction

For decorative fish farming today, various types and breeds of representatives of river or sea fauna are purchased. Among such a variety is to highlight the otocyncinuses, which are presented in a large species manifold. The combining feature of all kinds is the ability to clean the aquariums.


Socyclulus is a fish from the kind of chain soms, which in the natural environment is found in the countries of South America. In addition to the main name (OTOCINCLUS), it is usually called simply – from. Som of this species is perfect for aquarium breeding, since Notable for your small size, In addition, it is this inhabitant that is considered one of the best fighters with vegetation in the aquarium, since it feeds mainly by algae and a raid. This moment the aquarium should be taken into account in the first place, because in new reservoirs, with a lack of flora, such an inhabitant may simply die from hunger.

Motherland, and his species, they consider Argentina, as well as Venezuela, individual types of small catfish are found in Brazil and Peru. In the wild, the coastal parts of rivers and streams, where there are clean water and moderate for strength. Most of the fish time is engaged in eating vegetation on the bottom, which is highlighted in small running and leaves.

OTO is considered to be stained individuals, under favorable conditions in the natural medium, their number can be a thousand small fish focused on shallow water.

Schocynclus has an elongated body, when considering from above, it will seem slightly shiny. At the top focused bone education, resembling a shell, which acts as good protection. Without protection in fish of this species, only the abdominal part remains. On the face there are rather expressive eyes, which often blink, as well as mouth having a suction cup structure. With the help of such a special structure of the body, the OTO is attached to the surfaces of algae, stones, corporal and other fish, scraping with them.

According to its color, the fish can be silver or have a golden sampling of scales, blesses can be present without clear contours. On the sides along the body at the Dark Strip. The size of the OTO in the natural medium and in the conditions of reservoirs is no different, therefore varies in the range of 4-6 centimeters. The average life expectancy of the cattle is 6-7 years.

Noteworthy similar river inhabitants in the presence of not only gill, but also intestinal breathing. The latter option is used solely if necessary, therefore is secondary. Determine the sex affiliation of the fish will be able to consider individuals from above. Sockeluses are well developed by sexual dimorphism, in the world of which the representatives of the feminine will be significantly larger and wider males. In this case, the latter is not inherent in the body roundness, they can be described as more elegant fish.

Under the aquarium conditions, it is recommended to contain a flock of OTO, due to which the individual will naturally disarm the pairs, which will increase the chances of receiving offspring in closed containers.


Today, the aquarists count about two dozen species from, many of which can be kept and breed at home. All of them are very similar to each other, differences are only in minor deviations relating to the size and color of fish. Most often in the aquariums are bred the following types.

    Schocynchinus affinis

    The most common type of soms, which is often called ordinary. Fish is pretty small in its size – adults are usually growing up to 4 centimeters. Among the cubs is the most sought-after river. The color of the Somov of this species will be predominantly silver with a yellow tide, the lateral strip is painted in brown. On the back, there are marble or brown splashes, while fins will be transparent with Zelenz.

      Otocyclulus Arnold

      Very often, poorly serious consultants and aquarists combine this species with the previous. However, in reality, individuals are divided into two independent varieties. You can distinguish fish by the presence of spots on the body painted in dark brown shades.

        Crapy otocynlyus

        Olive color of the body with inclusions of gray and yellow tones are distinguished. On the back of the fish should be present dark spots in large quantities. Also, individuals of this species on the sides are inhomogeneous strips.

          Socyclulus Maria

          The smallest representatives of the cleansers whose size usually does not exceed 2 centimeters. Such fish are recommended to contain only in small aquariums.

          In addition, pet stores meet the following types of these fish:

          • Soclinus MacroPilus+
          • Ocalkalus Anzister+
          • Otocyclulus Vittatus+
          • Otocyclulus Negro.

          How to choose?

          Aquarists characterize this type of decorative fish as complex in breeding for considerable breeders. Besides, When choosing soms-cleaners, certain knowledge will be required relative to the separation and their characteristics. Before buying, it is worth find out what the available representatives are powered, it follows some time to watch their behavior in the aquarium. Good young should be active, and also have a uniform color of the body.

          It will also be useful to pay attention to the purity of water in the aquarium, which will indicate how they cope with their task in it.

          To avoid unpleasant situations, when it is soon after the purchase, they die, they are recommended to additionally register, the optimal number of meals will be 3-4 times a day. All acquired catches must pass quarantine, so the first time should be kept in a separate capacity, designed for 30-40 liters, with good aeration, filter and regular fluid replacement.

          Containing rules

          As mentioned above, the peculiarity of this type of somov is the need to contain packages even in a closed reservoir. Therefore, complicated in the care and breeding of the individual must be in the aquarium at least three. The perfectly suitable option for Somom will be a clean and actively developing herbalist, where a small, but regular flow will be present.

          The only requirement after acclimatization will be the question of water quality conformity. Liquid must be regularly cleaned and filtered. Usually carry out a weekly replacement for at least a third of the total volume of water in the tank.

          It is important to ensure that nitrates are not present in it, the permissible presence of third-party substances is considered to be the level of 10 mg / l. In polluted water, OTO will die very quickly, even if they additionally fade them.

            For otocyncinuses, it is important for oxygen, so the aeration of the liquid will be the main condition when they are kept. Algae is better to place in the tank of thick so that Somov always be near food. As for the lighting, this type of Somoms does not interfere at all, in addition, the regular light will have a positive effect on the growth of vegetation inside, as well as the appearance of a green plaque – the main source of SOMOZ food.

            For cleaners, it is important for the presence of corporate in aquariums, as well as stones with polished parties. These items will also be in demand for fish in the plan of food and cleaning from. As for the soil, it is best to place on the bottom of the sand or any other material, but necessarily a small fraction and without the presence of sharp constituents.

            In the light of the fact that the separations are not remarkable with their size, they will not need a large aquarium to maintain them, it is enough to have a capacity calculated 20-30 liters of water. However, stakes exceeding the number of 10 pieces will require an increase in the capacity of two times.

            Aquarium care

            To ensure the otocyncinuses with proper conditions for development, it is necessary to pay special attention to the state of the aquarium in which they are contained. So, Miniature catches will live only in clean capacity with clean water. Therefore, cleaning the reservoir with fish should be regular – at least 1 time per week. With properly organized filtration and aeration, water water can be used, but it should be changed at least a third.

            It may also be necessary to replace algae and soil, as they decay, they need to be replaced with new.

            Than feed?

            From – vegetable fish that eat almost constantly, even at night. Despite the thick vegetation within the aquarium, they will need additional feeding, Since with a large number of individuals in the flock, they are able to clean even a 300-liter container in a short period of time, after which Som begins to starve. In some cases, the otocyncrises eat mucus and microorganisms even from the fish living next to them – usually these are scalaries, discusses, Siamese algae.

            As a doctor, in addition to inside algae, it is necessary to give blanched vegetables. It is allowed to introduce into the diet of grommets of zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce, spinach, cabbage. Typically, small pieces of delicacies are attached to the wall of the aquarium using the climb clips or placed on the bottom, fixing elastic bands to the stone, for example. Food remnants should not be in aquarium longer than two days in order not to pollute water.

            Also as a doctor can use industrial fish feed from the series Algae Wafers. Determine that the inhabitants of the aquarium in third-party property do not need, it will be possible if they ignore the introduced products.

            Experienced aquarists recommend to introduce dust at night, because it is in the dark data of fish will be more active.


            Miniature Soms able to multiply independently, sometimes the Aquarium owner learns about this on the fact of the emergence of new “residents” in the container. Frys develop quite rapidly, as a rule, after 2-3 days there will be difficult for them to distinguish them from adult semi-walled representatives of the flocks of cleaners. Sockeclulus females are capable of making ornory masonry several times in season.

            To artificially to stimulate the reproduction of fish, it is recommended to introduce high-quality protein feeding in their diet, as well as ensure the constant presence of microorganisms in water. For these purposes, you can use a moth or eurlen.

            To create a separate spawning station, you can reject individuals into a small capacity of litter in 20-30 liters without soil with a sponge filter. Yavansky Moss and Small Plants may act as the latter. To one female you can put 2-3 male.

            When the spawning is over, parents can be transplanted back, then providing food in aquarium for fry and water temperature at + 26-28 degrees. Usually the female postpones about 60 eggs. In some cases, a small sheet from aquarium plant is used as a nest. Feed felts with starting stern, algae, spinach.

            Compatibility with other fish

            OTO is considered universal decorative fish, since compatible with any other peaceful rocks. However, difficulties in joint content may arise with cichlids and Siamese algae, large aggressive individuals.

            These fish are recommended to keep with guppy, tetras, small catches by corridors.

            Even more about the features of the content of the otocyncinuses, see the following video.

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